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Gender Recognition Act 2004

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Gender Recognition Act 2004

2004 CHAPTER 7

An Act to make provision for and in connection with change of gender.

[1st July 2004]

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Applications for gender recognition certificateE+W+S+N.I.

1ApplicationsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)A person of either gender who is aged at least 18 may make an application for a gender recognition certificate on the basis of—

(a)living in the other gender, or

(b)having changed gender under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom.

(2)In this Act “the acquired gender”, in relation to a person by whom an application under subsection (1) is or has been made, means—

(a)in the case of an application under paragraph (a) of that subsection, the gender in which the person is living, or

(b)in the case of an application under paragraph (b) of that subsection, the gender to which the person has changed under the law of the country or territory concerned.

(3)An application under subsection (1) is to be determined by a Gender Recognition Panel.

(4)Schedule 1 (Gender Recognition Panels) has effect.

2Determination of applicationsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)In the case of an application under section 1(1)(a), the Panel must grant the application if satisfied that the applicant—

(a)has or has had gender dysphoria,

(b)has lived in the acquired gender throughout the period of two years ending with the date on which the application is made,

(c)intends to continue to live in the acquired gender until death, and

(d)complies with the requirements imposed by and under section 3.

(2)In the case of an application under section 1(1)(b), the Panel must grant the application if satisfied—

(a)that the country or territory under the law of which the applicant has changed gender is an approved country or territory, and

(b)that the applicant complies with the requirements imposed by and under section 3.

(3)The Panel must reject an application under section 1(1) if not required by subsection (1) or (2) to grant it.

(4)In this Act “approved country or territory” means a country or territory prescribed by order made by the Secretary of State after consulting the Scottish Ministers and the Department of Finance and Personnel in Northern Ireland.

3EvidenceE+W+S+N.I.

(1)An application under section 1(1)(a) must include either—

(a)a report made by a registered medical practitioner practising in the field of gender dysphoria and a report made by another registered medical practitioner (who may, but need not, practise in that field), or

(b)a report made by a chartered psychologist practising in that field and a report made by a registered medical practitioner (who may, but need not, practise in that field).

(2)But subsection (1) is not complied with unless a report required by that subsection and made by—

(a)a registered medical practitioner, or

(b)a chartered psychologist,

practising in the field of gender dysphoria includes details of the diagnosis of the applicant’s gender dysphoria.

(3)And subsection (1) is not complied with in a case where—

(a)the applicant has undergone or is undergoing treatment for the purpose of modifying sexual characteristics, or

(b)treatment for that purpose has been prescribed or planned for the applicant,

unless at least one of the reports required by that subsection includes details of it.

(4)An application under section 1(1)(a) must also include a statutory declaration by the applicant that the applicant meets the conditions in section 2(1)(b) and (c).

(5)An application under section 1(1)(b) must include evidence that the applicant has changed gender under the law of an approved country or territory.

(6)Any application under section 1(1) must include—

(a)a statutory declaration as to whether or not the applicant is married,

(b)any other information or evidence required by an order made by the Secretary of State, and

(c)any other information or evidence which the Panel which is to determine the application may require,

and may include any other information or evidence which the applicant wishes to include.

(7)The Secretary of State may not make an order under subsection (6)(b) without consulting the Scottish Ministers and the Department of Finance and Personnel in Northern Ireland.

(8)If the Panel which is to determine the application requires information or evidence under subsection (6)(c) it must give reasons for doing so.

4Successful applicationsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)If a Gender Recognition Panel grants an application under section 1(1) it must issue a gender recognition certificate to the applicant.

(2)Unless the applicant is married, the certificate is to be a full gender recognition certificate.

(3)If the applicant is married, the certificate is to be an interim gender recognition certificate.

(4)Schedule 2 (annulment or dissolution of marriage after issue of interim gender recognition certificate) has effect.

(5)The Secretary of State may, after consulting the Scottish Ministers and the Department of Finance and Personnel in Northern Ireland, specify the content and form of gender recognition certificates.

5Subsequent issue of full certificatesE+W+S+N.I.

(1)A court which—

(a)makes absolute a decree of nullity granted on the ground that an interim gender recognition certificate has been issued to a party to the marriage, or

(b)(in Scotland) grants a decree of divorce on that ground,

must, on doing so, issue a full gender recognition certificate to that party and send a copy to the Secretary of State.

(2)If an interim gender recognition certificate has been issued to a person and either—

(a)the person’s marriage is dissolved or annulled (otherwise than on the ground mentioned in subsection (1)) in proceedings instituted during the period of six months beginning with the day on which it was issued, or

(b)the person’s spouse dies within that period,

the person may make an application for a full gender recognition certificate at any time within the period specified in subsection (3) (unless the person is again married).

(3)That period is the period of six months beginning with the day on which the marriage is dissolved or annulled or the death occurs.

(4)An application under subsection (2) must include evidence of the dissolution or annulment of the marriage and the date on which proceedings for it were instituted, or of the death of the spouse and the date on which it occurred.

(5)An application under subsection (2) is to be determined by a Gender Recognition Panel.

(6)The Panel—

(a)must grant the application if satisfied that the applicant is not married, and

(b)otherwise must reject it.

(7)If the Panel grants the application it must issue a full gender recognition certificate to the applicant.

Valid from 05/12/2005

[F15AIssue of full certificates where applicant has been a civil partnerE+W+S+N.I.

(1)A court which—

(a)makes final a nullity order made on the ground that an interim gender recognition certificate has been issued to a civil partner, or

(b)(in Scotland) grants a decree of dissolution on that ground,

must, on doing so, issue a full gender recognition certificate to that civil partner and send a copy to the Secretary of State.

(2)If an interim gender recognition certificate has been issued to a person and either—

(a)the person’s civil partnership is dissolved or annulled (otherwise than on the ground mentioned in subsection (1)) in proceedings instituted during the period of six months beginning with the day on which it was issued, or

(b)the person’s civil partner dies within that period,

the person may make an application for a full gender recognition certificate at any time within the period specified in subsection (3) (unless the person is again a civil partner or is married).

(3)That period is the period of six months beginning with the day on which the civil partnership is dissolved or annulled or the death occurs.

(4)An application under subsection (2) must include evidence of the dissolution or annulment of the civil partnership and the date on which proceedings for it were instituted, or of the death of the civil partner and the date on which it occurred.

(5)An application under subsection (2) is to be determined by a Gender Recognition Panel.

(6)The Panel—

(a)must grant the application if satisfied that the applicant is neither a civil partner nor married, and

(b)otherwise must reject it.

(7)If the Panel grants the application it must issue a full gender recognition certificate to the applicant.]

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Amendments (Textual)

6Errors in certificatesE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Where a gender recognition certificate has been issued to a person, the person or the Secretary of State may make an application for a corrected certificate on the ground that the certificate which has been issued contains an error.

(2)If the certificate was issued by a court the application is to be determined by the court but in any other case it is to be determined by a Gender Recognition Panel.

(3)The court or Panel—

(a)must grant the application if satisfied that the gender recognition certificate contains an error, and

(b)otherwise must reject it.

(4)If the court or Panel grants the application it must issue a corrected gender recognition certificate to the applicant.

7Applications: supplementaryE+W+S+N.I.

(1)An application to a Gender Recognition Panel under section 1(1), 5(2) or 6(1) must be made in a form and manner specified by the Secretary of State after consulting the Scottish Ministers and the Department of Finance and Personnel in Northern Ireland.

(2)The applicant must pay to the Secretary of State a non-refundable fee of an amount prescribed by order made by the Secretary of State unless the application is made in circumstances in which, in accordance with provision made by the order, no fee is payable; and fees of different amounts may be prescribed for different circumstances.

8Appeals etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)An applicant to a Gender Recognition Panel under section 1(1), 5(2) or 6(1) may appeal to the High Court or Court of Session on a point of law against a decision by the Panel to reject the application.

(2)An appeal under subsection (1) must be heard in private if the applicant so requests.

(3)On such an appeal the court must—

(a)allow the appeal and issue the certificate applied for,

(b)allow the appeal and refer the matter to the same or another Panel for re-consideration, or

(c)dismiss the appeal.

(4)If an application under section 1(1) is rejected, the applicant may not make another application before the end of the period of six months beginning with the date on which it is rejected.

(5)If an application under section 1(1), 5(2) or 6(1) is granted but the Secretary of State considers that its grant was secured by fraud, the Secretary of State may refer the case to the High Court or Court of Session.

(6)On a reference under subsection (5) the court—

(a)must either quash or confirm the decision to grant the application, and

(b)if it quashes it, must revoke the gender recognition certificate issued on the grant of the application and may make any order which it considers appropriate in consequence of, or otherwise in connection with, doing so.

Consequences of issue of gender recognition certificate etc.E+W+S+N.I.

9GeneralE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Where a full gender recognition certificate is issued to a person, the person’s gender becomes for all purposes the acquired gender (so that, if the acquired gender is the male gender, the person’s sex becomes that of a man and, if it is the female gender, the person’s sex becomes that of a woman).

(2)Subsection (1) does not affect things done, or events occurring, before the certificate is issued; but it does operate for the interpretation of enactments passed, and instruments and other documents made, before the certificate is issued (as well as those passed or made afterwards).

(3)Subsection (1) is subject to provision made by this Act or any other enactment or any subordinate legislation.

10RegistrationE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Where there is a UK birth register entry in relation to a person to whom a full gender recognition certificate is issued, the Secretary of State must send a copy of the certificate to the appropriate Registrar General.

(2)In this Act “UK birth register entry”, in relation to a person to whom a full gender recognition certificate is issued, means—

(a)an entry of which a certified copy is kept by a Registrar General, or

(b)an entry in a register so kept,

containing a record of the person’s birth or adoption (or, if there would otherwise be more than one, the most recent).

(3)The appropriate Registrar General” means whichever of—

(a)the Registrar General for England and Wales,

(b)the Registrar General for Scotland, or

(c)the Registrar General for Northern Ireland,

keeps a certified copy of the person’s UK birth register entry or the register containing that entry.

(4)Schedule 3 (provisions about registration) has effect.

11MarriageE+W+S+N.I.

Schedule 4 (amendments of marriage law) has effect.

12ParenthoodE+W+S+N.I.

The fact that a person’s gender has become the acquired gender under this Act does not affect the status of the person as the father or mother of a child.

13Social security benefits and pensionsE+W+S+N.I.

Schedule 5 (entitlement to benefits and pensions) has effect.

14DiscriminationE+W+S+N.I.

Schedule 6 (amendments of Sex Discrimination Act 1975 (c. 65) and Sex Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order 1976 (S.I. 1976/1042 (N.I. 15))) has effect.

15Succession etc.E+W+S+N.I.

The fact that a person’s gender has become the acquired gender under this Act does not affect the disposal or devolution of property under a will or other instrument made before the appointed day.

16Peerages etc.E+W+S+N.I.

The fact that a person’s gender has become the acquired gender under this Act—

(a)does not affect the descent of any peerage or dignity or title of honour, and

(b)does not affect the devolution of any property limited (expressly or not) by a will or other instrument to devolve (as nearly as the law permits) along with any peerage or dignity or title of honour unless an intention that it should do so is expressed in the will or other instrument.

17Trustees and personal representativesE+W+S+N.I.

(1)A trustee or personal representative is not under a duty, by virtue of the law relating to trusts or the administration of estates, to enquire, before conveying or distributing any property, whether a full gender recognition certificate has been issued to any person or revoked (if that fact could affect entitlement to the property).

(2)A trustee or personal representative is not liable to any person by reason of a conveyance or distribution of the property made without regard to whether a full gender recognition certificate has been issued to any person or revoked if the trustee or personal representative has not received notice of the fact before the conveyance or distribution.

(3)This section does not prejudice the right of a person to follow the property, or any property representing it, into the hands of another person who has received it unless that person has purchased it for value in good faith and without notice.

18Orders where expectations defeatedE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies where the disposition or devolution of any property under a will or other instrument (made on or after the appointed day) is different from what it would be but for the fact that a person’s gender has become the acquired gender under this Act.

(2)A person may apply to the High Court or Court of Session for an order on the ground of being adversely affected by the different disposition or devolution of the property.

(3)The court may, if it is satisfied that it is just to do so, make in relation to any person benefiting from the different disposition or devolution of the property such order as it considers appropriate.

(4)An order may, in particular, make provision for—

(a)the payment of a lump sum to the applicant,

(b)the transfer of property to the applicant,

(c)the settlement of property for the benefit of the applicant,

(d)the acquisition of property and either its transfer to the applicant or its settlement for the benefit of the applicant.

(5)An order may contain consequential or supplementary provisions for giving effect to the order or for ensuring that it operates fairly as between the applicant and the other person or persons affected by it; and an order may, in particular, confer powers on trustees.

19SportE+W+S+N.I.

(1)A body responsible for regulating the participation of persons as competitors in an event or events involving a gender-affected sport may, if subsection (2) is satisfied, prohibit or restrict the participation as competitors in the event or events of persons whose gender has become the acquired gender under this Act.

(2)This subsection is satisfied if the prohibition or restriction is necessary to secure—

(a)fair competition, or

(b)the safety of competitors,

at the event or events.

(3)Sport” means a sport, game or other activity of a competitive nature.

(4)A sport is a gender-affected sport if the physical strength, stamina or physique of average persons of one gender would put them at a disadvantage to average persons of the other gender as competitors in events involving the sport.

(5)This section does not affect—

(a)section 44 of the Sex Discrimination Act 1975 (c. 65) (exception from Parts 2 to 4 of that Act for acts related to sport), or

(b)Article 45 of the Sex Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order 1976 (S.I. 1976/1042 (N.I. 15)) (corresponding provision for Northern Ireland).

20Gender-specific offencesE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Where (apart from this subsection) a relevant gender-specific offence could be committed or attempted only if the gender of a person to whom a full gender recognition certificate has been issued were not the acquired gender, the fact that the person’s gender has become the acquired gender does not prevent the offence being committed or attempted.

(2)An offence is a “relevant gender-specific offence” if—

(a)either or both of the conditions in subsection (3) are satisfied, and

(b)the commission of the offence involves the accused engaging in sexual activity.

(3)The conditions are—

(a)that the offence may be committed only by a person of a particular gender, and

(b)that the offence may be committed only on, or in relation to, a person of a particular gender,

and the references to a particular gender include a gender identified by reference to the gender of the other person involved.

21Foreign gender change and marriageE+W+S+N.I.

(1)A person’s gender is not to be regarded as having changed by reason only that it has changed under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom.

(2)Accordingly, a person is not to be regarded as being married by reason of having entered into a foreign post-recognition marriage.

(3)But if a full gender recognition certificate is issued to a person who has entered into a foreign post-recognition marriage, after the issue of the certificate the marriage is no longer to be regarded as being void on the ground that (at the time when it was entered into) the parties to it were not respectively male and female.

(4)However, subsection (3) does not apply to a foreign post-recognition marriage if a party to it has entered into a later (valid) marriage before the issue of the full gender recognition certificate.

(5)For the purposes of this section a person has entered into a foreign post-recognition marriage if (and only if)—

(a)the person has entered into a marriage in accordance with the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom,

(b)before the marriage was entered into the person had changed gender under the law of that or any other country or territory outside the United Kingdom,

(c)the other party to the marriage was not of the gender to which the person had changed under the law of that country or territory, and

(d)by virtue of subsection (1) the person’s gender was not regarded as having changed under the law of any part of the United Kingdom.

(6)Nothing in this section prevents the exercise of any enforceable Community right.

SupplementaryE+W+S+N.I.

22Prohibition on disclosure of informationE+W+S+N.I.

(1)It is an offence for a person who has acquired protected information in an official capacity to disclose the information to any other person.

(2)Protected information” means information which relates to a person who has made an application under section 1(1) and which—

(a)concerns that application or any application by the person under section 5(2) or 6(1), or

(b)if the application under section 1(1) is granted, otherwise concerns the person’s gender before it becomes the acquired gender.

(3)A person acquires protected information in an official capacity if the person acquires it—

(a)in connection with the person’s functions as a member of the civil service, a constable or the holder of any other public office or in connection with the functions of a local or public authority or of a voluntary organisation,

(b)as an employer, or prospective employer, of the person to whom the information relates or as a person employed by such an employer or prospective employer, or

(c)in the course of, or otherwise in connection with, the conduct of business or the supply of professional services.

(4)But it is not an offence under this section to disclose protected information relating to a person if—

(a)the information does not enable that person to be identified,

(b)that person has agreed to the disclosure of the information,

(c)the information is protected information by virtue of subsection (2)(b) and the person by whom the disclosure is made does not know or believe that a full gender recognition certificate has been issued,

(d)the disclosure is in accordance with an order of a court or tribunal,

(e)the disclosure is for the purpose of instituting, or otherwise for the purposes of, proceedings before a court or tribunal,

(f)the disclosure is for the purpose of preventing or investigating crime,

(g)the disclosure is made to the Registrar General for England and Wales, the Registrar General for Scotland or the Registrar General for Northern Ireland,

(h)the disclosure is made for the purposes of the social security system or a pension scheme,

(i)the disclosure is in accordance with provision made by an order under subsection (5), or

(j)the disclosure is in accordance with any provision of, or made by virtue of, an enactment other than this section.

(5)The Secretary of State may by order make provision prescribing circumstances in which the disclosure of protected information is not to constitute an offence under this section.

(6)The power conferred by subsection (5) is exercisable by the Scottish Ministers (rather than the Secretary of State) where the provision to be made is within the legislative competence of the Scottish Parliament.

(7)An order under subsection (5) may make provision permitting—

(a)disclosure to specified persons or persons of a specified description,

(b)disclosure for specified purposes,

(c)disclosure of specified descriptions of information, or

(d)disclosure by specified persons or persons of a specified description.

(8)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

23Power to modify statutory provisionsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Secretary of State may by order make provision for modifying the operation of any enactment or subordinate legislation in relation to—

(a)persons whose gender has become the acquired gender under this Act, or

(b)any description of such persons.

(2)The power conferred by subsection (1) is exercisable by the Scottish Ministers (rather than the Secretary of State) where the provision to be made is within the legislative competence of the Scottish Parliament.

(3)The appropriate Northern Ireland department may by order make provision for modifying the operation of any enactment or subordinate legislation which deals with a transferred matter in relation to—

(a)persons whose gender has become the acquired gender under this Act, or

(b)any description of such persons.

(4)In subsection (3)—

  • the appropriate Northern Ireland department”, in relation to any enactment or subordinate legislation which deals with a transferred matter, means the Northern Ireland department which has responsibility for that matter,

  • deals with” is to be construed in accordance with section 98(2) and (3) of the Northern Ireland Act 1998 (c. 47), and

  • transferred matter” has the meaning given by section 4(1) of that Act.

(5)Before an order is made under this section, appropriate consultation must be undertaken with persons likely to be affected by it.

24Orders and regulationsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Any power of the Secretary of State, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the Scottish Ministers or a Northern Ireland department to make an order under this Act includes power to make any appropriate incidental, supplementary, consequential or transitional provision or savings.

(2)Any power of the Secretary of State, the Chancellor of the Exchequer or the Scottish Ministers to make an order under this Act, and any power of the Registrar General for England and Wales or the Registrar General for Scotland to make regulations under this Act, is exercisable by statutory instrument.

(3)No order may be made under section 2 or paragraph 11 of Schedule 3 unless a draft of the statutory instrument containing the order has been laid before, and approved by a resolution of, each House of Parliament.

(4)A statutory instrument containing an order made by the Secretary of State under section 7, 22 or 23 is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(5)A statutory instrument containing an order made by the Scottish Ministers under section 22 or 23 is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the Scottish Parliament.

(6)Any power of a Northern Ireland department to make an order or regulations under this Act is exercisable by statutory rule for the purposes of the Statutory Rules (Northern Ireland) Order 1979 (S.I. 1979/1573 (N.I. 12)).

(7)Orders and regulations made by a Northern Ireland department under this Act are subject to negative resolution (within the meaning of section 41(6) of the Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954 (c. 33 (N.I.))).

25InterpretationE+W+S+N.I.

In this Act—

  • the acquired gender” is to be construed in accordance with section 1(2),

  • approved country or territory” has the meaning given by section 2(4),

  • the appointed day” means the day appointed by order under section 26,

  • chartered psychologist” means a person for the time being listed in the British Psychological Society’s Register of Chartered Psychologists,

  • enactment” includes an enactment contained in an Act of the Scottish Parliament or in any Northern Ireland legislation,

  • “ full gender recognition certificate ”and “ interim gender recognition certificate ” mean the certificates issued as such under section 4 or 5 and “gender recognition certificate” means either of those sorts of certificate,

  • gender dysphoria” means the disorder variously referred to as gender dysphoria, gender identity disorder and transsexualism,

  • “Gender Recognition Panel” (and “Panel”) is to be construed in accordance with Schedule 1,

  • subordinate legislation” means an Order in Council, an order, rules, regulations, a scheme, a warrant, bye-laws or any other instrument made under an enactment, and

  • UK birth register entry” has the meaning given by section 10(2).

26CommencementE+W+S+N.I.

Apart from sections 23 to 25, this section and sections 28 and 29, this Act does not come into force until such day as the Secretary of State may appoint by order made after consulting the Scottish Ministers and the Department of Finance and Personnel in Northern Ireland.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Subordinate Legislation Made

P1S. 26 power fully exercised: 4.5.2005 appointed by {S.I. 2005/54}, art. 2

27Applications within two years of commencementE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies where applications are made under section 1(1)(a) during the period of two years beginning with the appointed day (“the initial period”).

(2)Section 2(1)(a) has effect as if there were inserted at the end “or has undergone surgical treatment for the purpose of modifying sexual characteristics,”.

(3)In the case of an application which—

(a)is made during the first six months of the initial period, or

(b)is made during the rest of the initial period and is based on the applicant having undergone surgical treatment for the purpose of modifying sexual characteristics,

section 2(1)(b) has effect as if for “two” there were substituted “six”.

(4)Subsections (5) and (6) apply in the case of an application to which subsection (3) applies and in the case of an application—

(a)made during the rest of the initial period,

(b)based on the applicant having or having had gender dysphoria, and

(c)including a statutory declaration by the applicant that the applicant has lived in the acquired gender throughout the period of six years ending with the date on which the application is made.

(5)Section 3 has effect as if for subsections (1) to (3) there were substituted—

(1)An application under section 1(1)(a) must include either—

(a)a report made by a registered medical practitioner, or

(b)a report made by a chartered psychologist practising in the field of gender dysphoria.

(2)Where the application is based on the applicant having or having had gender dysphoria—

(a)the reference in subsection (1) to a registered medical practitioner is to one practising in the field of gender dysphoria, and

(b)that subsection is not complied with unless the report includes details of the diagnosis of the applicant’s gender dysphoria.

(3)Subsection (1) is not complied with in a case where—

(a)the applicant has undergone or is undergoing treatment for the purpose of modifying sexual characteristics, or

(b)treatment for that purpose has been prescribed or planned for the applicant,

unless the report required by that subsection includes details of it.

(6)Paragraph 4(2) of Schedule 1 has effect with the omission of paragraph (b).

28ExtentE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The following provisions extend only to England and Wales—

(a)Part 1 of Schedule 2,

(b)Part 1 of Schedule 3, and

(c)Part 1 of Schedule 4.

(2)The following provisions extend only to Scotland—

(a)section 24(5),

(b)Part 2 of Schedule 2,

(c)Part 2 of Schedule 3, and

(d)Part 2 of Schedule 4.

(3)The following provisions extend only to England and Wales and Scotland—

(a)paragraphs 12, 14 and 16 of Schedule 5, and

(b)Part 1 of Schedule 6.

(4)The following provisions extend only to Northern Ireland—

(a)section 23(3) and (4),

(b)section 24(6) and (7),

(c)Part 3 of Schedule 2,

(d)Part 3 of Schedule 3,

(e)Part 3 of Schedule 4,

(f)paragraphs 13, 15 and 17 of Schedule 5, and

(g)Part 2 of Schedule 6.

(5)Subject to subsections (1) to (4), this Act extends to Northern Ireland (as well as to England and Wales and Scotland).

29Short titleE+W+S+N.I.

This Act may be cited as the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

SCHEDULES

Section 1

SCHEDULE 1E+W+S+N.I.Gender Recognition Panels

List of persons eligible to sitE+W+S+N.I.

1(1)The Lord Chancellor must, after consulting the Scottish Ministers and the Department of Finance and Personnel in Northern Ireland, make appointments to a list of persons eligible to sit as members of Gender Recognition Panels.

(2)The only persons who may be appointed to the list are persons who—

(a)have a relevant legal qualification (“legal members”), or

(b)are registered medical practitioners or chartered psychologists (“medical members”).

(3)The following have a relevant legal qualification—

(a)a person who has a 7 year general qualification within the meaning of section 71 of the Courts and Legal Services Act 1990 (c. 41),

(b)an advocate or solicitor in Scotland of at least seven years' standing, and

(c)a member of the Bar of Northern Ireland or solicitor of the Supreme Court of Northern Ireland of at least seven years' standing.

PresidentE+W+S+N.I.

2(1)The Lord Chancellor must, after consulting the Scottish Ministers and the Department of Finance and Personnel in Northern Ireland—

(a)appoint one of the legal members to be the President of Gender Recognition Panels (“the President”), and

(b)appoint another of the legal members to be the Deputy President of Gender Recognition Panels (“the Deputy President”).

(2)The Deputy President has the functions of the President—

(a)if the President is unavailable, and

(b)during any vacancy in the office of President.

Tenure of persons appointed to listE+W+S+N.I.

3Persons on the list—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)hold and vacate their appointments in accordance with the terms on which they are appointed, and

(b)are eligible for re-appointment at the end of their period of appointment.

Membership of PanelsE+W+S+N.I.

4(1)The President must make arrangements for determining the membership of Panels.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)The arrangements must ensure that a Panel determining an application under section 1(1)(a) includes—

(a)at least one legal member, and

(b)at least one medical member.

5The arrangements must ensure that a Panel determining an application under section 1(1)(b), 5(2) or 6(1) includes at least one legal member.

ProcedureE+W+S+N.I.

6(1)Where a Panel consists of more than one member, either the President or Deputy President or another legal member nominated by the President must preside.

(2)Decisions of a Panel consisting of more than one member may be taken by majority vote (and, if its members are evenly split, the member presiding has a casting vote).

(3)Panels are to determine applications in private.

(4)A Panel must determine an application without a hearing unless the Panel considers that a hearing is necessary.

(5)The President may, after consulting the Council on Tribunals, give directions about the practice and procedure of Panels.

(6)Panels must give reasons for their decisions.

(7)Where a Panel has determined an application, the Secretary of State must communicate to the applicant the Panel’s decision and its reasons for making its decision.

Staff and facilitiesE+W+S+N.I.

7The Secretary of State may make staff and other facilities available to Panels.E+W+S+N.I.

MoneyE+W+S+N.I.

8(1)The Secretary of State may pay sums by way of remuneration, allowances and expenses to members of Panels.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)The Secretary of State may pay compensation to a person who ceases to be on the list if the Secretary of State thinks it appropriate to do so because of special circumstances.

Valid from 03/04/2006

DelegationE+W+S+N.I.

[F28A(1)The Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales may nominate a judicial office holder (as defined in section 109(4) of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005) to exercise any of his functions under this Schedule.

(2)The Lord President of the Court of Session may nominate a judge of the Court of Session who is a member of the First or Second Division of the Inner House of that Court to exercise his functions under this Schedule.

(3)The Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland may nominate any of the following to exercise his functions under this Schedule—

(a)the holder of one of the offices listed in Schedule 1 to the Justice (Northern Ireland) Act 2002;

(b)a Lord Justice of Appeal (as defined in section 88 of that Act).]

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Council on TribunalsE+W+S+N.I.

9In Schedule 1 to the Tribunals and Inquiries Act 1992 (c. 53) (tribunals under supervision of Council on Tribunals), before paragraph 22 insert— E+W+S+N.I.

Gender Recognition21AA. Gender Recognition Panels constituted under Schedule 1 to the Gender Recognition Act 2004 (c. 7).

DisqualificationE+W+S+N.I.

10In Part 3 of Schedule 1 to the House of Commons Disqualification Act 1975 (c. 24) (offices disqualifying person from membership of House of Commons), at the appropriate place insert— “ Person on the list of those eligible to sit as members of a Gender Recognition Panel. ”E+W+S+N.I.

11In Part 3 of Schedule 1 to the Northern Ireland Assembly Disqualification Act 1975 (c. 25) (offices disqualifying persons from membership of Northern Ireland Assembly), at the appropriate place insert— “ Person on the list of those eligible to sit as members of a Gender Recognition Panel. ”E+W+S+N.I.

Section 4

SCHEDULE 2E+W+S+N.I.Interim certificates: marriage

Part 1 E+WEngland and Wales

1The Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 (c. 18) is amended as follows.E+W

2In section 12 (grounds on which a marriage celebrated after 31st July 1971 is voidable), after paragraph (f) insert—E+W

(g)that an interim gender recognition certificate under the Gender Recognition Act 2004 has, after the time of the marriage, been issued to either party to the marriage;.

3In section 13 (bars to relief), after subsection (2) insert—E+W

(2A)Without prejudice to subsection (1) above, the court shall not grant a decree of nullity by virtue of section 12 above on the ground mentioned in paragraph (g) of that section unless it is satisfied that proceedings were instituted within the period of six months from the date of issue of the interim gender recognition certificate.

4(1)Paragraph 11 of Schedule 1 (grounds on which a marriage celebrated before 1st August 1971 is voidable) is amended as follows.E+W

(2)In sub-paragraph (1), after paragraph (d) insert or

(e)that an interim gender recognition certificate under the Gender Recognition Act 2004 has been issued to either party to the marriage;.

(3)After sub-paragraph (3) insert—

(3A)The court shall not grant a decree of nullity in a case falling within sub-paragraph (1)(e) above unless it is satisfied that proceedings were instituted within six months from the date of issue of the interim gender recognition certificate.

Part 2 SScotland

5The Divorce (Scotland) Act 1976 (c. 39) is amended as follows.S

6(1)In subsection (1) of section 1 (grounds on which decree of divorce may be granted)—S

(a)the words “the marriage has broken down irretrievably” become paragraph (a), and

(b)after that paragraph insert or

(b)an interim gender recognition certificate under the Gender Recognition Act 2004 has, after the date of the marriage, been issued to either party to the marriage.

(2)Accordingly, the title of that section becomes “ Grounds of divorce ”.

7In section 2(1) (encouragement of reconciliation), for “in an action for divorce” substitute “ under paragraph (a) of section 1(1) ”.S

Part 3 N.I.Northern Ireland

8The Matrimonial Causes (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 (S.I. 1978/1045 (N.I. 15)) is amended as follows.N.I.

9In Article 14 (grounds on which a marriage celebrated after the commencement of that Article is voidable), after paragraph (f) insert—N.I.

(g)that an interim gender recognition certificate under the Gender Recognition Act 2004 has, after the time of the marriage, been issued to either party to the marriage;.

10In Article 16 (bars to relief), after paragraph (2) insert—N.I.

(2A)Without prejudice to paragraph (1), the court shall not grant a decree of nullity by virtue of Article 14 on the ground mentioned in paragraph (g) of that Article unless it is satisfied that proceedings were instituted within the period of six months from the date of issue of the interim gender recognition certificate.

11(1)Paragraph 18 of Schedule 3 (grounds on which a marriage celebrated before the commencement of Article 14 is voidable) is amended as follows.N.I.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1), after paragraph (d) insert or

(e)that an interim gender recognition certificate under the Gender Recognition Act 2004 has been issued to either party to the marriage;.

(3)After sub-paragraph (4) insert—

(4A)The court shall not grant a decree of nullity in a case falling within sub-paragraph (1)(e) unless it is satisfied that proceedings were instituted within six months from the date of issue of the interim gender recognition certificate.

Section 10

SCHEDULE 3E+W+S+N.I.Registration

Part 1 E+WEngland and Wales

IntroductoryE+W

1In this Part—E+W

  • the Registrar General” means the Registrar General for England and Wales, and

  • the 1953 Act” means the Births and Deaths Registration Act 1953 (c. 20).

Gender Recognition RegisterE+W

2(1)The Registrar General must maintain, in the General Register Office, a register to be called the Gender Recognition Register.E+W

(2)In this Part “the Gender Recognition Register” means the register maintained under sub-paragraph (1).

(3)The form in which the Gender Recognition Register is maintained is to be determined by the Registrar General.

(4)The Gender Recognition Register is not to be open to public inspection or search.

Entries in Gender Recognition Register and marking of existing birth register entriesE+W

3(1)If the Registrar General receives under section 10(1) a copy of a full gender recognition certificate issued to a person, the Registrar General must—

(a)make an entry in the Gender Recognition Register containing such particulars as may be prescribed in relation to the person’s birth and any other prescribed matter,

(b)secure that the UK birth register entry is marked in such manner as may be prescribed, and

(c)make traceable the connection between the entry in the Gender Recognition Register and the UK birth register entry.

(2)Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply if the certificate was issued after an application under section 6(1) and that sub-paragraph has already been complied with in relation to the person.

(3)No certified copy of the UK birth register entry and no short certificate of birth compiled from that entry is to include anything marked by virtue of sub-paragraph (1)(b).

(4)Information kept by the Registrar General for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1)(c) is not to be open to public inspection or search.

(5)Prescribed” means prescribed by regulations made by the Registrar General with the approval of the Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Indexing of entries in Gender Recognition RegisterE+W

4(1)The Registrar General must make arrangements for each entry made in the Gender Recognition Register to be included in the relevant index kept in the General Register Office.E+W

(2)Any right to search the relevant index includes the right to search entries included in it by virtue of sub-paragraph (1).

(3)Where by virtue of sub-paragraph (1) an index includes entries in the Gender Recognition Register, the index must not disclose that fact.

(4)The relevant index”, in relation to an entry made in the Gender Recognition Register in relation to a person, means the index of the certified copies of entries in registers, or of entries in registers, which includes the person’s UK birth register entry.

Certified copies of entries in Gender Recognition RegisterE+W

5(1)Anyone who may have a certified copy of the UK birth register entry of a person issued with a full gender recognition certificate may have a certified copy of the entry made in relation to the person in the Gender Recognition Register.E+W

(2)Any fee which would be payable for a certified copy of the person’s UK birth register entry is payable for a certified copy of the entry made in relation to the person in the Gender Recognition Register.

(3)If the person’s UK birth register entry is an entry in the Gender Recognition Register, sub-paragraph (1) applies as if the person’s UK birth register entry were the most recent entry within section 10(2)(a) or (b) containing a record of the person’s birth or adoption which is not an entry in the Gender Recognition Register.

(4)A certified copy of an entry in the Gender Recognition Register must not disclose the fact that the entry is contained in the Gender Recognition Register.

(5)A certified copy of an entry in the Gender Recognition Register must be sealed or stamped with the seal of the General Register Office.

Short certificates of birth compiled from Gender Recognition RegisterE+W

6Where a short certificate of birth under section 33 of the 1953 Act is compiled from the Gender Recognition Register, the certificate must not disclose that fact.E+W

Gender Recognition Register: re-registrationE+W

7(1)Section 10A of the 1953 Act (re-registration where parents not married) applies where an entry relating to a person’s birth has been made in the Gender Recognition Register as where the birth of a child has been registered under that Act.E+W

(2)In its application by virtue of sub-paragraph (1) section 10A has effect—

(a)as if the reference to the registrar in subsection (1) were to the Registrar General, and

(b)with the omission of subsection (2).

(3)Sections 14 and 14A of the 1953 Act (re-registration in cases of legitimation and after declaration of parentage) apply where an entry relating to a person’s birth has been made in the Gender Recognition Register as if the references in those sections to the Registrar General authorising re-registration of the person’s birth were to the Registrar General’s re-registering it.

Correction etc. of Gender Recognition RegisterE+W

8(1)Any power or duty of the Registrar General or any other person to correct, alter, amend, mark or cancel the marking of a person’s UK birth register entry is exercisable, or falls to be performed, by the Registrar General in relation to an entry in the Gender Recognition Register which—E+W

(a)relates to that person, and

(b)under paragraph 4(1) is included in the index which includes the person’s UK birth register entry.

(2)If the person’s UK birth register entry is an entry in the Gender Recognition Register, the references in sub-paragraph (1) to the person’s UK birth register entry are to the most recent entry within section 10(2)(a) or (b) containing a record of the person’s birth or adoption which is not an entry in the Gender Recognition Register.

(3)The Registrar General may correct the Gender Recognition Register by entry in the margin (without any alteration of the original entry) in consequence of the issue of a full gender recognition certificate after an application under section 6(1).

Revocation of gender recognition certificate etc.E+W

9(1)This paragraph applies if, after an entry has been made in the Gender Recognition Register in relation to a person, the High Court or the Court of Session makes an order under section 8(6) quashing the decision to grant the person’s application under section 1(1) or 5(2).

(2)The High Court or the Court of Session must inform the Registrar General.

(3)Subject to any appeal, the Registrar General must—

(a)cancel the entry in the Gender Recognition Register, and

(b)cancel, or secure the cancellation, of any marking of an entry relating to the person made by virtue of paragraph 3(1)(b).

EvidenceE+W

10(1)Section 34(5) of the 1953 Act (certified copy of entry in register under that Act deemed to be true copy) applies in relation to the Gender Recognition Register as if it were a register under that Act.E+W

(2)A certified copy of an entry made in the Gender Recognition Register in relation to a person is to be received, without further or other proof, as evidence—

(a)if the relevant index is the index of the Adopted Children Register, of the matters of which a certified copy of an entry in that Register is evidence,

(b)if the relevant index is the index of the Parental Order Register, of the matters of which a certified copy of an entry in that Register is evidence, and

(c)otherwise, of the person’s birth.

(3)And any certified copy which is receivable in evidence of any matter in Northern Ireland by virtue of paragraph 31(2)(a) or (b) of this Schedule is also receivable as evidence of that matter in England and Wales.

Regulatory reformE+W

11The Chancellor of the Exchequer may by order amend this Part in consequence of any order under section 1 of the Regulatory Reform Act 2001 (c. 6) which includes provision relating to the system of registration of births and adoptions in England and Wales.

Part 2 SScotland

IntroductoryS

12In this Part—S

  • the Registrar General” means the Registrar General for Scotland, and

  • the 1965 Act” means the Registration of Births, Deaths and Marriages (Scotland) Act 1965 (c. 49).

Gender Recognition RegisterS

13(1)The Registrar General must maintain, in the General Register Office of Births, Deaths and Marriages in Scotland, a register to be called the Gender Recognition Register.S

(2)In this Part “the Gender Recognition Register” means the register maintained under sub-paragraph (1).

(3)The form in which the Gender Recognition Register is maintained is to be determined by the Registrar General.

(4)The Gender Recognition Register is not to be open to public inspection or search.

Entries in Gender Recognition RegisterS

14(1)If the Registrar General receives under section 10(1) a copy of a full gender recognition certificate issued to a person, the Registrar General must—S

(a)make an entry in the Gender Recognition Register containing such particulars as may be prescribed in relation to the person’s birth and any other prescribed matter, and

(b)otherwise than by annotating in any way the birth register, make traceable the connection between the UK birth register entry and the entry in the Gender Recognition Register.

(2)Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply if the gender recognition certificate was issued after an application under section 6(1) and that sub-paragraph has already been complied with in relation to the person.

(3)Information kept by the Registrar General for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1)(b) is not to be open to public inspection or search.

(4)Prescribed” means prescribed by regulations made by the Registrar General with the approval of the Scottish Ministers.

Indexing of entries in Gender Recognition RegisterS

15(1)The Registrar General must make arrangements for each entry made in the Gender Recognition Register to be included in an index of such entries kept in the General Register Office of Births, Deaths and Marriages in Scotland.S

(2)Whenever the Registrar General causes a search to be made under subsection (2)(a) of section 38 of the 1965 Act (search of indexes of entries in the registers of births, deaths and marriages) on behalf of any person, he must also, without payment of any fee additional to the fee or fees prescribed under that section—

(a)cause a search to be made of the index of entries in the Gender Recognition Register on behalf of that person, and

(b)issue to that person an extract of any such entry provided that (disregarding, for the purposes of subsection (4)(j) of section 22, this paragraph) disclosure of the entry to the person would not constitute an offence under that section.

Extracts of entries in Gender Recognition RegisterS

16(1)This paragraph applies in respect of an extract issued under paragraph 15(2)(b).S

(2)Except as regards the sex and name of the person to whom it relates, the extract must have the form and content it would have had had it been an extract from the register of births of the entry relating to that person.

(3)The extract must not disclose the fact that the entry is contained in the Gender Recognition Register.

Abbreviated certificates of birth compiled from Gender Recognition RegisterS

17Where an abbreviated certificate of birth under section 40 of the 1965 Act is compiled from the Gender Recognition Register, the certificate must not disclose that fact.

Gender Recognition Register: correction, re-registration etc.S

18Section 18A(2) (decrees of parentage and non-parentage), section 20(1) and (3) (re-registration in certain cases), section 42(1) and (5) (correction of errors), section 43(1), (2) and (5) to (9) (recording change of name or surname) and section 44 (Register of Corrections etc.) of the 1965 Act apply in relation to the Gender Recognition Register as they apply in relation to the register of births.

Revocation of gender recognition certificate etc.S

19(1)This paragraph applies if, after an entry has been made in the Gender Recognition Register in relation to a person, the High Court or the Court of Session makes an order under section 8(6) quashing the decision to grant the person’s application under section 1(1) or 5(2).

(2)The High Court or the Court of Session must inform the Registrar General.

(3)Subject to any appeal, the Registrar General must cancel the entry in the Gender Recognition Register.

Authentication and admissibilityS

20Section 41 of the 1965 Act (authentication of extracts etc. and their admissibility as evidence) applies in relation to the Gender Recognition Register as in relation to the registers kept under the provisions of that Act.

Part 3 N.I.Northern Ireland

IntroductoryN.I.

21In this Part—N.I.

  • the Registrar General” means the Registrar General for Northern Ireland, and

  • the 1976 Order” means the Births and Deaths Registration (Northern Ireland) Order 1976 (S.I. 1976/1041 (N.I. 14)).

Gender Recognition RegisterN.I.

22(1)The Registrar General must maintain, in the General Register Office in Northern Ireland, a register to be called the Gender Recognition Register.N.I.

(2)In this Part “the Gender Recognition Register” means the register maintained under sub-paragraph (1).

(3)The form in which the Gender Recognition Register is maintained is to be determined by the Registrar General.

(4)The Gender Recognition Register is not to be open to public inspection or search.

Entries in Gender Recognition Register and marking of existing birth register entriesN.I.

23(1)If the Registrar General receives under section 10(1) a copy of a full gender recognition certificate issued to a person, the Registrar General must—N.I.

(a)make an entry in the Gender Recognition Register containing such particulars as may be prescribed in relation to the person’s birth and any other prescribed matter,

(b)secure that the UK birth register entry is marked in such manner as may be prescribed, and

(c)make traceable the connection between the entry in the Gender Recognition Register and the UK birth register entry.

(2)Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply if the gender recognition certificate was issued after an application under section 6(1) and that sub-paragraph has already been complied with in relation to the person.

(3)No certified copy of the UK birth register entry and no short certificate of birth compiled from that entry is to include anything marked by virtue of sub-paragraph (1)(b).

(4)Information kept by the Registrar General for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1)(c) is not to be open to public inspection or search.

(5)Prescribed” means prescribed by regulations made by the Department of Finance and Personnel.

Indexing of entries in Gender Recognition RegisterN.I.

24(1)The Registrar General must make arrangements for each entry made in the Gender Recognition Register to be included in the relevant index kept in the General Register Office in Northern Ireland.N.I.

(2)Any right to search the relevant index includes the right to search entries included in it by virtue of sub-paragraph (1).

(3)Where by virtue of sub-paragraph (1) an index includes entries in the Gender Recognition Register, the index must not disclose that fact.

(4)The relevant index”, in relation to an entry made in the Gender Recognition Register in relation to a person, means the index of the entries in registers which includes the UK birth register entry.

Certified copies of entries in Gender Recognition RegisterN.I.

25(1)Anyone who may have a certified copy of the UK birth register entry of a person issued with a full gender recognition certificate may have a certified copy of the entry made in relation to the person in the Gender Recognition Register.N.I.

(2)Any fee which would be payable for a certified copy of the person’s UK birth register entry is payable for a certified copy of the entry made in relation to the person in the Gender Recognition Register.

(3)If the person’s UK birth register entry is an entry in the Gender Recognition Register, sub-paragraph (1) applies as if the person’s UK birth register entry were the most recent entry within section 10(2)(a) or (b) containing a record of the person’s birth or adoption which is not an entry in the Gender Recognition Register.

(4)A certified copy of an entry in the Gender Recognition Register must not disclose the fact that the entry is contained in the Gender Recognition Register.

(5)A certified copy of an entry in the Gender Recognition Register must be sealed or stamped with the seal of the General Register Office in Northern Ireland.

Short certificates of birth compiled from Gender Recognition RegisterN.I.

26Where a short certificate of birth under Article 40 of the 1976 Order is compiled from the Gender Recognition Register, the certificate must not disclose that fact.N.I.

Gender Recognition Register: re-registrationN.I.

27Articles 18, 19 and 19A of the 1976 Order (re-registration of births) apply where an entry relating to a person’s birth has been made in the Gender Recognition Register as if the references in those Articles to the Registrar General authorising re-registration of the person’s birth were to the Registrar General’s re-registering it.N.I.

Correction of errors in Gender Recognition RegisterN.I.

28(1)Any power or duty of the Registrar General to correct, alter, amend, mark or cancel the marking of a person’s UK birth register entry is exercisable, or falls to be performed, by the Registrar General in relation to an entry in the Gender Recognition Register which—N.I.

(a)relates to that person, and

(b)under paragraph 24(1) is included in the index which includes the person’s UK birth register entry.

(2)If the person’s UK birth register entry is an entry in the Gender Recognition Register, the references in sub-paragraph (1) to the person’s UK birth register entry are to the most recent entry within section 10(2)(a) or (b) containing a record of the person’s birth or adoption which is not an entry in the Gender Recognition Register.

(3)The Registrar General may correct the Gender Recognition Register by entry in the margin (without any alteration of the original entry) in consequence of the issue of a full gender recognition certificate after an application under section 6(1).

Revocation of gender recognition certificate etc.N.I.

29(1)This paragraph applies if, after an entry has been made in the Gender Recognition Register in relation to a person, the High Court or the Court of Session makes an order under section 8(6) quashing the decision to grant the person’s application under section 1(1) or 5(2).

(2)The High Court or the Court of Session must inform the Registrar General.

(3)Subject to any appeal, the Registrar General must—

(a)cancel the entry in the Gender Recognition Register, and

(b)cancel, or secure the cancellation of, any marking of an entry relating to the person made by virtue of paragraph 23(1)(b).

Change of nameN.I.

30Paragraphs (4) to (6) of Article 37 of the 1976 Order (change of name) apply in relation to the Gender Recognition Register as they apply in relation to a register under that Order.N.I.

EvidenceN.I.

31(1)Article 42 of the 1976 Order (proof of age or death) applies in relation to the Gender Recognition Register as it applies in relation to a register under that Order.N.I.

(2)A certified copy of an entry made in the Gender Recognition Register in relation to a person is to be received, without further or other proof, as evidence—

(a)if the relevant index is the index of the Adopted Children Register, of the matters of which a certified copy of an entry in that Register is evidence,

(b)if the relevant index is the index of the Parental Order Register, of the matters of which a certified copy of an entry in that Register is evidence, and

(c)otherwise, of the person’s birth.

(3)And any certified copy which is receivable in evidence of any matter in England and Wales by virtue of paragraph 10(2)(a) or (b) of this Schedule is also receivable as evidence of that matter in Northern Ireland.

FeesN.I.

32Article 47 of the 1976 Order (fees for searches, certificates etc.) applies in relation to the Gender Recognition Register as it applies in relation to a register under that Order.N.I.

Section 11

SCHEDULE 4E+W+S+N.I.Effect on marriage

Part 1 E+WEngland and Wales

Marriage Act 1949 (c. 76)E+W

1The Marriage Act 1949 is amended as follows.E+W

2In section 1 (restrictions on marriage), insert at the end—

(6)Subsection (5) of this section and Parts 2 and 3 of the First Schedule to this Act have effect subject to the following modifications in the case of a party to a marriage whose gender has become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004 (“the relevant person”).

(7)Any reference in those provisions to a former wife or former husband of the relevant person includes (respectively) any former husband or former wife of the relevant person.

(8)And—

(a)the reference in paragraph (b) of subsection (5) of this section to the relevant person’s son’s mother is to the relevant person’s son’s father if the relevant person is the son’s mother; and

(b)the reference in paragraph (d) of that subsection to the relevant person’s daughter’s father is to the relevant person’s daughter’s mother if the relevant person is the daughter’s father.

3After section 5A insert—E+W

5BMarriages involving person of acquired gender

(1)A clergyman is not obliged to solemnise the marriage of a person if the clergyman reasonably believes that the person’s gender has become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

(2)A clerk in Holy Orders of the Church in Wales is not obliged to permit the marriage of a person to be solemnised in the church or chapel of which the clerk is the minister if the clerk reasonably believes that the person’s gender has become the acquired gender under that Act.

Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 (c. 18)E+W

4The Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 is amended as follows.E+W

5In section 12 (grounds on which a marriage celebrated after 31st July 1971 is voidable), insert at the end—E+W

(h)that the respondent is a person whose gender at the time of the marriage had become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

6In section 13(2), (3) and (4) (bars to relief), for “or (f)” substitute “ , (f) or (h) ”.E+W

Part 2 SScotland

Marriage (Scotland) Act 1977 (c. 15)S

7In section 2 of the Marriage (Scotland) Act 1977 (marriage of related persons), insert at the end—S

(6)Subsections (1A) and (1B) above and paragraphs 2 and 2A of Schedule 1 to this Act have effect subject to the following modifications in the case of a party to a marriage whose gender has become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004 (“the relevant person”).

(7)Any reference in those provisions to a former wife or former husband of the relevant person includes (respectively) any former husband or former wife of the relevant person.

(8)And—

(a)the reference in paragraph (b) of subsection (1B) above to the relevant person’s son’s mother is to the relevant person’s son’s father if the relevant person is the son’s mother; and

(b)the reference in paragraph (d) of that subsection to the relevant person’s daughter’s father is to the relevant person’s daughter’s mother if the relevant person is the daughter’s father.

Part 3 N.I.Northern Ireland

Family Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Order 1984 (S.I. 1984/1984 (N.I. 14))N.I.

8In Article 18 of the Family Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Order 1984 (restrictions on marriage), after paragraph (2D) insert—

(2DA)Paragraph (2D) and Parts 2 and 3 of the Table in paragraph (1) have effect subject to the following modifications in the case of a party to a marriage whose gender has become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004 (“the relevant person”).

(2DB)Any reference in those provisions to a former wife or former husband of the relevant person includes (respectively) any former husband or former wife of the relevant person.

(2DC)And—

(a)the reference in paragraph (2D)(b) to the relevant person’s son’s mother is to the relevant person’s son’s father if the relevant person is the son’s mother, and

(b)the reference in paragraph (2D)(d) to the relevant person’s daughter’s father is to the relevant person’s daughter’s mother if the relevant person is the daughter’s father.

Matrimonial Causes (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 (S.I. 1978/1045 (N.I. 15))N.I.

9The Matrimonial Causes (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 is amended as follows.N.I.

10In Article 14 (grounds on which a marriage celebrated after the commencement of that Article is voidable), insert at the end—N.I.

(h)that the respondent is a person whose gender at the time of the marriage had become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

11In Article 16(2), (3) and (4) (bars to relief), for “or (f)” substitute “ , (f) or (h) ”.N.I.

Section 13

SCHEDULE 5E+W+S+N.I.Benefits and pensions

Part 1 E+W+S+N.I.Introductory

1This Schedule applies where a full gender recognition certificate is issued to a person.E+W+S+N.I.

Part 2 E+W+S+N.I.State benefits

IntroductoryE+W+S+N.I.

2(1)In this Part of this Schedule “the 1992 Act” means—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)in England and Wales and Scotland, the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992 (c. 4), and

(b)in Northern Ireland, the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 (c. 7).

(2)In this Part of this Schedule “the Administration Act” means—

(a)in England and Wales and Scotland, the Social Security Administration Act 1992 (c. 5), and

(b)in Northern Ireland, the Social Security Administration (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 (c. 8).

(3)Expressions used in this Part of this Schedule and in Part 2 of the 1992 Act have the same meaning in this Part of this Schedule as in Part 2 of the 1992 Act.

Widowed mother’s allowanceE+W+S+N.I.

3(1)If (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is, or but for section 1 of the Administration Act would be, entitled to a widowed mother’s allowance under section 37 of the 1992 Act (allowance for woman whose husband died before 9th April 2001)—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)the person is not entitled to that allowance afterwards, but

(b)(instead) subsections (2) to (5) of section 39A of the 1992 Act (widowed parent’s allowance) apply in relation to the person.

(2)If (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is (actually) entitled to a widowed mother’s allowance, the entitlement to widowed parent’s allowance conferred by sub-paragraph (1) is not subject to section 1 of the Administration Act.

Widow’s pensionE+W+S+N.I.

4If (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is entitled to a widow’s pension under section 38 of the 1992 Act (pension for woman whose husband died before 9th April 2001), the person is not entitled to that pension afterwards.E+W+S+N.I.

Widowed parent’s allowanceE+W+S+N.I.

5If (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is, or but for section 1 of the Administration Act would be, entitled to a widowed parent’s allowance by virtue of subsection (1)(b) of section 39A of the 1992 Act (allowance for man whose wife died before 9th April 2001), subsections (2) to (5) of that section continue to apply in relation to the person afterwards.E+W+S+N.I.

Long-term incapacity benefit etc.E+W+S+N.I.

6If (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is entitled to incapacity benefit, or a Category A retirement pension, under—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)section 40 of the 1992 Act (long-term incapacity benefit etc. for woman whose husband died before 9th April 2001), or

(b)section 41 of the 1992 Act (long-term incapacity benefit etc. for man whose wife died before that date),

the person is not so entitled afterwards.

Category A retirement pensionE+W+S+N.I.

7(1)Any question—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)whether the person is entitled to a Category A retirement pension (under section 44 of the 1992 Act) for any period after the certificate is issued, and

(b)(if so) the rate at which the person is so entitled for the period,

is to be decided as if the person’s gender had always been the acquired gender.

(2)Accordingly, if (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person—

(a)is a woman entitled to a Category A retirement pension, but

(b)has not attained the age of 65,

the person ceases to be so entitled when it is issued.

(3)And, conversely, if (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person—

(a)is a man who has attained the age at which a woman of the same age attains pensionable age, but

(b)has not attained the age of 65,

the person is to be treated for the purposes of section 44 of the 1992 Act as attaining pensionable age when it is issued.

(4)But sub-paragraph (1) does not apply if and to the extent that the decision of any question to which it refers is affected by—

(a)the payment or crediting of contributions, or the crediting of earnings, in respect of a period ending before the certificate is issued, or

(b)preclusion from regular employment by responsibilities at home for such a period.

(5)Paragraph 10 makes provision about deferment of Category A retirement pensions.

Category B retirement pension etc.E+W+S+N.I.

8(1)Any question whether the person is entitled to—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)a Category B retirement pension (under section 48A, 48B, 48BB or 51 of the 1992 Act), or

(b)an increase in a Category A retirement pension under section 51A or 52 of the 1992 Act (increase in Category A retirement pension by reference to amount of Category B retirement pension),

for any period after the certificate is issued is (in accordance with section 9(1)) to be decided as if the person’s gender were the acquired gender (but subject to sub-paragraph (4)).

(2)Accordingly, if (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is a woman entitled to—

(a)a Category B retirement pension, or

(b)an increase in a Category A retirement pension under section 51A or 52 of the 1992 Act,

the person may cease to be so entitled when it is issued.

(3)And, conversely, if (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person—

(a)is a man who has attained the age at which a woman of the same age attains pensionable age, but

(b)has not attained the age of 65,

the person is to be treated for the purposes of sections 48A, 48B and 48BB of the 1992 Act as attaining pensionable age when it is issued.

(4)But a person who is a man (immediately before the certificate is issued) is not entitled to a Category B retirement pension under section 48B of the 1992 Act for any period after it is issued if the person—

(a)attains (or has attained) the age of 65 before 6th April 2010, and

(b)would not have been entitled to a Category B retirement pension under section 51 of the 1992 Act for that period if still a man.

(5)Paragraph 10 makes provision about deferment of Category B retirement pensions.

Shared additional pensionE+W+S+N.I.

9(1)Any question—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)whether the person is entitled to a shared additional pension (under section 55A of the 1992 Act) for any period after the certificate is issued, and

(b)(if so) the rate at which the person is so entitled for the period,

is to be decided on the basis of the person attaining pensionable age on the same date as someone of the acquired gender (and the same age).

(2)Accordingly, if (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person—

(a)is a woman entitled to a shared additional pension, but

(b)has not attained the age of 65,

the person ceases to be so entitled when it is issued.

(3)And, conversely, if (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person—

(a)is a man who has attained the age at which a woman of the same age attains pensionable age, but

(b)has not attained the age of 65,

the person is to be treated for the purposes of section 55A of the 1992 Act as attaining pensionable age when it is issued.

(4)Paragraph 10 makes provision about deferment of shared additional pensions.

Deferment of pensionsE+W+S+N.I.

10(1)The person’s entitlement to—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)a Category A retirement pension,

(b)a Category B retirement pension, or

(c)a shared additional pension,

is not to be taken to have been deferred for any period ending before the certificate is issued unless the condition in sub-paragraph (2) is satisfied.

(2)The condition is that the entitlement both—

(a)was actually deferred during the period, and

(b)would have been capable of being so deferred had the person’s gender been the acquired gender.

Category C retirement pension for widowsE+W+S+N.I.

11If (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is entitled to a Category C retirement pension under section 78(2) of the 1992 Act, the person is not entitled to that pension afterwards.E+W+S+N.I.

Graduated retirement benefit: Great BritainE+W+S

12(1)The provision that may be made by regulations under paragraph 15 of Schedule 3 to the Social Security (Consequential Provisions) Act 1992 (c. 6) (power to retain provisions repealed by Social Security Act 1973 (c. 38), with or without modification, for transitional purposes) includes provision modifying the preserved graduated retirement benefit provisions in consequence of this Act.E+W+S

(2)“The preserved graduated retirement benefit provisions” are the provisions of the National Insurance Act 1965 (c. 51) relating to graduated retirement benefit continued in force, with or without modification, by regulations having effect as if made under that paragraph.

Graduated retirement benefit: Northern IrelandN.I.

13(1)The provision that may be made by regulations under paragraph 15 of Schedule 3 to the Social Security (Consequential Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 (c. 9) (corresponding power for Northern Ireland) includes provision modifying the Northern Ireland preserved graduated retirement benefit provisions in consequence of this Act.N.I.

(2)“The Northern Ireland preserved graduated retirement benefit provisions” are the provisions of the National Insurance Act (Northern Ireland) 1966 (c. 6 (N.I.)) relating to graduated retirement benefit continued in force, with or without modification, by regulations having effect as if made under that paragraph.

Part 3 E+W+S+N.I.Occupational pension schemes

Guaranteed minimum pensions etc.: Great BritainE+W+S

14(1)In this paragraph “the 1993 Act” means the Pension Schemes Act 1993 (c. 48); and expressions used in this paragraph and in that Act have the same meaning in this paragraph as in that Act.E+W+S

(2)The fact that the person’s gender has become the acquired gender does not affect the operation of section 14 of the 1993 Act (guaranteed minimum) in relation to the person, except to the extent that its operation depends on section 16 of the 1993 Act (revaluation); and sub-paragraphs (3) and (5) have effect subject to that.

(3)If (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is a woman who is entitled to a guaranteed minimum pension but has not attained the age of 65—

(a)the person is for the purposes of section 13 of the 1993 Act and the guaranteed minimum pension provisions to be treated after it is issued as not having attained pensionable age (so that the entitlement ceases) but as attaining pensionable age on subsequently attaining the age of 65, and

(b)in a case where the person’s guaranteed minimum pension has commenced before the certificate is issued, it is to be treated for the purposes of Chapter 3 of Part 4 of the 1993 Act (anti-franking) as if it had not.

(4)But sub-paragraph (3)(a) does not—

(a)affect any pension previously paid to the person, or

(b)prevent section 15 of the 1993 Act (increase of guaranteed minimum where commencement of guaranteed minimum pension postponed) operating to increase the person’s guaranteed minimum by reason of a postponement of the commencement of the person’s guaranteed minimum pension for a period ending before the certificate is issued.

(5)If (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is a man who—

(a)has attained the age of 60, but

(b)has not attained the age of 65,

the person is to be treated for the purposes of section 13 of the 1993 Act and the guaranteed minimum pension provisions as attaining pensionable age when it is issued.

(6)If at that time the person has attained the age of 65, the fact that the person’s gender has become the acquired gender does not affect the person’s pensionable age for those purposes.

(7)The fact that the person’s gender has become the acquired gender does not affect any guaranteed minimum pension to which the person is entitled as a widow or widower immediately before the certificate is issued (except in consequence of the operation of the previous provisions of this Schedule).

(8)If a transaction to which section 19 of the 1993 Act applies which is carried out before the certificate is issued discharges a liability to provide a guaranteed minimum pension for or in respect of the person, it continues to do so afterwards.

(9)The guaranteed minimum pension provision” means so much of the 1993 Act (apart from section 13) and of any other enactment as relates to guaranteed minimum pensions.

Guaranteed minimum pensions etc.: Northern IrelandN.I.

15(1)In this paragraph “the 1993 Act” means the Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993 (c. 49); and expressions used in this paragraph and in that Act have the same meaning in this paragraph as in that Act.N.I.

(2)The fact that the person’s gender has become the acquired gender does not affect the operation of section 10 of the 1993 Act (guaranteed minimum) in relation to the person, except to the extent that its operation depends on section 12 of the 1993 Act (revaluation); and sub-paragraphs (3) and (5) have effect subject to that.

(3)If (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is a woman who is entitled to a guaranteed minimum pension but has not attained the age of 65—

(a)the person is for the purposes of section 9 of the 1993 Act and the guaranteed minimum pension provisions to be treated after it is issued as not having attained pensionable age (so that the entitlement ceases) but as attaining pensionable age on subsequently attaining the age of 65, and

(b)in a case where the person’s guaranteed minimum pension has commenced before the certificate is issued, it is to be treated for the purposes of Chapter 3 of Part 4 of the 1993 Act (anti-franking) as if it had not.

(4)But sub-paragraph (3)(a) does not—

(a)affect any pension previously paid to the person, or

(b)prevent section 11 of the 1993 Act (increase of guaranteed minimum where commencement of guaranteed minimum pension postponed) operating to increase the person’s guaranteed minimum by reason of a postponement of the commencement of the person’s guaranteed minimum pension for a period ending before the certificate is issued.

(5)If (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is a man who—

(a)has attained the age of 60, but

(b)has not attained the age of 65,

the person is to be treated for the purposes of section 9 of the 1993 Act and the guaranteed minimum pension provisions as attaining pensionable age when it is issued.

(6)If at that time the person has attained the age of 65, the fact that the person’s gender has become the acquired gender does not affect the person’s pensionable age for those purposes.

(7)The fact that the person’s gender has become the acquired gender does not affect any guaranteed minimum pension to which the person is entitled as a widow or widower immediately before the certificate is issued (except in consequence of the operation of the previous provisions of this Schedule).

(8)If a transaction to which section 15 of the 1993 Act applies which is carried out before the certificate is issued discharges a liability to provide a guaranteed minimum pension for or in respect of the person, it continues to do so afterwards.

(9)The guaranteed minimum pension provision” means so much of the 1993 Act (apart from section 9) and of any other enactment as relates to guaranteed minimum pensions.

Equivalent pension benefits: Great BritainE+W+S

16(1)The provision that may be made by regulations under paragraph 15 of Schedule 3 to the Social Security (Consequential Provisions) Act 1992 (c. 6) (power to retain provisions repealed by Social Security Act 1973 (c. 38), with or without modification, for transitional purposes) includes provision modifying the preserved equivalent pension benefits provisions in consequence of this Act.E+W+S

(2)“The preserved equivalent pension benefits provisions” are the provisions of the National Insurance Act 1965 (c. 51) relating to equivalent pension benefits continued in force, with or without modification, by regulations having effect as if made under that paragraph.

Equivalent pension benefits: Northern IrelandN.I.

17(1)The provision that may be made by regulations under paragraph 15 of Schedule 3 to the Social Security (Consequential Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 (c. 9) (corresponding power for Northern Ireland) includes provision modifying the Northern Ireland preserved equivalent pension benefits provisions in consequence of this Act.N.I.

(2)“The Northern Ireland preserved equivalent pension benefits provisions” are the provisions of the National Insurance Act (Northern Ireland) 1966 (c. 6 (N.I.)) relating to equivalent pension benefits continued in force, with or without modification, by regulations having effect as if made under that paragraph.

Section 14

SCHEDULE 6E+W+S+N.I.Sex discrimination

Part 1 E+W+SGreat Britain

1The Sex Discrimination Act 1975 (c. 65) is amended as follows.E+W+S

2In section 7A (gender reassignment: exception for genuine occupational qualification), insert at the end—E+W+S

(4)Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to discrimination against a person whose gender has become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

3In section 7B (supplementary exceptions relating to gender reassignment), for subsection (3) substitute—E+W+S

(3)Subsection (2) does not apply in relation to discrimination against a person whose gender has become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

4In section 9 (discrimination against contract workers), after subsection (3C) insert—E+W+S

(3D)Subsections (3B) and (3C) do not apply in relation to discrimination against a person whose gender has become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

5In section 11 (partnerships), after subsection (3C) insert—E+W+S

(3D)Subsections (3B) and (3C) do not apply in relation to discrimination against a person whose gender has become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

Part 2 N.I.Northern Ireland

6The Sex Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order 1976 (S.I. 1976/1042 (N.I. 15)) is amended as follows.N.I.

7In Article 10A (gender reassignment: exception for genuine occupational qualification), insert at the end—N.I.

(4)Paragraph (1) does not apply in relation to discrimination against a person whose gender has become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

8In Article 10B (supplementary exceptions relating to gender reassignment), for paragraph (3) substitute—N.I.

(3)Paragraph (2) does not apply in relation to discrimination against a person whose gender has become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

9In Article 12 (discrimination against contract workers), after paragraph (3C) insert—N.I.

(3D)Paragraphs (3B) and (3C) do not apply in relation to discrimination against a person whose gender has become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

10In Article 14 (partnerships), after paragraph (3C) insert—N.I.

(3D)Paragraphs (3B) and (3C) do not apply in relation to discrimination against a person whose gender has become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

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