Search Legislation

Communications Act 2003

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Conditions of entitlement to provide network or service etc.

45Power of OFCOM to set conditions

(1)OFCOM shall have the power to set conditions under this section binding the persons to whom they are applied in accordance with section 46.

(2)A condition set by OFCOM under this section must be either—

(a)a general condition; or

(b)a condition of one of the following descriptions—

(i)a universal service condition;

(ii)an access-related condition;

(iii)a privileged supplier condition;

(iv)a significant market power condition (an “SMP condition”).

(3)A general condition is a condition which contains only provisions authorised or required by one or more of sections 51, 52, 57, 58 or 64.

(4)A universal service condition is a condition which contains only provisions authorised or required by section 67.

(5)An access-related condition is a condition which contains only provisions authorised by section 73.

(6)A privileged supplier condition is a condition which contains only the provision required by section 77.

(7)An SMP condition is either—

(a)an SMP services condition; or

(b)an SMP apparatus condition.

(8)An SMP services condition is a condition which contains only provisions which—

(a)are authorised or required by one or more of sections 87 to 92; or

(b)in the case of a condition applying to a person falling within section 46(8)(b), correspond to provision authorised or required by one or more of sections 87 to 89.

(9)An SMP apparatus condition is a condition containing only provisions authorised by section 93.

(10)OFCOM’s power to set a condition under this section making provision authorised or required by this Chapter includes each of the following—

(a)power to impose a requirement on the person or persons to whom the condition is applied to comply with such directions with respect to the matters to which the condition relates as may be given from time to time by OFCOM or by another person specified in the condition;

(b)power to impose an obligation with respect to those matters that is framed by reference to, or is conditional upon, the giving of a consent or of an approval, or on the making of a recommendation, by OFCOM or by another person so specified;

(c)power, for the purposes of provision made by virtue of either of the preceding paragraphs, to confer a discretion exercisable from time to time by OFCOM or by another person specified in the condition or determined in accordance with provision contained in it;

(d)power (subject to section 51(3)) to set different conditions for different cases (including different conditions in relation to different parts of the United Kingdom); and

(e)power to revoke or modify the conditions for the time being in force.

(11)The directions that may be authorised by virtue of subsection (10) do not include directions withdrawing, suspending or restricting a person’s entitlement—

(a)to provide, in whole or in part, any electronic communications network or electronic communications service; or

(b)to make available, in whole or in part, any associated facilities.

46Persons to whom conditions may apply

(1)A condition set under section 45 is not to be applied to a person except in accordance with the following provisions of this section.

(2)A general condition may be applied generally—

(a)to every person providing an electronic communications network or electronic communications service; or

(b)to every person providing such a network or service of a particular description specified in the condition.

(3)A universal service condition, access-related condition, privileged supplier condition or SMP condition may be applied to a particular person specified in the condition.

(4)A privileged supplier condition may also be applied generally—

(a)to every person to whom such a condition is required to apply under section 77; or

(b)to every such person who is of a particular description specified in the condition.

(5)The particular person to whom a universal service condition is applied—

(a)except in the case of a condition relating to matters mentioned in subsection (3) of section 66, must be a communications provider designated in accordance with regulations under that section; and

(b)in that excepted case, must be a communications provider so designated or a person who is not such a provider but who is so designated for the purposes only of conditions relating to those matters.

(6)The particular person to whom an access-related condition is applied—

(a)in the case of a condition falling within section 74(1), may be any person whatever; and

(b)in any other case, must be a person who provides an electronic communications network or makes associated facilities available.

(7)The particular person to whom an SMP services condition is applied must—

(a)be a communications provider or a person who makes associated facilities available; and

(b)fall within subsection (8).

(8)A person falls within this subsection if—

(a)he is a person whom OFCOM have determined to be a person having significant market power in a specific market for electronic communications networks, electronic communications services or associated facilities (a “services market”); or

(b)it appears to OFCOM that he is a person on whom it is necessary, for the purpose of securing compliance with an international obligation of the United Kingdom, to impose a condition containing provision that corresponds to provision which, in the case of a person falling within paragraph (a), must be made (or may be made) under any of sections 87 to 89.

(9)The particular person to whom an SMP apparatus condition is applied must be—

(a)a person who supplies electronic communications apparatus; and

(b)a person whom OFCOM have determined to be a person having significant market power in a specific market for electronic communications apparatus (an “apparatus market”).

47Test for setting or modifying conditions

(1)OFCOM must not, in exercise or performance of any power or duty under this Chapter—

(a)set a condition under section 45, or

(b)modify such a condition,

unless they are satisfied that the condition or (as the case may be) the modification satisfies the test in subsection (2).

(2)That test is that the condition or modification is—

(a)objectively justifiable in relation to the networks, services, facilities, apparatus or directories to which it relates;

(b)not such as to discriminate unduly against particular persons or against a particular description of persons;

(c)proportionate to what the condition or modification is intended to achieve; and

(d)in relation to what it is intended to achieve, transparent.

48Procedure for setting, modifying and revoking conditions

(1)Subject to the following provisions of this Chapter—

(a)the way in which conditions are to be set or modified under section 45 is by the publication of a notification setting out the conditions or modifications; and

(b)the way in which such a condition is to be revoked is by the publication of a notification stating that the condition is revoked.

(2)Before setting conditions under section 45, or modifying or revoking a condition so set, OFCOM must publish a notification—

(a)stating that they are proposing to set, modify or revoke the conditions that are specified in the notification;

(b)setting out the effect of those conditions, modifications or revocations;

(c)giving their reasons for making the proposal; and

(d)specifying the period within which representations may be made to OFCOM about their proposal.

(3)That period must end no less than one month after the day of the publication of the notification.

(4)In the case of a notification under subsection (2) with respect to an SMP condition, the applicable requirements of sections 79 to 86 must also be complied with.

(5)OFCOM may give effect, with or without modifications, to a proposal with respect to which they have published a notification under subsection (2) only if—

(a)they have considered every representation about the proposal that is made to them within the period specified in the notification; and

(b)they have had regard to every international obligation of the United Kingdom (if any) which has been notified to them for the purposes of this paragraph by the Secretary of State.

(6)The publication of a notification under this section must be in such manner as appears to OFCOM to be appropriate for bringing the contents of the notification—

(a)in the case of a notification setting general conditions, to the attention of such persons as OFCOM consider appropriate; and

(b)in any other case, to the attention of the persons who, in OFCOM’s opinion, are likely to be affected by the contents of the notification.

(7)Nothing in the following provisions of this Chapter imposing a duty on OFCOM to set or modify a condition shall be taken as dispensing with any of the requirements of this section.

49Directions and approvals for the purposes of a s. 45 condition

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a condition set under section 45 has effect by reference to directions, approvals or consents given by a person (whether OFCOM themselves or another); and

(b)that person is proposing to give a direction, approval or consent that affects the operation of that condition or to modify or withdraw a direction, approval or consent so as to affect the condition’s operation.

(2)A person must not give, modify or withdraw the direction, approval or consent unless he is satisfied that to do so is—

(a)objectively justifiable in relation to the networks, services, facilities, apparatus or directories to which it relates;

(b)not such as to discriminate unduly against particular persons or against a particular description of persons;

(c)proportionate to what it is intended to achieve; and

(d)in relation to what it is intended to achieve, transparent.

(3)In giving, modifying or withdrawing the direction, approval or consent, a person other than OFCOM shall be under the same duty as OFCOM to act in accordance with the six Community requirements set out in section 4.

(4)Before the direction, approval or consent is given, modified or withdrawn, a notification must be published—

(a)stating that there is a proposal to give, modify or withdraw it;

(b)identifying the person whose proposal it is;

(c)setting out the direction, approval or consent to which the proposal relates;

(d)setting out the effect of the direction, approval or consent or of its proposed modification or withdrawal;

(e)giving reasons for the making of the proposal; and

(f)specifying the period within which representations may be made about the proposal to the person whose proposal it is.

(5)That period must be one ending not less than one month after the day of the publication of the notification.

(6)But, where—

(a)the person giving the notification is satisfied that there are exceptional circumstances justifying the use of a shorter period, and

(b)the notification is not one that is required to be sent to the European Commission under section 50(4) or (5),

the period specified as the period for making representations may be whatever shorter period that person considers reasonable in those circumstances.

(7)In a case in which—

(a)a person other than OFCOM are proposing to give, modify or withdraw a direction, approval or consent, and

(b)the condition for the purposes of which the direction, approval or consent has effect, or will have effect, provides for notifications of proposals for the purposes of that condition to be given by that person,

the obligation of publishing the notification for the purposes of subsection (4) of that proposal falls on that person.

(8)In any other case, the obligation of publishing a notification for the purposes of subsection (4) falls on OFCOM.

(9)The person who is authorised to give the direction, approval or consent may give effect, with or without modifications, to a proposal with respect to which a notification has been given under subsection (4) only if—

(a)he has considered every representation about the proposal that is made to him within the period specified in the notification; and

(b)he has had regard to every international obligation of the United Kingdom (if any) which has been notified to OFCOM for the purposes of this paragraph by the Secretary of State.

(10)The publication of a notification under this section must be in such manner as appears to the person publishing it to be appropriate for bringing the contents of the notification to the attention of such persons as he considers appropriate.

50Delivery of copies of notifications etc.

(1)The relevant person must send to the Secretary of State—

(a)a copy of every notification published under section 48(1) or (2);

(b)a copy of every notification published under section 49(4);

(c)a copy of every direction, approval or consent given for the purpose of giving effect to a proposal required to be published under section 49(4); and

(d)a copy of every instrument modifying or withdrawing a direction, approval or consent for the purpose of giving effect to such a proposal.

(2)The relevant person must send to the European Commission—

(a)a copy of every notification published under section 48(1) with respect to an SMP services condition;

(b)a copy of every direction, approval or consent given for the purposes of such a condition; and

(c)a copy of every instrument modifying or withdrawing such a direction, approval or consent.

(3)OFCOM must send to the European Commission and to the regulatory authorities of every other member State a copy of every notification published by them under section 48(2) with respect to a proposal which—

(a)relates to the setting, modification or revocation of an access-related condition falling within section 73(2) or (4) or of an SMP services condition; and

(b)is a proposal which, in OFCOM’s opinion, would affect trade between member States.

(4)OFCOM must send to the European Commission and to the regulatory authorities of every other member State a copy of every notification published by them under section 49(4) with respect to a proposal which—

(a)relates to the giving of a direction, approval or consent for the purposes of—

(i)an access-related condition falling within section 73(2) or (4), or

(ii)an SMP services condition,

or to the modification or withdrawal of such a direction, approval or consent; and

(b)is a proposal which, in OFCOM’s opinion, would affect trade between member States.

(5)Where it is a person other than OFCOM who is the relevant person who is required to publish a notification under section 49(4) relating to the giving, modification or withdrawal of a direction, approval or consent given for purposes mentioned in subsection (4)(a) of this section—

(a)that person must refer to OFCOM the question whether, in their opinion, the proposal would affect trade between member States;

(b)OFCOM must immediately determine that question on that reference; and

(c)the relevant person must send a copy of the notification to the European Commission and to the regulatory authorities of every other member State if OFCOM determine that the proposal is one which, in their opinion, would affect trade between member States.

(6)The relevant person must, in every other case in which it appears to him appropriate to do so, send a copy of—

(a)every notification published under section 48(1) or (2) or 49(4),

(b)every direction, approval or consent given for the purposes of a condition set under section 45, and

(c)every instrument modifying or withdrawing such a direction, approval or consent,

to the European Commission and to such of the regulatory authorities of the other member States as the relevant person thinks fit.

(7)Subsection (6) does not apply where—

(a)the notification or the notified proposal relates to an SMP apparatus condition, or to a direction, approval or consent for the purposes of such a condition; or

(b)the direction, approval or consent given, modified or withdrawn is for the purposes of such a condition.

(8)In this section “the relevant person”, in relation to a notification, direction, approval or consent—

(a)except in a case falling within paragraph (b), means the person by whom it is published or (as the case may be) the person by whom it has been or is to be given, modified or withdrawn; and

(b)in the case of a direction, approval or consent given, modified or withdrawn by a person other than OFCOM for the purpose of giving effect to a proposal published by OFCOM under section 49(4), means OFCOM.

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

You have chosen to open The Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open The Whole Act as a PDF

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open The Whole Act without Schedules

The Whole Act without Schedules you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open The Whole Act without Schedules as a PDF

The Whole Act without Schedules you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open the Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open the Whole Act without Schedules

The Whole Act without Schedules you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open Schedules only

The Schedules you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Show Explanatory Notes for Sections: Displays relevant parts of the explanatory notes interweaved within the legislation content.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

Explanatory Notes

Text created by the government department responsible for the subject matter of the Act to explain what the Act sets out to achieve and to make the Act accessible to readers who are not legally qualified. Explanatory Notes were introduced in 1999 and accompany all Public Acts except Appropriation, Consolidated Fund, Finance and Consolidation Acts.

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources