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Part 1 E+W+N.I.Removal, storage and use of human organs and other tissue for scheduled purposes

1Authorisation of activities for scheduled purposesE+W+N.I.

(1)The following activities shall be lawful if done with appropriate consent—

(a)the storage of the body of a deceased person for use for a purpose specified in Schedule 1, other than anatomical examination;

(b)the use of the body of a deceased person for a purpose so specified, other than anatomical examination;

(c)the removal from the body of a deceased person, for use for a purpose specified in Schedule 1, of any relevant material of which the body consists or which it contains;

(d)the storage for use for a purpose specified in Part 1 of Schedule 1 of any relevant material which has come from a human body;

(e)the storage for use for a purpose specified in Part 2 of Schedule 1 of any relevant material which has come from the body of a deceased person;

(f)the use for a purpose specified in Part 1 of Schedule 1 of any relevant material which has come from a human body;

(g)the use for a purpose specified in Part 2 of Schedule 1 of any relevant material which has come from the body of a deceased person.

F1(1A). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2)The storage of the body of a deceased person for use for the purpose of anatomical examination shall be lawful if done—

(a)with appropriate consent, and

(b)after the signing of a certificate—

(i)under section 22(1) of the Births and Deaths Registration Act 1953 (c. 20), or

(ii)under Article 25(2) of the Births and Deaths Registration (Northern Ireland) Order 1976 (S.I. 1976/1041 (N.I. 14)),

of the cause of death of the person.

(3)The use of the body of a deceased person for the purpose of anatomical examination shall be lawful if done—

(a)with appropriate consent, and

(b)after the death of the person has been registered—

(i)under section 15 of the Births and Deaths Registration Act 1953, or

(ii)under Article 21 of the Births and Deaths Registration (Northern Ireland) Order 1976.

(4)Subsections (1) to (3) do not apply to an activity of a kind mentioned there if it is done in relation to—

(a)a body to which subsection (5) applies, or

(b)relevant material to which subsection (6) applies.

(5)This subsection applies to a body if—

(a)it has been imported, or

(b)it is the body of a person who died before the day on which this section comes into force and at least one hundred years have elapsed since the date of the person’s death.

(6)This subsection applies to relevant material if—

(a)it has been imported,

(b)it has come from a body which has been imported, or

(c)it is material which has come from the body of a person who died before the day on which this section comes into force and at least one hundred years have elapsed since the date of the person’s death.

(7)Subsection (1)(d) does not apply to the storage of relevant material for use for the purpose of research in connection with disorders, or the functioning, of the human body if—

(a)the material has come from the body of a living person, and

(b)the research falls within subsection (9).

(8)Subsection (1)(f) does not apply to the use of relevant material for the purpose of research in connection with disorders, or the functioning, of the human body if—

(a)the material has come from the body of a living person, and

(b)the research falls within subsection (9).

(9)Research falls within this subsection if—

(a)it is ethically approved in accordance with regulations made by the Secretary of State, and

(b)it is to be, or is, carried out in circumstances such that the person carrying it out is not in possession, and not likely to come into possession, of information from which the person from whose body the material has come can be identified.

[F2(9A)Subsection (1)(f) does not apply to the use of relevant material for the purpose of research where the use of the material requires consent under paragraph 6(1) or 12(1) of Schedule 3 to the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990 (use of human cells to create an embryo or a human admixed embryo) or would require such consent but for paragraphs 16 and 20 of that Schedule.]

[F3(9B)Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to—

(a)transplantation activities done in Wales; or

(b)transplantation activities done outside Wales in relation to relevant material that was removed from a human body in Wales.]

(10)The following activities shall be lawful—

(a)the storage for use for a purpose specified in Part 2 of Schedule 1 of any relevant material which has come from the body of a living person;

(b)the use for such a purpose of any relevant material which has come from the body of a living person;

(c)an activity in relation to which subsection (4), (7) [F4, (8) or (9B)(b)] has effect.

[F5(10A)In the case of an activity in relation to which subsection (8) has effect, subsection (10)(c) is to be read subject to any requirements imposed by Schedule 3 to the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990 in relation to the activity.]

(11)The Secretary of State may by order—

(a)vary or omit any of the purposes specified in Part 1 or 2 of Schedule 1, or

(b)add to the purposes specified in Part 1 or 2 of that Schedule.

(12)Nothing in this section applies to—

(a)the use of relevant material in connection with a device to which Directive 98/79/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on in vitro diagnostic medical devices applies, where the use falls within the Directive, or

(b)the storage of relevant material for use falling within paragraph (a).

(13)In this section, the references to a body or material which has been imported do not include a body or material which has been imported after having been exported with a view to its subsequently being re-imported.

[F6(14) In this section “ transplantation activities ” has the same meaning as in the Human Transplantation (Wales) Act 2013 (which makes provision in relation to consent for transplantation activities done in Wales). ]

Textual Amendments

F3S. 1(9B) inserted (1.12.2015 coming into force in accordance with art. 1(2)) by The Human Transplantation (Wales) Act 2013 (Consequential Provision) Order 2015 (S.I. 2015/865), arts. 1(2), 2(2)(b)

F4Words in s. 1(10)(c) substituted (1.12.2015 coming into force in accordance with art. 1(2)) by The Human Transplantation (Wales) Act 2013 (Consequential Provision) Order 2015 (S.I. 2015/865), arts. 1(2), 2(2)(c)

Commencement Information

I1S. 1 in force at 20.10.2005 for specified purposes by S.I. 2005/2792, art. 2(2)(j)

I2S. 1 in force at 1.9.2006 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2006/1997, art. 3(2) (with arts. 4, 7, 8)

2“Appropriate consent”: childrenE+W+N.I.

(1)This section makes provision for the interpretation of “appropriate consent” in section 1 in relation to an activity involving the body, or material from the body, of a person who is a child or has died a child (“the child concerned”).

(2)Subject to subsection (3), where the child concerned is alive, “appropriate consent” means his consent.

(3)Where—

(a)the child concerned is alive,

(b)neither a decision of his to consent to the activity, nor a decision of his not to consent to it, is in force, and

(c)either he is not competent to deal with the issue of consent in relation to the activity or, though he is competent to deal with that issue, he fails to do so,

appropriate consent” means the consent of a person who has parental responsibility for him.

(4)Where the child concerned has died and the activity is one to which subsection (5) applies, “appropriate consent” means his consent in writing.

(5)This subsection applies to an activity involving storage for use, or use, for the purpose of—

(a)public display, or

(b)where the subject-matter of the activity is not excepted material, anatomical examination.

(6)Consent in writing for the purposes of subsection (4) is only valid if—

(a)it is signed by the child concerned in the presence of at least one witness who attests the signature, or

(b)it is signed at the direction of the child concerned, in his presence and in the presence of at least one witness who attests the signature.

(7)Where the child concerned has died and the activity is not one to which subsection (5) applies, “appropriate consent” means —

(a)if a decision of his to consent to the activity, or a decision of his not to consent to it, was in force immediately before he died, his consent;

(b)if paragraph (a) does not apply—

(i)the consent of a person who had parental responsibility for him immediately before he died, or

(ii)where no person had parental responsibility for him immediately before he died, the consent of a person who stood in a qualifying relationship to him at that time.

Commencement Information

I3S. 2 in force at 20.10.2005 for specified purposes by S.I. 2005/2792, art. 2(2)(j)

I4S. 2 in force at 1.9.2006 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2006/1997, art. 3(2) (with arts. 4, 7, 8)

3“Appropriate consent”: adultsE+W+N.I.

(1)This section makes provision for the interpretation of “appropriate consent” in section 1 in relation to an activity involving the body, or material from the body, of a person who is an adult or has died an adult (“the person concerned”).

(2)Where the person concerned is alive, “appropriate consent” means his consent.

(3)Where the person concerned has died and the activity is one to which subsection (4) applies, “appropriate consent” means his consent in writing.

(4)This subsection applies to an activity involving storage for use, or use, for the purpose of—

(a)public display, or

(b)where the subject-matter of the activity is not excepted material, anatomical examination.

(5)Consent in writing for the purposes of subsection (3) is only valid if—

(a)it is signed by the person concerned in the presence of at least one witness who attests the signature,

(b)it is signed at the direction of the person concerned, in his presence and in the presence of at least one witness who attests the signature, or

(c)it is contained in a will of the person concerned made in accordance with the requirements of—

(i)section 9 of the Wills Act 1837 (c. 26), or

(ii)Article 5 of the Wills and Administration Proceedings (Northern Ireland) Order 1994 (S.I. 1994/1899 (N.I. 13)).

(6)Where the person concerned has died and the activity is not one to which subsection (4) applies, “appropriate consent” means—

(a)if a decision of his to consent to the activity, or a decision of his not to consent to it, was in force immediately before he died, his consent;

(b)if—

(i)paragraph (a) does not apply, and

(ii)he has appointed a person or persons under section 4 to deal after his death with the issue of consent in relation to the activity,

consent given under the appointment;

(c)if neither paragraph (a) nor paragraph (b) applies, the consent of a person who stood in a qualifying relationship to him immediately before he died.

(7)Where the person concerned has appointed a person or persons under section 4 to deal after his death with the issue of consent in relation to the activity, the appointment shall be disregarded for the purposes of subsection (6) if no one is able to give consent under it.

(8)If it is not reasonably practicable to communicate with a person appointed under section 4 within the time available if consent in relation to the activity is to be acted on, he shall be treated for the purposes of subsection (7) as not able to give consent under the appointment in relation to it.

[F7(9)In subsection (6A)—

  • excepted adult” means—

    (a)

    an adult who has died and who had not been ordinarily resident in England for a period of at least 12 months immediately before dying, or

    (b)

    an adult who has died and who for a significant period before dying lacked capacity to understand the effect of subsection (6)(ba);

  • permitted material” means relevant material other than relevant material of a type specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(10)For the purposes of the definition of “excepted adult” in subsection (9) a significant period means a sufficiently long period as to lead a reasonable person to conclude that it would be inappropriate for consent to be deemed to be given under subsection (6)(ba).]

Textual Amendments

F7S. 3(9)(10) inserted (1.10.2019 for specified purposes) by Organ Donation (Deemed Consent) Act 2019 (c. 7), ss. 1(5), 3(3); S.I. 2019/1262, reg. 2(a)(b)

Commencement Information

I5S. 3 in force at 20.10.2005 for specified purposes by S.I. 2005/2792, art. 2(2)(j)

I6S. 3 in force at 1.9.2006 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2006/1997, art. 3(2) (with arts. 4, 7, 8)

4Nominated representativesE+W+N.I.

(1)An adult may appoint one or more persons to represent him after his death in relation to consent for the purposes of section 1.

(2)An appointment under this section may be general or limited to consent in relation to such one or more activities as may be specified in the appointment.

(3)An appointment under this section may be made orally or in writing.

(4)An oral appointment under this section is only valid if made in the presence of at least two witnesses present at the same time.

(5)A written appointment under this section is only valid if—

(a)it is signed by the person making it in the presence of at least one witness who attests the signature,

(b)it is signed at the direction of the person making it, in his presence and in the presence of at least one witness who attests the signature, or

(c)it is contained in a will of the person making it, being a will which is made in accordance with the requirements of—

(i)section 9 of the Wills Act 1837 (c. 26), or

(ii)Article 5 of the Wills and Administration Proceedings (Northern Ireland) Order 1994 (S.I. 1994/1899 (N.I. 13)).

(6)Where a person appoints two or more persons under this section in relation to the same activity, they shall be regarded as appointed to act jointly and severally unless the appointment provides that they are appointed to act jointly.

(7)An appointment under this section may be revoked at any time.

(8)Subsections (3) to (5) apply to the revocation of an appointment under this section as they apply to the making of such an appointment.

(9)A person appointed under this section may at any time renounce his appointment.

(10)A person may not act under an appointment under this section if—

(a)he is not an adult, or

(b)he is of a description prescribed for the purposes of this provision by regulations made by the Secretary of State.

[F8(11)Where an adult has appointed a person under section 8 of the Human Transplantation (Wales) Act 2013 to represent the adult after death in relation to consent for one or more transplantation activities, the adult is to be treated as also having appointed the person under this section in relation to those activities.]

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I7S. 4 in force at 20.10.2005 for specified purposes by S.I. 2005/2792, art. 2(2)(j)

I8S. 4 in force at 1.9.2006 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2006/1997, art. 3(2) (with arts. 4, 7, 8)

5Prohibition of activities without consent etc.E+W+N.I.

(1)A person commits an offence if, without appropriate consent, he does an activity to which subsection (1), (2) or (3) of section 1 applies, unless he reasonably believes—

(a)that he does the activity with appropriate consent, or

(b)that what he does is not an activity to which the subsection applies.

(2)A person commits an offence if—

(a)he falsely represents to a person whom he knows or believes is going to, or may, do an activity to which subsection (1), (2) or (3) of section 1 applies—

(i)that there is appropriate consent to the doing of the activity, or

(ii)that the activity is not one to which the subsection applies, and

(b)he knows that the representation is false or does not believe it to be true.

(3)Subject to subsection (4), a person commits an offence if, when he does an activity to which section 1(2) applies, neither of the following has been signed in relation to the cause of death of the person concerned—

(a)a certificate under section 22(1) of the Births and Deaths Registration Act 1953 (c. 20), and

(b)a certificate under Article 25(2) of the Births and Deaths Registration (Northern Ireland) Order 1976 (S.I. 1976/1041 (N.I. 14)).

(4)Subsection (3) does not apply—

(a)where the person reasonably believes—

(i)that a certificate under either of those provisions has been signed in relation to the cause of death of the person concerned, or

(ii)that what he does is not an activity to which section 1(2) applies, or

(b)where the person comes into lawful possession of the body immediately after death and stores it prior to its removal to a place where anatomical examination is to take place.

(5)Subject to subsection (6), a person commits an offence if, when he does an activity to which section 1(3) applies, the death of the person concerned has not been registered under either of the following provisions—

(a)section 15 of the Births and Deaths Registration Act 1953, and

(b)Article 21 of the Births and Deaths Registration (Northern Ireland) Order 1976.

(6)Subsection (5) does not apply where the person reasonably believes—

(a)that the death of the person concerned has been registered under either of those provisions, or

(b)that what he does is not an activity to which section 1(3) applies.

(7)A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable—

(a)on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum;

(b)on conviction on indictment—

(i)to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 years, or

(ii)to a fine, or

(iii)to both.

(8)In this section, “appropriate consent” has the same meaning as in section 1.

Commencement Information

I9S. 5 in force at 20.10.2005 for specified purposes by S.I. 2005/2792, art. 2(2)(j)

I10S. 5 in force at 1.12.2006 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2006/1997, art. 3(3) (with arts. 4, 7, 8)

6Activities involving material from adults who lack capacity to consentE+W+N.I.

[F9(1)]Where—

(a)an activity of a kind mentioned in section 1(1)(d) or (f) involves material from the body of a person who—

(i)is an adult, and

(ii)lacks capacity to consent to the activity, and

(b)neither a decision of his to consent to the activity, nor a decision of his not to consent to it, is in force,

there shall for the purposes of this Part be deemed to be consent of his to the activity if it is done in circumstances of a kind specified by regulations made by the Secretary of State.

[F10(2)This section does not apply in relation to transplantation activities done in Wales.

(For provision in these circumstances see section 9 of the Human Transplantation (Wales) Act 2013).]

Textual Amendments

F9S. 6 renumbered as s. 6(1) (E.W.) (1.12.2015) by Human Transplantation (Wales) Act 2013 (anaw 5), ss. 16(3)(a), 21(1) (with s. 14); S.I. 2015/1679, art. 3(e)

Commencement Information

I11S. 6 in force at 20.10.2005 for specified purposes by S.I. 2005/2792, art. 2(2)(j)

I12S. 6 in force at 1.9.2006 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2006/1997, art. 3(2) (with arts. 4, 7, 8)

7Powers to dispense with need for consentE+W+N.I.

(1)If the Authority is satisfied—

(a)that relevant material has come from the body of a living person,

(b)that it is not reasonably possible to trace the person from whose body the material has come (“the donor”),

(c)that it is desirable in the interests of another person (including a future person) that the material be used for the purpose of obtaining scientific or medical information about the donor, and

(d)that there is no reason to believe—

(i)that the donor has died,

(ii)that a decision of the donor to refuse to consent to the use of the material for that purpose is in force, or

(iii)that the donor lacks capacity to consent to the use of the material for that purpose,

it may direct that subsection (3) apply to the material for the benefit of the other person.

(2)If the Authority is satisfied—

(a)that relevant material has come from the body of a living person,

(b)that it is desirable in the interests of another person (including a future person) that the material be used for the purpose of obtaining scientific or medical information about the person from whose body the material has come (“the donor”),

(c)that reasonable efforts have been made to get the donor to decide whether to consent to the use of the material for that purpose,

(d)that there is no reason to believe—

(i)that the donor has died,

(ii)that a decision of the donor to refuse to consent to the use of the material for that purpose is in force, or

(iii)that the donor lacks capacity to consent to the use of the material for that purpose, and

(e)that the donor has been given notice of the application for the exercise of the power conferred by this subsection,

it may direct that subsection (3) apply to the material for the benefit of the other person.

(3)Where material is the subject of a direction under subsection (1) or (2), there shall for the purposes of this Part be deemed to be consent of the donor to the use of the material for the purpose of obtaining scientific or medical information about him which may be relevant to the person for whose benefit the direction is given.

(4)The Secretary of State may by regulations enable the High Court, in such circumstances as the regulations may provide, to make an order deeming there for the purposes of this Part to be appropriate consent to an activity consisting of—

(a)the storage of the body of a deceased person for use for the purpose of research in connection with disorders, or the functioning, of the human body,

(b)the use of the body of a deceased person for that purpose,

(c)the removal from the body of a deceased person, for use for that purpose, of any relevant material of which the body consists or which it contains,

(d)the storage for use for that purpose of any relevant material which has come from a human body, or

(e)the use for that purpose of any relevant material which has come from a human body.

Commencement Information

I13S. 7 in force at 20.10.2005 for specified purposes by S.I. 2005/2792, art. 2(2)(j)

I14S. 7 in force at 1.9.2006 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2006/1997, art. 3(2) (with arts. 4, 7, 8)

8Restriction of activities in relation to donated materialE+W+N.I.

(1)Subject to subsection (2), a person commits an offence if he—

(a)uses donated material for a purpose which is not a qualifying purpose, or

(b)stores donated material for use for a purpose which is not a qualifying purpose.

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply where the person reasonably believes that what he uses, or stores, is not donated material.

(3)A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable—

(a)on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum;

(b)on conviction on indictment—

(i)to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 years, or

(ii)to a fine, or

(iii)to both.

(4)In subsection (1), references to a qualifying purpose are to—

(a)a purpose specified in Schedule 1,

(b)the purpose of medical diagnosis or treatment,

(c)the purpose of decent disposal, or

(d)a purpose specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(5)In this section, references to donated material are to—

(a)the body of a deceased person, or

(b)relevant material which has come from a human body,

which is, or has been, the subject of donation.

(6)For the purposes of subsection (5), a body, or material, is the subject of donation if authority under section 1(1) to (3) [F11or section 3(1) to (3) of the Human Transplantation (Wales) Act 2013] exists in relation to it.

Textual Amendments

F11Words in s. 8(6) inserted (E.W.) (1.12.2015) by Human Transplantation (Wales) Act 2013 (anaw 5), ss. 16(4), 21(1) (with s. 14); S.I. 2015/1679, art. 3(e)

Commencement Information

I15S. 8 in force at 20.10.2005 for specified purposes by S.I. 2005/2792, art. 2(2)(j)

I16S. 8 in force at 1.12.2006 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2006/1997, art. 3(3) (with arts. 4, 7, 8)

9Existing holdingsE+W+N.I.

(1)In its application to the following activities, section 1(1) shall have effect with the omission of the words “if done with appropriate consent”—

(a)the storage of an existing holding for use for a purpose specified in Schedule 1;

(b)the use of an existing holding for a purpose so specified.

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply where the existing holding is a body, or separated part of a body, in relation to which section 10(3) or (5) has effect.

(3)Section 5(1) and (2) shall have effect as if the activities mentioned in subsection (1) were not activities to which section 1(1) applies.

(4)In this section, “existing holding” means—

(a)the body of a deceased person, or

(b)relevant material which has come from a human body,

held, immediately before the day on which section 1(1) comes into force, for use for a purpose specified in Schedule 1.

Commencement Information

I17S. 9 in force at 20.10.2005 for specified purposes by S.I. 2005/2792, art. 2(2)(j)

I18S. 9 in force at 1.9.2006 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2006/1997, art. 3(2) (with arts. 4, 7, 8)

10Existing anatomical specimensE+W+N.I.

(1)This section applies where a person dies during the three years immediately preceding the coming into force of section 1.

(2)Subsection (3) applies where—

(a)before section 1 comes into force, authority is given under section 4(2) or (3) of the Anatomy Act 1984 (c. 14) for the person’s body to be used for anatomical examination, and

(b)section 1 comes into force before anatomical examination of the person’s body is concluded.

(3)During so much of the relevant period as falls after section 1 comes into force, that authority shall be treated for the purposes of section 1 as appropriate consent in relation to—

(a)the storage of the person’s body, or separated parts of his body, for use for the purpose of anatomical examination, and

(b)the use of his body, or separated parts of his body, for that purpose.

(4)Subsection (5) applies where—

(a)before section 1 comes into force, authority is given under section 6(2) or (3) of the Anatomy Act 1984 for possession of parts (or any specified parts) of the person’s body to be held after anatomical examination of his body is concluded, and

(b)anatomical examination of the person’s body is concluded—

(i)after section 1 comes into force, but

(ii)before the end of the period of three years beginning with the date of the person’s death.

(5)With effect from the conclusion of the anatomical examination of the person’s body, that authority shall be treated for the purposes of section 1 as appropriate consent in relation to—

(a)the storage for use for a qualifying purpose of a part of the person’s body which—

(i)is a part to which that authority relates, and

(ii)is such that the person cannot be recognised simply by examination of the part, and

(b)the use for a qualifying purpose of such a part of the person’s body.

(6)Where for the purposes of section 1 there would not be appropriate consent in relation to an activity but for authority given under the Anatomy Act 1984 (c. 14) being treated for those purposes as appropriate consent in relation to the activity, section 1(1) to (3) do not authorise the doing of the activity otherwise than in accordance with that authority.

(7)In subsection (3), “the relevant period”, in relation to a person, means whichever is the shorter of—

(a)the period of three years beginning with the date of the person’s death, and

(b)the period beginning with that date and ending when anatomical examination of the person’s body is concluded.

(8)In subsection (5), “qualifying purpose” means a purpose specified in paragraph 6 or 9 of Schedule 1.

(9)The Secretary of State may by order amend subsection (8).

Commencement Information

I19S. 10 in force at 20.10.2005 for specified purposes by S.I. 2005/2792, art. 2(2)(j)

I20S. 10 in force at 1.9.2006 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2006/1997, art. 3(2) (with arts. 4, 7, 8)

11CoronersE+W+N.I.

(1)Nothing in this Part applies to anything done for purposes of functions of a coroner or under the authority of a coroner.

(2)Where a person knows, or has reason to believe, that—

(a)the body of a deceased person, or

(b)relevant material which has come from the body of a deceased person,

is, or may be, required for purposes of functions of a coroner, he shall not act on authority under section 1 in relation to the body, or material, except with the consent of the coroner.

Commencement Information

I21S. 11 in force at 20.10.2005 for specified purposes by S.I. 2005/2792, art. 2(2)(j)

I22S. 11 in force at 1.9.2006 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2006/1997, art. 3(3) (with arts. 4, 7, 8)

12Interpretation of Part 1E+W+N.I.

In this Part, “excepted material” means material which has—

(a)come from the body of a living person, or

(b)come from the body of a deceased person otherwise than in the course of use of the body for the purpose of anatomical examination.

Commencement Information

I23S. 12 in force at 20.10.2005 for specified purposes by S.I. 2005/2792, art. 2(2)(j)

I24S. 12 in force at 1.9.2006 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2006/1997, art. 3(2) (with arts. 4, 7, 8)

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