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Proceeds of Crime Act 2002

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Part 9 E+W+S+N.I.Insolvency etc.

Bankruptcy in England and WalesE+W+S+N.I.

417 Modifications of the 1986 ActE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies if a person is adjudged bankrupt in England and Wales.

(2)The following property is excluded from his estate for the purposes of Part 9 of the 1986 Act—

(a)property for the time being subject to a restraint order which was made under section 41, 120 or 190 before the order adjudging him bankrupt;

(b)any property in respect of which an order under section 50 F1... is in force;

(c)any property in respect of which an order under section 128(3) is in force;

(d)any property in respect of which an order under section 198 F2... is in force.

(3)Subsection (2)(a) applies to heritable property in Scotland only if the restraint order is recorded in the General Register of Sasines or registered in the Land Register of Scotland before the order adjudging the person bankrupt.

(4)If in the case of a debtor an interim receiver stands at any time appointed under section 286 of the 1986 Act and any property of the debtor is then subject to a restraint order made under section 41, 120 or 190 the powers conferred on the receiver by virtue of that Act do not apply to property then subject to the restraint order.

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Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I1S. 417 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

418 Restriction of powersE+W+S+N.I.

(1)If a person is adjudged bankrupt in England and Wales the powers referred to in subsection (2) must not be exercised in relation to the property referred to in subsection (3).

(2)These are the powers—

(a)the powers conferred on a court by sections 41 to 67 and the powers of a receiver appointed under section 48 [F3or 50 ] ;

(b)the powers conferred on a court by sections 120 to 136 and Schedule 3 and the powers of an administrator appointed under section 125 or 128(3);

(c)the powers conferred on a court by sections 190 to 215 and the powers of a receiver appointed under section 196 [F4or 198] .

(3)This is the property—

(a)property which is for the time being comprised in the bankrupt’s estate for the purposes of Part 9 of the 1986 Act;

(b)property in respect of which his trustee in bankruptcy may (without leave of the court) serve a notice under section 307, 308 or 308A of the 1986 Act (after-acquired property, tools, tenancies etc);

(c)property which is to be applied for the benefit of creditors of the bankrupt by virtue of a condition imposed under section 280(2)(c) of the 1986 Act;

(d)in a case where a confiscation order has been made under section 6 or 156 of this Act, any sums remaining in the hands of a receiver appointed under section 50 [F5or 198] of this Act after the amount required to be paid under the confiscation order has been fully paid;

(e)in a case where a confiscation order has been made under section 92 of this Act, any sums remaining in the hands of an administrator appointed under section 128 of this Act after the amount required to be paid under the confiscation order has been fully paid.

(4)But nothing in the 1986 Act must be taken to restrict (or enable the restriction of) the powers referred to in subsection (2).

(5)In a case where a petition in bankruptcy was presented or a receiving order or adjudication in bankruptcy was made before 29 December 1986 (when the 1986 Act came into force) this section has effect with these modifications—

(a)for the reference in subsection (3)(a) to the bankrupt’s estate for the purposes of Part 9 of that Act substitute a reference to the property of the bankrupt for the purposes of the 1914 Act;

(b)omit subsection (3)(b);

(c)for the reference in subsection (3)(c) to section 280(2)(c) of the 1986 Act substitute a reference to section 26(2) of the 1914 Act;

(d)for the reference in subsection (4) to the 1986 Act substitute a reference to the 1914 Act.

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Amendments (Textual)

F3Words in s. 418(2)(a) substituted (1.4.2008) by Serious Crime Act 2007 (c. 27), s. 94(1), Sch. 8 para. 70(2)(a); S.I. 2008/755, art. 2(1)(a) (with arts. 3-14)

F4Words in s. 418(2)(c) substituted (1.4.2008) by Serious Crime Act 2007 (c. 27), s. 94(1), Sch. 8 para. 70(2)(b); S.I. 2008/755, art. 2(1)(a) (with arts. 3-14)

F5Words in s. 418(3)(d) substituted (1.4.2008) by Serious Crime Act 2007 (c. 27), s. 94(1), Sch. 8 para. 70(3); S.I. 2008/755, art. 2(1)(a) (with arts. 3-14)

Commencement Information

I2S. 418 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

419 Tainted giftsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies if a person who is adjudged bankrupt in England and Wales has made a tainted gift (whether directly or indirectly).

(2)No order may be made under section 339, 340 or 423 of the 1986 Act (avoidance of certain transactions) in respect of the making of the gift at any time when—

(a)any property of the recipient of the tainted gift is subject to a restraint order under section 41, 120 or 190, or

(b)there is in force in respect of such property an order under section 50, F6... 128(3), [F7or 198] .

(3)Any order made under section 339, 340 or 423 of the 1986 Act after an order mentioned in subsection (2)(a) or (b) is discharged must take into account any realisation under Part 2, 3 or 4 of this Act of property held by the recipient of the tainted gift.

(4)A person makes a tainted gift for the purposes of this section if he makes a tainted gift within the meaning of Part 2, 3 or 4.

(5)In a case where a petition in bankruptcy was presented or a receiving order or adjudication in bankruptcy was made before 29 December 1986 (when the 1986 Act came into force) this section has effect with the substitution for a reference to section 339, 340 or 423 of the 1986 Act of a reference to section 27, 42 or 44 of the 1914 Act.

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Amendments (Textual)

F7Words in s. 419(2)(b) substituted (1.4.2008) by Serious Crime Act 2007 (c. 27), s. 94(1), Sch. 8 para. 71(b); S.I. 2008/755, art. 2(1)(a) (with arts. 3-14)

Commencement Information

I3S. 419 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

Sequestration in ScotlandE+W+S+N.I.

420 Modifications of the 1985 ActE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies if an award of sequestration is made in Scotland.

(2)The following property is excluded from the debtor’s estate for the purposes of the 1985 Act—

(a)property for the time being subject to a restraint order which was made under section 41, 120 or 190 before the award of sequestration;

(b)any property in respect of which an order under section 50 F8... is in force;

(c)any property in respect of which an order under section 128(3) is in force;

(d)any property in respect of which an order under section 198 F9... is in force.

(3)Subsection (2)(a) applies to heritable property in Scotland only if the restraint order is recorded in the General Register of Sasines or registered in the Land Register of Scotland before the award of sequestration.

(4)It shall not be competent to submit a claim in relation to a confiscation order to the permanent trustee in accordance with section 48 of the 1985 Act; and the reference here to a confiscation order is to any confiscation order that has been or may be made against the debtor under Part 2, 3 or 4 of this Act.

(5)If at any time in the period before the award of sequestration is made an interim trustee stands appointed under section 2(5) of the 1985 Act and any property in the debtor’s estate is at that time subject to a restraint order made under section 41, 120 or 190, the powers conferred on the trustee by virtue of that Act do not apply to property then subject to the restraint order.

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Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I4S. 420 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

421 Restriction of powersE+W+S+N.I.

(1)If an award of sequestration is made in Scotland the powers referred to in subsection (2) must not be exercised in relation to the property referred to in subsection (3).

(2)These are the powers—

(a)the powers conferred on a court by sections 41 to 67 and the powers of a receiver appointed under section 48 [F10or 50] ;

(b)the powers conferred on a court by sections 120 to 136 and Schedule 3 and the powers of an administrator appointed under section 125 or 128(3);

(c)the powers conferred on a court by sections 190 to 215 and the powers of a receiver appointed under section 196 [F11or 198] .

(3)This is the property—

(a)property which is for the time being comprised in the whole estate of the debtor within the meaning of section 31(8) of the 1985 Act;

(b)any income of the debtor which has been ordered under section 32(2) of that Act to be paid to the permanent trustee;

(c)any estate which under section 31(10) or 32(6) of that Act vests in the permanent trustee;

(d)in a case where a confiscation order has been made under section 6 or 156 of this Act, any sums remaining in the hands of a receiver appointed under section 50 [F12or 198] of this Act after the amount required to be paid under the confiscation order has been fully paid;

(e)in a case where a confiscation order has been made under section 92 of this Act, any sums remaining in the hands of an administrator appointed under section 128 of this Act after the amount required to be paid under the confiscation order has been fully paid.

(4)But nothing in the 1985 Act must be taken to restrict (or enable the restriction of) the powers referred to in subsection (2).

(5)In a case where (despite the coming into force of the 1985 Act) the 1913 Act applies to a sequestration, subsection (3) above has effect as if for paragraphs (a) to (c) there were substituted—

(a)property which is for the time being comprised in the whole property of the debtor which vests in the trustee under section 97 of the 1913 Act;

(b)any income of the bankrupt which has been ordered under section 98(2) of that Act to be paid to the trustee;

(c)any estate which under section 98(1) of that Act vests in the trustee.

(6)In a case where subsection (5) applies, subsection (4) has effect as if for the reference to the 1985 Act there were substituted a reference to the 1913 Act.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F12Words in s. 421(3)(d) substituted (1.4.2008) by Serious Crime Act 2007 (c. 27), s. 94(1), Sch. 8 para. 73(3); S.I. 2008/755, art. 2(1)(a) (with arts. 3-14)

Commencement Information

I5S. 421 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

422 Tainted giftsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies if a person whose estate is sequestrated in Scotland has made a tainted gift (whether directly or indirectly).

(2)No decree may be granted under the Bankruptcy Act 1621 (c. 18) or section 34 or 36 of the 1985 Act (gratuitous alienations and unfair preferences), or otherwise, in respect of the making of the gift at any time when—

(a)any property of the recipient of the tainted gift is subject to a restraint order under section 41, 120 or 190, or

(b)there is in force in respect of such property an order under section 50, F13... 128(3) [F14or 198] .

(3)Any decree made under the Bankruptcy Act 1621 (c. 18) or section 34 or 36 of the 1985 Act, or otherwise, after an order mentioned in subsection (2)(a) or (b) is discharged must take into account any realisation under Part 2, 3 or 4 of this Act of property held by the recipient of the tainted gift.

(4)A person makes a tainted gift for the purposes of this section if he makes a tainted gift within the meaning of Part 2, 3 or 4.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I6S. 422 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

Bankruptcy in Northern IrelandE+W+S+N.I.

423 Modifications of the 1989 OrderE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies if a person is adjudged bankrupt in Northern Ireland.

(2)The following property is excluded from his estate for the purposes of Part 9 of the 1989 Order—

(a)property for the time being subject to a restraint order which was made under section 41, 120 or 190 before the order adjudging him bankrupt;

(b)any property in respect of which an order under section 50 F15... is in force;

(c)any property in respect of which an order under section 128(3) is in force;

(d)any property in respect of which an order under section 198 F16... is in force.

(3)Subsection (2)(a) applies to heritable property in Scotland only if the restraint order is recorded in the General Register of Sasines or registered in the Land Register of Scotland before the order adjudging the person bankrupt.

(4)If in the case of a debtor an interim receiver stands at any time appointed under Article 259 of the 1989 Order and any property of the debtor is then subject to a restraint order made under section 41, 120 or 190, the powers conferred on the receiver by virtue of that Order do not apply to property then subject to the restraint order.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I7S. 423 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

424 Restriction of powersE+W+S+N.I.

(1)If a person is adjudged bankrupt in Northern Ireland the powers referred to in subsection (2) must not be exercised in relation to the property referred to in subsection (3).

(2)These are the powers—

(a)the powers conferred on a court by sections 41 to 67 and the powers of a receiver appointed under section 48 [F17or 50 ] ;

(b)the powers conferred on a court by sections 120 to 136 and Schedule 3 and the powers of an administrator appointed under section 125 or 128(3);

(c)the powers conferred on a court by sections 190 to 215 and the powers of a receiver appointed under section 196 [F18or 198] .

(3)This is the property—

(a)property which is for the time being comprised in the bankrupt’s estate for the purposes of Part 9 of the 1989 Order;

(b)property in respect of which his trustee in bankruptcy may (without leave of the court) serve a notice under Article 280 or 281 of the 1989 Order (after-acquired property etc);

(c)property which is to be applied for the benefit of creditors of the bankrupt by virtue of a condition imposed under Article 254(2)(c) of the 1989 Order;

(d)in a case where a confiscation order has been made under section 6 or 156 of this Act, any sums remaining in the hands of a receiver appointed under section 50 [F19or 198] of this Act after the amount required to be paid under the confiscation order has been fully paid;

(e)in a case where a confiscation order has been made under section 92 of this Act, any sums remaining in the hands of an administrator appointed under section 128 of this Act after the amount required to be paid under the confiscation order has been fully paid.

(4)But nothing in the 1989 Order must be taken to restrict (or enable the restriction of) the powers mentioned in subsection (2).

(5)In a case where a petition in bankruptcy was presented or an adjudication in bankruptcy was made before 1 October 1991 (when the 1989 Order came into force) this section has effect with these modifications—

(a)for the reference in subsection (3)(a) to the bankrupt’s estate for the purposes of Part 9 of that Order substitute a reference to the property of the bankrupt for the purposes of the Bankruptcy Acts (Northern Ireland) 1857 to 1980;

(b)omit subsection (3)(b);

(c)for the reference in subsection (3)(c) to Article 254(2)(c) of the 1989 Order substitute a reference to Articles 28(4), (5)(c) and (11) and 30(6)(c) of the Bankruptcy Amendment (Northern Ireland) Order 1980 (S.I. 1980/561 (N.I. 4));

(d)for the reference in subsection (4) to the 1989 Order substitute a reference to the Bankruptcy Acts (Northern Ireland) 1857 to 1980.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F19Words in s. 424(3)(d) substituted (1.4.2008) by Serious Crime Act 2007 (c. 27), s. 94(1), Sch. 8 para. 76(3); S.I. 2008/755, art. 2(1)(a) (with arts. 3-14)

Commencement Information

I8S. 424 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

425 Tainted giftsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies if a person who is adjudged bankrupt in Northern Ireland has made a tainted gift (whether directly or indirectly).

(2)No order may be made under Article 312, 313 or 367 of the 1989 Order (avoidance of certain transactions) in respect of the making of the gift at any time when—

(a)any property of the recipient of the tainted gift is subject to a restraint order under section 41, 120 or 190, or

(b)there is in force in respect of such property an order under section 50, F20... 128(3) [F21or 198 ] .

(3)Any order made under Article 312, 313 or 367 of the 1989 Order after an order mentioned in subsection (2)(a) or (b) is discharged must take into account any realisation under Part 2, 3 or 4 of this Act of property held by the recipient of the tainted gift.

(4)A person makes a tainted gift for the purposes of this section if he makes a tainted gift within the meaning of Part 2, 3 or 4.

(5)In a case where a petition in bankruptcy was presented or an adjudication in bankruptcy was made before 1 October 1991 (when the 1989 Order came into force) this section has effect with these modifications—

(a)for a reference to Article 312 of the 1989 Order substitute a reference to section 12 of the Bankruptcy Amendment Act (Northern Ireland) 1929 (c. 1 (N.I.));

(b)for a reference to Article 367 of the 1989 Order substitute a reference to section 10 of the Conveyancing Act (Ireland) 1634 (c. 3).

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Amendments (Textual)

F21Words in s. 425(2)(b) substituted (1.4.2008) by Serious Crime Act 2007 (c. 27), s. 94(1), Sch. 8 para. 77(b); S.I. 2008/755, art. 2(1)(a) (with arts. 3-14)

Commencement Information

I9S. 425 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

Winding up in England and Wales and ScotlandE+W+S+N.I.

426 Winding up under the 1986 ActE+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this section “company” means any company which may be wound up under the 1986 Act.

(2)If an order for the winding up of a company is made or it passes a resolution for its voluntary winding up, the functions of the liquidator (or any provisional liquidator) are not exercisable in relation to the following property—

(a)property for the time being subject to a restraint order which was made under section 41, 120 or 190 before the relevant time;

(b)any property in respect of which an order under section 50 F22... is in force;

(c)any property in respect of which an order under section 128(3) is in force;

(d)any property in respect of which an order under section 198 F23... is in force.

(3)Subsection (2)(a) applies to heritable property in Scotland only if the restraint order is recorded in the General Register of Sasines or registered in the Land Register of Scotland before the relevant time.

(4)If an order for the winding up of a company is made or it passes a resolution for its voluntary winding up the powers referred to in subsection (5) must not be exercised in the way mentioned in subsection (6) in relation to any property—

(a)which is held by the company, and

(b)in relation to which the functions of the liquidator are exercisable.

(5)These are the powers—

(a)the powers conferred on a court by sections 41 to 67 and the powers of a receiver appointed under section 48 [F24or 50 ] ;

(b)the powers conferred on a court by sections 120 to 136 and Schedule 3 and the powers of an administrator appointed under section 125 or 128(3);

(c)the powers conferred on a court by sections 190 to 215 and the powers of a receiver appointed under section 196 [F25or 198] .

(6)The powers must not be exercised—

(a)so as to inhibit the liquidator from exercising his functions for the purpose of distributing property to the company’s creditors;

(b)so as to prevent the payment out of any property of expenses (including the remuneration of the liquidator or any provisional liquidator) properly incurred in the winding up in respect of the property.

(7)But nothing in the 1986 Act must be taken to restrict (or enable the restriction of) the exercise of the powers referred to in subsection (5).

(8)For the purposes of the application of Parts 4 and 5 of the 1986 Act (winding up) to a company which the Court of Session has jurisdiction to wind up, a person is not a creditor in so far as any sum due to him by the company is due in respect of a confiscation order made under section 6, 92 or 156.

(9)The relevant time is—

(a)if no order for the winding up of the company has been made, the time of the passing of the resolution for voluntary winding up;

(b)if such an order has been made, but before the presentation of the petition for the winding up of the company by the court such a resolution has been passed by the company, the time of the passing of the resolution;

(c)if such an order has been made, but paragraph (b) does not apply, the time of the making of the order.

(10)In a case where a winding up of a company commenced or is treated as having commenced before 29 December 1986, this section has effect with the following modifications—

(a)in subsections (1) and (7) for “the 1986 Act” substitute “ the Companies Act 1985 ”;

(b)in subsection (8) for “Parts 4 and 5 of the 1986 Act” substitute “ Parts 20 and 21 of the Companies Act 1985 ”.

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Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I10S. 426 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

427 Tainted giftsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this section “company” means any company which may be wound up under the 1986 Act.

(2)This section applies if—

(a)an order for the winding up of a company is made or it passes a resolution for its voluntary winding up, and

(b)it has made a tainted gift (whether directly or indirectly).

(3)No order may be made under section 238, 239 or 423 of the 1986 Act (avoidance of certain transactions) and no decree may be granted under section 242 or 243 of that Act (gratuitous alienations and unfair preferences), or otherwise, in respect of the making of the gift at any time when—

(a)any property of the recipient of the tainted gift is subject to a restraint order under section 41, 120 or 190, or

(b)there is in force in respect of such property an order under section 50, F26... 128(3) [F27or 198] .

(4)Any order made under section 238, 239 or 423 of the 1986 Act or decree granted under section 242 or 243 of that Act, or otherwise, after an order mentioned in subsection (3)(a) or (b) is discharged must take into account any realisation under Part 2, 3 or 4 of this Act of property held by the recipient of the tainted gift.

(5)A person makes a tainted gift for the purposes of this section if he makes a tainted gift within the meaning of Part 2, 3 or 4.

(6)In a case where the winding up of a company commenced or is treated as having commenced before 29 December 1986 this section has effect with the substitution—

(a)for references to section 239 of the 1986 Act of references to section 615 of the Companies Act 1985 (c. 6);

(b)for references to section 242 of the 1986 Act of references to section 615A of the Companies Act 1985;

(c)for references to section 243 of the 1986 Act of references to section 615B of the Companies Act 1985.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F27Words in s. 427(3)(b) substituted (1.4.2008) by Serious Crime Act 2007 (c. 27), s. 94(1), Sch. 8 para. 79(b); S.I. 2008/755, art. 2(1)(a) (with arts. 3-14)

Commencement Information

I11S. 427 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

Winding up in Northern IrelandE+W+S+N.I.

428 Winding up under the 1989 OrderE+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this section “company” means any company which may be wound up under the 1989 Order.

(2)If an order for the winding up of a company is made or it passes a resolution for its voluntary winding up, the functions of the liquidator (or any provisional liquidator) are not exercisable in relation to the following property—

(a)property for the time being subject to a restraint order which was made under section 41, 120 or 190 before the relevant time;

(b)any property in respect of which an order under section 50 F28... is in force;

(c)any property in respect of which an order under section 128(3) is in force;

(d)any property in respect of which an order under section 198 F29... is in force.

(3)Subsection (2)(a) applies to heritable property in Scotland only if the restraint order is recorded in the General Register of Sasines or registered in the Land Register of Scotland before the relevant time.

(4)If an order for the winding up of a company is made or it passes a resolution for its voluntary winding up the powers referred to in subsection (5) must not be exercised in the way mentioned in subsection (6) in relation to any property—

(a)which is held by the company, and

(b)in relation to which the functions of the liquidator are exercisable.

(5)These are the powers—

(a)the powers conferred on a court by sections 41 to 67 and the powers of a receiver appointed under section 48 [F30or 50] ;

(b)the powers conferred on a court by sections 120 to 136 and Schedule 3 and the powers of an administrator appointed under section 125 or 128(3);

(c)the powers conferred on a court by sections 190 to 215 and the powers of a receiver appointed under section 196 [F31or 198 ] .

(6)The powers must not be exercised—

(a)so as to inhibit the liquidator from exercising his functions for the purpose of distributing property to the company’s creditors;

(b)so as to prevent the payment out of any property of expenses (including the remuneration of the liquidator or any provisional liquidator) properly incurred in the winding up in respect of the property.

(7)But nothing in the 1989 Order must be taken to restrict (or enable the restriction of) the exercise of the powers referred to in subsection (5).

(8)The relevant time is—

(a)if no order for the winding up of the company has been made, the time of the passing of the resolution for voluntary winding up;

(b)if such an order has been made, but before the presentation of the petition for the winding up of the company by the court such a resolution has been passed by the company, the time of the passing of the resolution;

(c)if such an order has been made, but paragraph (b) does not apply, the time of the making of the order.

(9)In a case where a winding up of a company commenced or is treated as having commenced before 1 October 1991, this section has effect with the substitution for references to the 1989 Order of references to the Companies (Northern Ireland) Order 1986 (S.I. 1986/1032 (N.I. 6)).

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I12S. 428 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

429 Tainted giftsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this section “company” means any company which may be wound up under the 1989 Order.

(2)This section applies if—

(a)an order for the winding up of a company is made or it passes a resolution for its voluntary winding up, and

(b)it has made a tainted gift (whether directly or indirectly).

(3)No order may be made under Article 202, 203 or 367 of the 1989 Order (avoidance of certain transactions) in respect of the making of the gift at any time when—

(a)any property of the recipient of the tainted gift is subject to a restraint order under section 41, 120 or 190, or

(b)there is in force in respect of such property an order under section 50, F32... 128(3) [F33or 198] .

(4)Any order made under Article 202, 203 or 367 of the 1989 Order after an order mentioned in subsection (3)(a) or (b) is discharged must take into account any realisation under Part 2, 3 or 4 of this Act of property held by the recipient of the tainted gift.

(5)A person makes a tainted gift for the purposes of this section if he makes a tainted gift within the meaning of Part 2, 3 or 4.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I13S. 429 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

Floating chargesE+W+S+N.I.

430 Floating chargesE+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this section “company” means a company which may be wound up under

(a)the 1986 Act, or

(b)the 1989 Order.

(2)If a company holds property which is subject to a floating charge, and a receiver has been appointed by or on the application of the holder of the charge, the functions of the receiver are not exercisable in relation to the following property—

(a)property for the time being subject to a restraint order which was made under section 41, 120 or 190 before the appointment of the receiver;

(b)any property in respect of which an order under section 50 F34... is in force;

(c)any property in respect of which an order under section 128(3) is in force;

(d)any property in respect of which an order under section 198 F35... is in force.

(3)Subsection (2)(a) applies to heritable property in Scotland only if the restraint order is recorded in the General Register of Sasines or registered in the Land Register of Scotland before the appointment of the receiver.

(4)If a company holds property which is subject to a floating charge, and a receiver has been appointed by or on the application of the holder of the charge, the powers referred to in subsection (5) must not be exercised in the way mentioned in subsection (6) in relation to any property—

(a)which is held by the company, and

(b)in relation to which the functions of the receiver are exercisable.

(5)These are the powers—

(a)the powers conferred on a court by sections 41 to 67 and the powers of a receiver appointed under section 48 [F36or 50 ] ;

(b)the powers conferred on a court by sections 120 to 136 and Schedule 3 and the powers of an administrator appointed under section 125 or 128(3);

(c)the powers conferred on a court by sections 190 to 215 and the powers of a receiver appointed under section 196 [F37or 198 ] .

(6)The powers must not be exercised—

(a)so as to inhibit the receiver from exercising his functions for the purpose of distributing property to the company’s creditors;

(b)so as to prevent the payment out of any property of expenses (including the remuneration of the receiver) properly incurred in the exercise of his functions in respect of the property.

(7)But nothing in the 1986 Act or the 1989 Order must be taken to restrict (or enable the restriction of) the exercise of the powers referred to in subsection (5).

(8)In this section “floating charge” includes a floating charge within the meaning of section 462 of the Companies Act 1985 (c. 6).

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I14S. 430 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

Limited liability partnershipsE+W+S+N.I.

431 Limited liability partnershipsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)In sections 426, 427 and 430 “company” includes a limited liability partnership which may be wound up under the 1986 Act.

(2)A reference in those sections to a company passing a resolution for its voluntary winding up is to be construed in relation to a limited liability partnership as a reference to the partnership making a determination for its voluntary winding up.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I15S. 431 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

Insolvency practitionersE+W+S+N.I.

432 Insolvency practitionersE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subsections (2) and (3) apply if a person acting as an insolvency practitioner seizes or disposes of any property in relation to which his functions are not exercisable because—

(a)it is for the time being subject to a restraint order made under section 41, 120 or 190, or

(b)it is for the time being subject to [F38a property freezing order made under section 245A, an interim receiving order made under section 246, a prohibitory property order made under section 255A ] or an interim administration order made under section 256,

and at the time of the seizure or disposal he believes on reasonable grounds that he is entitled (whether in pursuance of an order of a court or otherwise) to seize or dispose of the property.

(2)He is not liable to any person in respect of any loss or damage resulting from the seizure or disposal, except so far as the loss or damage is caused by his negligence.

(3)He has a lien on the property or the proceeds of its sale—

(a)for such of his expenses as were incurred in connection with the liquidation, bankruptcy, sequestration or other proceedings in relation to which he purported to make the seizure or disposal, and

(b)for so much of his remuneration as may reasonably be assigned to his acting in connection with those proceedings.

(4)Subsection (2) does not prejudice the generality of any provision of the 1985 Act, the 1986 Act, the 1989 Order or any other Act or Order which confers protection from liability on him.

(5)Subsection (7) applies if—

(a)property is subject to a restraint order made under section 41, 120 or 190,

(b)a person acting as an insolvency practitioner incurs expenses in respect of property subject to the restraint order, and

(c)he does not know (and has no reasonable grounds to believe) that the property is subject to the restraint order.

(6)Subsection (7) also applies if—

(a)property is subject to a restraint order made under section 41, 120 or 190,

(b)a person acting as an insolvency practitioner incurs expenses which are not ones in respect of property subject to the restraint order, and

(c)the expenses are ones which (but for the effect of the restraint order) might have been met by taking possession of and realising property subject to it.

(7)Whether or not he has seized or disposed of any property, he is entitled to payment of the expenses under—

(a)section 54(2) [F39or 55(3)] if the restraint order was made under section 41;

(b)section 130(3) or 131(3) if the restraint order was made under section 120;

(c)section 202(2) [F40or 203(3)] if the restraint order was made under section 190.

(8)Subsection (10) applies if—

(a)property is subject to [F41a property freezing order made under section 245A, an interim receiving order made under section 246, a prohibitory property order made under section 255A] or an interim administration order made under section 256,

(b)a person acting as an insolvency practitioner incurs expenses in respect of property subject to the order, and

(c)he does not know (and has no reasonable grounds to believe) that the property is subject to the order.

(9)Subsection (10) also applies if—

(a)property is subject to [F42a property freezing order made under section 245A, an interim receiving order made under section 246, a prohibitory property order made under section 255A] or an interim administration order made under section 256,

(b)a person acting as an insolvency practitioner incurs expenses which are not ones in respect of property subject to the order, and

(c)the expenses are ones which (but for the effect of the order) might have been met by taking possession of and realising property subject to it.

(10)Whether or not he has seized or disposed of any property, he is entitled to payment of the expenses under section 280.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I16S. 432 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

433 Meaning of insolvency practitionerE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies for the purposes of section 432.

(2)A person acts as an insolvency practitioner if he so acts within the meaning given by section 388 of the 1986 Act or Article 3 of the 1989 Order; but this is subject to subsections (3) to (5).

(3)The expression “person acting as an insolvency practitioner” includes the official receiver acting as receiver or manager of the property concerned.

(4)In applying section 388 of the 1986 Act under subsection (2) above—

(a)the reference in section 388(2)(a) to a permanent or interim trustee in sequestration must be taken to include a reference to a trustee in sequestration;

(b)section 388(5) (which includes provision that nothing in the section applies to anything done by the official receiver or the Accountant in Bankruptcy) must be ignored.

(5)In applying Article 3 of the 1989 Order under subsection (2) above, paragraph (5) (which includes provision that nothing in the Article applies to anything done by the official receiver) must be ignored.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I17S. 433 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

InterpretationE+W+S+N.I.

434 InterpretationE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The following paragraphs apply to references to Acts or Orders—

(a)the 1913 Act is the Bankruptcy (Scotland) Act 1913 (c. 20);

(b)the 1914 Act is the Bankruptcy Act 1914 (c. 59);

(c)the 1985 Act is the Bankruptcy (Scotland) Act 1985 (c. 66);

(d)the 1986 Act is the Insolvency Act 1986 (c. 45);

(e)the 1989 Order is the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (S.I. 1989/2405 (N.I. 19)).

(2)An award of sequestration is made on the date of sequestration within the meaning of section 12(4) of the 1985 Act.

(3)This section applies for the purposes of this Part.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I18S. 434 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

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