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Police Reform Act 2002

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Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

Part 2E+W+S+N.I.Complaints and Misconduct

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 power to apply amend or modify conferred (31.10.2011) by Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 (c. 13), s. 157(1), Sch. 7 para. 7(1); S.I. 2011/2515, art. 2(d)

C2Pt. 2 applied (with modifications) (22.11.2012) by The Police (Complaints and Misconduct) Regulations 2012 (S.I. 2012/1204), regs. 1(1), 35(1) (with reg. 35(2))

C3Pt. 2 applied (with modifications) (22.11.2012) by The Police (Complaints and Misconduct) Regulations 2012 (S.I. 2012/1204), regs. 1(1), 27

C6Pt. 2 (ss. 9-29) applied (with modifications) (1.4.2004) by The Police (Complaints and Misconduct) Regulations 2004 (S.I. 2004/643), regs. 21, 29, 30

C10Pt. 2 (ss. 9-29): power to apply conferred (7.4.2005 at 5.45 p.m.) by Commissioners for Revenue and Customs Act 2005 (c. 11), ss. 28(2)(a), 53; S.I. 2005/1126, art. 2

The Independent Police Complaints CommissionE+W+S+N.I.

9 The Independent Police Complaints CommissionE+W+S+N.I.

(1)There shall be a body corporate to be known as the Independent Police Complaints Commission (in this Part referred to as “the Commission”).

(2)The Commission shall consist of—

(a)a chairman appointed by Her Majesty; and

(b)not less than [F1five ] other members appointed by the Secretary of State.

(3)A person shall not be appointed as the chairman of the Commission, or as another member of the Commission, if—

(a)he holds or has held office as a constable in any part of the United Kingdom;

(b)he is or has been under the direction and control of a chief officer or of any person holding an equivalent office in Scotland or Northern Ireland;

(c)he is a person in relation to whom a designation under section 39 is or has been in force;

(d)he is a person in relation to whom an accreditation under section 41 [F2or 41A] is or has been in force;

[F3(da)he F4... has been the chairman or a member of, or a member of the staff of, the Serious Organised Crime Agency;]

[F5(db)he F6... has been—

(i)the chairman or chief executive of, or

(ii)another member of, or

(iii)another member of the staff of,

the National Policing Improvement Agency;]

[F7(dc)the person is, or has been, a National Crime Agency officer;]

(e)he F8. . . has been a member of the National Criminal Intelligence Service or the National Crime Squad; or

(f)he is or has at any time been a member of a body of constables which at the time of his membership is or was a body of constables in relation to which any procedures are or were in force by virtue of an agreement or order under—

(i)section 26 of this Act; or

(ii)section 78 of the 1996 Act or section 96 of the 1984 Act (which made provision corresponding to that made by section 26 of this Act).

(4)An appointment made in contravention of subsection (3) shall have no effect.

(5)The Commission shall not—

(a)be regarded as the servant or agent of the Crown; or

(b)enjoy any status, privilege or immunity of the Crown;

and the Commission’s property shall not be regarded as property of, or property held on behalf of, the Crown.

(6)Schedule 2 (which makes further provision in relation to the Commission) shall have effect.

(7)The Police Complaints Authority shall cease to exist on such day as the Secretary of State may by order appoint.

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Amendments (Textual)

F2Words in s. 9(3)(d) inserted (1.4.2007) by Police and Justice Act 2006 (c. 48), ss. 52, 53, Sch. 14 para. 40; S.I. 2007/709, art. 3(p) (subject to arts. 6, 7)

F5S. 9(3)(db) inserted (1.4.2007) by Police and Justice Act 2006 (c. 48), ss. 1, 53, Sch. 1 para. 81; S.I. 2007/709, art. 3(a) (subject to arts. 6, 7)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I1S. 9 wholly in force at 1.4.2003; s. 9 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 108(2); s. 9(2)-(4)(6) in force for certain purposes at 1.10.2002 by S.I. 2002/2306,{art. 2(b)(i)}; s. 9 in force in so far as not already in force at 1.4.2003 by S.I. 2003/808, art. 2(a)

10 General functions of the CommissionE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The functions of the Commission shall be—

(a)to secure the maintenance by the Commission itself, and by [F9local policing bodies] and chief officers, of suitable arrangements with respect to the matters mentioned in subsection (2);

(b)to keep under review all arrangements maintained with respect to those matters;

(c)to secure that arrangements maintained with respect to those matters comply with the requirements of the following provisions of this Part, are efficient and effective and contain and manifest an appropriate degree of independence;

(d)to secure that public confidence is established and maintained in the existence of suitable arrangements with respect to those matters and with the operation of the arrangements that are in fact maintained with respect to those matters;

(e)to make such recommendations, and to give such advice, for the modification of the arrangements maintained with respect to those matters, and also of police practice in relation to other matters, as appear, from the carrying out by the Commission of its other functions, to be necessary or desirable; F10. . .

(f)to such extent as it may be required to do so by regulations made by the Secretary of State, to carry out functions in relation to F11. . . bodies of constables maintained otherwise than by [F12local policing bodies] which broadly correspond to those conferred on the Commission in relation to police forces by the preceding paragraphs of this subsection[F13; F14. . .

(g)to carry out functions in relation to the [F15National Crime Agency] which correspond to those conferred on the Commission in relation to police forces by paragraph (e) of this subsection][F16; and

[F17(ga)to carry out such corresponding functions in relation to officers of the Gangmasters and Labour Abuse Authority in their capacity as labour abuse prevention officers (see section 114B of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (PACE powers for labour abuse prevention officers)).]

F18(h). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

(2)Those matters are—

(a)the handling of complaints made about the conduct of persons serving with the police;

(b)the recording of matters from which it appears that there may have been conduct by such persons which constitutes or involves the commission of a criminal offence or behaviour justifying disciplinary proceedings;

[F19(ba)the recording of matters from which it appears that a person has died or suffered serious injury during, or following, contact with a person serving with the police;]

(c)the manner in which any such complaints or any such matters as are mentioned in paragraph (b) [F20or (ba)] are investigated or otherwise handled and dealt with.

(3)The Commission shall also have the functions which are conferred on it by—

(a)F21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(b)any agreement or order under section 26 of this Act (other bodies of constables);

[F22(bc)any regulations under section 26C of this Act (the National Crime Agency);]

[F23(bd)any regulations under section 26D of this Act (labour abuse prevention officers);]

(c)any regulations under section 39 of this Act (police powers for contracted-out staff); or

(d)any regulations or arrangements relating to disciplinary or similar proceedings against persons serving with the police, or against members of F24. . . any body of constables maintained otherwise than by a [F25local policing body] .

(4)It shall be the duty of the Commission—

(a)to exercise the powers and perform the duties conferred on it by the following provisions of this Part in the manner that it considers best calculated for the purpose of securing the proper carrying out of its functions under subsections (1) and (3); and

(b)to secure that arrangements exist which are conducive to, and facilitate, the reporting of misconduct by persons in relation to whose conduct the Commission has functions.

(5)It shall also be the duty of the Commission—

(a)to enter into arrangements with the chief inspector of constabulary for the purpose of securing co-operation, in the carrying out of their respective functions, between the Commission and the inspectors of constabulary; and

(b)to provide those inspectors with all such assistance and co-operation as may be required by those arrangements, or as otherwise appears to the Commission to be appropriate, for facilitating the carrying out by those inspectors of their functions.

(6)Subject to the other provisions of this Part, the Commission may do anything which appears to it to be calculated to facilitate, or is incidental or conducive to, the carrying out of its functions.

(7)The Commission may, in connection with the making of any recommendation or the giving of any advice to any person for the purpose of carrying out—

(a)its function under subsection (1)(e), F26. . .

(b)any corresponding function conferred on it by virtue of subsection (1)(f), [F27or

(c)its function under subsection (1)(g) [F28or (h)],]

impose any such charge on that person for anything done by the Commission for the purposes of, or in connection with, the carrying out of that function as it thinks fit.

F29(8). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F30(9). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F14Word in s. 10(1) repealed (1.4.2007) by Police and Justice Act 2006 (c. 48), ss. 52, 53, Sch. 15 Pt. 1(A); S.I. 2007/709, art. 3(q) (subject to arts. 6, 7)

F16S. 10(1)(h) and preceding word inserted (1.4.2007) by Police and Justice Act 2006 (c. 48), ss. 1, 53, Sch. 1 para. 82(2); S.I. 2007/709, art. 3(a) (subject to arts. 6, 7)

F22S. 10(3)(bc) substituted for s. 10(3)(ba)(bb) (7.10.2013) by Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), s. 61(2), Sch. 6 para. 9(3); S.I. 2013/1682, art. 3(q)

F28Words in s. 10(7)(c) inserted (1.4.2007) by Police and Justice Act 2006 (c. 48), ss. 1, 53, Sch. 1 para. 82(4); S.I. 2007/709, art. 3(a) (subject to arts. 6, 7)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

11 Reports to the Secretary of StateE+W+S+N.I.

(1)As soon as practicable after the end of each of its financial years, the Commission shall make a report to the Secretary of State on the carrying out of its functions during that year.

(2)The Commission shall also make such reports to the Secretary of State about matters relating generally to the carrying out of its functions as he may, from time to time, require.

(3)The Commission may, from time to time, make such other reports to the Secretary of State as it considers appropriate for drawing his attention to matters which—

(a)have come to the Commission’s notice; and

(b)are matters that it considers should be drawn to his attention by reason of their gravity or of other exceptional circumstances.

(4)The Commission shall prepare such reports containing advice and recommendations as it thinks appropriate for the purpose of carrying out—

(a)its function under subsection (1)(e) of section 10; or

(b)any corresponding function conferred on it by virtue of subsection (1)(f) of that section.

(5)Where the Secretary of State receives any report under this section, he shall—

(a)in the case of every annual report under subsection (1), and

(b)in the case of any other report, if and to the extent that he considers it appropriate to do so,

lay a copy of the report before Parliament and cause the report to be published.

(6)The Commission shall send a copy of every annual report under subsection (1)—

(a)to every [F31local policing body];

F32(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F33(c). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(d)to every authority that is maintaining a body of constables in relation to which any procedures are for the time being in force by virtue of any agreement or order under section 26 or by virtue of subsection (9) of that section[F34; and

F35(e). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

[F36(f)to the National Crime Agency.]

(7)The Commission shall send a copy of every report under subsection (3)—

(a)to any [F37local policing body] that appears to the Commission to be concerned; and

(b)to the chief officer of police of any police force that appears to it to be concerned.

[F38(8)Where a report under subsection (3) relates to the [F39National Crime Agency], the Commission shall send a copy of that report to the Agency.]

(9)Where a report under subsection (3) relates to a body of constables maintained by an authority other than a [F40local policing body], the Commission shall send a copy of that report—

(a)to that authority; and

(b)to the person having the direction and control of that body of constables.

F41(9A). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(10)The Commission shall send a copy of every report under subsection (4)to—

(a)the Secretary of State;

(b)every [F42local policing body];

(c)every chief officer;

F43(d). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F44(e). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(f)every authority that is maintaining a body of constables in relation to which any procedures are for the time being in force by virtue of any agreement or order under section 26 or by virtue of subsection (9) of that section; F45. . .

(g)every person who has the direction and control of such a body of constables[F46; F47...

F48(h). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .][F49; and

(i)the National Crime Agency.]

(11)The Commission shall send a copy of every report made or prepared by it under subsection (3) or (4) to such of the persons (in addition to those specified in the preceding subsections) who—

(a)are referred to in the report, or

(b)appear to the Commission otherwise to have a particular interest in its contents,

as the Commission thinks fit.

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Amendments (Textual)

F34S. 11(6)(e) and preceding word inserted (1.4.2007) by Police and Justice Act 2006 (c. 48), ss. 1, 53, Sch. 1 para. 83(2); S.I. 2007/709, art. 3(a) (subject to arts. 6, 7)

F45Words in s. 11(6)(10) repealed (1.4.2007) by Police and Justice Act 2006 (c. 48), ss. 52, 53, Sch. 15 Pt. 1(A); S.I. 2007/709, art. 3(q) (subject to arts. 6, 7)

F46S. 11(10)(h) and preceding word inserted (1.4.2007) by Police and Justice Act 2006 (c. 48), ss. 1, 53, Sch. 1 para. 83(4); S.I. 2007/709, art. 3(a) (subject to arts. 6, 7)

F47Word in s. 11(10)(g) omitted (7.10.2013) by virtue of Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), s. 61(2), Sch. 6 para. 10(5)(b); S.I. 2013/1682, art. 3(q)

F49S. 11(10)(i) and preceding word inserted (7.10.2013) by Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), s. 61(2), Sch. 6 para. 10(5)(c); S.I. 2013/1682, art. 3(q)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Application of Part 2E+W

12 Complaints, matters and persons to which Part 2 appliesE+W

(1)In this Part references to a complaint are references (subject to the following provisions of this section) to any complaint about the conduct of a person serving with the police which is made (whether in writing or otherwise) by—

(a)a member of the public who claims to be the person in relation to whom the conduct took place;

(b)a member of the public not falling within paragraph (a) who claims to have been adversely affected by the conduct;

(c)a member of the public who claims to have witnessed the conduct;

(d)a person acting on behalf of a person falling within any of paragraphs (a) to (c).

(2)In this Part “conduct matter” means (subject to the following provisions of this section, [F50section 28A and any regulations made under it,] F51... and any regulations made by virtue of section 23(2)(d)) any matter which is not and has not been the subject of a complaint but in the case of which there is an indication (whether from the circumstances or otherwise) that a person serving with the police may have—

(a)committed a criminal offence; or

(b)behaved in a manner which would justify the bringing of disciplinary proceedings.

[F52(2A)In this Part “death or serious injury matter” (or “DSI matter” for short) means [F53(subject to section 28A and any regulations made under it)] any circumstances (other than those which are or have been the subject of a complaint or which amount to a conduct matter)—

(a)in or in consequence of which a person has died or has sustained serious injury; and

(b)in relation to which the requirements of either subsection (2B) or subsection (2C) are satisfied.

(2B)The requirements of this subsection are that at the time of the death or serious injury the person—

(a)had been arrested by a person serving with the police and had not been released from that arrest; or

(b)was otherwise detained in the custody of a person serving with the police.

(2C)The requirements of this subsection are that—

(a)at or before the time of the death or serious injury the person had contact (of whatever kind, and whether direct or indirect) with a person serving with the police who was acting in the execution of his duties; and

(b)there is an indication that the contact may have caused (whether directly or indirectly) or contributed to the death or serious injury.

(2D)In subsection (2A) the reference to a person includes a person serving with the police, but in relation to such a person “contact” in subsection (2C) does not include contact that he has whilst acting in the execution of his duties.]

(3)The complaints that are complaints for the purposes of this Part by virtue of subsection (1)(b) do not, except in a case falling within subsection (4), include any made by or on behalf of a person who claims to have been adversely affected as a consequence only of having seen or heard the conduct, or any of the alleged effects of the conduct.

(4)A case falls within this subsection if—

(a)it was only because the person in question was physically present, or sufficiently nearby, when the conduct took place or the effects occurred that he was able to see or hear the conduct or its effects; or

(b)the adverse effect is attributable to, or was aggravated by, the fact that the person in relation to whom the conduct took place was already known to the person claiming to have suffered the adverse effect.

(5)For the purposes of this section a person shall be taken to have witnessed conduct if, and only if—

(a)he acquired his knowledge of that conduct in a manner which would make him a competent witness capable of giving admissible evidence of that conduct in criminal proceedings; or

(b)he has in his possession or under his control anything which would in any such proceedings constitute admissible evidence of that conduct.

(6)For the purposes of this Part a person falling within subsection 1(a) to (c) to shall not be taken to have authorised another person to act on his behalf unless—

(a)that other person is for the time being designated for the purposes of this Part by the Commission as a person through whom complaints may be made, or he is of a description of persons so designated; or

(b)the other person has been given, and is able to produce, the written consent to his so acting of the person on whose behalf he acts.

(7)For the purposes of this Part, a person is serving with the police if—

(a)he is a member of a police force;

[F54(aa)he is a civilian employee of a police force;]

(b)he is an employee of [F55the Common Council of the City of London] who is under the direction and control of a chief officer; or

(c)he is a special constable who is under the direction and control of a chief officer.

[F56(8)The Secretary of State may make regulations providing that, for the purposes of this Part and of any regulations made under this Part—

(a)a contractor,

(b)a sub-contractor of a contractor, or

(c)an employee of a contractor or a sub-contractor,

is to be treated as a person serving with the police.]

[F56(9)Regulations under subsection (8) may make modifications to this Part, and to any regulations made under this Part, in its application to those persons.]

[F56(10)In subsection (8) “contractor” means a person who has entered into a contract with a local policing body or a chief officer to provide services to a chief officer.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F50Words in s. 12(2) inserted (19.12.2012) by Police (Complaints and Conduct) Act 2012 (c. 22), ss. 2(3)(a), 3(3)

F53Words in s. 12(2A) inserted (19.12.2012) by Police (Complaints and Conduct) Act 2012 (c. 22), ss. 2(3)(b), 3(3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Handling of complaints [F57, conduct matters and DSI matters] etc.E+W

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Amendments (Textual)

13 Handling of complaints[F58, conduct matters and DSI matters] etc.E+W

Schedule 3 (which makes provision for the handling of complaints[F59, conduct matters and DSI matters] and for the carrying out of investigations) shall have effect F60....

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I2S. 13 wholly in force at 1.4.2004; s. 13 not in force at Royal Assent; see s. 108(2); s. 13 in force for specified purposes at 1.10.2002 by S.I. 2002/2306, arts. {2(b)(iii)}, 4(e); s. 13 in force in so far as not already in force at 1.4.2004 by S.I. 2004/913, art. 2(a)

F6114 Direction and control mattersE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F61S. 14 omitted (16.1.2012 for specified purposes, 22.11.2012 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 (c. 13), s. 157(1), Sch. 14 para. 4; S.I. 2011/3019, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with art. 8(1)(2)) (as amended (14.11.2012) by S.I. 2012/2892, art. 8(3)); S.I. 2012/2892, art. 2(g) (with art. 6)

Co-operation, assistance and informationE+W+S+N.I.

15 General duties of [F62local policing bodies], chief officers and inspectorsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)It shall be the duty of—

(a)every [F63local policing body] maintaining a police force,

(b)the chief officer of police of every police force, and

(c)every inspector of constabulary carrying out any of his functions in relation to a police force,

to ensure that it or he is kept informed, in relation to that force, about all matters falling within subsection (2).

[F64(1A)It shall be the duty of the [F65National Crime Agency] to ensure that it is kept informed, in relation to the Agency, about all matters falling within subsection (2).]

F66(1B). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2)Those matters are—

(a)matters with respect to which any provision of this Part has effect;

(b)anything which is done under or for the purposes of any such provision; and

(c)any obligations to act or refrain from acting that have arisen by or under this Part but have not yet been complied with, or have been contravened.

[F67(2A)Subsection (2B) applies in a case where it appears to a local policing body that—

(a)an obligation to act or refrain from acting has arisen by or under this Part,

(b)that obligation is an obligation of the chief officer of police of the police force which is maintained by the local policing body, and

(c)the chief officer has not yet complied with that obligation, or has contravened it.

(2B)The local policing body may direct the chief officer to take such steps as the local policing body thinks appropriate.

(2C)The chief officer must comply with any direction given under subsection (2B).]

(3)Where—

(a)a [F68local policing body] maintaining any police force requires the chief officer of that force or of any other force to provide a member of his force for appointment under paragraph 16, 17 or 18 of Schedule 3,

(b)the chief officer of police of any police force requires the chief officer of police of any other police force to provide a member of that other force for appointment under any of those paragraphs, or

[F69(c)a [F70local policing body] or chief officer requires the Director General of the [F71National Crime Agency] to provide a [F72National Crime Agency officer] for appointment under any of those paragraphs,]

it shall be the duty of the chief officer [F73to whom the requirement is addressed or of the Director General] to comply with it.

(4)It shall be the duty of—

(a)every [F74local policing body] maintaining a police force,

(b)the chief officer of police of every police force, [F75 and]

[F76(c)the [F77National Crime Agency],]

to provide the Commission and every member of the Commission’s staff with all such assistance as the Commission or that member of staff may reasonably require for the purposes of, or in connection with, the carrying out of any investigation by the Commission under this Part.

(5)It shall be the duty of—

(a)every [F78local policing body] maintaining a police force,

(b)the chief officer of every police force, [F79and]

[F80(c)the [F81National Crime Agency],]

to ensure that a person appointed under paragraph 16, 17 or 18 of Schedule 3 to carry out an investigation is given all such assistance and co-operation in the carrying out of that investigation as that person may reasonably require

(6)The duties imposed by subsections (4) and (5) on a [F82local policing body] maintaining a police force and on the chief officer of such a force and on [F83the [F84National Crime Agency]] have effect—

(a)irrespective of whether the investigation relates to the conduct of a person who is or has been a member of that force or [F85a [F86a National Crime Agency officer]]; and

(b)irrespective of who has the person appointed to carry out the investigation under his direction and control;

but a chief officer of a third force may be required to give assistance and co-operation under subsection (5) only with the approval of the chief officer of the force to which the person who requires it belongs F87 . . . .

(7)In subsection (6) “third force”, in relation to an investigation, means a police force other than—

(a)the force to which the person carrying out the investigation belongs; or

(b)the force to which the person whose conduct is under investigation belonged at the time of the conduct;

[F88 and where the person whose conduct is under investigation was a [F89National Crime Agency officer] at the time of the conduct, “third force” means any police force other than the force to which the person carrying out the investigation belongs.]

[F90(8)Where the person who requires assistance and co-operation under subsection (5) is a [F91National Crime Agency officer], a chief officer of a third force may be required to give that assistance and co-operation only with the approval of the Director General of the Agency.

F92(8A). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F93(8B)In subsections (8) and (8A) “third force”, in relation to an investigation, means any police force other than the force to which the person whose conduct is under investigation belonged at the time of the conduct.]

(9)Where—

(a)the person carrying out an investigation is not a [F94National Crime Agency officer]; and

(b)the person whose conduct is under investigation was not a [F95National Crime Agency officer] at the time of the conduct,

[F96the Agency may be required to give assistance and co-operation under subsection (5) only with the approval of the relevant directing officer.]]

[F97(10)In subsection (9) “the relevant directing officer”—

(a)in a case where the person who requires assistance and co-operation belongs to a police force, means the chief officer of that force; F98...

F99(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

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Amendments (Textual)

F67S. 15(2A)-(2C) inserted (16.1.2012 for specified purposes, 22.11.2012 in so far as not already in force) by Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 (c. 13), s. 157(1), Sch. 14 para. 7; S.I. 2011/3019, art. 3, Sch. 1; S.I. 2012/2892, art. 2(g) (with art. 6)

F93S. 15(8A)(8B) substituted for words in s. 15(8) (1.4.2007) by Police and Justice Act 2006 (c. 48), ss. 1, 53, Sch. 1 para. 84(3); S.I. 2007/709, art. 3(a) (subject to arts. 6, 7)

F96Words in s. 15(9) substituted (1.4.2007) by Police and Justice Act 2006 (c. 48), ss. 1, 53, Sch. 1 para. 84(4); S.I. 2007/709, art. 3(a) (subject to arts. 6, 7)

F98Word in s. 15(10)(a) omitted (7.10.2013) by virtue of Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), s. 61(2), Sch. 6 para. 11(11); S.I. 2013/1682, art. 3(q)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

16 Payment for assistance with investigationsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies where—

(a)one police force is required to provide assistance to another in connection with an investigation under this Part; or

(b)a police force is required to provide assistance in such a connection to the Commission.

(2)For the purposes of this section—

(a)assistance is required to be provided by one police force to another in connection with an investigation under this Part if the chief officer of the first force (“the assisting force”) complies with a requirement under section 15 (3) or (5) that is made in connection with

[F100(i)an investigation relating to the conduct of a person who, at the time of the conduct, was a member of the other force, or

(ii)an investigation of a DSI matter in relation to which the relevant officer was, at the time of the death or serious injury, a member of the other force; and]

(b)assistance is required to be provided in such a connection by a police force (“the assisting force”) to the Commission if the chief officer of that force complies with a requirement under section 15(4) that is made in connection with

[F101(i)an investigation relating to the conduct of a person who, at the time of the conduct, was not a member of that force, or

(ii)an investigation of a DSI matter in relation to which the relevant officer was, at the time of the death or serious injury, not a member of that force.]

(3)Where the assistance is required to be provided by one police force to another, the [F102local policing body] maintaining that other police force shall pay to the [F102local policing body] maintaining the assisting force such contribution (if any) towards the costs of the assistance—

(a)as may be agreed between them; or

(b)in the absence of an agreement, as may be determined in accordance with any arrangements which—

(i)have been agreed to by [F103local policing bodies] generally; and

(ii)are for the time being in force with respect to the making of contributions towards the costs of assistance provided, in connection with investigations under this Part, by one police force to another; or

(c)in the absence of any such arrangements, as may be determined by the Secretary of State.

(4)Where the assistance is required to be provided by a police force to the Commission, the Commission shall pay to the [F104local policing body] maintaining the assisting force such contribution (if any) towards the costs of the assistance—

(a)as may be agreed between the Commission and [F105that body]; or

(b)in the absence of an agreement, as may be determined in accordance with any arrangements which—

(i)have been agreed to by [F106local policing bodies] generally and by the Commission; and

(ii)are for the time being in force with respect to the making of contributions towards the costs of assistance provided, in connection with investigations under this Part, to the Commission; or

(c)in the absence of any such arrangements, as may be determined by the Secretary of State.

[F107(5)In this section (subject to subsection (6))—

(a)references to a police force and to a [F108local policing body] maintaining a police force include references to the [F109National Crime Agency]; and

(b)in relation to that Agency, references to the chief officer are references to the Director General.

(6)This section shall have effect in relation to cases in which assistance is required to be provided by the [F110National Crime Agency] as if—

(a)the reference in subsection (3)(b) to [F111local policing bodies] generally included a reference to the Agency; and

(b)the reference in subsection (4)(b) to [F111local policing bodies] generally were a reference to the Agency.]

(7)This section is without prejudice to the application of section 24 of the 1996 Act (assistance given voluntarily by one force to another) in a case in which assistance is provided, otherwise than in pursuance of any duty imposed by section 15 of this Act, in connection with an investigation under this Part.

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

F11216AInvestigations: National Policing Improvement Agency involvementE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

17 Provision of information to the CommissionE+W

(1)It shall be the duty of—

(a)every [F113local policing body] , and

(b)every chief officer,

at such times, in such circumstances and in accordance with such other requirements as may be set out in regulations made by the Secretary of State, to provide the Commission with all such information and documents as may be specified or described in regulations so made.

(2)It shall also be the duty of every [F114local policing body] and of every chief officer—

(a)to provide the Commission with all such other information and documents specified or described in a notification given by the Commission to [F115that body] or chief officer, and

(b)to produce or deliver up to the Commission all such evidence and other things so specified or described,

as appear to the Commission to be required by it for the purposes of the carrying out of any of its functions.

(3)Anything falling to be provided, produced or delivered up by any person in pursuance of a requirement imposed under subsection (2) must be provided, produced or delivered up in such form, in such manner and within such period as may be specified in—

(a)the notification imposing the requirement; or

(b)in any subsequent notification given by the Commission to that person for the purposes of this subsection.

(4)Nothing in this section shall require a [F116local policing body] or chief officer—

(a)to provide the Commission with any information or document, or to produce or deliver up any other thing, before the earliest time at which it is practicable for [F117that body] or chief officer to do so; or

(b)to provide, produce or deliver up anything at all in a case in which it never becomes practicable for [F117that body] or chief officer to do so.

(5)A requirement imposed by any regulations or notification under this section may authorise or require information or documents to which it relates to be provided to the Commission electronically.

F118(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I3S. 17 wholly in force at 1.4.2004; s. 17 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 108(2); s. 17(1)(5) in force for specified purposes at 1.10.2002 by S.I. 2002/2306, art. 4(a); s. 17 in force in so far as not already in force at 1.4.2004 by S.I. 2004/913, art. 2(a)

18 Inspections of police premises on behalf of the CommissionE+W

(1)Where—

(a)the Commission requires—

(i)a [F119local policing body] maintaining any police force, or

(ii)the chief officer of police of any such force,

to allow a person nominated for the purpose by the Commission to have access to any premises occupied for the purposes of that force and to documents and other things on those premises, and

(b)the requirement is imposed for any of the purposes mentioned in subsection (2),

it shall be the duty of [F120the body] or, as the case may be, of the chief officer to secure that the required access is allowed to the nominated person.

(2)Those purposes are—

(a)the purposes of any examination by the Commission of the efficiency and effectiveness of the arrangements made by the force in question for handling complaints or dealing with recordable conduct matters [F121or DSI matters];

(b)the purposes of any investigation by the Commission under this Part or of any investigation carried out under its supervision or management.

(3)A requirement imposed under this section for the purposes mentioned in subsection (2)(a) must be notified to [F122the body] or chief officer at least 48 hours before the time at which access is required.

(4)Where—

(a)a requirement imposed under this section for the purposes mentioned in subsection (2)(a) requires access to any premises, document or thing to be allowed to any person, but

(b)there are reasonable grounds for not allowing that person to have the required access at the time at which he seeks to have it,

the obligation to secure that the required access is allowed shall have effect as an obligation to secure that the access is allowed to that person at the earliest practicable time after there cease to be any such grounds as that person may specify.

(5)The provisions of this section are in addition to, and without prejudice to—

(a)the rights of entry, search and seizure that are or may be conferred on—

(i)a person designated for the purposes of paragraph 19 of Schedule 3, or

(ii)any person who otherwise acts on behalf of the Commission,

in his capacity as a constable or as a person with the powers and privileges of a constable; or

(b)the obligations of [F123local policing bodies] and chief officers under sections 15 and 17.

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

19 Use of investigatory powers by or on behalf of the CommissionE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may by order make such provision as he thinks appropriate for the purpose of authorising—

(a)the use of directed and intrusive surveillance, and

(b)the conduct and use of covert human intelligence sources,

for the purposes of, or for purposes connected with, the carrying out of the Commission’s functions.

(2)An order under this section may, for the purposes of or in connection with any such provision as is mentioned in subsection (1), provide for—

(a)Parts 2 and 4 the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 (c. 23) (surveillance and covert human intelligence sources and scrutiny of investigatory powers), and

(b)Part 3 of the 1997 Act (authorisations in respect of property),

to have effect with such modifications as may be specified in the order.

(3)The Secretary of State shall not make an order containing (with or without any other provision) any provision authorised by this section unless a draft of that order has been laid before Parliament and approved by a resolution of each House.

(4)Expressions used in this section and in Part 2 of the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 have the same meanings in this section as in that Part.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

20 Duty to keep the complainant informedE+W

(1)In any case in which there is an investigation of a complaint in accordance with the provisions of Schedule 3—

(a)by the Commission, or

(b)under its management,

it shall be the duty of the Commission to provide the complainant with all such information as will keep him properly informed, while the investigation is being carried out and subsequently, of all the matters mentioned in subsection (4).

(2)In any case in which there is an investigation of a complaint in accordance with the provisions of Schedule 3—

(a)by the appropriate authority on its own behalf, or

(b)under the supervision of the Commission,

it shall be the duty of the appropriate authority to provide the complainant with all such information as will keep him properly informed, while the investigation is being carried out and subsequently, of all the matters mentioned in subsection (4).

(3)Where subsection (2) applies, it shall be the duty of the Commission to give the appropriate authority all such directions as it considers appropriate for securing that that authority complies with its duty under that subsection; and it shall be the duty of the appropriate authority to comply with any direction given to it under this subsection.

(4)The matters of which the complainant must be kept properly informed are—

(a)the progress of the investigation;

(b)any provisional findings of the person carrying out the investigation;

(c)whether any report has been submitted under paragraph 22 of Schedule 3;

(d)the action (if any) that is taken in respect of the matters dealt with in any such report; and

(e)the outcome of any such action.

(5)The duties imposed by this section on the Commission and the appropriate authority in relation to any complaint shall be performed in such manner, and shall have effect subject to such exceptions, as may be provided for by regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(6)The Secretary of State shall not by regulations provide for any exceptions from the duties imposed by this section except so far as he considers it necessary to do so for the purpose of—

(a)preventing the premature or inappropriate disclosure of information that is relevant to, or may be used in, any actual or prospective criminal proceedings;

(b)preventing the disclosure of information in any circumstances in which it has been determined in accordance with the regulations that its non-disclosure—

(i)is in the interests of national security;

(ii)is for the purposes of the prevention or detection of crime, or the apprehension or prosecution of offenders;

(iii)is required on proportionality grounds; or

(iv)is otherwise necessary in the public interest.

(7)The non-disclosure of information is required on proportionality grounds if its disclosure would cause, directly or indirectly, an adverse effect which would be disproportionate to the benefits arising from its disclosure.

(8)Regulations under this section may include provision framed by reference to the opinion of, or a determination by, the Commission or any [F124local policing body] or chief officer.

(9)It shall be the duty of a person appointed to carry out an investigation under this Part to provide the Commission or, as the case may be, the appropriate authority with all such information as the Commission or that authority may reasonably require for the purpose of performing its duty under this section.

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I4S. 20 wholly in force at 1.4.2004; s. 20 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 108(2); s. 20(5)-(8) in force for certain purposes at 1.10.2002 by S.I. 2002/2306, art. 4(b); s. 20 in force in so far as not already in force at 1.4.2004 by S.I. 2004/913, art. 2(a)

21 Duty to provide information for other personsE+W

(1)A person has an interest in being kept properly informed about the handling of a complaint [F125, recordable conduct matter or DSI matter] if—

(a)it appears to the Commission or to an appropriate authority that he is a person falling within subsection (2) [F126or (2A)] ; and

(b)that person has indicated that he consents to the provision of information to him in accordance with this section and that consent has not been withdrawn.

(2)A person falls within this subsection if [F127(in the case of a complaint or recordable conduct matter)]

(a)he is a relative of a person whose death is the alleged result from the conduct complained of or to which the recordable conduct matter relates;

(b)he is a relative of a person whose serious injury is the alleged result from that conduct and that person is incapable of making a complaint;

(c)he himself has suffered serious injury as the alleged result of that conduct.

[F128(2A)A person falls within this subsection if (in the case of a DSI matter)—

(a)he is a relative of the person who has died;

(b)he is a relative of the person who has suffered serious injury and that person is incapable of making a complaint;

(c)he himself is the person who has suffered serious injury.]

(3)A person who does not fall within subsection (2) [F129or (2A)] has an interest in being kept properly informed about the handling of a complaint [F130, recordable conduct matter or DSI matter] if—

(a)the Commission or an appropriate authority considers that he has an interest in the handling of the complaint [F130, recordable conduct matter or DSI matter] which is sufficient to make it appropriate for information to be provided to him in accordance with this section; and

(b)he has indicated that he consents to the provision of information to him in accordance with this section.

(4)In relation to a complaint, this section confers no rights on the complainant.

(5)A person who has an interest in being kept properly informed about the handling of a complaint [F131, conduct matter or DSI matter] is referred to in this section as an “interested person”.

(6)In any case in which there is an investigation of the complaint [F132, recordable conduct matter or DSI matter] in accordance with the provisions of Schedule 3—

(a)by the Commission, or

(b)under its management,

it shall be the duty of the Commission to provide the interested person with all such information as will keep him properly informed, while the investigation is being carried out and subsequently, of all the matters mentioned in subsection (9).

(7)In any case in which there is an investigation of the complaint [F132, recordable conduct matter or DSI matter] in accordance with the provisions of Schedule 3—

(a)by the appropriate authority on its own behalf, or

(b)under the supervision of the Commission,

it shall be the duty of the appropriate authority to provide the interested person with all such information as will keep him properly informed, while the investigation is being carried out and subsequently, of all the matters mentioned in subsection (9).

(8)Where subsection (7) applies, it shall be the duty of the Commission to give the appropriate authority all such directions as it considers appropriate for securing that that authority complies with its duty under that subsection; and it shall be the duty of the appropriate authority to comply with any direction given to it under this subsection.

(9)The matters of which the interested person must be kept properly informed are—

(a)the progress of the investigation;

(b)any provisional findings of the person carrying out the investigation;

[F133(ba)whether the Commission or the appropriate authority has made a determination under paragraph 21A of Schedule 3;]

(c)whether any report has been submitted under paragraph 22 [F134or 24A] of Schedule 3;

(d)the action (if any) that is taken in respect of the matters dealt with in any such report; and

(e)the outcome of any such action.

(10)The duties imposed by this section on the Commission and the appropriate authority in relation to any complaint [F135, recordable conduct matter or DSI matter] shall be performed in such manner, and shall have effect subject to such exceptions, as may be provided for by regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(11)Subsections (6) to (9) of section 20 apply for the purposes of this section as they apply for the purposes of that section.

(12)In this section “relative” means a person of a description prescribed in regulations made by the Secretary of State.

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I5S. 21 wholly in force at 1.4.2004; s. 21 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 108(2); s. 21(10)-(12) in force for certain purposes at 1.10.2002 by S.I .2002/2306, {art. 4(c)}; s. 21 in force in so far as not already in force at 1.4.2004 by S.I. 2004/913, art. 2(a)

Guidance and regulationsE+W

22 Power of the Commission to issue guidanceE+W

(1)The Commission may issue guidance—

(a)to [F136local policing bodies] ,

(b)to chief officers, and

(c)to persons who are serving with the police otherwise than as chief officers,

concerning the exercise or performance, by the persons to whom the guidance is issued, of any of the powers or duties specified in subsection (2).

(2)Those powers and duties are—

(a)those that are conferred or imposed by or under this Part; and

(b)those that are otherwise conferred or imposed but relate to—

(i)the handling of complaints;

(ii)the means by which recordable conduct matters [F137or DSI matters] are dealt with; or

(iii)the detection or deterrence of misconduct by persons serving with the police.

(3)Before issuing any guidance under this section, the Commission shall consult with—

[F138[F139(a)such persons as appear to the Commission to represent the views of police and crime commissioners;

(aa)the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime;

(ab)the Common Council;]

(b)the Association of Chief Police Officers; and]

(c)such other persons as it thinks fit.

(4)The approval of the Secretary of State shall be required for the issue by the Commission of any guidance under this section.

(5)Without prejudice to the generality of the preceding provisions of this section, the guidance that may be issued under this section includes—

(a)guidance about the handling of complaints which have not yet been recorded and about dealing with recordable conduct matters [F140or DSI matters] that have not been recorded;

(b)guidance about the procedure to be followed by the appropriate authority when recording a complaint or any recordable conduct matter [F141or DSI matter];

(c)guidance about—

(i)how to decide whether a complaint is suitable for being subjected to local resolution; F142...

F143(ii). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(d)guidance about how to protect the scene of an incident or alleged incident which—

(i)is or may become the subject-matter of a complaint; or

(ii)is or may involve a recordable conduct matter [F141or DSI matter];

(e)guidance about the circumstances in which it is appropriate (where it is lawful to do so)—

(i)to disclose to any person, or to publish, any information about an investigation of a complaint [F144, conduct matter or DSI matter]; or

(ii)to provide any person with, or to publish, any report or other document relating to such an investigation;

(f)guidance about the matters to be included in a memorandum under paragraph 23 or 25 of Schedule 3 and about the manner in which, and the place at which, such a memorandum is to be delivered to the Commission.

(6)Nothing in this section shall authorise the issuing of any guidance about a particular case.

(7)It shall be the duty of every person to whom any guidance under this section is issued to have regard to that guidance in exercising or performing the powers and duties to which the guidance relates.

(8)A failure by a person to whom guidance under this section is issued to have regard to the guidance shall be admissible in evidence in any disciplinary proceedings or on any appeal from a decision taken in any such proceedings.

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Amendments (Textual)

F138S. 22(3)(a)(b) substituted (1.4.2007) by Police and Justice Act 2006 (c. 48), ss. 6, 53, Sch. 4 para. 11; S.I. 2007/709, art. 3(d) (subject to arts. 6, 7)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

23 RegulationsE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may make regulations as to the procedure to be followed under any provision of this Part.

(2)Without prejudice to the generality of the power conferred by subsection (1) or of any other power to make regulations conferred by any provision of this Part, the Secretary of State may also by regulations provide—

(a)for the appropriate authority, in the case of a complaint against any person, to be required, in accordance with procedures provided for in the regulations—

(i)to supply the person complained against with a copy of the complaint; and

(ii)to supply the complainant with a copy of the record made of that complaint;

(b)for the matters to be taken into account in making any determination as to which procedure to adopt for handling complaints and dealing with recordable conduct matters [F145and DSI matters];

(c)for any procedure for the purposes of this Part to be discontinued where—

(i)a complaint is withdrawn;

(ii)the complainant indicates that he does not wish any further steps to be taken; or

(iii)the whole or part of the investigation of the complaint has been postponed until the conclusion of criminal proceedings and the complainant fails to indicate after the conclusion of those proceedings that he wishes the investigation to be resumed;

and for the manner in which any such withdrawal or indication is to be effected or given, and for the circumstances in which it is to be taken as effected or given;

(d)for requiring the subject-matter of a complaint that has been withdrawn to be treated for the purposes of this Part, in the cases and to the extent specified in the regulations, as a recordable conduct matter;

(e)for the manner in which any procedure for the purposes of this Part is to be discontinued in a case where it is discontinued in accordance with the regulations, and for the consequences of any such discontinuance;

(f)for the circumstances in which any investigation or other procedure under this Part may be or must be suspended to allow any other investigation or proceedings to continue, and for the consequences of such a suspension;

(g)for the regulation of the appointment of persons to carry out investigations under this Part or to assist with the carrying out of such investigations, for limiting the persons who may be appointed and for the regulation of the carrying out of any such investigation;

[F146(h)for combining into a single investigation the investigation of any complaint, conduct matter or DSI matter with the investigation or investigations of any one or more, or any combination, of the following—

(i)complaints (whether or not relating to the same conduct),

(ii)conduct matters, or

(iii)DSI matters,

and for splitting a single investigation into two or more separate investigations;]

(i)for the procedure to be followed in cases in which the Commission relinquishes the supervision or management of any investigation and for the consequences of its doing so;

(j)for the manner in which any reference of a complaint [F147, conduct matter or DSI matter] to the Commission is to be made;

(k)for applying the provisions of this Part with such modifications as the Secretary of State thinks fit in cases where a complaint or recordable conduct matter relates to the conduct of a person who has ceased to be a person serving with the police since the time of the conduct;

(l)for applying the provisions of this Part with such modifications as the Secretary of State thinks fit in cases where a complaint or conduct matter relates to the conduct of a person—

(i)whose identity is unascertained at the time at which a complaint is made or a conduct matter is recorded;

(ii)whose identity is not ascertained during, or subsequent to, the investigation of a complaint or recordable conduct matter;

(m)for the Commission—

(i)to be required to notify actions and decisions it takes in consequence of the receipt of a memorandum under paragraph 23 or 25 of Schedule 3; and

(ii)to be authorised to provide information in relation to the matters notified;

(n)for the records to be kept by [F148local policing bodies] and chief officers—

(i)with respect to complaints and purported complaints;

(ii)with respect to recordable conduct matters [F149or DSI matters] ; and

(iii)with respect to the exercise and performance of their powers and duties under this Part;

(o)for the Commission to be required to establish and maintain a register of such information provided to it in accordance with this Part as may be of a description specified in the regulations and for regulating the extent to which information stored on that register may be published or otherwise disclosed to any person by the Commission;

(p)for chief officers to have power to delegate the exercise or performance of powers and duties conferred or imposed on them by or under this Part;

(q)for the manner in which any notification for the purposes of any provision of this Part is to be given and the time at which, or period within which, any such notification must be given.

[F150(r)for enabling representations on behalf of a person to whose conduct an investigation relates to be made to the Commission by a person who is not that person's legal representative but is of a description specified in the regulations.]

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

24 Consultation on regulationsE+W

Before making any regulations under this Part, the Secretary of State shall consult with—

(a)the Commission;

[F151[F152(b)such persons as appear to the Secretary of State to represent the views of police and crime commissioners;

(ba)the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime;

(bb)the Common Council;]

(c)the Association of Chief Police Officers; and]

(d)such other persons as he thinks fit.

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Amendments (Textual)

F151S. 24(b)(c) substituted (1.4.2007) by Police and Justice Act 2006 (c. 48), ss. 6, 53, Sch. 4 para. 12; S.I. 2007/709, art. 3(d) (subject to arts. 6, 7)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I6S. 24 wholly in force at 15.11.2003; s. 24 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 108(2); s. 24 in force except for paragraph (a) at 1.10.2002 by S.I. 2002/2306,{art. 2(b)(vi)}; s. 24 in force in so far as not already in force at 15.11.2003 by S.I. 2003/2593, art. 2(a)

Conduct of persons in other forms of police serviceE+W

25 NCIS and NCSE+W

F153. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

26 Forces maintained otherwise than by [F154local policing bodies]E+W

(1)Notwithstanding any provision made by or under any enactment passed or made before this Act—

(a)the Commission, and

(b)an authority other than a [F155local policing body] which maintains a body of constables,

shall each have power to enter into an agreement with the other for the establishment and maintenance in relation to that body of constables of procedures corresponding or similar to any of those provided for by or under this Part.

(2)If it appears to the Secretary of State appropriate to do so in relation to any body of constables maintained otherwise than by a [F156local policing body] to establish any such corresponding or similar procedures, he may by order—

(a)provide for the establishment and maintenance of such procedures in relation to that body of constables; and

(b)in a case in which procedures in relation to that body of constables have effect by virtue of subsection (9) or have previously been established by virtue of this section—

(i)provide for those procedures to be superseded by the provision made by the order; and

(ii)make transitional provision in connection with the replacement of the superseded procedures.

(3)It shall be the duty of the Secretary of State to secure that procedures are established and maintained under subsection (2) in relation to each of the following—

(a)the Ministry of Defence Police; and

(b)the British Transport Police Force.

(4)An agreement under this section shall not be made, varied or terminated except with the approval of the Secretary of State.

(5)An agreement or order under this section in relation to any body of constables may contain provision for enabling the Commission to bring and conduct, or otherwise participate or intervene in, any proceedings which are identified by the agreement or order as disciplinary proceedings in relation to members of that body of constables.

(6)An agreement or order under this section in relation to any body of constables may provide for the application of procedures in relation to persons who are not themselves constables but are employed for the purposes of that body of constables and in relation to the conduct of such persons, as well as in relation to members of that body of constables and their conduct.

(7)Before making an order under this section the Secretary of State shall consult with both—

(a)the Commission; and

(b)the authority maintaining the body of constables to whom the order relates.

(8)Procedures established in accordance with any agreement or order under this section shall have no effect in relation to anything done outside England and Wales by any constable or any person employed for the purposes of a body of constables.

(9)Where, immediately before the coming into force of this section, any procedures have effect in relation to any body of constables by virtue of—

(a)section 78 of the 1996 Act (which made provisions similar to that made by this section), or

(b)paragraph 13 of Schedule 8 to that Act (transitional provisions),

those procedures shall continue to have effect thereafter (notwithstanding the repeal by this Act of Chapter 1 of Part 4 of the 1996 Act and of that paragraph) until superseded by procedures established by virtue of any agreement or order under this section.

(10)Subsection (9) has effect subject to the provisions of any order made under section 28.

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

F15726ASerious Organised Crime AgencyE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F15826BNational Policing Improvement AgencyE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

[F15926BACollege of PolicingE+W

(1)The Commission and the College of Policing must enter into an agreement for the establishment, in relation to members of the College's staff, of procedures corresponding or similar to those provided for by or under this Part.

(2)An agreement under this section—

(a)must not be made or varied except with the approval of the Secretary of State; and

(b)must not be terminated unless—

(i)it is replaced by another such agreement, and

(ii)the Secretary of State approves.

(3)An agreement under this section may contain provision for enabling the Commission to bring and conduct, or otherwise participate or intervene in, any proceedings that are identified by the agreement as disciplinary hearings in relation to members of the College's staff.

(4)Procedures established in accordance with an agreement under this section shall have no effect in relation to anything done outside England and Wales by any member of the College's staff.]

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Amendments (Textual)

[F16026CThe National Crime AgencyE+W

(1)The Secretary of State must make regulations conferring functions on the Independent Police Complaints Commission in relation to the exercise of functions by the Director General and other National Crime Agency officers.

(2)Regulations under this section may, in particular—

(a)apply (with or without modifications), or make provision similar to, any provision of or made under this Part of this Act;

(b)make provision for payment by the National Crime Agency to, or in respect of, the Independent Police Complaints Commission.

(3)Regulations under this section must relate only to the exercise of functions in, or in relation to, England and Wales.

(4)The Independent Police Complaints Commission and the Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration may jointly investigate a matter in relation to which—

(a)the Independent Police Complaints Commission has functions by virtue of this section, and

(b)the Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration has functions by virtue of the Parliamentary Commissioner Act 1967.

(5)A National Crime Agency officer may disclose information to the Independent Police Complaints Commission, or to a person acting on the Commission's behalf, for the purposes of the exercise by the Commission, or by any person acting on the Commission's behalf, of an NCA complaints function.

(6)The Independent Police Complaints Commissioner and the Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration may disclose information to each other for the purposes of the exercise of a function—

(a)by virtue of this section, or

(b)under the Parliamentary Commissioner Act 1967.

(7)Regulations under this section may, in particular, make—

(a)further provision about the disclosure of information under subsection (5) or (6);

(b)provision about the further disclosure of information that has been so disclosed;

including provision which applies (with or without modifications), or is similar to, any provision of Schedule 7 to the Crime and Courts Act 2013.

(8)Except as provided for in regulations under this section, that Schedule to that Act does not apply to—

(a)the disclosure of information under subsection (5) or (6), or

(b)the further disclosure of information so disclosed.

(9)In this section “NCA complaints function” means a function in relation to the exercise of functions by the Director General or any other National Crime Agency officer.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F160S. 26C inserted (8.5.2013 for specified purposes, 7.10.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), ss. 11(6), 61(2); S.I. 2013/1042, art. 2(d); S.I. 2013/1682, art. 3(p)

[F16126DLabour abuse prevention officersE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may make regulations conferring functions on the Commission in relation to the exercise of functions by officers of the Gangmasters and Labour Abuse Authority (the “Authority”) in their capacity as labour abuse prevention officers (see section 114B of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (PACE powers for labour abuse prevention officers)).

(2)Regulations under this section may, in particular—

(a)apply (with or without modifications), or make provision similar to, any provision of or made under this Part;

(b)make provision for payment by the Authority to, or in respect of, the Commission.

(3)The Commission and the Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration may jointly investigate a matter in relation to which—

(a)the Commission has functions by virtue of this section, and

(b)the Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration has functions by virtue of the Parliamentary Commissioner Act 1967.

(4)An officer of the Authority may disclose information to the Commission, or to a person acting on the Commission's behalf, for the purposes of the exercise by the Commission, or by any person acting on the Commission's behalf, of an Authority complaints function.

(5)The Commission and the Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration may disclose information to each other for the purposes of the exercise of a function—

(a)by virtue of this section, or

(b)under the Parliamentary Commissioner Act 1967.

(6)Regulations under this section may, in particular, make—

(a)further provision about the disclosure of information under subsection (4) or (5);

(b)provision about the further disclosure of information that has been so disclosed.

(7)In this section “Authority complaints function” means a function in relation to the exercise of functions by officers of the Authority.]

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Amendments (Textual)

27 Conduct of the Commission’s staffE+W

(1)The Secretary of State shall by regulations make provision for the manner in which the following cases are to be handled or dealt with—

(a)cases in which allegations of misconduct are made against members of the Commission’s staff; and

(b)cases in which there is otherwise an indication that there may have been misconduct by a member of the Commission’s staff.

(2)Regulations under this section may apply, with such modifications as the Secretary of State thinks fit, any provision made by or under this Part.

(3)Regulations under this section may provide for it to be the duty of any person on whom functions are conferred by the regulations to have regard, in the carrying out of those functions, to any guidance given by such persons and in such manner as may be specified in the regulations.

(4)Before making any regulations under this section the Secretary of State shall consult with the Commission.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Transitional provisionsE+W

28 Transitional arrangements connected with establishing the Commission etc.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State may, in connection with the coming into force of any provision of this Part, by order make such transitional provision and savings (including provision modifying this Part) as he thinks fit.

(2)The Secretary of State may, for the purpose of facilitating the carrying out by the Commission of its functions, or in connection with the coming into force of any provision of this Part, by order make such provision as he thinks fit—

(a)for the transfer and apportionment of property; and

(b)for the transfer, apportionment and creation of rights and liabilities.

(3)The provision that may be made by an order under this section shall include provision that—

(a)pending the coming into force of any repeal by this Act of an enactment contained in Chapter 1 of Part 4 of the 1996 Act (complaints), or

(b)for transitional purposes connected with the coming into force of any such repeal,

the functions of the Police Complaints Authority under an enactment so contained are to be carried out by the Commission.

(4)The provision that may be made by an order under this section shall also include transitional provision in connection with the repeal by this Act of the reference to the Police Complaints Authority in Schedule 1 to the Superannuation Act 1972 (c. 11).

(5)An order under this section may—

(a)provide for the Secretary of State, or any other person nominated by or in accordance with the order, to determine any matter requiring determination under or in consequence of the order; and

(b)make provision as to the payment of fees charged, or expenses incurred, by any person nominated to determine any matter by virtue of paragraph (a).

(6)Where a person—

(a)ceases to be a member of the Police Complaints Authority by reason of its abolition, and

(b)does not become a member of the Commission,

the Secretary of State may make a payment to that person of such amount as the Secretary of State may, with the consent of the Treasury, determine.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

[F16228AApplication of Part 2 to old casesE+W

(1)The Commission may, if it considers that there are exceptional circumstances—

(a)direct that a relevant transitional provision does not apply in relation to a pre-commencement matter, and

(b)direct the appropriate authority to record the matter under this Part.

(2)A “pre-commencement matter” means a matter which—

(a)is a complaint or a conduct matter,

(b)relates to conduct which took place, or circumstances which occurred, before 1 April 2004, and

(c)(apart from this section) is prevented by a relevant transitional provision from being recorded under this Part as a complaint or a conduct matter.

(3)Relevant transitional provision” means article 2, 3 or 4 of the Independent Police Complaints Commission (Transitional Provisions) Order 2004 (S.I. 2004/671).

(4)The Commission may, if it considers that there are exceptional circumstances, direct that a matter to which subsection (5) applies should be treated as a conduct matter or a DSI matter.

(5)This subsection applies to a matter which—

(a)relates to conduct which took place, or circumstances which occurred, before 1 April 2004,

(b)has been the subject of a relevant complaint, and

(c)would be a conduct matter or a DSI matter if it had not been the subject of a relevant complaint.

(6)Relevant complaint” means—

(a)a complaint made before 1 April 2004, or

(b)a complaint made on or after that date to which a relevant transitional provision applied.

(7)Where under subsection (1)(a) the Commission directs that a relevant transitional provision does not apply in relation to a pre-commencement matter, that provision does not apply in relation to that matter.

(8)The appropriate authority must comply with a direction under subsection (1)(b).

(9)Where under subsection (4) the Commission directs that a matter should be treated as a conduct matter or a DSI matter, the matter is (subject to any regulations under subsection (10)) to be treated as a conduct matter or a DSI matter for the purposes of this Part (including subsections (1) and (2)) and any provision made under it.

(10)The Secretary of State may by regulations provide for this Part or any provision made under it to apply with such modifications as the Secretary of State thinks fit to a matter in relation to which the Commission has made a direction under subsection (1) or (4).]

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Amendments (Textual)

Interpretation of Part 2E+W+S+N.I.

29 Interpretation of Part 2E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this Part—

  • [F163the appropriate authority”—

    (a)

    in relation to a person serving with the police or in relation to any complaint, conduct matter or investigation relating to the conduct of such a person, means—

    (i)

    if that person is [F164the chief officer or an acting chief officer, the local policing body] for the area of the police force of which he is a member; and

    (ii)

    if he is not [F165the chief officer or an acting chief officer] , the chief officer under whose direction and control he is; and

    (b)

    in relation to a death or serious injury matter, means—

    (i)

    if the relevant officer is [F166the chief officer or an acting chief officer, the local policing body] for the area of the police force of which he is a member; and

    (ii)

    if he is not [F167the chief officer or an acting chief officer], the chief officer under whose direction and control he is;]

    [F168and, for the purposes of this definition, “acting chief officer” means a person exercising or performing functions of a chief constable in accordance with section 41 of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011; a person exercising powers or duties of the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis in accordance with section 44 or 45(4) of that Act; or a person exercising duties of the Commissioner of Police for the City of London in accordance with section 25 of the City of London Police Act 1839;]

  • chief officer” means the chief officer of police of any police force;

  • the Commission” has the meaning given by section 9(1);

  • complainant” shall be construed in accordance with subsection (2);

  • complaint” has the meaning given by section 12;

  • conduct” includes acts, omissions[F169, statements and decisions] (whether actual, alleged or inferred);

  • conduct matter” has the meaning given by section 12;

  • [F170death or serious injury matter” and “DSI matter” have the meaning given by section 12;]

  • disciplinary proceedings” means—

    (a)

    in relation to a member of a police force or a special constable, proceedings under any regulations made by virtue of section 50 or 51 of the 1996 Act and identified as disciplinary proceedings by those regulations; and

    (b)

    in relation to a person serving with the police who is not a member of a police force or a special constable, proceedings identified as such by regulations made by the Secretary of State for the purposes of this Part;

  • document” means anything in which information of any description is recorded;

  • information” includes estimates and projections, and statistical analyses;

  • local resolution”, in relation to a complaint, means the handling of that complaint in accordance with a procedure which—

    (a)

    does not involve a formal investigation; and

    (b)

    is laid down by regulations under paragraph 8 of Schedule 3 for complaints which it has been decided, in accordance with paragraph 6 of that Schedule, to subject to local resolution;

  • person complained against”, in relation to a complaint, means the person whose conduct is the subject-matter of the complaint;

  • recordable conduct matter” means (subject to any regulations under section 23(2)(d))—

    (a)

    a conduct matter that is required to be recorded by the appropriate authority under paragraph 10 or 11 of Schedule 3 or has been so recorded; or

    (aa)

    [F171a conduct matter that is required to be recorded by the appropriate authority under section 28A(8) or has been so recorded;]

    (b)

    F172. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • relevant force”, in relation to the appropriate authority, means—

    (a)

    [F173if that authority is a local policing body, the police force which the body is responsible for maintaining; and]

    (b)

    if that authority is the chief officer of police of a police force, his force;

  • F174. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • serious injury” means a fracture, a deep cut, a deep laceration or an injury causing damage to an internal organ or the impairment of any bodily function;

  • serving with the police”, in relation to any person, shall be construed in accordance with section [F17512(7) to (10)] .

[F176(1A)In this Part “the relevant officer”, in relation to a DSI matter, means the person serving with the police (within the meaning of section [F17712(7) to (10)] )—

(a)who arrested the person who has died or suffered serious injury,

(b)in whose custody that person was at the time of the death or serious injury, or

(c)with whom that person had the contact in question;

and where there is more than one such person it means, subject to subsection (1B), the one who so dealt with him last before the death or serious injury occurred.

(1B)Where it cannot be determined which of two or more persons serving with the police dealt with a person last before a death or serious injury occurred, the relevant officer is the most senior of them.]

(2)References in this Part, in relation to anything which is or purports to be a complaint, to the complainant are references—

(a)except in the case of anything which is or purports to be a complaint falling within section 12(1)(d), to the person by whom the complaint or purported complaint was made; and

(b)in that case, to the person on whose behalf the complaint or purported complaint was made;

but where any person is acting on another’s behalf for the purposes of any complaint or purported complaint, anything that is to be or may be done under this Part by or in relation to the complainant may be done, instead, by or in relation to the person acting on the complainant’s behalf.

(3)Subject to subsection (4), references in this Part, in relation to any conduct or anything purporting to be a complaint about any conduct, to a member of the public include references to any person falling within any of the following paragraphs (whether at the time of the conduct or at any subsequent time)—

(a)a person serving with the police;

[F178(ca)a National Crime Agency officer; or]

(d)a person engaged on relevant service, within the meaning of section 97(1)(a) F179... or (d) of the 1996 Act [F180(temporary service of various kinds)].

(4)In this Part references, in relation to any conduct or to anything purporting to be a complaint about any conduct, to a member of the public do not include references to—

(a)a person who, at the time when the conduct is supposed to have taken place, was under the direction and control of the same chief officer as the person whose conduct it was; or

(b)a person who—

(i)at the time when the conduct is supposed to have taken place, in relation to him, or

(ii)at the time when he is supposed to have been adversely affected by it, or to have witnessed it,

was on duty in his capacity as a person falling within subsection (3)(a) to (d).

(5)For the purposes of this Part a person is adversely affected if he suffers any form of loss or damage, distress or inconvenience, if he is put in danger or if he is otherwise unduly put at risk of being adversely affected.

(6)References in this Part to the investigation of any complaint or matter by the appropriate authority on its own behalf, under the supervision of the Commission, under the management of the Commission or by the Commission itself shall be construed as references to its investigation in accordance with paragraph 16, 17, 18 or, as the case may be, 19 of Schedule 3.

(7)The Commissioner of Police for the City of London shall be treated for the purposes of this Part as if he were a member of the City of London police force.

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Amendments (Textual)

F163S. 29(1): definition of "the appropriate authority" substituted (1.7.2005) by Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005 (c. 15), ss. 160, 178, Sch. 12 para. 10(2)(a); S.I. 2005/1521, art. 3(1)(w)

F164Words in s. 29(1) substituted (16.1.2012) by Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 (c. 13), s. 157(1), Sch. 16 para. 291(a)(i); S.I. 2011/3019, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with art. 8(1)(4)) (as amended (14.11.2012) by S.I. 2012/2892, art. 8(3))

F165Words in s. 29(1) substituted (16.1.2012) by Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 (c. 13), s. 157(1), Sch. 16 para. 291(a)(ii); S.I. 2011/3019, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with art. 8(1)(4)) (as amended (14.11.2012) by S.I. 2012/2892, art. 8(3))

F166Words in s. 29(1) substituted (16.1.2012) by Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 (c. 13), s. 157(1), Sch. 16 para. 291(a)(iii); S.I. 2011/3019, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with art. 8(1)(4)) (as amended (14.11.2012) by S.I. 2012/2892, art. 8(3))

F167Words in s. 29(1) substituted (16.1.2012) by Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 (c. 13), s. 157(1), Sch. 16 para. 291(a)(iv); S.I. 2011/3019, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with art. 8(1)(4)) (as amended (14.11.2012) by S.I. 2012/2892, art. 8(3))

F168Words in s. 29(1) inserted (16.1.2012) by Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 (c. 13), s. 157(1), Sch. 16 para. 291(a)(v); S.I. 2011/3019, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with art. 8(1)(4)) (as amended (14.11.2012) by S.I. 2012/2892, art. 8(3))

F170S. 29(1): definition of "death or serious injury matter" and "DSI matter" inserted (1.7.2005) by Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005 (c. 15), ss. 160, 178, Sch. 12 para. 10(2)(b); S.I. 2005/1521, art. 3(1)(w)

F171Words in s. 29(1)(aa) inserted (19.12.2012) by Police (Complaints and Conduct) Act 2012 (c. 22), ss. 2(4), 3(3)

F178S. 29(3)(ca) substituted for s. 29(3)(b)(c) (7.10.2013) by Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), s. 61(2), Sch. 6 para. 16; S.I. 2013/1682, art. 3(q)

F179Word in s. 29(3)(d) repealed (1.4.2007) by Police and Justice Act 2006 (c. 48), ss. 52, 53, Sch. 15 Pt. 1(A); S.I. 2007/709, art. 3(q) (subject to arts. 6, 7)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

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