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Crime (International Co-operation) Act 2003

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This sectionnoteType=Explanatory Notes has no associated

5In Part 2 of that Schedule (forfeiture orders: Scotland), after paragraph 25 there is inserted—E+W+S+N.I.

Domestic and overseas freezing ordersE+W+S+N.I.

25A(1)This paragraph has effect for the purposes of paragraphs 25B to 25G.

(2)The relevant Framework Decision means the Framework Decision on the execution in the European Union of orders freezing property or evidence adopted by the Council of the European Union on 22nd July 2003.

(3)A listed offence means—

(a)an offence described in Article 3(2) of the relevant Framework Decision, or

(b)a prescribed offence or an offence of a prescribed description.

(4)An order under sub-paragraph (3)(b) which, for the purposes of paragraph 25D, prescribes an offence or a description of offences may require that the conduct which constitutes the offence or offences would, if it occurred in a part of the United Kingdom, constitute an offence in that part.

(5)Specified information, in relation to a certificate under paragraph 25B or 25D, means—

(a)any information required to be given by the form of certificate annexed to the relevant Framework Decision, or

(b)any prescribed information.

(6)In this paragraph, “prescribed” means prescribed by an order made by the Secretary of State.

(7)A participating country means—

(a)a country other than the United Kingdom which is a member State on a day appointed for the commencement of Schedule 4 to the Crime (International Co-operation) Act 2003, and

(b)any other member State designated by an order made by the Secretary of State.

(8)Country” includes territory.

(9)Section 14(2)(a) applies for the purposes of determining what are the proceeds of the commission of an offence.

Domestic freezing orders: certificationE+W+S+N.I.

25B(1)If any of the property to which an application for a restraint order relates is property in a participating country, the applicant may ask the Court of Session to make a certificate under this paragraph.

(2)The Court of Session may make a certificate under this paragraph if—

(a)it makes a restraint order in relation to property in the participating country, and

(b)it is satisfied that there is a good arguable case that the property is likely to be used for the purposes of a listed offence or is the proceeds of the commission of a listed offence.

(3)A certificate under this paragraph is a certificate which—

(a)is made for the purposes of the relevant Framework Decision, and

(b)gives the specified information.

(4)If the Court of Session makes a certificate under this paragraph—

(a)the restraint order must provide for notice of the certificate to be given to the person affected by it, and

(b)paragraph 19(2) to (4) applies to the certificate as it applies to the restraint order.

Sending domestic freezing ordersE+W+S+N.I.

25C(1)If a certificate is made under paragraph 25B, the restraint order and the certificate are to be sent to the Lord Advocate for forwarding to—

(a)a court exercising jurisdiction in the place where the property is situated, or

(b)any authority recognised by the government of the participating country as the appropriate authority for receiving orders of that kind.

(2)The restraint order and the certificate must be accompanied by a forfeiture order, unless the certificate indicates when the court expects a forfeiture order to be sent.

(3)The certificate must include a translation of it into an appropriate language of the participating country (if that language is not English).

(4)The certificate must be signed by or on behalf of the court and must include a statement as to the accuracy of the information given in it.

The signature may be an electronic signature.

(5)If the restraint order and the certificate are not accompanied by a forfeiture order, but a forfeiture order is subsequently made, it is to be sent to the Lord Advocate for forwarding as mentioned in sub-paragraph (1).

Overseas freezing ordersE+W+S+N.I.

25D(1)Paragraph 25E applies where an overseas freezing order made by an appropriate court or authority in a participating country is received by the Secretary of State from the court or authority which made or confirmed the order.

(2)An overseas freezing order is an order prohibiting dealing with property—

(a)which is in the United Kingdom,

(b)which the appropriate court or authority considers is likely to be used for the purposes of a listed offence or is the proceeds of the commission of such an offence, and

(c)in respect of which an order has been or may be made by a court exercising criminal jurisdiction in the participating country for the forfeiture of the property,

and in respect of which the following requirements of this paragraph are met.

(3)The action which the appropriate court or authority considered would constitute or, as the case may be, constituted the listed offence is action done as an act of terrorism or for the purposes of terrorism.

(4)The order must relate to—

(a)criminal proceedings instituted in the participating country, or

(b)a criminal investigation being carried on there.

(5)The order must be accompanied by a certificate which gives the specified information; but a certificate may be treated as giving any specified information which is not given in it if the Secretary of State has the information in question.

(6)The certificate must—

(a)be signed by or on behalf of the court or authority which made or confirmed the order,

(b)include a statement as to the accuracy of the information given in it,

(c)if it is not in English, include a translation of it into English.

The signature may be an electronic signature.

(7)The order must be accompanied by an order made by a court exercising criminal jurisdiction in that country for the forfeiture of the property, unless the certificate indicates when such an order is expected to be sent.

(8)An appropriate court or authority in a participating country in relation to an overseas freezing order is—

(a)a court exercising criminal jurisdiction in the country,

(b)a prosecuting authority in the country,

(c)any other authority in the country which appears to the Secretary of State to have the function of making such orders.

(9)References in paragraphs 25E to 25G to an overseas freezing order include its accompanying certificate.

Enforcement of overseas freezing ordersE+W+S+N.I.

25E(1)Where this paragraph applies the Secretary of State must send a copy of the overseas freezing order to the Court of Session and to the Lord Advocate.

(2)The court is to consider the overseas freezing order on its own initiative within a period prescribed by rules of court.

(3)Before giving effect to the overseas freezing order, the court must give the Lord Advocate an opportunity to be heard.

(4)The court may decide not to give effect to the overseas freezing order only if, in its opinion, giving effect to it would be incompatible with any of the Convention rights (within the meaning of the Human Rights Act 1998).

25FThe Court of Session may postpone giving effect to an overseas freezing order in respect of any property—

(a)in order to avoid prejudicing a criminal investigation which is taking place in the United Kingdom, or

(b)if, under an order made by a court in criminal proceedings in the United Kingdom, the property may not be dealt with.

25G(1)Where the Court of Session decides to give effect to an overseas freezing order, the Deputy Principal Clerk of Session must—

(a)register the order in the Books of Council and Session,

(b)provide for notice of the registration to be given to any person affected by it.

(2)For the purpose of enforcing an overseas freezing order registered in the Books of Council and Session, the order is to have effect as if it were an order made by the Court of Session.

(3)Paragraphs 20 and 21 apply to an overseas freezing order registered in the Books of Council and Session as they apply to a restraint order under paragraph 18.

(4)The Court of Session may cancel the registration of the order, or vary the property to which the order applies, on an application by the Lord Advocate or any other person affected by it, if or to the extent that—

(a)the court is of the opinion mentioned in paragraph 25E(4), or

(b)the court is of the opinion that the order has ceased to have effect in the participating country.

(5)Her Majesty may by Order in Council make further provision for the enforcement in Scotland of registered overseas freezing orders.

(6)An Order in Council under this paragraph—

(a)may make different provision for different cases,

(b)is not to be made unless a draft of it has been laid before and approved by resolution of each House of Parliament.

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