Section 32: Prohibition of commercial dealings in human material for transplantation
48.This section transposes the existing prohibition on buying or selling organs from the Human Organ Transplants Act 1989, and extends the prohibition to cover all human material (subject to certain exceptions) intended to be used for transplantation. Advertising for suppliers of material for reward is also prohibited. Subsection (3) allows the HTA to designate a person who may lawfully engage in trade in human material (for example, the National Blood Service will continue to be allowed to purchase blood from abroad). Subsection (7) provides that reimbursement for expenses connected with transporting, removing, preparing, preserving or storing the body of a deceased person or relevant human material is not prohibited. Subsection (6) allows for the possibility of commercial tissue banks by allowing licence-holders to receive more than just expenses in relation to these activities. Subsection (7) also provides that it is not an offence to provide expenses or recompense for loss of earnings given to an individual supplying human material, and allows for costs incurred by others to be passed along a chain of suppliers. Subsection (9) makes clear that the material covered by the prohibition excludes gametes and embryos (as defined in, and regulated by, the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990), and material which has become property by reason of the application of human skill. Cell lines are excluded from the section by virtue of section 54(7).