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Finance Act 2003

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Main provisions

2(1)For Chapter 1 of Part 7 (and the heading of that Part) substitute—

Employment income: income and exemptions relating to securities

Chapter 1Introduction
General
417Scope of Part 7

(1)This Part contains special rules about cases where securities, interests in securities or securities options are acquired in connection with an employment.

(2)The rules are contained in—

  • Chapter 2 (restricted securities),

  • Chapter 3 (convertible securities),

  • Chapter 3A (securities with artificially depressed market value),

  • Chapter 3B (securities with artificially enhanced market value),

  • Chapter 3C (securities acquired for less than market value),

  • Chapter 3D (securities disposed of for more than market value),

  • Chapter 4 (post-acquisition benefits from securities),

  • Chapter 5 (securities options),

  • Chapter 6 (approved share incentive plans),

  • Chapter 7 (approved SAYE option schemes),

  • Chapter 8 (approved CSOP schemes),

  • Chapter 9 (enterprise management incentives), and

  • Chapter 10 (priority share allocations).

(3)The following make provision for amounts to count as employment income—

  • Chapters 2 to 6, and

  • Chapter 8.

(4)The following make provision for exemptions and reliefs from income tax—

  • Chapters 2 and 3, and

  • Chapters 5 to 10.

(5)Chapter 11 contains supplementary provisions relating to employee benefit trusts.

(6)Section 5(1) (application of employment income Parts to office-holders generally) does not apply to Chapters 6 to 10; and section 549(5) makes provision about its application to Chapter 11.

418Other related provisions

(1)In Part 3—

  • Chapter 1 (earnings), and

  • Chapter 10 (taxable benefits: residual liability to charge),

may also have effect in relation to securities and interests in securities (but not securities options).

(2)Part 7 of Schedule 7 (transitional provisions relating to securities and securities options) may also be relevant.

(3)In view of section 49 of FA 2000 (phasing out of APS schemes) the following are not rewritten in this Act and continue in force unaffected by the repeals made by this Act—

  • section 186 of ICTA (APS schemes) and section 187 of that Act (interpretation) so far as relating to APS schemes, and

  • Schedule 9 to ICTA (approval of share schemes) so far as relating to APS schemes and Schedule 10 to that Act (further provisions about APS schemes).

  • “APS schemes” means profit sharing schemes approved under Schedule 9 to ICTA.

(4)Sections 138 to 140 of ICTA (share acquisitions by directors and employees) continue to apply in relation to shares or interests in shares acquired before 26th October 1987 (see paragraph 57 of Schedule 7).

419Negative amounts treated as nil

If the result given by any formula under any provision of this Part would otherwise be a negative amount, the result is to be taken to be nil instead.

Interpretation of Chapters 1 to 5
420Meaning of “securities” etc

(1)Subject to subsections (5) and (6), for the purposes of this Chapter and Chapters 2 to 5 the following are “securities”—

(a)shares in any body corporate (wherever incorporated) or in any unincorporated body constituted under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom,

(b)debentures, debenture stock, loan stock, bonds, certificates of deposit and other instruments creating or acknowledging indebtedness,

(c)warrants and other instruments entitling their holders to subscribe for securities (whether or not in existence or identifiable),

(d)certificates and other instruments conferring rights in respect of securities held by persons other than the persons on whom the rights are conferred and the transfer of which may be effected without the consent of those persons,

(e)units in a collective investment scheme,

(f)futures, and

(g)rights under contracts for differences or contracts similar to contracts for differences.

(2)In subsection (1)(e) “collective investment scheme” means arrangements—

(a)which are made with respect to property of any description, including money, and

(b)the purpose or effect of which is to enable persons taking part in the arrangements (whether by becoming owners of the property or any part of it or otherwise) to participate in or receive profits or income arising from the acquisition, holding, management or disposal of the property or sums paid out of such profits or income.

(3)In subsection (1)(f) “futures” means rights under a contract for the sale of a commodity or other property under which delivery is to be made at a future date at a price agreed when the contract is made; and for this purpose a price is to be taken to be agreed when the contract is made—

(a)if it is left to be determined by reference to the price at which a contract is to be entered into on a market or exchange or could be entered into at a time and place specified in the contract, and

(b)in a case where the contract is expressed to be by reference to a standard lot and quality, even if provision is made for a variation in the price to take account of any variation in quantity or quality on delivery.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (1)(g) a contract similar to a contract for differences is a contract—

(a)which is not a contract for differences, but

(b)the purpose or pretended purpose of which is to secure a profit or avoid a loss by reference to fluctuations in the value or price of property or an index or other factor designated in the contract.

(5)The following are not “securities” for the purposes of this Chapter or Chapters 2 to 5—

(a)cheques and other bills of exchange, bankers' drafts and letters of credit (other than bills of exchange accepted by a banker),

(b)money and statements showing balances on a current, deposit or savings account,

(c)leases and other dispositions of property and heritable securities,

(d)rights under contracts of insurance (within the meaning of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) Order 2001), and

(e)options.

(6)The Treasury may by order amend subsections (1) to (5).

(7)An order under subsection (6) may include any appropriate consequential provision (including provision amending any enactment).

(8)In this Chapter and Chapters 2 to 5—

  • “interest”, in relation to securities (or shares), means an interest in them less than full beneficial ownership and includes an interest in proceeds of their sale, but does not include a right to acquire them,

  • “securities option” means a right to acquire securities, and

  • “shares” includes stock.

421Meaning of “market value” etc

(1)In this Chapter and Chapters 2 to 5 “market value” has the same meaning as it has for the purposes of TCGA 1992 by virtue of Part 8 of that Act.

(2)Where consideration for anything is given in the form of an asset (as opposed to a payment), any reference in this Chapter or any of Chapters 2 to 5 to the amount of the consideration is to the market value of the asset.

421AMeaning of “consideration”

(1)This section applies for determining for the purposes of Chapters 2 to 5 the amount of the consideration given for anything.

(2)If any consideration is given partly in respect of one thing and partly in respect of another, the amount given in respect of the different things is to determined on a just and reasonable apportionment.

(3)The consideration which is taken to be given wholly or partly for anything does not include the performance of any duties of, or in connection with, an employment.

(4)No amount is to be counted more than once in calculating the amount of any consideration.

Application of Chapters 2 to 4
421BApplication of Chapters 2 to 4

(1)Subject as follows (and to any provision contained in Chapters 2 to 4) those Chapters apply to securities, or an interest in securities, acquired by a person where the right or opportunity to acquire the securities or interest is available by reason of an employment of that person or any other person.

(2)For the purposes of subsection (1)—

(a)securities are, or an interest in securities is, acquired at the time when the person acquiring the securities or interest becomes beneficially entitled to those securities or that interest (and not, if different, the time when the securities are, or interest is, conveyed or transferred), and

(b)“employment” includes a former or prospective employment.

(3)A right or opportunity to acquire securities or an interest in securities made available by a person’s employer, or by a person connected with a person’s employer, is to be regarded for the purposes of subsection (1) as available by reason of an employment of that person unless—

(a)the person by whom the right or opportunity is made available is an individual, and

(b)the right or opportunity is made available in the normal course of the domestic, family or personal relationships of that person.

(4)Chapters 2 to 4 cease to apply to securities, or an interest in securities, when subsection (5), (6) or (7) is satisfied.

(5)This subsection is satisfied immediately after the securities are, or the interest in securities is, disposed of otherwise than to an associated person.

(6)This subsection is satisfied immediately before the death of the employee.

(7)This subsection is satisfied 7 years after the first date after the acquisition on which the employee is an employee of none of the following—

(a)the employer,

(b)(if the securities are, or the interest in securities is an interest in, securities issued by a company) the company by which they are issued, or

(c)a person connected with a person within paragraph (a) or (b).

(8)In this Chapter and Chapters 2 to 4—

  • “the acquisition”, in relation to employment-related securities, means the acquisition of the employment-related securities pursuant to the right or opportunity available by reason of the employment,

  • “the employment”, in relation to employment-related securities, means the employment by reason of which the right or opportunity to acquire the employment-related securities is available (“the employee” and “the employer” being construed accordingly unless otherwise indicated), and

  • “employment-related securities” means securities or an interest in securities to which Chapters 2 to 4 apply (ignoring any provision of any of those Chapters which limits the application of the Chapter to a particular description or descriptions of employment-related securities).

421CAssociated persons

(1)For the purposes of this Chapter and Chapters 2 to 4 the following are “associated persons” in relation to employment-related securities—

(a)the person who acquired the employment-related securities on the acquisition,

(b)(if different) the employee, and

(c)any relevant linked person.

(2)A person is a relevant linked person if—

(a)that person (on the one hand), and

(b)either the person who acquired the employment-related securities on the acquisition or the employee (on the other),

are connected or, although not connected, are members of the same household.

(3)But a company which would otherwise be a relevant linked person is not if it is—

(a)the employer,

(b)the person from whom the employment-related securities were acquired,

(c)the person by whom the right or opportunity to acquire the employment-related securities was made available, or

(d)the person by whom the employment-related securities (or the securities in which they are an interest) were issued.

421DReplacement and additional securities and changes in interests

(1)Subsections (2) and (3) apply where an associated person is entitled to employment-related securities (the “original securities”) and either—

(a)as a result of the conversion of the original securities (or the securities in which they are an interest), or of any other transaction or series of transactions, that person ceases to be entitled to the original securities but that person or another associated person acquires securities or an interest in securities (the “replacement securities”), or

(b)by virtue of that person being entitled to the original securities, that person or another associated person acquires other securities or an interest in other securities (the “additional securities”).

(2)The replacement securities or the additional securities are to be regarded for the purposes of section 421B(1) (securities acquired pursuant to a right or opportunity available by reason of an employment) as acquired pursuant to the same right or opportunity as the original securities.

(3)Where the market value of the original securities is reduced by reason of the issue of, or of securities including, the replacement securities or the additional securities (or the securities in which they are an interest), the amount of that reduction is to be treated for the purposes of Chapters 2 and 3 as consideration or additional consideration given for the acquisition of the replacement securities or the additional securities.

(4)Subsections (2) and (3) apply whether or not the replacement securities, or the additional securities, were acquired for consideration.

(5)Where Chapters 2 to 4 apply to an interest in securities, an increase of that interest is to be treated for the purposes of section 421B(1) (securities acquired pursuant to a right or opportunity available by reason of an employment) as a separate interest acquired pursuant to the same right or opportunity as the original interest.

(6)Where Chapters 2 to 4 apply to an interest in securities, a reduction of that interest (otherwise than by a disposal to an associated person) is to be treated for the purposes of those Chapters as the disposal otherwise than to an associated person of a separate interest proportionate to the reduction.

421EExclusions: residence etc

(1)Chapters 2, 3 and 4 do not apply in relation to employment-related securities if, at the time of the acquisition, the earnings from the employment were not (or would not have been if there had been any) general earnings to which section 15 or 21 applies (earnings for year when employee resident and ordinarily resident in the UK).

(2)Chapters 3A to 3D do not apply in relation to employment-related securities if, at the time of the acquisition, the earnings from the employment were not (or would not have been if there had been any) general earnings to which any of the charging provisions of Chapter 4 or 5 of Part 2 apply.

(3)Chapters 2 to 4 do not apply in the case of a former employment if they would not apply if the acquisition had taken place in the last tax year in which the employment was held.

(4)Chapters 2 to 4 do not apply in the case of a prospective employment if they would not apply if the acquisition had taken place in the first tax year in which the employment is held.

(5)Where the employment-related securities are replacement securities or additional securities (within the meaning of section 421D), the references in this section to the acquisition are to the acquisition of the original securities (within the meaning of that section).

421FExclusions: public offers

(1)Chapters 2 to 4 do not apply in relation to employment-related securities that are shares acquired under the terms of an offer to the public or an interest in shares so acquired.

(2)In a case within subsection (1) of section 544 (exemption for priority share allocations where offer to employees separate from public offer), any acquisition made under the terms of either the public offer or the employee offer within the meaning of that subsection is to be treated for the purposes of this section as made under the terms of an offer to the public.

(3)Subsection (2) applies whether or not there is any benefit within section 544(2) (benefit derived from entitlement to priority allocation exempt from income tax).

421GExclusions: approved plan or scheme securities

Chapters 2 to 4 do not apply to—

(a)shares awarded or acquired under an approved share incentive plan (within the meaning of Chapter 6 of this Part),

(b)shares acquired by the exercise of a share option granted under an approved SAYE option scheme (within the meaning of Chapter 7 of this Part), or

(c)shares acquired by the exercise of a share option granted under an approved CSOP scheme (within the meaning of Chapter 8 of this Part).

421HMeaning of “employee-controlled” etc

(1)For the purposes of Chapters 2 to 4 a company is “employee-controlled” by virtue of shares of a class if—

(a)the majority of the company’s shares of that class (other than any held by or for the benefit of an associated company) are held by or for the benefit of employees of the company or a company controlled by the company, and

(b)those employees are together able as holders of the shares to control the company.

In this subsection “employee” includes a person who is to be or has been an employee.

(2)In this section and Chapters 2 to 4 “associated company” has the same meaning as, by virtue of section 416 of ICTA, it has for the purposes of Part 11 of ICTA.

421IConsideration for acquisition of employment-related securities

(1)This section applies for determining for the purposes of Chapters 2 to 3A the amount of the consideration given for the acquisition of employment-related securities.

(2)References to consideration given for the acquisition of the employment-related securities are to consideration given by—

(a)the employee, or

(b)(if not the employee) the person by whom the employment-related securities were acquired.

(3)The amount of the consideration given by a person for the acquisition of the employment-related securities includes the amount of any consideration given for a right to acquire the employment-related securities.

(4)If the right to acquire the employment-related securities (“the new option”) is the whole or part of the consideration for the assignment or release of another right to acquire them (“the old option”), the amount of the consideration given for the new option is to be treated as being the sum of—

(a)the amount by which the amount of the consideration given for the old option exceeds the amount of any consideration for the assignment or release of the old option, apart from the new option, and

(b)any valuable consideration given for the new option, apart from the old option.

(5)Two or more transactions are to be treated for the purposes of subsection (4) as a single transaction by which a right to acquire the employment-related securities is assigned for a consideration which consists of or includes another right to acquire the employment-related securities if—

(a)the transactions result in a person ceasing to hold a right to acquire the employment-related securities and that person or a connected person coming to hold another right to acquire them, and

(b)one or more of the transactions is effected under arrangements to which two or more persons who hold rights to acquire the employment-related securities, in respect of which there may be a liability to tax under Chapter 5 of this Part (securities options), are parties.

(6)Subsection (5) applies regardless of the order in which the assignment and the acquisition occur.

(7)In this section “release”, in relation to a right to acquire the employment-related securities, includes agreeing to the restriction of the exercise of the right.

Information
421JDuty to provide information

(1)This section applies in relation to reportable events.

(2)Section 421K explains what are reportable events for the purposes of this section.

(3)Each person who is a responsible person in relation to a reportable event must provide the Inland Revenue with particulars in writing of the reportable event before 7th July in the tax year following that in which the reportable event takes place.

(4)The Inland Revenue may by notice require any person to provide them with such particulars of any reportable events—

(a)which take place in a period specified in the notice, and

(b)in relation to which that person is a responsible person,

as are required by the notice or, if no reportable event in relation to which that person is a responsible person has taken place in that period, to state that fact.

(5)A notice under subsection (4) must specify a date by which it must be complied with.

(6)That date must not be less than 30 days after the date when the notice is given.

(7)Once one person complies with the duty imposed by subsection (3) in relation to a reportable event, that subsection ceases to impose a duty on any other person in relation to the reportable event.

(8)Once a person complies with the duty imposed by a notice under subsection (4) by providing the required particulars of a reportable event, subsection (3) ceases to impose a duty on that person or any other person in relation to that reportable event.

(9)Section 421L explains who are the responsible persons in relation to a reportable event.

(10)The particulars required by, or by a notice under, this section must be provided in a form specified by the Board of Inland Revenue.

(11)A person need not provide particulars required by, or by a notice under, this section if they have been given in a notice under paragraph 44 of Schedule 5 (enterprise management incentives: notice of option to be given to Inland Revenue).

In other respects the obligations imposed by, or by a notice under, this section and by that paragraph are independent of each other.

(12)Paragraph 52 of that Schedule contains a duty to deliver annual returns where a company’s shares are subject to a qualifying option within the meaning of that Schedule.

421KReportable events

(1)This section applies for the purposes of section 421J (duty to provide information).

(2)Each of the events mentioned in subsection (3) is a reportable event.

(3)The events are—

(a)an acquisition (or an event treated as an acquisition) of securities, an interest in securities or a securities option pursuant to a right or opportunity available by reason of the employment of the person who acquires the securities, interest in securities or securities option or of any other person,

(b)an event which is a chargeable event in relation to securities, or an interest in securities, for the purposes of section 426 (chargeable events in relation to restricted securities and restricted interests in securities),

(c)an event which is a chargeable event in relation to securities, or an interest in securities, for the purposes of section 438 (chargeable events in relation to convertible securities and interests in convertible securities),

(d)the doing of anything which gives rise to a taxable amount counting as employment income under section 446L (artificial enhancement of market value of securities),

(e)an event which discharges a notional loan relating to securities, or an interest in securities, under section 446U (securities and interests in securities acquired for less than market value),

(f)a disposal of securities, or an interest in securities, by virtue of which Chapter 3D of this Part applies (securities and interests in securities disposed of for more than market value),

(g)the receipt of a benefit which gives rise to a taxable amount counting as employment income under section 447 (charge on benefit from securities or interest in securities),

(h)the assignment or release of a securities option acquired pursuant to a right or opportunity available by reason of the employment of the person who acquires the securities option or any other person, and

(i)the receipt of a benefit in money or money’s worth which is (or by virtue of section 477(6) is to be regarded as being) received in connection with such a securities option.

421LPersons to whom section 421J applies

(1)This section applies for the purposes of section 421J (duty to provide information).

(2)Each of the following persons is a responsible person in relation to a reportable event.

(3)The persons are—

(a)the employer in question,

(b)any host employer of the employee in question,

(c)the person from whom the securities in question were, or interest or option in question was, acquired, and

(d)in relation to a reportable event concerning securities or an interest in securities which are not excluded securities, the person by whom the securities were issued.

(4)In subsection (3)(b) “host employer” means a person other than the employer in question—

(a)for whom the employee in question works at the time of the reportable event, and

(b)who would, by virtue of subsection (2) of section 689 (employees of non-UK employers working for a person other than the employer), be treated for the purposes of PAYE regulations as making a payment of PAYE income of the employee in question if a payment to which subsection (5) would apply were made by the employer in question in respect of the period during which the employee works for the other person.

(5)For the purposes of subsection (4)(b) this subsection would apply to a payment if—

(a)it were a payment of PAYE income of the employee, and

(b)the conditions in subsection (1)(c) and (d) of section 689 were satisfied in relation to the payment.

(6)For the purposes of subsection (3)(d) securities are excluded securities in relation to a reportable event if they are—

(a)loan stock, bonds or other instruments creating or acknowledging indebtedness issued by or on behalf of any national or regional government or local authority (in the United Kingdom or elsewhere) or any body whose members consists of states, national or regional governments or local authorities, or

(b)securities which are issued by a person who, at the time of the reportable event, is not connected with the employer in question and which are listed or dealt in on a recognised stock exchange..

(2)So far as relating to—

(a)each of the new Chapters substituted or inserted in Part 7 by the following paragraphs, and

(b)each of the Chapters of that Part as originally enacted for which new Chapters are substituted by the following paragraphs,

sub-paragraph (1) has effect in accordance with the provision made by the following paragraphs for the taking effect of the substitution or insertion.

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