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(1)In the 1995 Act, after Part 5A (which is inserted by section 3 of this Act) there is inserted—
(1)This section applies in relation to a lease of a dwelling house if—
(a)the tenancy is not a protected tenancy, a statutory tenancy or a secure tenancy,
(b)the tenant or any other person who lawfully occupies or is intended lawfully to occupy the premises is a disabled person,
(c)the person mentioned in paragraph (b) occupies or is intended to occupy the premises as his only or principal home,
(d)the tenant is entitled under the lease to make improvements to the premises with the consent of the landlord, and
(e)the tenant applies to the landlord for his consent to make a relevant improvement.
(2)If the consent of the landlord is unreasonably withheld it must be taken to have been given.
(3)Where the tenant applies in writing for the consent—
(a)if the landlord refuses to give consent, he must give the tenant a written statement of the reason why the consent was withheld;
(b)if the landlord neither gives nor refuses to give consent within a reasonable time, consent must be taken to have been withheld.
(4)If the landlord gives consent to the making of an improvement subject to a condition which is unreasonable, the consent must be taken to have been unreasonably withheld.
(5)In any question as to whether—
(a)the consent of the landlord was unreasonably withheld, or
(b)a condition imposed by the landlord is unreasonable,
it is for the landlord to show that it was not.
(6)If the tenant fails to comply with a reasonable condition imposed by the landlord on the making of a relevant improvement, the failure is to be treated as a breach by the tenant of an obligation of his tenancy.
(7)An improvement to premises is a relevant improvement if, having regard to the disability which the disabled person mentioned in subsection (1)(b) has, it is likely to facilitate his enjoyment of the premises.
(8)Subsections (2) to (6) apply to a lease only to the extent that provision of a like nature is not made by the lease.
(9)In this section—
“improvement” means any alteration in or addition to premises and includes—
any addition to or alteration in landlord’s fittings and fixtures,
any addition or alteration connected with the provision of services to the premises,
the erection of a wireless or television aerial, and
the carrying out of external decoration;
“lease” includes a sub-lease or other tenancy, and “landlord” and “tenant” must be construed accordingly;
“protected tenancy” has the same meaning as in section 1 of the Rent Act 1977;
“statutory tenancy” must be construed in accordance with section 2 of that Act;
“secure tenancy” has the same meaning as in section 79 of the Housing Act 1985.
(1)The Disability Rights Commission may make arrangements with any other person for the provision of conciliation services by, or by persons appointed by, that person in relation to a dispute of any description concerning the question whether it is unreasonable for a landlord to withhold consent to the making of a relevant improvement to a dwelling house.
(2)Subsections (2) to (8) of section 28 apply for the purposes of this section as they apply for the purposes of that section and for that purpose a reference in that section to—
(a)a dispute arising under Part 3 must be construed as a reference to a dispute mentioned in subsection (1) above;
(b)arrangements under that section must be construed as a reference to arrangements under this section.
(3)“Relevant improvement” has the same meaning as in section 49G.”
(2)In section 53A of the 1995 Act (codes of practice), after subsection (1C) there is inserted—
“(1D)The Commission may prepare and issue codes of practice giving practical guidance to landlords and tenants as to—
(a)circumstances in which a tenant requires the consent of his landlord for making a relevant improvement to a dwelling house;
(b)circumstances in which it is unreasonable to withhold such consent;
(c)the application of the improvement provisions in relation to relevant improvements to dwelling houses.
(1E)In subsection (1D) the improvement provisions are—
(a)section 19(2) of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1927;
(b)sections 81 to 85 of the Housing Act 1980;
(c)sections 97 to 99 of the Housing Act 1985;
(d)section 49G above.”
(3)In section 7 of the Disability Rights Commission Act 1999 (provision of assistance in relation to proceedings)—
(a)in subsection (1), after paragraph (a) there is inserted—
“(aa)proceedings of any description to the extent that the question whether it is unreasonable for a landlord to withhold consent to the making of a relevant improvement to a dwelling house falls to be considered in the proceedings;”, and
(b)after subsection (4) there is inserted—
“(4A)A relevant improvement is an improvement (within the meaning of section 49G(9) of the 1995 Act) to premises which, having regard to the disability which a disabled person who lawfully occupies or is intended lawfully to occupy the premises has, is likely to facilitate his enjoyment of the premises.”
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