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Proceeds of Crime Act 2002

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Interim receiving orders (England and Wales and Northern Ireland)

246Application for interim receiving order

(1)Where the enforcement authority may take proceedings for a recovery order in the High Court, the authority may apply to the court for an interim receiving order (whether before or after starting the proceedings).

(2)An interim receiving order is an order for—

(a)the detention, custody or preservation of property, and

(b)the appointment of an interim receiver.

(3)An application for an interim receiving order may be made without notice if the circumstances are such that notice of the application would prejudice any right of the enforcement authority to obtain a recovery order in respect of any property.

(4)The court may make an interim receiving order on the application if it is satisfied that the conditions in subsections (5) and, where applicable, (6) are met.

(5)The first condition is that there is a good arguable case—

(a)that the property to which the application for the order relates is or includes recoverable property, and

(b)that, if any of it is not recoverable property, it is associated property.

(6)The second condition is that, if—

(a)the property to which the application for the order relates includes property alleged to be associated property, and

(b)the enforcement authority has not established the identity of the person who holds it,

the authority has taken all reasonable steps to do so.

(7)In its application for an interim receiving order, the enforcement authority must nominate a suitably qualified person for appointment as interim receiver, but the nominee may not be a member of the staff of the Agency.

(8)The extent of the power to make an interim receiving order is not limited by sections 247 to 255.

247Functions of interim receiver

(1)An interim receiving order may authorise or require the interim receiver—

(a)to exercise any of the powers mentioned in Schedule 6,

(b)to take any other steps the court thinks appropriate,

for the purpose of securing the detention, custody or preservation of the property to which the order applies or of taking any steps under subsection (2).

(2)An interim receiving order must require the interim receiver to take any steps which the court thinks necessary to establish—

(a)whether or not the property to which the order applies is recoverable property or associated property,

(b)whether or not any other property is recoverable property (in relation to the same unlawful conduct) and, if it is, who holds it.

(3)If—

(a)the interim receiver deals with any property which is not property to which the order applies, and

(b)at the time he deals with the property he believes on reasonable grounds that he is entitled to do so in pursuance of the order,

the interim receiver is not liable to any person in respect of any loss or damage resulting from his dealing with the property except so far as the loss or damage is caused by his negligence.

248Registration

(1)The registration Acts—

(a)apply in relation to interim receiving orders as they apply in relation to orders which affect land and are made by the court for the purpose of enforcing judgements or recognisances,

(b)apply in relation to applications for interim receiving orders as they apply in relation to other pending land actions.

(2)The registration Acts are—

(a)the Land Registration Act 1925 (c. 21),

(b)the Land Charges Act 1972 (c. 61), and

(c)the Land Registration Act 2002 (c. 9).

(3)But no notice may be entered in the register of title under the Land Registration Act 2002 in respect of an interim receiving order.

(4)A person applying for an interim receiving order must be treated for the purposes of section 57 of the Land Registration Act 1925 (inhibitions) as a person interested in relation to any registered land to which—

(a)the application relates, or

(b)an interim receiving order made in pursuance of the application relates.

249Registration (Northern Ireland)

(1)A person applying for an interim receiving order must be treated for the purposes of section 66 of the Land Registration Act (Northern Ireland) 1970 (c. 18 (N.I.)) (cautions) as a person interested in relation to any registered land to which—

(a)the application relates, or

(b)an interim receiving order made in pursuance of the application relates.

(2)Upon being served with a copy of an interim receiving order, the Registrar must, in respect of any registered land to which an interim receiving order or an application for an interim receiving order relates, make an entry inhibiting any dealing with the land without the consent of the High Court.

(3)Subsections (2) and (4) of section 67 of the Land Registration Act (Northern Ireland) 1970 (inhibitions) apply to an entry made under subsection (2) as they apply to an entry made on the application of any person interested in the registered land under subsection (1) of that section.

(4)Where an interim receiving order has been protected by an entry registered under the Land Registration Act (Northern Ireland) 1970 or the Registration of Deeds Acts, an order setting aside the interim receiving order may require that entry to be vacated.

(5)In this section—

  • “Registrar” and “entry” have the same meanings as in the Land Registration Act (Northern Ireland) 1970, and

  • “Registration of Deeds Acts” has the meaning given by section 46(2) of the Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954 (c. 33 (N.I.)).

250Duties of respondent etc.

(1)An interim receiving order may require any person to whose property the order applies—

(a)to bring the property to a place (in England and Wales or, as the case may be, Northern Ireland) specified by the interim receiver or place it in the custody of the interim receiver (if, in either case, he is able to do so),

(b)to do anything he is reasonably required to do by the interim receiver for the preservation of the property.

(2)An interim receiving order may require any person to whose property the order applies to bring any documents relating to the property which are in his possession or control to a place (in England and Wales or, as the case may be, Northern Ireland) specified by the interim receiver or to place them in the custody of the interim receiver.

“Document” means anything in which information of any description is recorded.

251Supervision of interim receiver and variation of order

(1)The interim receiver, any party to the proceedings and any person affected by any action taken by the interim receiver, or who may be affected by any action proposed to be taken by him, may at any time apply to the court for directions as to the exercise of the interim receiver’s functions.

(2)Before giving any directions under subsection (1), the court must (as well as giving the parties to the proceedings an opportunity to be heard) give such an opportunity to the interim receiver and to any person who may be interested in the application.

(3)The court may at any time vary or set aside an interim receiving order.

(4)Before exercising any power under this Chapter to vary or set aside an interim receiving order, the court must (as well as giving the parties to the proceedings an opportunity to be heard) give such an opportunity to the interim receiver and to any person who may be affected by the court’s decision.

252Restrictions on dealing etc. with property

(1)An interim receiving order must, subject to any exclusions made in accordance with this section, prohibit any person to whose property the order applies from dealing with the property.

(2)Exclusions may be made when the interim receiving order is made or on an application to vary the order.

(3)An exclusion may, in particular, make provision for the purpose of enabling any person—

(a)to meet his reasonable living expenses, or

(b)to carry on any trade, business, profession or occupation,

and may be made subject to conditions.

(4)But an exclusion may not be made for the purpose of enabling any person to meet any legal expenses in respect of proceedings under this Part.

(5)If the excluded property is not specified in the order it must be described in the order in general terms.

(6)The power to make exclusions must be exercised with a view to ensuring, so far as practicable, that the satisfaction of any right of the enforcement authority to recover the property obtained through unlawful conduct is not unduly prejudiced.

253Restriction on proceedings and remedies

(1)While an interim receiving order has effect—

(a)the court may stay any action, execution or other legal process in respect of the property to which the order applies,

(b)no distress may be levied against the property to which the order applies except with the leave of the court and subject to any terms the court may impose.

(2)If a court (whether the High Court or any other court) in which proceedings are pending in respect of any property is satisfied that an interim receiving order has been applied for or made in respect of the property, the court may either stay the proceedings or allow them to continue on any terms it thinks fit.

(3)If the interim receiving order applies to a tenancy of any premises, no landlord or other person to whom rent is payable may exercise any right of forfeiture by peaceable re-entry in relation to the premises in respect of any failure by the tenant to comply with any term or condition of the tenancy, except with the leave of the court and subject to any terms the court may impose.

(4)Before exercising any power conferred by this section, the court must (as well as giving the parties to any of the proceedings in question an opportunity to be heard) give such an opportunity to the interim receiver (if appointed) and any person who may be affected by the court’s decision.

254Exclusion of property which is not recoverable etc.

(1)If the court decides that any property to which an interim receiving order applies is neither recoverable property nor associated property, it must vary the order so as to exclude it.

(2)The court may vary an interim receiving order so as to exclude from the property to which the order applies any property which is alleged to be associated property if the court thinks that the satisfaction of any right of the enforcement authority to recover the property obtained through unlawful conduct will not be prejudiced.

(3)The court may exclude any property within subsection (2) on any terms or conditions, applying while the interim receiving order has effect, which the court thinks necessary or expedient.

255Reporting

(1)An interim receiving order must require the interim receiver to inform the enforcement authority and the court as soon as reasonably practicable if he thinks that—

(a)any property to which the order applies by virtue of a claim that it is recoverable property is not recoverable property,

(b)any property to which the order applies by virtue of a claim that it is associated property is not associated property,

(c)any property to which the order does not apply is recoverable property (in relation to the same unlawful conduct) or associated property, or

(d)any property to which the order applies is held by a person who is different from the person it is claimed holds it,

or if he thinks that there has been any other material change of circumstances.

(2)An interim receiving order must require the interim receiver—

(a)to report his findings to the court,

(b)to serve copies of his report on the enforcement authority and on any person who holds any property to which the order applies or who may otherwise be affected by the report.

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