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Finance Act 2003

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Section 163(2)

SCHEDULE 29E+W+S+N.I.Transfers of value: attribution of gains to beneficiaries

IntroductionE+W+S+N.I.

1Schedule 4C to the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (c. 12) (transfers of value: attribution of gains to beneficiaries) is amended as follows.E+W+S+N.I.

Scope and scheme of ScheduleE+W+S+N.I.

2For paragraphs 1 and 2 (introduction and general scheme of Schedule) substitute—E+W+S+N.I.

IntroductionE+W+S+N.I.

1(1)This Schedule applies where the trustees of a settlement (“the transferor settlement”) make a transfer of value to which Schedule 4B applies (“the original transfer”).

(2)Where this Schedule applies, the following gains—

(a)any Schedule 4B trust gains accruing by virtue of the transfer (see paragraphs 3 to 7), and

(b)any outstanding section 87/89 gains of the transferor settlement at the end of the year of assessment in which the transfer is made (see paragraph 7A),

are pooled for the purpose of attributing them, in accordance with this Schedule, to beneficiaries who receive capital payments. Paragraph 7B provides for further gains to be brought into the pool in the case of a further transfer of value.

(3)The gains mentioned in sub-paragraph (2) are referred to in this Schedule as “Schedule 4C gains” and the pool is referred to as the transferor settlement’s “Schedule 4C pool”.

(4)Paragraphs 8 to 9 provide for the attribution of gains in a settlement’s Schedule 4C pool.

(5)References in this Schedule to a transfer to which Schedule 4B applies include any such transfer, whether or not any chargeable gain or allowable loss accrues under that Schedule by virtue of the transfer.

Other gains to be brought into Schedule 4C poolE+W+S+N.I.

3After paragraph 7 insert—E+W+S+N.I.

Outstanding section 87/89 gainsE+W+S+N.I.

7A(1)The amount of outstanding section 87/89 gains of a settlement at the end of a year of assessment is given by—

where—

G is the amount of the settlement’s section 87/89 gains for the year (see sub-paragraph (2)),

B is the amount of the gains treated in accordance with section 87(4) or 89(2) as accruing in that year to beneficiaries, and

NC is the amount of gains so treated as accruing in that year to beneficiaries who were not chargeable to tax for that year.

(2)The amount of a settlement’s section 87/89 gains for a year of assessment is—

(a)if section 87 applies to the settlement for the year—

(i)the amount of the settlement’s trust gains within the meaning of section 87(2), together with

(ii)any amount by which that amount falls to be increased under section 90(1)(a), or would fall to be increased but for section 90(2) or (3);

(b)if section 89(2) applies to the settlement for the year (otherwise than by virtue of section 90(1)(c))—

(i)the amount of the trust gains referred to in section 89(2), together with

(ii)any amount by which that amount falls to be increased under section 90(1)(b), or would fall to be increased but for section 90(2) or (3);

(c)if section 90(1)(c) applies to the settlement for the year, the amount that falls to be treated as trust gains in accordance with that provision, or would fall to be so treated but for section 90(2) or (3).

Gains to be brought into pool on subsequent transfer of valueE+W+S+N.I.

7B(1)Where the trustees of a settlement who have made a transfer of value to which Schedule 4B applies make a further transfer of value to which that Schedule applies, the following provisions apply.

(2)If the further transfer is made in the same year of assessment as the original transfer, any Schedule 4B trust gains accruing by virtue of the further transfer are brought into the settlement’s Schedule 4C pool at the end of the year.

(3)If the further transfer is made in a later year of assessment at the beginning of which there are outstanding gains in the settlement’s Schedule 4C pool—

(a)any Schedule 4B trust gains accruing by virtue of the further transfer, and

(b)any outstanding section 87/89 gains of the settlement at the end of the later year of assessment,

are brought into the settlement’s Schedule 4C pool at the end of the later year.

  • Outstanding gains in the settlement’s Schedule 4C pool” means gains in that pool that have not been attributed to beneficiaries in accordance with this Schedule.

(4)If the further transfer is made in a later year of assessment at the beginning of which the settlement no longer has a Schedule 4C pool, the provisions of this Schedule apply in relation to the further transfer as they applied in relation to the original transfer.

(5)For the purposes of this paragraph a settlement is treated as continuing to have a Schedule 4C pool until the end of the last year of assessment in which there are any gains in the pool..

Attribution of gains to beneficiariesE+W+S+N.I.

4(1)For paragraphs 8 and 9 (attribution of gains to beneficiaries) substitute—E+W+S+N.I.

Attribution of Schedule 4C gains to beneficiaries E+W+S+N.I.

8(1)The gains in a settlement’s Schedule 4C pool at the end of any year of assessment are treated as chargeable gains accruing in that year to beneficiaries who receive in that year, or have received in an earlier year, capital payments from the trustees of any settlement that is a relevant settlement in relation to the pool.

Paragraph 8A defines “relevant settlement” for this purpose.

(2)The attribution of chargeable gains to beneficiaries under this paragraph shall be made in proportion to, but shall not exceed, the amounts of the capital payments made to them.

Paragraphs 8B and 8C provide for the matching of gains with available capital payments.

(3)A chargeable gain shall not be treated as accruing to a beneficiary under this Schedule unless he is chargeable to tax for that year of assessment.

(4)For the purposes of this Schedule a beneficiary is “chargeable to tax” for a year of assessment if, and only if—

(a)he is resident in the United Kingdom for any part of that year or is ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom for that year, and

(b)he is domiciled in the United Kingdom for any part of that year.

(5)Any gains in a settlement’s Schedule 4C pool that are not attributed to beneficiaries in a year of assessment are carried forward to the following year of assessment, when this paragraph applies again.

Relevant settlementsE+W+S+N.I.

8A(1)This paragraph specifies what settlements are relevant settlements in relation to a Schedule 4C pool.

(2)The transferor and transferee settlements in relation to the original transfer of value are relevant settlements.

(3)If the trustees of any settlement that is a relevant settlement in relation to a Schedule 4C pool—

(a)make a transfer of value to which Schedule 4B applies, or

(b)make a transfer of settled property to which section 90 applies,

any settlement that is a transferee settlement in relation to that transfer is also a relevant settlement in relation to that pool.

(4)If the trustees of a settlement that is a relevant settlement in relation to a Schedule 4C pool make a transfer of value to which Schedule 4B applies, any other settlement that is a relevant settlement in relation to that pool is also a relevant settlement in relation to the Schedule 4C pool arising from the further transfer.

Attribution of gains in Schedule 4C poolE+W+S+N.I.

8B(1)The following rules apply as regards the attribution of the gains in a settlement’s Schedule 4C pool to beneficiaries of relevant settlements.

This paragraph has effect subject to paragraph 8C (order of attribution as between gains in Schedule 4C pool and other trust gains).

(2)Gains of earlier years are attributed to beneficiaries before gains of later years.

(3)For the purposes of this Schedule the year of a gain is determined as follows—

(a)a Schedule 4B trust gain is a gain of the year of assessment in which the transfer of value in question takes place;

(b)a section 87/89 gain is a gain of the year of assessment in which it first forms part of a settlement’s trust gains in accordance with section 87(2).

(4)Gains of the same year are matched with available capital payments made at any time by trustees of any relevant settlement.

(5)If gains of one year are wholly matched, gains of the next year are then matched, and so on.

(6)The gains are attributed to beneficiaries in proportion to, but not so as to exceed, the amount of available capital payments received by them.

Attribution of gains: Schedule 4C pool gains and other gainsE+W+S+N.I.

8C(1)Where in a year of assessment—

(a)gains in a settlement’s Schedule 4C pool fall to be attributed to beneficiaries of relevant settlements, and

(b)one or more of those settlements also have gains that fall to be attributed to beneficiaries under section 87(4) or 89(2),

the provisions of paragraph 8B have effect as follows.

(2)The rules in that paragraph apply in relation to all the gains falling to be so attributed.

(3)As between gains of the same year, Schedule 4C gains are attributed to beneficiaries before other gains.

Attribution of gains: available capital paymentsE+W+S+N.I.

9(1)In any year of assessment capital payments made to a beneficiary by the trustees of a relevant settlement, in that year or any earlier year, are available for the purposes of paragraphs 8 to 8C subject to the following provisions.

(2)A capital payment is no longer available to the extent that chargeable gains have, by reason of it, been treated as accruing to the recipient in an earlier year of assessment—

(a)under this Schedule, or

(b)under section 87(4) or 89(2).

(3)Capital payments received—

(a)before 21st March 2000, or

(b)before the year of assessment preceding the year of assessment in which the original transfer of value was made,

shall be disregarded..

(2)After paragraph 12 insert—

12AAttribution of gains to beneficiaries in section 10A cases

(1)This paragraph applies where by virtue of section 10A an amount of gains would (apart from this Schedule) be treated under section 87 as accruing to a person (“the beneficiary”) in the year of return by virtue of a capital payment made to him in an intervening year.

(2)Where this paragraph applies, a capital payment equal to so much of that capital payment as exceeds the amount otherwise charged shall be deemed for the purposes of this Schedule to be made to the beneficiary in the year of return.

(3)The “amount otherwise charged” means the total of any chargeable gains attributed to the beneficiary under section 87(4) or 89(2) by virtue of the capital payment.

(4)For the purposes of paragraph 13(5)(b) a deemed capital payment under this paragraph shall be treated as made when the actual capital payment mentioned in sub-paragraph (1) above was made.

(5)Expressions used in this paragraph and section 10A have the same meanings in this paragraph as in that section.

Gains attributed to settlorE+W+S+N.I.

5(1)Paragraph 6 is amended as follows.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1), in the opening words, for “the amount of any chargeable gains” substitute “ the tapered amount of any chargeable gains ”.

(3)After that sub-paragraph insert—

(1A)The reference in sub-paragraph (1) to the tapered amount of any chargeable gains is a reference—

(a)where section 86(4) applies, to the tapered section 86(4) amount as defined in section 87(3A);

(b)where section 10A applies, to the tapered section 86(1)(e) amount as defined in section 86A(7A)..

Minor and consequential amendmentsE+W+S+N.I.

6(1)In paragraph 10(1) for “of the transferor settlement, or of any transferee settlement,” substitute “ of any relevant settlement ”.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)In paragraph 12—

(a)in sub-paragraph (1)(a) for “arising under Schedule 4B” substitute “ included in a settlement’s Schedule 4C pool ”,

(b)in sub-paragraph (2) for “the Schedule 4B trust gains” substitute “ the settlement’s Schedule 4C gains ”, and

(c)in sub-paragraph (3) for “the transferor or transferee settlements” substitute “ any relevant settlement ”.

(3)In paragraph 13(5)(a) for “that in which the transfer of value was made” substitute “ the year of the gain (determined in accordance with paragraph 8B(3)) ”.

(4)After paragraph 13 insert—

Effect of settlement ceasing to exist after transfer of valueE+W+S+N.I.

13AWhere a settlement ceases to exist after the trustees have made a transfer of value to which Schedule 4B applies, this Schedule has effect as if a year of assessment had ended immediately before the settlement ceased to exist..

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