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Finance Act 2004

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Chapter 3Construction industry scheme

Introduction

57Introduction

(1)This Chapter provides for certain payments (see section 60) under construction contracts to be made under deduction of sums on account of tax (see sections 61 and 62).

(2)In this Chapter “construction contract” means a contract relating to construction operations (see section 74) which is not a contract of employment but where—

(a)one party to the contract is a sub-contractor (see section 58); and

(b)another party to the contract (“the contractor”) either—

(i)is a sub-contractor under another such contract relating to all or any of the construction operations, or

(ii)is a person to whom section 59 applies.

(3)In sections 60 and 61 “the contractor” has the meaning given by this section.

(4)In this Chapter—

(a)references to registration for gross payment are to registration under section 63(2),

(b)references to registration for payment under deduction are to registration under section 63(3), and

(c)references to registration under section 63 are to registration for gross payment or registration for payment under deduction.

(5)To the extent that any provision of this Chapter would not, apart from this subsection, form part of the Tax Acts, it shall be taken to form part of those Acts.

58Sub-contractors

For the purposes of this Chapter a party to a contract relating to construction operations is a sub-contractor if, under the contract—

(a)he is under a duty to the contractor to carry out the operations, or to furnish his own labour (in the case of a company, the labour of employees or officers of the company) or the labour of others in the carrying out of the operations or to arrange for the labour of others to be furnished in the carrying out of the operations; or

(b)he is answerable to the contractor for the carrying out of the operations by others, whether under a contract or under other arrangements made or to be made by him.

59Contractors

(1)This section applies to the following bodies or persons—

(a)any person carrying on a business which includes construction operations;

(b)any public office or department of the Crown (including any Northern Ireland department and any part of the Scottish Administration);

(c)the Corporate Officer of the House of Lords, the Corporate Officer of the House of Commons and the Scottish Parliamentary Corporate Body;

(d)any local authority;

(e)any development corporation or new town commission;

(f)the Commission for the New Towns;

(g)the Secretary of State if the contract is made by him under section 89 of the Housing Associations Act 1985 (c. 69);

(h)the Housing Corporation, a housing association, a housing trust, Scottish Homes, and the Northern Ireland Housing Executive;

(i)any NHS trust;

(j)any HSS trust;

(k)any such body or person, being a body or person (in addition to those falling within paragraphs (b) to (j)) which has been established for the purpose of carrying out functions conferred on it by or under any enactment, as may be designated as a body or person to which this section applies in regulations made by the Board of Inland Revenue;

(l)a person carrying on a business at any time if—

(i)his average annual expenditure on construction operations in the period of three years ending with the end of the last period of account before that time exceeds £1,000,000, or

(ii)where he was not carrying on the business at the beginning of that period of three years, one-third of his total expenditure on construction operations for the part of that period during which he has been carrying on the business exceeds £1,000,000.

(2)But this section only applies to a body or person falling within subsection (1)(b) to (f) or (h) to (k) if—

(a)in any period of three years, that body or person has had an average annual expenditure on construction operations of more than £1,000,000, and

(b)since the condition in paragraph (a) was last satisfied, there have not been three successive years in each of which the body or person has had expenditure on construction operations of less than £1,000,000.

In this subsection “year” means a year ending with 31st March.

(3)Where section 57(2)(b) begins to apply to a person in any period of account by virtue of his falling within subsection (1)(l), it shall continue to apply to him until he satisfies the Board of Inland Revenue that his expenditure on construction operations has been less than £1,000,000 in each of three successive years beginning in or after that period of account.

(4)Where the whole or part of a trade is transferred by a company (“the transferor”) to another company (“the transferee”) and section 343 of the Taxes Act 1988 has effect in relation to the transfer, then in determining for the purposes of this section the amount of expenditure incurred by the transferee—

(a)the whole or, as the case may be, a proportionate part of any expenditure incurred by the transferor at a time before the transfer is to be treated as if it had been incurred at that time by the transferee; and

(b)where only a part of the trade is transferred, the expenditure is to be apportioned in such manner as appears to the Board of Inland Revenue, or on appeal to the Commissioners, to be just and reasonable.

(5)In this section—

  • “development corporation” has the same meaning as in—

    (a)

    the New Towns Act 1981 (c. 64), or

    (b)

    the New Towns (Scotland) Act 1968 (c. 16);

  • “enactment” includes an enactment comprised in an Act of the Scottish Parliament and a provision comprised in Northern Ireland legislation;

  • “housing association” has the same meaning as in—

    (a)

    the Housing Associations Act 1985 (c. 69), or

  • “housing trust” has the same meaning as in the Housing Associations Act 1985;

  • “HSS trust” means a Health and Social Services trust established under the Health and Personal Social Services (Northern Ireland) Order 1991 (S.I. 1991/194 (N.I. 1));

  • “new town commission” has the same meaning as in the New Towns Act (Northern Ireland) 1965 (c. 13 (N.I.));

  • “NHS trust” means a National Health Service trust—

    (a)

    established under Part 1 of the National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990 (c. 19), or

    (b)

    constituted under section 12A of the National Health Service (Scotland) Act 1978 (c. 29).

(6)In this section references to a body or person include references to an office or department.

(7)The Board of Inland Revenue may make regulations amending this section for the purpose of removing references to bodies which have ceased to exist.

Deductions on account of tax from contract payments to sub-contractors

60Contract payments

(1)In this Chapter “contract payment” means any payment which is made under a construction contract and is so made by the contractor (see section 57(3)) to—

(a)the sub-contractor,

(b)a person nominated by the sub-contractor or the contractor, or

(c)a person nominated by a person who is a sub-contractor under another such contract relating to all or any of the construction operations.

(2)But a payment made under a construction contract is not a contract payment if any of the following exceptions applies in relation to it.

(3)This exception applies if the payment is treated as earnings from an employment by virtue of Chapter 7 of Part 2 of the Income Tax (Earnings and Pensions) Act 2003 (c. 1) (agency workers).

(4)This exception applies if the person to whom the payment is made or, in the case of a payment made to a nominee, each of the following persons—

(a)the nominee,

(b)the person who nominated him, and

(c)the person for whose labour (or, where that person is a company, for whose employees' or officers' labour) the payment is made,

is registered for gross payment when the payment is made.

But this is subject to subsections (5) and (6).

(5)Where a person is registered for gross payment as a partner in a firm (see section 64), subsection (4) applies only in relation to payments made under contracts under which—

(a)the firm is a sub-contractor, or

(b)where a person has nominated the firm to receive payments, the person who has nominated the firm is a sub-contractor.

(6)Where a person is registered for gross payment otherwise than as a partner in a firm but he is or becomes a partner in a firm, subsection (4) does not apply in relation to payments made under contracts under which—

(a)the firm is a sub-contractor, or

(b)where a person has nominated the firm to receive payments, the person who has nominated the firm is a sub-contractor.

(7)This exception applies if such conditions as may be prescribed in regulations made by the Board of Inland Revenue for the purposes of this subsection are satisfied; and those conditions may relate to any one or more of the following—

(a)the payment,

(b)the person making it, and

(c)the person receiving it.

(8)For the purposes of this Chapter a payment (including a payment by way of loan) that has the effect of discharging an obligation under a contract relating to construction operations is to be taken to be made under the contract; and if—

(a)the obligation is to make a payment to a person (“A”) within paragraph (a) to (c) of subsection (1), but

(b)the payment discharging that obligation is made to a person (“B”) not within those paragraphs,

the payment is for those purposes to be taken to be made to A.

61Deductions on account of tax from contract payments

(1)On making a contract payment the contractor (see section 57(3)) must deduct from it a sum equal to the relevant percentage of so much of the payment as is not shown to represent the direct cost to any other person of materials used or to be used in carrying out the construction operations to which the contract under which the payment is to be made relates.

(2)In subsection (1) “the relevant percentage” means such percentage as the Treasury may by order determine.

(3)That percentage must not exceed—

(a)if the person for whose labour (or for whose employees' or officers' labour) the payment in question is made is registered for payment under deduction, the percentage which is the basic rate for the year of assessment in which the payment is made, or

(b)if that person is not so registered, the percentage which is the higher rate for that year of assessment.

62Treatment of sums deducted

(1)A sum deducted under section 61 from a payment made by a contractor—

(a)must be paid to the Board of Inland Revenue, and

(b)is to be treated for the purposes of income tax or, as the case may be, corporation tax as not diminishing the amount of the payment.

(2)If the sub-contractor is not a company a sum deducted under section 61 and paid to the Board is to be treated as being income tax paid in respect of the sub-contractor’s relevant profits.

If the sum is more than sufficient to discharge his liability to income tax in respect of those profits, so much of the excess as is required to discharge any liability of his for Class 4 contributions is to be treated as being Class 4 contributions paid in respect of those profits.

(3)If the sub-contractor is a company—

(a)a sum deducted under section 61 and paid to the Board is to be treated, in accordance with regulations, as paid on account of any relevant liabilities of the sub-contractor;

(b)regulations must provide for the sum to be applied in discharging relevant liabilities of the year of assessment in which the deduction is made;

(c)if the amount is more than sufficient to discharge the sub-contractor’s relevant liabilities, the excess may be treated, in accordance with the regulations, as being corporation tax paid in respect of the sub-contractor’s relevant profits; and

(d)regulations must provide for the repayment to the sub-contractor of any amount not required for the purposes mentioned in paragraphs (b) and (c).

(4)For the purposes of subsection (3) the “relevant liabilities” of a sub-contractor are any liabilities of the sub-contractor, whether arising before or after the deduction is made, to make a payment to the Inland Revenue in pursuance of an obligation as an employer or contractor.

(5)In this section—

(a)“the sub-contractor” means the person for whose labour (or for whose employees' or officers' labour) the payment is made;

(b)references to the sub-contractor’s “relevant profits” are to the profits from the trade, profession or vocation carried on by him in the course of which the payment was received;

(c)“Class 4 contributions” means Class 4 contributions within the meaning of the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992 (c. 4) or the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 (c. 7).

(6)References in this section to regulations are to regulations made by the Board of Inland Revenue.

(7)Regulations under this section may contain such supplementary, incidental or consequential provision as appears to the Board to be appropriate.

Registration of sub-contractors

63Registration for gross payment or for payment under deduction

(1)If the Board of Inland Revenue are satisfied, on the application of an individual or a company, that the applicant has provided—

(a)such documents, records and information as may be required by or in accordance with regulations made by the Board, and

(b)such additional documents, records and information as may be required by the Inland Revenue in connection with the application,

the Board must register the individual or company under this section.

(2)If the Board are satisfied that the requirements of subsection (2), (3) or (4) of section 64 are met, the Board must register—

(a)the individual or company, or

(b)in a case falling within subsection (3) of that section, the individual or company as a partner in the firm in question,

for gross payment.

(3)In any other case, the Board must register the individual or company for payment under deduction.

64Requirements for registration for gross payment

(1)This section sets out the requirements (in addition to that in subsection (1) of section 63) for an applicant to be registered for gross payment.

(2)Where the application is for the registration for gross payment of an individual (otherwise than as a partner in a firm), he must satisfy the conditions in Part 1 of Schedule 11 to this Act.

(3)Where the application is for the registration for gross payment of an individual or a company as a partner in a firm—

(a)the applicant must satisfy the conditions in Part 1 of Schedule 11 to this Act (if an individual) or Part 3 of that Schedule (if a company), and

(b)in either case, the firm itself must satisfy the conditions in Part 2 of that Schedule.

(4)Where the application is for the registration for gross payment of a company (otherwise than as a partner in a firm)—

(a)the company must satisfy the conditions in Part 3 of Schedule 11 to this Act, and

(b)if the Board of Inland Revenue have given a direction under subsection (5), each of the persons to whom any of the conditions in Part 1 of that Schedule applies in accordance with the direction must satisfy the conditions which so apply to him.

(5)Where the applicant is a company, the Board may direct that the conditions in Part 1 of Schedule 11 to this Act or such of them as are specified in the direction shall apply to—

(a)the directors of the company,

(b)if the company is a close company, the persons who are the beneficial owners of shares in the company, or

(c)such of those directors or persons as are so specified,

as if each of them were an applicant for registration for gross payment.

(6)See also section 65(1) (power of Board to make direction under subsection (5) on change in control of company applying for registration etc).

(7)In subsection (5) “director” has the meaning given by section 67 of the Income Tax (Earnings and Pensions) Act 2003 (c. 1).

65Change in control of company registered for gross payment

(1)Where it appears to the Board of Inland Revenue that there has been a change in the control of a company—

(a)registered for gross payment, or

(b)applying to be so registered,

the Board may make a direction under section 64(5).

(2)The Board may make regulations requiring the furnishing of information with respect to changes in the control of a company—

(a)registered for gross payment, or

(b)applying to be so registered.

(3)Section 840 of the Taxes Act 1988 (control) applies for the purposes of this section.

66Cancellation of registration for gross payment

(1)The Board of Inland Revenue may at any time make a determination cancelling a person’s registration for gross payment if it appears to them that—

(a)if an application to register the person for gross payment were to be made at that time, the Board would refuse so to register him,

(b)he has made an incorrect return or provided incorrect information (whether as a contractor or as a sub-contractor) under any provision of this Chapter or of regulations made under it, or

(c)he has failed to comply (whether as a contractor or as a sub-contractor) with any such provision.

(2)Where the Board make a determination under subsection (1), the person’s registration for gross payment is cancelled with effect from the end of a prescribed period after the making of the determination (but see section 67(5)).

(3)The Board of Inland Revenue may at any time make a determination cancelling a person’s registration for gross payment if they have reasonable grounds to suspect that the person—

(a)became registered for gross payment on the basis of information which was false,

(b)has fraudulently made an incorrect return or provided incorrect information (whether as a contractor or as a sub-contractor) under any provision of this Chapter or of regulations made under it, or

(c)has knowingly failed to comply (whether as a contractor or as a sub-contractor) with any such provision.

(4)Where the Board make a determination under subsection (3), the person’s registration for gross payment is cancelled with immediate effect.

(5)On making a determination under this section cancelling a person’s registration for gross payment, the Board must without delay give the person notice stating the reasons for the cancellation.

(6)Where a person’s registration for gross payment is cancelled by virtue of a determination under subsection (1), the person must be registered for payment under deduction.

(7)Where a person’s registration for gross payment is cancelled by virtue of a determination under subsection (3), the person may, if the Board thinks fit, be registered for payment under deduction.

(8)A person whose registration for gross payment is cancelled under this section may not, within the period of one year after the cancellation takes effect (see subsections (2) and (4) and section 67(5)), apply for registration for gross payment.

(9)In this section “a prescribed period” means a period prescribed by regulations made by the Board.

67Registration for gross payment: appeals

(1)A person aggrieved by—

(a)the refusal of an application for registration for gross payment, or

(b)the cancellation of his registration for gross payment,

may by notice appeal to the General Commissioners or, if the person so elects in the notice, to the Special Commissioners.

(2)The notice must be given to the Board of Inland Revenue within 30 days after the refusal or cancellation.

(3)The notice must state the person’s reasons for believing that—

(a)the application should not have been refused, or

(b)his registration for gross payment should not have been cancelled.

(4)The jurisdiction of the Commissioners on such an appeal shall include jurisdiction to review any relevant decision taken by the Board of Inland Revenue in the exercise of their functions under section 63, 64, 65 or 66.

(5)Where a person appeals against the cancellation of his registration for gross payment by virtue of a determination under section 66(1), the cancellation of his registration does not take effect until whichever is the latest of the following—

(a)the abandonment of the appeal,

(b)the determination of the appeal by the Commissioners, or

(c)the determination of the appeal by the appropriate court.

(6)In this section “the appropriate court” means—

(a)in relation to England and Wales, the High Court;

(b)in relation to Scotland, the Court of Session, as the Court of Exchequer in Scotland;

(c)in relation to Northern Ireland, the Court of Appeal in Northern Ireland.

68Registration for payment under deduction: cancellation and appeals

The Board of Inland Revenue may make regulations providing for—

(a)the cancellation, in such circumstances as may be prescribed by the regulations, of a person’s registration for payment under deduction;

(b)appeals against a refusal to register a person for payment under deduction or the cancellation of such registration.

Verification, returns etc and penalties

69Verification etc of registration status of sub-contractors

(1)The Board of Inland Revenue may make regulations requiring persons who make payments under contracts relating to construction operations, except in prescribed circumstances, to verify with the Board whether a person to whom they are proposing to make—

(a)a contract payment, or

(b)a payment which would be a contract payment but for section 60(4),

is registered for gross payment or for payment under deduction.

(2)The provision that may be made by regulations under subsection (1) includes provision—

(a)for preventing a person from verifying unless such conditions as may be prescribed have been satisfied;

(b)as to the period for which the verification remains valid.

(3)The Board of Inland Revenue may make regulations requiring the Board to notify persons of a prescribed description who make payments under contracts relating to construction operations that—

(a)a person registered for gross payment has become registered for payment under deduction or has ceased to be registered under section 63, or

(b)a person registered for payment under deduction has become registered for gross payment or has ceased to be registered under section 63.

(4)The provision that may be made by regulations under subsection (1) or (3) includes provision for a person to be entitled to assume, except in prescribed circumstances, that—

(a)a person verified or notified as being registered for gross payment, or

(b)a person verified or notified as being registered for payment under deduction,

has not subsequently ceased to be so registered.

(5)In this section “prescribed” means prescribed by regulations under this section.

70Periodic returns by contractors etc

(1)The Board of Inland Revenue may make regulations requiring persons who make payments under construction contracts—

(a)to make to the Board, at such times and in respect of such periods as may be prescribed, returns relating to such payments;

(b)to keep such records as may be prescribed relating to such payments;

(c)to provide such information as may be prescribed, at such times as may be prescribed, to persons to whom such payments are made or to such of those persons as are of a prescribed description.

(2)The provision that may be made by regulations under subsection (1)(a) includes provision requiring, except in such circumstances as may be prescribed,—

(a)the person making a return to declare in the return that none of the contracts to which the return relates is a contract of employment;

(b)the person making a return to declare in the return that, in the case of each person to whom a payment to which the return relates is made, he has complied with the requirements of any regulations made under section 69(1) (verification of registration status);

(c)returns to contain such other information and to be in such form as may be prescribed;

(d)a return to be made where no payments have been made in the period to which the return relates.

(3)The Board of Inland Revenue may make regulations with respect to—

(a)the production, copying and removal of, and the making of extracts from, any records kept by virtue of any such requirement as is referred to in subsection (1)(b), and

(b)rights of access to, or copies of, any such records which are removed.

(4)Regulations under this section may make provision—

(a)for or in connection with enabling a person who makes payments under construction contracts to appoint another person (a “scheme representative”) to act on his behalf in connection with any requirements imposed on him by regulations under this section, and

(b)as to the rights, obligations or liabilities of scheme representatives.

(5)In this section “prescribed” means prescribed by regulations under this section.

71Collection and recovery of sums to be deducted

(1)The Board of Inland Revenue must make regulations with respect to the collection and recovery, whether by assessment or otherwise, of sums required to be deducted from any payments under section 61.

(2)The regulations may include any matters with respect to which PAYE regulations may be made.

(3)Interest required to be paid by the regulations—

(a)is to be paid without any deduction of income tax, and

(b)is not to be taken into account in computing any income, profits or losses for any tax purposes.

72Penalties

If a person, for the purpose of becoming registered for gross payment or for payment under deduction,—

(a)makes any statement, or furnishes any document, which he knows to be false in a material particular, or

(b)recklessly makes any statement, or furnishes any document, which is false in a material particular,

he shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding £3,000.

Supplementary

73Regulations under this Chapter: supplementary

(1)The Board of Inland Revenue may by regulations make such other provision for giving effect to this Chapter as they consider necessary or expedient.

(2)The provision that may be made by regulations under subsection (1) includes provision for or in connection with modifying the application of this Chapter in circumstances where—

(a)a person acts as the agent of a contractor or sub-contractor;

(b)a person’s right to payments under a construction contract is assigned or otherwise transferred to another person.

(3)Regulations under this Chapter may make different provision for different cases.

(4)Any power under this Chapter to make regulations authorising or requiring a document (whether or not of a particular description), or any records or information, to be given or requested by or to be sent or produced to the Board of Inland Revenue includes power—

(a)to authorise the Board to nominate a person who is not an officer of the Board to be the person who on behalf of the Board—

(i)gives or requests the document, records or information; or

(ii)is the recipient of the document, records or information; and

(b)to require the document, records or information, in cases prescribed by or determined under the regulations, to be sent or produced to the address (determined in accordance with the regulations) of the person nominated by the Board to receive it on their behalf.

74Meaning of “construction operations”

(1)In this Chapter “construction operations” means operations of a description specified in subsection (2), not being operations of a description specified in subsection (3); and references to construction operations—

(a)except where the context otherwise requires, include references to the work of individuals participating in the carrying out of such operations; and

(b)do not include references to operations carried out or to be carried out otherwise than in the United Kingdom (or the territorial sea of the United Kingdom).

(2)The following operations are, subject to subsection (3), construction operations for the purposes of this Chapter—

(a)construction, alteration, repair, extension, demolition or dismantling of buildings or structures (whether permanent or not), including offshore installations;

(b)construction, alteration, repair, extension or demolition of any works forming, or to form, part of the land, including (in particular) walls, roadworks, power-lines, electronic communications apparatus, aircraft runways, docks and harbours, railways, inland waterways, pipe-lines, reservoirs, water-mains, wells, sewers, industrial plant and installations for purposes of land drainage, coast protection or defence;

(c)installation in any building or structure of systems of heating, lighting, air-conditioning, ventilation, power supply, drainage, sanitation, water supply or fire protection;

(d)internal cleaning of buildings and structures, so far as carried out in the course of their construction, alteration, repair, extension or restoration;

(e)painting or decorating the internal or external surfaces of any building or structure;

(f)operations which form an integral part of, or are preparatory to, or are for rendering complete, such operations as are previously described in this subsection, including site clearance, earth-moving, excavation, tunnelling and boring, laying of foundations, erection of scaffolding, site restoration, landscaping and the provision of roadways and other access works.

(3)The following operations are not construction operations for the purposes of this Chapter—

(a)drilling for, or extraction of, oil or natural gas;

(b)extraction (whether by underground or surface working) of minerals and tunnelling or boring, or construction of underground works, for this purpose;

(c)manufacture of building or engineering components or equipment, materials, plant or machinery, or delivery of any of these things to site;

(d)manufacture of components for systems of heating, lighting, air-conditioning, ventilation, power supply, drainage, sanitation, water supply or fire protection, or delivery of any of these things to site;

(e)the professional work of architects or surveyors, or of consultants in building, engineering, interior or exterior decoration or in the laying-out of landscape;

(f)the making, installation and repair of artistic works, being sculptures, murals and other works which are wholly artistic in nature;

(g)signwriting and erecting, installing and repairing signboards and advertisements;

(h)the installation of seating, blinds and shutters;

(i)the installation of security systems, including burglar alarms, closed circuit television and public address systems.

(4)The Treasury may by order made by statutory instrument amend either or both of subsections (2) and (3) by—

(a)adding,

(b)varying, or

(c)removing,

any description of operations.

(5)No statutory instrument containing an order under subsection (4) shall be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before and approved by a resolution of the House of Commons.

75Meaning of “the Inland Revenue” etc and delegation of Board’s functions

(1)In this Chapter “the Inland Revenue” means any officer of the Board of Inland Revenue.

(2)In this Chapter “the Board of Inland Revenue” means the Commissioners of Inland Revenue (as to which, see in particular the Inland Revenue Regulation Act 1890 (c. 21)).

(3)The Board of Inland Revenue may make regulations providing for any of the following to be done on behalf of the Board—

(a)the registration of persons under section 63;

(b)the giving of directions under section 64(5); and

(c)the cancellation under section 66 of a person’s registration for gross payment.

76Consequential amendments

Schedule 12 to this Act (which makes consequential amendments) has effect.

77Commencement and transitional provision

(1)This Chapter has effect in relation to payments made on or after the appointed day under contracts relating to construction operations.

(2)Where a certificate issued to a person under section 561 of the Taxes Act 1988 is in force immediately before the appointed day, the person is to be treated as if, on the appointed day, the Board of Inland Revenue had registered him for gross payment.

(3)Where a registration card issued to a person in accordance with regulations made under section 566(2A) of the Taxes Act 1988 is in force immediately before the appointed day, the person is to be treated as if, on the appointed day, the Board of Inland Revenue had registered him for payment under deduction.

(4)Subsection (5) applies in relation to the first payment (“the relevant payment”) made after the appointed day by a person (“C”) to a sub-contractor (“SC”) under a contract relating to construction operations if—

(a)before the appointed day, C had made one or more payments to SC under the contract or another such contract,

(b)the last of those payments (“the last payment”) was made in the year of assessment in which the relevant payment was made or in either of the two years of assessment before that,

(c)at the time of the last payment—

(i)a certificate issued to SC under section 561 of the Taxes Act 1988 was in force, or

(ii)a registration card issued to SC in accordance with regulations made under section 566(2A) of that Act was in force, and

(d)on making the relevant payment, C has no reason to believe that SC—

(i)did not become registered for gross payment or (as the case may be) for payment under deduction by virtue of subsection (2) or (3), and

(ii)is not still so registered.

(5)Where this subsection applies, regulations under section 69(1) shall not require C, before making the relevant payment, to verify whether SC is registered for gross payment or for payment under deduction.

(6)Where subsection (5) applies, C shall be entitled to assume, on making any further payments to SC under a contract relating to construction operations, that SC has not subsequently ceased to be so registered, unless notified to the contrary in accordance with regulations made under section 69(3).

(7)In this section “the appointed day” means such day as the Treasury may by order appoint.

(8)The Treasury may by order make such further supplemental and transitional provision and savings as they think fit in connection with the coming into effect of this Chapter.

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