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Domestic Violence, Crime and Victims Act 2004

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Chapter 1E+WThe victims' code

32Code of practice for victimsE+W

(1)The Secretary of State [F1for Justice] must issue a code of practice as to the services to be provided to a victim of criminal conduct by persons appearing to him to have functions relating to—

(a)victims of criminal conduct, or

(b)any aspect of the criminal justice system.

(2)The code may restrict the application of its provisions to—

(a)specified descriptions of victims;

(b)victims of specified offences or descriptions of conduct;

(c)specified persons or descriptions of persons appearing to the Secretary of State [F1for Justice] to have functions of the kind mentioned in subsection (1).

(3)The code may include provision requiring or permitting the services which are to be provided to a victim to be provided to one or more others—

(a)instead of the victim (for example where the victim has died);

(b)as well as the victim.

(4)The code may make different provision for different purposes, including different provision for—

(a)different descriptions of victims;

(b)persons who have different functions or descriptions of functions;

(c)different areas.

(5)The code may not require anything to be done by—

(a)a person acting in a judicial capacity;

(b)a person acting in the discharge of a function of a member of the Crown Prosecution Service which involves the exercise of a discretion.

(6)In determining whether a person is a victim of criminal conduct for the purposes of this section, it is immaterial that no person has been charged with or convicted of an offence in respect of the conduct.

(7)In this section—

  • criminal conduct” means conduct constituting an offence;

  • specified” means specified in the code.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

33ProcedureE+W

(1)Subsections (2) to (7) apply in relation to a code of practice required to be issued under section 32.

(2)The Secretary of State [F2for Justice] must prepare a draft of the code.

(3)In preparing the draft the Secretary of State [F2for Justice] must consult the Attorney General and the [F3Secretary of State for the Home Department].

(4)After preparing the draft the Secretary of State [F2for Justice] must—

(a)publish the draft;

(b)specify a period during which representations about the draft may be made to him.

(5)The Secretary of State [F2for Justice] must—

(a)consider in consultation with the Attorney General and the [F3Secretary of State for the Home Department] any representations made to him before the end of the specified period about the draft;

(b)if he thinks it appropriate, modify the draft in the light of any such representations.

(6)After the Secretary of State [F2for Justice] has proceeded under subsection (5) he must lay the code before Parliament.

(7)When he has laid the code before Parliament the Secretary of State [F2for Justice] must bring it into operation on such day as he appoints by order.

(8)The Secretary of State [F2for Justice] may from time to time revise a code previously brought into operation under this section; and subsections (2) to (7) apply to a revised code as they apply to the code as first prepared.

(9)But the Secretary of State [F2for Justice] may revise a code under subsection (8) only if it appears to him that the proposed revisions would not result in—

(a)a significant reduction in the quality or extent of the services to be provided under the code, or

(b)a significant restriction in the description of persons to whom services are to be provided under the code.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

34Effect of non-complianceE+W

(1)If a person fails to perform a duty imposed on him by a code issued under section 32, the failure does not of itself make him liable to criminal or civil proceedings.

(2)But the code is admissible in evidence in criminal or civil proceedings and a court may take into account a failure to comply with the code in determining a question in the proceedings.

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