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Income Tax (Earnings and Pensions) Act 2003

Section 33: Earnings remitted to the UK

120.This section deals with the remittance of general earnings to the United Kingdom. This is relevant for general earnings charged under section 22 (chargeable overseas earnings for year when employee resident and ordinarily resident, but not domiciled, in the United Kingdom) and general earnings charged under section 26 (foreign earnings for year when employee resident, but not ordinarily resident, in the United Kingdom).

121.Subsection (2) derives from section 132(5) of ICTA. Apart from using the term “remitted to” in place of “received in”, the conditions are expressed in the same language. General earnings are treated as remitted to the United Kingdom if they are paid, used or enjoyed in the United Kingdom, or transmitted or brought to the United Kingdom in any manner or form.

122.Section 132(5) also contains a cross-reference to certain anti-avoidance measures contained in section 65(6) to (9) of ICTA dealing with constructive remittances to the United Kingdom that would not otherwise fall to be taxed under the general rule.

123.Instead of a cross-reference to those provisions, section 65(6) to (9) of ICTA have specifically rewritten, as they apply to remittances of general earnings, in subsections (3) to (7) of this section, and in section 34.

124.The provisions are concerned with anti-avoidance measures to counter the practice of taking out loans in the United Kingdom and subsequently arranging for the debt (or interest on the debt) to be repaid abroad out of unremitted general earnings. They also apply to loans taken out outside the United Kingdom, where the money borrowed is subsequently received in the United Kingdom. The provisions only apply if the taxpayer is ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom.

125.Subsection (3) states that the general earnings of a person who is ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom will be treated as remitted to the United Kingdom at the time when the general earnings are used outside the United Kingdom in or towards satisfying a UK-linked debt.

126.Subsection (4) explains what is meant by this new label “UK-linked debt”. It is: (a) a debt for money lent to the employee in the United Kingdom, or for the interest on money so lent; (b) a debt for money lent to the employee outside the United Kingdom and received in the United Kingdom or (c) a debt incurred satisfying a debt falling within (a) or (b).

127.Subsection (5) states that, for debts falling within subsection (4)(b) or (c), it is immaterial whether the money lent is received into the United Kingdom before or after the general earnings are used to repay the debt. But, in the case of money received into the United Kingdom after the general earnings are used to repay the debt, the general earnings will not be treated as being remitted to the United Kingdom until the money lent is received there.

128.Subsection (6) extends the meaning of the reference to money being “received” in the United Kingdom in subsections (4) and (5) to include money being “brought to” the United Kingdom.

129.Subsection (7) is a pointer to the provisions of section 34, which also concern UK-linked debts.

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