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Land Registration Act 2002

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  1. Introductory Text

  2. Part 1 Preliminary

    1. 1. Register of title

    2. 2. Scope of title registration

  3. Part 2 First registration of title

    1. Chapter 1 First registration

      1. Voluntary registration

        1. 3. When title may be registered

      2. Compulsory registration

        1. 4. When title must be registered

        2. 5. Power to extend section 4

        3. 6. Duty to apply for registration of title

        4. 7. Effect of non-compliance with section 6

        5. 8. Liability for making good void transfers etc

      3. Classes of title

        1. 9. Titles to freehold estates

        2. 10. Titles to leasehold estates

      4. Effect of first registration

        1. 11. Freehold estates

        2. 12. Leasehold estates

      5. Dependent estates

        1. 13. Appurtenant rights and charges

      6. Supplementary

        1. 14. Rules about first registration

    2. Chapter 2 Cautions against first registration

      1. 15. Right to lodge

      2. 16. Effect

      3. 17. Withdrawal

      4. 18. Cancellation

      5. 19. Cautions register

      6. 20. Alteration of register by court

      7. 21. Alteration of register by registrar

      8. 22. Supplementary

  4. Part 3 Dispositions of registered land

    1. Powers of disposition

      1. 23. Owner’s powers

      2. 24. Right to exercise owner’s powers

      3. 25. Mode of exercise

      4. 26. Protection of disponees

    2. Registrable dispositions

      1. 27. Dispositions required to be registered

    3. Effect of dispositions on priority

      1. 28. Basic rule

      2. 29. Effect of registered dispositions: estates

      3. 30. Effect of registered dispositions: charges

      4. 31. Inland Revenue charges

  5. Part 4 Notices and restrictions

    1. Notices

      1. 32. Nature and effect

      2. 33. Excluded interests

      3. 34. Entry on application

      4. 35. Unilateral notices

      5. 36. Cancellation of unilateral notices

      6. 37. Unregistered interests

      7. 38. Registrable dispositions

      8. 39. Supplementary

    2. Restrictions

      1. 40. Nature

      2. 41. Effect

      3. 42. Power of registrar to enter

      4. 43. Applications

      5. 44. Obligatory restrictions

      6. 45. Notifiable applications

      7. 46. Power of court to order entry

      8. 47. Withdrawal

  6. Part 5 Charges

    1. Relative priority

      1. 48. Registered charges

      2. 49. Tacking and further advances

      3. 50. Overriding statutory charges: duty of notification

    2. Powers as chargee

      1. 51. Effect of completion by registration

      2. 52. Protection of disponees

      3. 53. Powers as sub-chargee

    3. Realisation of security

      1. 54. Proceeds of sale: chargee’s duty

      2. 55. Local land charges

    4. Miscellaneous

      1. 56. Receipt in case of joint proprietors

      2. 57. Entry of right of consolidation

  7. Part 6 Registration: general

    1. Registration as proprietor

      1. 58. Conclusiveness

      2. 59. Dependent estates

    2. Boundaries

      1. 60. Boundaries

      2. 61. Accretion and diluvion

    3. Quality of title

      1. 62. Power to upgrade title

      2. 63. Effect of upgrading title

      3. 64. Use of register to record defects in title

    4. Alteration of register

      1. 65. Alteration of register

    5. Information etc.

      1. 66. Inspection of the registers etc

      2. 67. Official copies of the registers etc

      3. 68. Index

      4. 69. Historical information

      5. 70. Official searches

    6. Applications

      1. 71. Duty to disclose unregistered interests

      2. 72. Priority protection

      3. 73. Objections

      4. 74. Effective date of registration

    7. Proceedings before the registrar

      1. 75. Production of documents

      2. 76. Costs

    8. Miscellaneous

      1. 77. Duty to act reasonably

      2. 78. Notice of trust not to affect registrar

  8. Part 7 Special cases

    1. The Crown

      1. 79. Voluntary registration of demesne land

      2. 80. Compulsory registration of grants out of demesne land

      3. 81. Demesne land: cautions against first registration

      4. 82. Escheat etc

      5. 83. Crown and Duchy land: representation

      6. 84. Disapplication of requirements relating to Duchy land

      7. 85. Bona vacantia

    2. Pending actions etc.

      1. 86. Bankruptcy

      2. 87. Pending land actions, writs, orders and deeds of arrangement

    3. Miscellaneous

      1. 88. Incorporeal hereditaments

      2. 89. Settlements

      3. 90. PPP leases relating to transport in London

  9. Part 8 Electronic conveyancing

    1. 91. Electronic dispositions: formalities

    2. 92. Land registry network

    3. 93. Power to require simultaneous registration

    4. 94. Electronic settlement

    5. 95. Supplementary

  10. Part 9 Adverse possession

    1. 96. Disapplication of periods of limitation

    2. 97. Registration of adverse possessor

    3. 98. Defences

  11. Part 10 Land registry

    1. Administration

      1. 99. The land registry

      2. 100. Conduct of business

      3. 101. Annual report

    2. Fees and indemnities

      1. 102. Fee orders

      2. 103. Indemnities

    3. Miscellaneous

      1. 104. General information about land

      2. 105. Consultancy and advisory services

      3. 106. Incidental powers: companies

  12. Part 11 Adjudication

    1. 107. The adjudicator

    2. 108. Jurisdiction

    3. 109. Procedure

    4. 110. Functions in relation to disputes

    5. 111. Appeals

    6. 112. Enforcement of orders etc

    7. 113. Fees

    8. 114. Supplementary

  13. Part 12 Miscellaneous and general

    1. Miscellaneous

      1. 115. Rights of pre-emption

      2. 116. Proprietary estoppel and mere equities

      3. 117. Reduction in unregistered interests with automatic protection

      4. 118. Power to reduce qualifying term

      5. 119. Power to deregister manors

      6. 120. Conclusiveness of filed copies etc

      7. 121. Forwarding of applications to registrar of companies

      8. 122. Repeal of Land Registry Act 1862

    2. Offences etc.

      1. 123. Suppression of information

      2. 124. Improper alteration of the registers

      3. 125. Privilege against self-incrimination

    3. Land registration rules

      1. 126. Miscellaneous and general powers

      2. 127. Exercise of powers

    4. Supplementary

      1. 128. Rules, regulations and orders

      2. 129. Crown application

      3. 130. Application to internal waters

      4. 131.“Proprietor in possession”

      5. 132. General interpretation

    5. Final provisions

      1. 133. Minor and consequential amendments

      2. 134. Transition

      3. 135. Repeals

      4. 136. Short title, commencement and extent

  14. SCHEDULES

    1. SCHEDULE 1

      Unregistered interests which override first registration

      1. 1.Leasehold estates in land

      2. 2.Interests of persons in actual occupation

      3. 3.Easements and profits a prendre

      4. 4.Customary and public rights

      5. 5.A public right.

      6. 6.Local land charges

      7. 7.Mines and minerals

      8. 8.In the case of land to which title was registered...

      9. 9.In the case of land to which title was registered...

      10. 10. Miscellaneous

      11. 11.A manorial right.

      12. 12.A right to rent which was reserved to the Crown...

      13. 13.A non-statutory right in respect of an embankment or sea...

      14. 14.A right to payment in lieu of tithe.

      15. 16.A right in respect of the repair of a church...

    2. SCHEDULE 2

      Registrable dispositions: registration requirements

      1. Part 1 Registered estates

        1. 1.Introductory

        2. 2.Transfer

        3. 3.Lease of estate in land

        4. 4.Lease of franchise or manor

        5. 5.(1) This paragraph applies to a disposition consisting of the...

        6. 6.Creation of independently registrable legal interest

        7. 7.Creation of other legal interest

        8. 8.Creation of legal charge

      2. Part 2 Registered charges

        1. 9.Introductory

        2. 10.Transfer

        3. 11.Creation of sub-charge

    3. SCHEDULE 3

      Unregistered interests which override registered dispositions

      1. 1.Leasehold estates in land

      2. 2.Interests of persons in actual occupation

      3. 3.Easements and profits a prendre

      4. 4.Customary and public rights

      5. 5.A public right.

      6. 6.Local land charges

      7. 7.Mines and minerals

      8. 8.In the case of land to which title was registered...

      9. 9.In the case of land to which title was registered...

      10. 10. Miscellaneous

      11. 11.A manorial right.

      12. 12.A right to rent which was reserved to the Crown...

      13. 13.A non-statutory right in respect of an embankment or sea...

      14. 14.A right to payment in lieu of tithe.

      15. 16.A right in respect of the repair of a church...

    4. SCHEDULE 4

      Alteration of the register

      1. 1.Introductory

      2. 2.Alteration pursuant to a court order

      3. 3.(1) This paragraph applies to the power under paragraph 2,...

      4. 4.Rules may— (a) make provision about the circumstances in which...

      5. 5.Alteration otherwise than pursuant to a court order

      6. 6.(1) This paragraph applies to the power under paragraph 5,...

      7. 7.Rules may— (a) make provision about the circumstances in which...

      8. 8.Rectification and derivative interests

      9. 9.Costs in non-rectification cases

    5. SCHEDULE 5

      Land registry network

      1. 1.Access to network

      2. 2.Terms of access

      3. 3.Termination of access

      4. 4.Appeals

      5. 5.Network transaction rules

      6. 6.Overriding nature of network access obligations

      7. 7.Do-it-yourself conveyancing

      8. 8.Presumption of authority

      9. 9.Management of network transactions

      10. 10.Supplementary

      11. 11.(1) Power to make rules under paragraph 1, 2 or...

      12. 12.In this Schedule— “land registry network” means a network provided...

    6. SCHEDULE 6

      Registration of adverse possessor

      1. 1.Right to apply for registration

      2. 2.Notification of application

      3. 3.Treatment of application

      4. 4.If an application under paragraph 1 is not required to...

      5. 5.(1) If an application under paragraph 1 is required to...

      6. 6.Right to make further application for registration

      7. 7.If a person makes an application under paragraph 6, he...

      8. 8.Restriction on applications

      9. 9.Effect of registration

      10. 10.Apportionment and discharge of charges

      11. 11.Meaning of “adverse possession”

      12. 12.Trusts

      13. 13.Crown foreshore

      14. 14.Rentcharges

      15. 15.Procedure

    7. SCHEDULE 7

      The land registry

      1. 1.Holding of office by Chief Land Registrar

      2. 2.Remuneration etc. of Chief Land Registrar

      3. 3.Staff

      4. 4.Indemnity for members

      5. 5.Seal

      6. 6.Documentary evidence

      7. 7.Parliamentary disqualification

    8. SCHEDULE 8

      Indemnities

      1. 1.Entitlement

      2. 2.Mines and minerals

      3. 3.Costs

      4. 4.(1) If no indemnity is payable to a claimant under...

      5. 5.Claimant’s fraud or lack of care

      6. 6.Valuation of estates etc.

      7. 7.Determination of indemnity by court

      8. 8.Time limits

      9. 9.Interest

      10. 10.Recovery of indemnity by registrar

      11. 11.Interpretation

    9. SCHEDULE 9

      The adjudicator

      1. 1.Holding of office

      2. 2.Remuneration

      3. 3.Staff

      4. 4.Conduct of business

      5. 5.The Lord Chancellor may by regulations make provision about the...

      6. 6.Finances

      7. 7.The Lord Chancellor may require the registrar to make payments...

      8. 8.Application of Tribunals and Inquiries Act 1992

      9. 9.Parliamentary disqualification

    10. SCHEDULE 10

      Miscellaneous and general powers

      1. Part 1 Miscellaneous

        1. 1.Dealings with estates subject to compulsory first registration

        2. 2.Regulation of title matters between sellers and buyers

        3. 3.Implied covenants

        4. 4.Land certificates

      2. Part 2 General

        1. 5.Notice

        2. 6.Applications

        3. 7.Statutory statements

        4. 8.Residual power

    11. SCHEDULE 11

      Minor and consequential amendments

      1. 1.Settled Land Act 1925 (c. 18)

      2. 2.Law of Property Act 1925 (c. 20)

      3. 3.Administration of Estates Act 1925 (c. 23)

      4. 4.Requisitioned Land and War Works Act 1945 (c. 43)

      5. 5.Law of Property (Joint Tenants) Act 1964 (c. 63)

      6. 6.Gas Act 1965 (c. 36)

      7. 7.Commons Registration Act 1965 (c. 64)

      8. 8.Leasehold Reform Act 1967 (c. 88)

      9. 9.Law of Property Act 1969 (c. 59)

      10. 10.Land Charges Act 1972 (c. 61)

      11. 11.Consumer Credit Act 1974 (c. 39)

      12. 12.Solicitors Act 1974 (c. 47)

      13. 13.Local Land Charges Act 1975 (c. 76)

      14. 14.Rent Act 1977 (c. 42)

      15. 15.Charging Orders Act 1979 (c. 53)

      16. 16.Highways Act 1980 (c. 66)

      17. 17.Inheritance Tax Act 1984 (c. 51)

      18. 18.Housing Act 1985 (c. 68)

      19. 19.Building Societies Act 1986 (c. 53)

      20. 20.Landlord and Tenant Act 1987 (c. 31)

      21. 21.Diplomatic and Consular Premises Act 1987 (c. 46)

      22. 22.Criminal Justice Act 1988 (c. 33)

      23. 23.Housing Act 1988 (c. 50)

      24. 24.Local Government and Housing Act 1989 (c. 42)

      25. 25.Water Resources Act 1991 (c. 57)

      26. 26.Access to Neighbouring Land Act 1992 (c. 23)

      27. 27.Further and Higher Education Act 1992 (c. 13)

      28. 28.Judicial Pensions and Retirement Act 1993 (c. 8)

      29. 29.Charities Act 1993 (c. 10)

      30. 30.Leasehold Reform, Housing and Urban Development Act 1993 (c. 28)

      31. 31.Law of Property (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1994 (c. 36)

      32. 32.Drug Trafficking Act 1994 (c. 37)

      33. 33.Landlord and Tenant (Covenants) Act 1995 (c. 30)

      34. 34.Family Law Act 1996 (c. 27)

      35. 35.Housing Act 1996 (c. 52)

      36. 36.Education Act 1996 (c. 56)

      37. 37.School Standards and Framework Act 1998 (c. 31)

      38. 38.Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11)

      39. 39.Finance Act 2000 (c. 17)

      40. 40.International Criminal Court Act 2001 (c. 17)

    12. SCHEDULE 12

      Transition

      1. 1.Existing entries in the register

      2. 2.(1) This Act applies to notices entered under the Land...

      3. 3.An entry in the register which, immediately before the repeal...

      4. 4.Existing cautions against first registration

      5. 5.Pending applications

      6. 6.Notwithstanding the repeal of section 53 of the Land Registration...

      7. 7.Former overriding interests

      8. 8.Schedule 3 has effect with the insertion after paragraph 2...

      9. 9.(1) This paragraph applies to an easement or profit a...

      10. 10.For the period of three years beginning with the day...

      11. 11.For the period of three years beginning with the day...

      12. 12.Paragraph 1 of each of Schedules 1 and 3 shall...

      13. 13.Paragraph 6 of each of Schedules 1 and 3 shall...

      14. 14.Cautions against first registration

      15. 15.(1) As applied by section 81, section 15 has effect...

      16. 16.This Act shall apply as if the definition of “caution...

      17. 17.Applications under section 34 or 43 by cautioners

      18. 18.Adverse possession

      19. 19.Indemnities

      20. 20.Implied indemnity covenants on transfers of pre-1996 leases

    13. SCHEDULE 13

      Repeals

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