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Proceeds of Crime Act 2002

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330 Failure to disclose: regulated sectorE+W+S+N.I.

This section has no associated Explanatory Notes

(1)A person commits an offence if each of the following three conditions is satisfied.

(2)The first condition is that he—

(a)knows or suspects, or

(b)has reasonable grounds for knowing or suspecting,

that another person is engaged in money laundering.

(3)The second condition is that the information or other matter—

(a)on which his knowledge or suspicion is based, or

(b)which gives reasonable grounds for such knowledge or suspicion,

came to him in the course of a business in the regulated sector.

(4)The third condition is that he does not make the required disclosure as soon as is practicable after the information or other matter comes to him.

(5)The required disclosure is a disclosure of the information or other matter—

(a)to a nominated officer or a person authorised for the purposes of this Part by the Director General of the National Criminal Intelligence Service;

(b)in the form and manner (if any) prescribed for the purposes of this subsection by order under section 339.

(6)But a person does not commit an offence under this section if—

(a)he has a reasonable excuse for not disclosing the information or other matter;

(b)he is a professional legal adviser and the information or other matter came to him in privileged circumstances;

(c)subsection (7) applies to him.

(7)This subsection applies to a person if—

(a)he does not know or suspect that another person is engaged in money laundering, and

(b)he has not been provided by his employer with such training as is specified by the Secretary of State by order for the purposes of this section.

(8)In deciding whether a person committed an offence under this section the court must consider whether he followed any relevant guidance which was at the time concerned—

(a)issued by a supervisory authority or any other appropriate body,

(b)approved by the Treasury, and

(c)published in a manner it approved as appropriate in its opinion to bring the guidance to the attention of persons likely to be affected by it.

(9)A disclosure to a nominated officer is a disclosure which—

(a)is made to a person nominated by the alleged offender’s employer to receive disclosures under this section, and

(b)is made in the course of the alleged offender’s employment and in accordance with the procedure established by the employer for the purpose.

(10)Information or other matter comes to a professional legal adviser in privileged circumstances if it is communicated or given to him—

(a)by (or by a representative of) a client of his in connection with the giving by the adviser of legal advice to the client,

(b)by (or by a representative of) a person seeking legal advice from the adviser, or

(c)by a person in connection with legal proceedings or contemplated legal proceedings.

(11)But subsection (10) does not apply to information or other matter which is communicated or given with the intention of furthering a criminal purpose.

(12)Schedule 9 has effect for the purpose of determining what is—

(a)a business in the regulated sector;

(b)a supervisory authority.

(13)An appropriate body is any body which regulates or is representative of any trade, profession, business or employment carried on by the alleged offender.

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