Section 108: Gifts of trading stock to charities etc.
437.This section sets out the main rule for gifts of trading stock. It is based on sections 83A and 84 of ICTA, which give relief for gifts to charities and educational establishments respectively.
438.When a trader disposes of trading stock other than in the course of a trade the general rule is that the market value of the stock is taken into account in calculating the profits of the trade. That general rule is not explicit in the source legislation but it is explained in Sharkey v Wernher (1955), 36 TC 275 HL. This section sets out the exception to the general rule and applies if the trader disposes of trading stock by way of gift to a charity etc.
439.There is a test for gifts to educational establishments in section 84(2) of ICTA concerning the use to which the gift is put in the business of the educational establishment. There is no equivalent test in the rules for the relief for gifts to charities, in section 83A of ICTA. This section does not reproduce the condition in section 84(2) of ICTA. See Change 29 in Annex 1.
440.The ICTA reliefs originally applied not only to gifts of trading stock but also to gifts of machinery and plant. That element of the reliefs is now in section 63 of CAA.
441.Subsection (1) combines the ICTA reliefs for gifts to charities and gifts to educational establishments. It includes the extension of the relief to registered clubs in Part 3 of Schedule 18 to FA 2002. The relief covers gifts “for the purposes of” charities etc. See Change 30 in Annex 1.
442.Subsection (2) sets out the relief available under the section. It does not require a claim by the trader. In this respect, the section is different from section 84(3) of ICTA (but not from section 83A). See Change 31 in Annex 1.
443.Subsection (4) lists the bodies (other than charities, registered clubs and educational establishments) to which a trader may make gifts that qualify for relief.