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Finance Act 2004

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  • specified purposes Appointed Day(s) by S.I. 2006/3240 art. 2 (Day appointed for the purposes of s. 77(1))

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Part 2 E+W+S+N.I.Pension death benefit rules

Defined benefits and money purchase arrangementsE+W+S+N.I.

Meaning of “dependant”E+W+S+N.I.

15(1)A person who was married to the member at the date of the member’s death is a dependant of the member.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)A child of the member is a dependant of the member if the child—

(a)has not reached the age of 23, or

(b)has reached that age and, in the opinion of the scheme administrator, was at the date of the member’s death dependant on the member because of physical or mental impairment.

(3)A person who was not married to the member at the date of the member’s death and is not a child of the member is a dependant of the member if, in the opinion of the scheme administrator, at the date of the member’s death—

(a)the person was financially dependant on the member,

(b)the person’s financial relationship with the member was one of mutual dependence, or

(c)the person was dependant on the member because of physical or mental impairment.

Dependants' scheme pensionE+W+S+N.I.

16(1)In the case of a pension scheme with fewer than 50 members, a pension payable to a dependant is a dependants' scheme pension for the purposes of this Part if—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)it is payable by an insurance company selected by the scheme administrator or, where the scheme administrator is an insurance company, by the scheme administrator, and

(b)it satisfies the condition in sub-paragraph (3).

(2)In the case of a pension scheme with 50 or more members, a pension payable to a dependant is a dependants' scheme pension if—

(a)it is payable by the scheme administrator or by an insurance company selected by the scheme administrator, and

(b)it satisfies the condition in sub-paragraph (3).

(3)The condition is that (subject to sub-paragraph (4))—

(a)if the dependant is not the member’s child, the pension is payable until the dependant’s death or until the earlier of the dependant’s marrying or dying,

(b)if the dependant is the member’s child, the pension is payable until the earlier of the dependant’s ceasing to be a dependant or dying, or until the earliest of the dependant’s marrying, ceasing to be a dependant or dying, and

(c)the rate of pension payable in respect of any relevant 12 month period is not less than the rate payable in respect of the previous 12 month period.

(4)Neither of the following prevents the pension satisfying the condition in sub-paragraph (3)—

(a)a reduction in the rate of the pension which applies to all the dependants' scheme pensions being paid in respect of members of the pension scheme, or

(b)if the dependant becomes entitled to state retirement pension, a reduction in the rate of the pension which does not exceed the rate at which state retirement pension is payable (or, if the rate at which state retirement pension is payable is greater than the rate of the pension, the pension ceasing to be payable).

(5)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (4)(b) the following constitute “state retirement pension”—

(a)retirement pension under SSCBA 1992 or SSCB(NI)A 1992, and

(b)graduated retirement benefit under NIA 1965 or NIA(NI) 1966.

(6)A relevant 12 month period is any 12 month period which—

(a)begins on or after the first anniversary of the member’s death, and

(b)ends before the day on which the pension ceases to be payable.

Money purchase arrangementsE+W+S+N.I.

Dependants' annuityE+W+S+N.I.

17(1)An annuity payable to a dependant is a dependants' annuity if—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)it is payable by an insurance company,

(b)the member or dependant had an opportunity to select the insurance company,

(c)it is a level annuity, an increasing annuity or a relevant linked annuity,

(d)where the dependant is not the member’s child, it is payable until the dependant’s death or until the earlier of the dependant’s marrying or dying, and

(e)where the dependant is the member’s child, it is payable until the earlier of the dependant’s ceasing to be a dependant or dying, or until the earliest of the dependant’s marrying, ceasing to be a dependant or dying.

(2)Level annuity” and “increasing annuity” have the same meaning as in paragraph 3 and “relevant linked annuity” has the meaning that it would have in that paragraph if the reference to the member in sub-paragraph (6) were to the dependant.

Dependants' unsecured pension and dependants' alternatively secured pensionE+W+S+N.I.

18Dependants' unsecured pension” means—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)a dependants' short-term annuity, or

(b)dependants' income withdrawal.

19Dependants' alternatively secured pension” means dependants' income withdrawal.E+W+S+N.I.

Dependants' short-term annuityE+W+S+N.I.

20(1)An annuity payable to a dependant is a dependants' short-term annuity if—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)it is purchased by the application of sums or assets representing the whole or any part of the dependant’s unsecured pension fund in respect of an arrangement,

(b)it is payable by an insurance company,

(c)the dependant had an opportunity to select the insurance company,

(d)it is payable for a term which does not exceed five years and ends before the dependant reaches the age of 75 or dies, and

(e)it is either a level annuity, an increasing annuity or a relevant linked annuity.

(2)Level annuity”, “increasing annuity” and “relevant linked annuity” have the same meaning as in paragraph 17.

Dependants' income withdrawalE+W+S+N.I.

21Dependants' income withdrawal means—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)if the dependant has not reached the age of 75, an amount (other than an annuity) which the dependant is entitled to be paid from the dependant’s unsecured pension fund in respect of an arrangement, and

(b)if the dependant has reached the age of 75, an amount which the dependant is entitled to be paid from the dependant’s alternatively secured pension fund in respect of an arrangement.

Dependant’s unsecured pension fundE+W+S+N.I.

22(1)For the purposes of this Part a dependant’s unsecured pension fund in respect of an arrangement consists of such of the sums and assets held for the purposes of the arrangement—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)as have at any time been designated under the arrangement as available for the payment of dependants' unsecured pension to the dependant, and

(b)have not been applied for purchasing a dependants' scheme pension, a dependants' annuity or a dependants' short-term annuity or paid as dependants' income withdrawal.

Unsecured pension year and basis amount for unsecured pension yearE+W+S+N.I.

23(1)Unsecured pension year” means—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)the period of 12 months beginning with the day on which the dependant first becomes entitled to dependants' unsecured pension in respect of the arrangement, and

(b)each succeeding period of 12 months.

(2)But when the dependant reaches the age of 75 or dies before reaching that age, the current unsecured pension year is the last unsecured pension year and ends immediately before the dependant’s death or 75th birthday.

24(1)The period of five unsecured pension years beginning with the first unsecured pension year, and each succeeding period of five unsecured pension years, is a “reference period”; and the first day of each reference period is, in relation to that period, “the reference date”.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)For the first unsecured pension year falling within a reference period, the basis amount is the annual amount of the relevant annuity which could have been purchased by the application of the sums and assets representing the dependant’s unsecured pension fund on the nominated date (but subject to sub-paragraph (5)).

(3)The nominated date”—

(a)in relation to the first reference period, is the reference date, and

(b)in relation to any subsequent reference period, is such day, within the period of 60 days ending with the reference date, as is nominated by the scheme administrator (or if no day is nominated by the scheme administrator, is the reference date).

(4)For each other unsecured pension year falling within a reference period, the basis amount is the annual amount of the relevant annuity which could have been purchased by the application of the sums and assets representing the dependant’s unsecured pension fund—

(a)if there has been no recent annuity purchase or recent additional fund designation, on the nominated date, and

(b)otherwise, immediately after the last annuity purchase or additional fund designation,

(but subject to sub-paragraph (5)

).

(5)On the occasion of each additional fund designation during an unsecured pension year, the basis amount for that unsecured pension year is to be recalculated in accordance with sub-paragraph (6).

(6)The basis amount for the unsecured pension year is the annual amount of the relevant annuity which could have been purchased by the application of the sums and assets representing the dependant’s unsecured pension fund immediately after the additional fund designation.

(7)Annuity purchase” means the purchase of a dependants' scheme pension or dependants' annuity by the application of sums or assets representing the whole or part of the dependant’s unsecured pension fund.

(8)Additional fund designation” means the designation under the arrangement of further sums and assets held for the purposes of the arrangement as available for the payment of unsecured dependants' pension to the dependant.

(9)An annuity purchase or additional fund designation is “recent”if it took place during the period—

(a)beginning with the reference date, and

(b)ending with the last day of the immediately preceding unsecured pension year.

(10)Paragraph 14 defines “relevant annuity”.

Dependant’s alternatively secured pension fundE+W+S+N.I.

25(1)For the purposes of this Part a dependant’s alternatively secured pension fund in respect of an arrangement consists of such of the sums and assets held for the purposes of the arrangement as—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)meet condition A or B, and

(b)have not been subsequently applied for purchasing a dependants' scheme pension or a dependants' annuity or paid as dependants' income withdrawal.

(2)Condition A is that the sums and assets were part of the dependant’s unsecured pension fund in respect of the arrangement when the dependant reached the age of 75.

(3)Condition B is that the sums and assets have at any time since the dependant reached that age been designated as available for the payment of alternatively secured dependants' pension to the dependant.

Alternatively secured pension year and basis amount for alternatively secured pension yearE+W+S+N.I.

26(1)Alternatively secured pension year” means—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)the period of 12 months beginning with the day on which the dependant first becomes entitled to alternatively secured pension in respect of the arrangement, and

(b)each succeeding period of 12 months.

(2)When the dependant dies, the current alternatively secured pension year is the last alternatively secured pension year and ends immediately before the dependant’s death.

27(1)For the first alternatively secured pension year, the basis amount is the annual amount of the relevant annuity which could have been purchased by the application of the sums and assets representing the dependant’s alternatively secured pension fund on the date on which the dependant first became entitled to dependants' alternatively secured pension in respect of the arrangement.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)For each other alternatively secured pension year, the basis amount is the annual amount of the relevant annuity which could have been purchased by the application of the sums and assets representing the dependant’s alternatively secured pension fund on the nominated date.

(3)The nominated date”is such day within the period of 60 days ending with the first day of the alternatively secured pension year as is nominated by the scheme administrator (but if no day is nominated by the scheme administrator, is the first day of the alternatively secured pension year).

(4)Paragraph 14 defines “relevant annuity”.

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