1204.If a married man defers his Category A pension, his wife cannot claim a Category B pension based on his contributions until such time as he claims his pension. However, increments will accrue on both. Similarly, if he claims his pension but later decides to give it up to earn increments, his wife’s entitlement to Category B pension will also be cancelled for the same period (subject to her consent) and increments earned on it.
1205.If a woman is entitled to her own Category A pension, she can claim or defer it without reference to whether her spouse is claiming his pension. However, in cases where her Category A pension could be increased by virtue of her husband’s contributions and that increase is deferred because he is not claiming his pension, no increments would be payable unless she deferred her own pension as well as the increase.
1206.A woman who has attained state pension age and claimed her pension will be entitled to increments earned by her deceased husband provided they were married at the time he died, and she does not remarry before reaching state pension age. The inheritable proportion depends on which pension component the increments relate to. Broadly, she will inherit 100% of increments earned on the basic Category A pension, and between 50% and 100% of increments on the additional (earnings-related) pension component, depending on what percentage of the additional pension itself she is entitled to. In addition, one-half of increments on Graduated Retirement Benefit are inheritable.
1207.Until April 2010, when equalisation of state pension age for men and women begins to be phased in, only a widowed man is able to qualify for a Category B retirement pension on the basis of his late wife’s contributions. Similarly, a widower may only inherit increments earned by his late wife where he himself was over pension age at the time of her death.