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Proceeds of Crime Act 2002

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DisclosuresU.K.

337 Protected disclosuresU.K.

(1)A disclosure which satisfies the following three conditions is not to be taken to breach any restriction on the disclosure of information (however imposed).

(2)The first condition is that the information or other matter disclosed came to the person making the disclosure (the discloser) in the course of his trade, profession, business or employment.

(3)The second condition is that the information or other matter—

(a)causes the discloser to know or suspect, or

(b)gives him reasonable grounds for knowing or suspecting,

that another person is engaged in money laundering.

(4)The third condition is that the disclosure is made to a constable, a customs officer or a nominated officer as soon as is practicable after the information or other matter comes to the discloser.

[F1(4A)Where a disclosure consists of a disclosure protected under subsection (1) and a disclosure of either or both of—

(a)the identity of the other person mentioned in subsection (3), and

(b)the whereabouts of property forming the subject-matter of the money laundering that the discloser knows or suspects, or has reasonable grounds for knowing or suspecting, that other person to be engaged in,

the disclosure of the thing mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) (as well as the disclosure protected under subsection (1)) is not to be taken to breach any restriction on the disclosure of information (however imposed).]

(5)A disclosure to a nominated officer is a disclosure which—

(a)is made to a person nominated by the discloser’s employer to receive disclosures under[F2section 330 or ] this section, and

(b)is made in the course of the discloser’s employment F3....

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I1S. 337 in force at 24.2.2003 by S.I. 2003/120, art. 2, Sch. (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (20.2.2003) by S.I. 2003/333, art. 14)

338 Authorised disclosuresU.K.

(1)For the purposes of this Part a disclosure is authorised if—

(a)it is a disclosure to a constable, a customs officer or a nominated officer by the alleged offender that property is criminal property,

(b)F4... and

(c)the first [F5, second or third] condition set out below is satisfied.

(2)The first condition is that the disclosure is made before the alleged offender does the prohibited act.

[F6(2A)The second condition is that—

(a)the disclosure is made while the alleged offender is doing the prohibited act,

(b)he began to do the act at a time when, because he did not then know or suspect that the property constituted or represented a person's benefit from criminal conduct, the act was not a prohibited act, and

(c)the disclosure is made on his own initiative and as soon as is practicable after he first knows or suspects that the property constitutes or represents a person's benefit from criminal conduct.]

(3)The [F7 third ] condition is that—

(a)the disclosure is made after the alleged offender does the prohibited act,

(b)[F8he has a reasonable excuse] for his failure to make the disclosure before he did the act, and

(c)the disclosure is made on his own initiative and as soon as it is practicable for him to make it.

(4)An authorised disclosure is not to be taken to breach any restriction on the disclosure of information (however imposed).

[F9(4A)Where an authorised disclosure is made in good faith, no civil liability arises in respect of the disclosure on the part of the person by or on whose behalf it is made.]

(5)A disclosure to a nominated officer is a disclosure which—

(a)is made to a person nominated by the alleged offender’s employer to receive authorised disclosures, and

(b)is made in the course of the alleged offender’s employment F10....

(6)References to the prohibited act are to an act mentioned in section 327(1), 328(1) or 329(1) (as the case may be).

339 Form and manner of disclosuresU.K.

(1)The Secretary of State may by order prescribe the form and manner in which a disclosure under section 330, 331, 332 or 338 must be made.

[F11(1A)A person commits an offence if he makes a disclosure under section 330, 331, 332 or 338 otherwise than in the form prescribed under subsection (1) or otherwise than in the manner so prescribed.

(1B)But a person does not commit an offence under subsection (1A) if he has a reasonable excuse for making the disclosure otherwise than in the form prescribed under subsection (1) or (as the case may be) otherwise than in the manner so prescribed.

(2)The power under subsection (1) to prescribe the form in which a disclosure must be made includes power to provide for the form to include a request to a person making a disclosure that the person provide information specified or described in the form if he has not provided it in making the disclosure.

(3)Where under subsection (2) a request is included in a form prescribed under subsection (1), the form must—

(a)state that there is no obligation to comply with the request, and

(b)explain the protection conferred by subsection (4) on a person who complies with the request.]

(4)A disclosure made in pursuance of a request under subsection (2) is not to be taken to breach any restriction on the disclosure of information (however imposed).

F12(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F12(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(7)Subsection (2) does not apply to a disclosure made to a nominated officer.

Textual Amendments

F11S. 339(1A)-(3) substituted for s. 339(2)(3) (1.7.2005) by Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005 (c. 15), ss. 105(5), 178(8); S.I. 2005/1521, art. 3(1)(c)

Commencement Information

I3S. 339 in force at 24.2.2003 by S.I. 2003/120, art. 2, Sch. (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (20.2.2003) by S.I. 2003/333, art. 14)

[F13339ZADisclosures to [F14the NCA]U.K.

Where a disclosure is made under this Part to a constable or an officer of Revenue and Customs, the constable or officer of Revenue and Customs must disclose it in full to a person authorised for the purposes of this Part by the [F15Director General of the National Crime Agency] as soon as practicable after it has been made.]

[F16339ZBVoluntary disclosures within the regulated sectorU.K.

(1)A person (A) may disclose information to one or more other persons if conditions 1 to 4 are met.

(2)Condition 1 is that—

(a)A is carrying on a business in the regulated sector as a relevant undertaking,

(b)the information on which the disclosure is based came to A in the course of carrying on that business, and

(c)the person to whom the information is to be disclosed (or each of them, where the disclosure is to more than one person) is also carrying on a business in the regulated sector as a relevant undertaking (whether or not of the same kind as A).

(3)Condition 2 is that—

(a)an NCA authorised officer has requested A to make the disclosure, or

(b)the person to whom the information is to be disclosed (or at least one of them, where the disclosure is to more than one person) has requested A to do so.

(4)Condition 3 is that, before A makes the disclosure, the required notification has been made to an NCA authorised officer (see section 339ZC(3) to (5)).

(5)Condition 4 is that A is satisfied that the disclosure of the information will or may assist in determining any matter in connection with a suspicion that a person is engaged in money laundering.

(6)A person may disclose information to A for the purposes of making a disclosure request if, and to the extent that, the person has reason to believe that A has in A's possession information that will or may assist in determining any matter in connection with a suspicion that a person is engaged in money laundering.

Textual Amendments

F16Ss. 339ZB-339ZG inserted (27.4.2017 for specified purposes, 31.10.2017 for specified purposes) by Criminal Finances Act 2017 (c. 22), ss. 11, 58(1)(6); S.I. 2017/991, reg. 2(b); S.I. 2017/1028, reg. 2(a)

339ZCSection 339ZB: disclosure requests and required notificationsU.K.

(1)A disclosure request must—

(a)state that it is made in connection with a suspicion that a person is engaged in money laundering,

(b)identify the person (if known),

(c)describe the information that is sought from A, and

(d)specify the person or persons to whom it is requested that the information is disclosed.

(2)Where the disclosure request is made by a person mentioned in section 339ZB(3)(b), the request must also—

(a)set out the grounds for the suspicion that a person is engaged in money laundering, or

(b)provide such other information as the person making the request thinks appropriate for the purposes of enabling A to determine whether the information requested ought to be disclosed under section 339ZB(1).

(3)A required notification must be made—

(a)in the case of a disclosure request made by an NCA authorised officer, by the person who is to disclose information under section 339ZB(1) as a result of the request;

(b)in the case of a disclosure request made by a person mentioned in section 339ZB(3)(b), by the person who made the request.

(4)In a case within subsection (3)(a), the required notification must state that information is to be disclosed under section 339ZB(1).

(5)In a case within subsection (3)(b), the required notification must—

(a)state that a disclosure request has been made,

(b)specify the person to whom the request was made,

(c)identify any person (if known) suspected of being engaged in money laundering in connection with whom the request was made, and

(d)provide all such other information that the person giving the notification would be required to give if making the required disclosure for the purposes of section 330 (see in particular subsection (5)(b) and (c) of that section).

Textual Amendments

F16Ss. 339ZB-339ZG inserted (27.4.2017 for specified purposes, 31.10.2017 for specified purposes) by Criminal Finances Act 2017 (c. 22), ss. 11, 58(1)(6); S.I. 2017/991, reg. 2(b); S.I. 2017/1028, reg. 2(a)

339ZDSection 339ZB: effect on required disclosures under section 330 or 331U.K.

(1)This section applies if in any proceedings a question arises as to whether the required disclosure has been made for the purposes of section 330(4) or 331(4)—

(a)by a person (A) who discloses information under section 339ZB(1) as a result of a disclosure request,

(b)by a person (B) who makes a required notification in accordance with section 339ZC(3)(b) in connection with that request, or

(c)by any other person (C) to whom A discloses information under section 339ZB(1) as a result of that request.

(2)The making of a required notification in good faith is to be treated as satisfying any requirement to make the required disclosure on the part of A, B and C.

This is subject to section 339ZE(1) to (8).

(3)The making of a joint disclosure report in good faith is to be treated as satisfying any requirement to make the required disclosure on the part of the persons who jointly make the report.

This is subject to section 339ZE(10).

(4)A joint disclosure report is a report to an NCA authorised officer that—

(a)is made jointly by A and B (whether or not also jointly with other persons to whom A discloses information under section 339ZB(1)),

(b)satisfies the requirements as to content mentioned in subsection (5),

(c)is prepared after the making of a disclosure by A to B under section 339ZB(1) in connection with a suspicion of a person's engagement in money laundering, and

(d)is sent to the NCA authorised officer before the end of the applicable period.

(5)The requirements as to content are that the report must—

(a)explain the extent to which there are continuing grounds to suspect that the person mentioned in subsection (4)(c) is engaged in money laundering,

(b)identify the person (if known),

(c)set out the grounds for the suspicion, and

(d)provide any other information relevant to the matter.

(6)The applicable period is—

(a)in a case where the disclosure under section 339ZB was made as a result of a disclosure request from an NCA authorised officer by virtue of subsection (3)(a) of that section, whatever period may be specified by the officer when making the request;

(b)in a case where the disclosure was made as a result of a disclosure request from another person by virtue of subsection (3)(b) of that section, the period of 84 days beginning with the day on which a required notification is made in connection with the request.

(7)A joint disclosure report must be—

(a)approved by the nominated officer of each person that jointly makes the report, and

(b)signed by the nominated officer on behalf of each such person.

If there is no nominated officer the report must be approved and signed by another senior officer.

(8)References in this section to A, B or C include—

(a)a nominated officer acting on behalf of A, B or C, and

(b)any other person who is an employee, officer or partner of A, B or C.

Textual Amendments

F16Ss. 339ZB-339ZG inserted (27.4.2017 for specified purposes, 31.10.2017 for specified purposes) by Criminal Finances Act 2017 (c. 22), ss. 11, 58(1)(6); S.I. 2017/991, reg. 2(b); S.I. 2017/1028, reg. 2(a)

339ZELimitations on application of section 339ZD(2) and (3)U.K.

(1)Subsections (2) and (3) apply in a case where the required notification is made by A (notification made as a result of disclosure request received from NCA authorised officer).

(2)Section 339ZD(2) has effect in the case of A, B or C only so far as relating to—

(a)the suspicion in connection with which the required notification is made, and

(b)matters known, suspected or believed as a result of the making of the disclosure request concerned.

(3)Accordingly, section 339ZD(2) does not remove any requirement to make the required disclosure in relation to anything known, suspected or believed that does not result only from the making of the disclosure request.

(4)Subsections (5) to (7) apply in a case where the required notification is made by B (notification made as a result of disclosure request received from another undertaking in the regulated sector).

(5)Section 339ZD(2) has effect in the case of A or C only so far as relating to—

(a)the suspicion in connection with which the notification by B is made, and

(b)matters known, suspected or believed by A or C as a result of the making of that notification.

(6)Accordingly, section 339ZD(2) does not remove any requirement to make the required disclosure in relation to anything known, suspected or believed that does not result only from the making of the notification.

(7)Section 339ZD(2) has effect in the case of B only so far as relating to—

(a)the suspicion in connection with which the notification is made, and

(b)matters known, suspected or believed by B at the time of the making of the notification.

(8)If a joint disclosure report is not made before the end of the applicable period (whether the required notification was made by A or B), section 339ZD(2)—

(a)has effect only so far as relating to any requirement to make the required disclosure that would have otherwise arisen within that period, and

(b)does not remove a requirement to make the required disclosure so far as arising after the end of that period on the part of any person in respect of matters that may become known, suspected or believed by the person after the time when the required notification was made.

(9)If a joint disclosure report is not made before the end of the applicable period, the person who made the required notification must notify an NCA authorised officer that a report is not being made as soon as reasonably practicable after the period ends.

(10)Section 339ZD(3) has effect only so far as relating to—

(a)the suspicion in connection with which the report is made, and

(b)matters known, suspected or believed at the time of the making of the report.

(11)Terms used in this section have the same meanings as in section 339ZD.

Textual Amendments

F16Ss. 339ZB-339ZG inserted (27.4.2017 for specified purposes, 31.10.2017 for specified purposes) by Criminal Finances Act 2017 (c. 22), ss. 11, 58(1)(6); S.I. 2017/991, reg. 2(b); S.I. 2017/1028, reg. 2(a)

339ZFSection 339ZB: supplementaryU.K.

(1)A relevant disclosure made in good faith does not breach—

(a)an obligation of confidence owed by the person making the disclosure, or

(b)any other restriction on the disclosure of information,

however imposed.

(2)But a relevant disclosure may not include information obtained from a UK law enforcement agency unless that agency consents to the disclosure.

(3)In a case where a person is acting on behalf of another (“the undertaking”) as a nominated officer—

(a)a relevant disclosure by the undertaking must be made by the nominated officer on behalf of the undertaking, and

(b)a relevant disclosure to the undertaking must be made to that officer.

(4)Subsection (1) applies whether or not the conditions in section 339ZB were met in respect of the disclosure if the person making the disclosure did so in the reasonable belief that the conditions were met.

(5)In this section—

  • relevant disclosure” means any disclosure made in compliance, or intended compliance, with section 339ZB;

  • UK law enforcement agency” means—

    (a)

    the National Crime Agency;

    (b)

    a police force in England, Scotland, Northern Ireland or Wales;

    (c)

    any other person operating in England, Scotland, Northern Ireland or Wales charged with the duty of preventing, detecting, investigating or prosecuting offences.

Textual Amendments

F16Ss. 339ZB-339ZG inserted (27.4.2017 for specified purposes, 31.10.2017 for specified purposes) by Criminal Finances Act 2017 (c. 22), ss. 11, 58(1)(6); S.I. 2017/991, reg. 2(b); S.I. 2017/1028, reg. 2(a)

339ZGSections 339ZB to 339ZF: interpretationU.K.

(1)This section applies for the purposes of sections 339ZB to 339ZF.

(2)Disclosure request” means a request made for the purposes of condition 2 in section 339ZB(3).

(3)NCA authorised officer” means a person authorised for the purposes of this Part by the Director General of the National Crime Agency.

(4)Nominated officer” means a person nominated to receive disclosures under section 330.

(5)Relevant undertaking” means any of the following—

(a)a credit institution;

(b)a financial institution;

(c)a professional legal adviser;

(d)a relevant professional adviser;

(e)other persons (not within paragraphs (a) to (d)) whose business consists of activities listed in paragraph 1(1) of Schedule 9.

(6)Required disclosure” has the same meaning as in section 330(5) or (as the case may be) section 331(5).

(7)Required notification” means a notification made for the purposes of condition 3 in section 339ZB(4).

(8)For the purposes of subsection (5)—

(a)credit institution” has the same meaning as in Schedule 9;

(b)financial institution” means an undertaking that carries on a business in the regulated sector by virtue of any of paragraphs (b) to (i) of paragraph 1(1) of that Schedule;

(c)relevant professional adviser” has the meaning given by section 333E(5).

(9)Schedule 9 has effect for determining what is a business in the regulated sector.]

Textual Amendments

F16Ss. 339ZB-339ZG inserted (27.4.2017 for specified purposes, 31.10.2017 for specified purposes) by Criminal Finances Act 2017 (c. 22), ss. 11, 58(1)(6); S.I. 2017/991, reg. 2(b); S.I. 2017/1028, reg. 2(a)

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