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Disability Discrimination Act 2005

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8Rail vehicles: enforcement and penaltiesE+W+S

This sectionnoteType=Explanatory Notes has no associated

(1)In the 1995 Act, after section 47C (which is inserted by section 7 of this Act) there is inserted—

47DPenalty for using rail vehicle without accessibility compliance certificate

If a regulated rail vehicle to which section 47A(1) applies is used for carriage at a time when no rail vehicle accessibility compliance certificate is in force for the vehicle, the Secretary of State may require the operator of the vehicle to pay a penalty.

47EPenalty for using rail vehicle that does not conform with accessibility regulations

(1)Where it appears to the Secretary of State that a regulated rail vehicle does not conform with a provision of rail vehicle accessibility regulations with which the vehicle is required to conform, the Secretary of State may give to the operator of the vehicle a notice—

(a)identifying the vehicle, the provision and how the vehicle fails to conform with the provision; and

(b)specifying the improvement deadline.

(2)The improvement deadline specified in a notice under subsection (1) may not be earlier than the end of the prescribed period beginning with the day when the notice is given to the operator.

(3)Subsection (4) applies where—

(a)the Secretary of State has given a notice under subsection (1);

(b)the improvement deadline specified in the notice has passed; and

(c)it appears to the Secretary of State that the vehicle still does not conform with the provision identified in the notice.

(4)The Secretary of State may give to the operator a further notice—

(a)identifying the vehicle, the provision and how the vehicle fails to conform to the provision; and

(b)specifying the final deadline.

(5)The final deadline specified in a notice under subsection (4) may not be earlier than the end of the prescribed period beginning with the day when the notice is given to the operator.

(6)If—

(a)the Secretary of State has given a notice under subsection (4) to the operator of a regulated rail vehicle, and

(b)the vehicle is used for carriage at a time after the final deadline when the vehicle does not conform with the provision identified in the notice,

the Secretary of State may require the operator to pay a penalty.

47FPenalty for using rail vehicle otherwise than in conformity with accessibility regulations

(1)Where it appears to the Secretary of State that a regulated rail vehicle has been used for carriage otherwise than in conformity with a provision of rail vehicle accessibility regulations with which use of the vehicle is required to conform, the Secretary of State may give to the operator of the vehicle a notice—

(a)identifying the provision and how it was breached;

(b)identifying which of the regulated rail vehicles operated by the operator is or are covered by the notice; and

(c)specifying the improvement deadline.

(2)The improvement deadline specified in a notice under subsection (1) may not be earlier than the end of the prescribed period beginning with the day when the notice is given to the operator.

(3)Subsection (4) applies where—

(a)the Secretary of State has given a notice under subsection (1);

(b)the improvement deadline specified in the notice has passed; and

(c)it appears to the Secretary of State that a vehicle covered by the notice has after that deadline been used for carriage otherwise than in conformity with the provision identified in the notice.

(4)The Secretary of State may give to the operator a further notice—

(a)identifying the provision and how it was breached;

(b)identifying which of the regulated rail vehicles covered by the notice under subsection (1) is or are covered by the further notice; and

(c)specifying the final deadline.

(5)The final deadline specified in a notice under subsection (4) may not be earlier than the end of the prescribed period beginning with the day when the notice is given to the operator.

(6)If—

(a)the Secretary of State has given a notice under subsection (4), and

(b)a vehicle covered by the notice is at a time after the final deadline used for carriage otherwise than in conformity with the provision identified in the notice,

the Secretary of State may require the operator of the vehicle to pay a penalty.

(7)For the purposes of subsection (1), a vehicle is operated by a person if that person is the operator of the vehicle.

47GSections 47E and 47F: inspection of rail vehicles

(1)Where the Secretary of State has reasonable grounds for suspecting that a regulated rail vehicle may not conform with provisions of rail vehicle accessibility regulations with which it is required to conform, a person authorised by the Secretary of State—

(a)may inspect the vehicle for conformity with the provisions;

(b)for the purpose of exercising his power under paragraph (a)—

(i)may enter premises if he has reasonable grounds for suspecting the vehicle to be at those premises, and

(ii)may enter the vehicle; and

(c)for the purpose of exercising his power under paragraph (a) or (b), may require any person to afford such facilities and assistance with respect to matters under that person’s control as are necessary to enable the power to be exercised.

(2)Where the Secretary of State has given a notice under section 47E(1) or (4), a person authorised by the Secretary of State—

(a)may inspect the vehicle concerned for conformity with the provision specified in the notice;

(b)for the purpose of exercising his power under paragraph (a)—

(i)may enter premises if he has reasonable grounds for suspecting the vehicle to be at those premises, and

(ii)may enter the vehicle; and

(c)for the purpose of exercising his power under paragraph (a) or (b), may require any person to afford such facilities and assistance with respect to matters under that person’s control as are necessary to enable the power to be exercised.

(3)A person exercising power under subsection (1) or (2) shall, if required to do so, produce evidence of his authority to exercise the power.

(4)Where a person obstructs the exercise of power under subsection (1), the Secretary of State may, for purposes of section 47E(1) or 47F(1), draw such inferences from the obstruction as appear proper.

(5)Where—

(a)a person obstructs the exercise of power under subsection (2), and

(b)the obstruction occurs before a notice under section 47E(4) is given in respect of the vehicle concerned,

the Secretary of State may treat section 47E(3)(c) as satisfied in the case concerned.

(6)Where a person obstructs the exercise of power under subsection (2) and the obstruction occurs—

(a)after a notice under section 47E(4) has been given in respect of the vehicle concerned, and

(b)as a result of the operator, or a person who acts on his behalf, behaving in a particular way with the intention of obstructing the exercise of the power,

the Secretary of State may require the operator of the vehicle to pay a penalty.

(7)In this section “inspect” includes test.

47HSections 47E and 47F: supplementary powers

(1)For the purposes of section 47E, the Secretary of State may give notice to a person requiring the person to supply the Secretary of State, by a time specified in the notice, with a vehicle number or other identifier for a rail vehicle—

(a)of which that person is the operator; and

(b)which is described in the notice.

(2)The time specified in a notice given to a person under subsection (1) may not be earlier than the end of 14 days beginning with the day when the notice is given to the person.

(3)If a person to whom a notice is given under subsection (1) does not comply with the notice by the time specified in the notice, the Secretary of State may require the person to pay a penalty.

(4)Where the Secretary of State has given a notice to a person under section 47E(1) or (4) or 47F(1) or (4), the Secretary of State may request that person to supply the Secretary of State, by a time specified in the request, with a statement detailing the steps taken in response to the notice.

(5)The time specified in a request under subsection (4) must—

(a)if the request relates to a notice under section 47E(1) or 47F(1), be no earlier than the improvement deadline; and

(b)if the request relates to a notice under section 47E(4) or 47F(4), be no earlier than the final deadline.

(6)Where a request under subsection (4)—

(a)relates to a notice under section 47E(1) or 47F(1), and

(b)is not complied with by the time specified in the request,

the Secretary of State may treat section 47E(3)(c) or (as the case may be) section 47F(3)(c) as being satisfied in the case concerned.

47JPenalties under sections 47D to 47H: amount, due date and recovery

(1)In this section “penalty” means a penalty under any of sections 47D to 47H.

(2)The amount of a penalty—

(a)must not exceed the maximum prescribed for the purposes of this subsection; and

(b)must not exceed 10 per cent of the turnover of the person on whom it is imposed.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (2)(b), a person’s turnover shall be determined in accordance with regulations.

(4)A penalty must be paid to the Secretary of State before the end of the prescribed period.

(5)Any sum payable to the Secretary of State as a penalty may be recovered by the Secretary of State as a debt due to him.

(6)In proceedings under subsection (5) for enforcement of a penalty, no question may be raised as to—

(a)liability to the imposition of the penalty; or

(b)its amount.

(7)Any sum paid to the Secretary of State as a penalty shall be paid by him into the Consolidated Fund.

(8)The Secretary of State shall issue a code of practice specifying matters to be considered in determining the amount of a penalty.

(9)The Secretary of State may from time to time revise the whole or any part of the code and issue the code as revised.

(10)Before issuing the first or a revised version of the code, the Secretary of State shall lay a draft of that version before Parliament.

(11)After laying the draft of a version of the code before Parliament, the Secretary of State may bring that version of the code into operation by order.

(12)The Secretary of State shall have regard to the code (in addition to any other matters he thinks relevant)—

(a)when imposing a penalty; and

(b)when considering under section 47K(6) a notice of objection under section 47K(4).

47KPenalties under sections 47D to 47H: procedure

(1)In this section “penalty” means a penalty under any of sections 47D to 47H.

(2)If the Secretary of State decides that a person is liable to a penalty, the Secretary of State must notify the person of the decision.

(3)A notification under subsection (2) must—

(a)state the Secretary of State’s reasons for deciding that the person is liable to the penalty;

(b)state the amount of the penalty;

(c)specify the date before which, and the manner in which, the penalty must be paid; and

(d)include an explanation of the steps that the person may take if he objects to the penalty.

(4)Where a person to whom a notification under subsection (2) is issued objects on the ground that—

(a)he is not liable to the imposition of a penalty, or

(b)the amount of the penalty is too high,

the person may give a notice of objection to the Secretary of State.

(5)A notice of objection must—

(a)be in writing;

(b)give the objector’s reasons; and

(c)be given before the end of the prescribed period.

(6)Where the Secretary of State receives a notice of objection to a penalty in accordance with this section, he shall consider it and—

(a)cancel the penalty;

(b)reduce the penalty; or

(c)determine to do neither of those things.

(7)Where the Secretary of State considers under subsection (6) a notice of objection under subsection (4), he shall—

(a)inform the objector of his decision before the end of the prescribed period or such longer period as he may agree with the objector; and

(b)if he reduces the penalty, notify the objector of the reduced amount.

47LPenalties under sections 47D to 47H: appeals

(1)A person may appeal to the court against a penalty imposed on him under any of sections 47D to 47H on the ground that—

(a)he is not liable to the imposition of a penalty; or

(b)the amount of the penalty is too high.

(2)On an appeal under this section, the court may—

(a)allow the appeal and cancel the penalty;

(b)allow the appeal and reduce the penalty; or

(c)dismiss the appeal.

(3)An appeal under this section shall be a re-hearing of the Secretary of State’s decision to impose a penalty, and shall be determined having regard to—

(a)any code of practice under section 47J which has effect at the time of the appeal; and

(b)any other matters which the court thinks relevant (which may include matters of which the Secretary of State was unaware).

(4)An appeal may be brought by a person under this section against a penalty whether or not—

(a)he has given notice of objection under section 47K(4); or

(b)the penalty has been reduced under section 47K(6).

(5)A reference in this section to “the court” is a reference—

(a)in England and Wales, to a county court; and

(b)in Scotland, to the sheriff.

(6)The sheriff may transfer proceedings under this section to the Court of Session.

(7)Where the sheriff has made a determination under subsection (2), any party to the proceedings may appeal on a point of law, either to the Sheriff Principal or to the Court of Session, against that determination.

47MSections 46 to 47H: interpretation

(1)In sections 46 to 47H “operator”, in relation to any rail vehicle, means the person having the management of that vehicle.

(2)For the purposes of those sections, a person uses a vehicle for carriage if he uses it for the carriage of passengers.

(3)Where an exemption order under section 47 authorises use of a rail vehicle even though the vehicle does not conform with a provision of rail vehicle accessibility regulations, references in sections 47A to 47G to provisions of rail vehicle accessibility regulations with which the vehicle is required to conform do not, in the vehicle’s case, include that provision.

(2)In section 49 of the 1995 Act (Part 5—public transport: offences), after subsection (4) there is inserted—

(5)A person who falsely pretends to be a person authorised to exercise power under section 47G is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale.

and, in the section’s heading, after “Forgery and false statements” there is inserted “ ;, and impersonation ”.

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