xmlns:atom="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom" xmlns:atom="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom"

Part 2E+WConfiscation: England and Wales

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C6Pt. 2: power to modify conferred (20.3.2015) by Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), ss. 47, 61(2); S.I. 2015/813, art. 2(b)

Confiscation ordersE+W

6 Making of orderE+W

(1)The Crown Court must proceed under this section if the following two conditions are satisfied.

(2)The first condition is that a defendant falls within any of the following paragraphs—

(a)he is convicted of an offence or offences in proceedings before the Crown Court;

(b)he is committed to the Crown Court for sentence in respect of an offence or offences under [F1section 3, 4 or 6] [F1section 3, 3A, 3B, 3C, 4, 4A or 6] of the Sentencing Act;

(c)he is committed to the Crown Court in respect of an offence or offences under section 70 below (committal with a view to a confiscation order being considered).

(3)The second condition is that—

(a)the prosecutor F2... asks the court to proceed under this section, or

(b)the court believes it is appropriate for it to do so.

(4)The court must proceed as follows—

(a)it must decide whether the defendant has a criminal lifestyle;

(b)if it decides that he has a criminal lifestyle it must decide whether he has benefited from his general criminal conduct;

(c)if it decides that he does not have a criminal lifestyle it must decide whether he has benefited from his particular criminal conduct.

(5)If the court decides under subsection (4)(b) or (c) that the defendant has benefited from the conduct referred to it must—

(a)decide the recoverable amount, and

(b)make an order (a confiscation order) requiring him to pay that amount.

(6)But the court must treat the duty in subsection (5) as a power if it believes that any victim of the conduct has at any time started or intends to start proceedings against the defendant in respect of loss, injury or damage sustained in connection with the conduct.

[F3(6A)The court must also treat the duty in subsection (5) as a power if—

(a)an order has been made, or it believes an order may be made, against the defendant under section 4 (criminal unlawful profit orders) of the Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 in respect of profit made by the defendant in connection with the conduct, or

(b)it believes that a person has at any time started or intends to start proceedings against the defendant under section 5 (civil unlawful profit orders) of that Act in respect of such profit.]

(7)The court must decide any question arising under subsection (4) or (5) on a balance of probabilities.

(8)The first condition is not satisfied if the defendant absconds (but section 27 may apply).

(9)References in this Part to the offence (or offences) concerned are to the offence (or offences) mentioned in subsection (2).

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F1Words in s. 6(2)(b) substituted (18.6.2012 for specified purposes, 5.11.2012 for specified purposes, 28.5.2013 for specified purposes) by Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c. 44), s. 336(3)(4), Sch. 3 para. 75(2); S.I. 2012/1320, art. 4(1)(c)(2)(3) (with art. 5) (see S.I. 2012/2574, art. 4(2) and S.I. 2013/1103, art. 4); S.I. 2012/2574, art. 2(2)(3)(c), Sch. (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (4.11.2012) by S.I. 2012/2761, art. 2) (with S.I. 2013/1103, art. 4); S.I. 2013/1103, art. 2(1)(c)(2)(3) (with arts. 3, 4)

Commencement Information

I1S. 6 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch. (with arts. 3(1), 7, 10-13) (as amended (6.3.2003) by S.I. 2003/531, art. 3)

7 Recoverable amountE+W

(1)The recoverable amount for the purposes of section 6 is an amount equal to the defendant’s benefit from the conduct concerned.

(2)But if the defendant shows that the available amount is less than that benefit the recoverable amount is—

(a)the available amount, or

(b)a nominal amount, if the available amount is nil.

(3)But if section 6(6) [F4or 6(6A)] applies the recoverable amount is such amount as—

(a)the court believes is just, but

(b)does not exceed the amount found under subsection (1) or (2) (as the case may be).

(4)In calculating the defendant’s benefit from the conduct concerned for the purposes of subsection (1), any property in respect of which—

(a)a recovery order is in force under section 266, or

(b)a forfeiture order is in force under section 298(2),

must be ignored.

(5)If the court decides the available amount, it must include in the confiscation order a statement of its findings as to the matters relevant for deciding that amount.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F4Words in s. 7(3) inserted (15.10.2013 for E., 5.11.2013 for W.) by Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (c. 3), s. 12, Sch. para. 13; S.I. 2013/2622, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2861, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I2S. 7 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

8 Defendant’s benefitE+W

(1)If the court is proceeding under section 6 this section applies for the purpose of—

(a)deciding whether the defendant has benefited from conduct, and

(b)deciding his benefit from the conduct.

(2)The court must—

(a)take account of conduct occurring up to the time it makes its decision;

(b)take account of property obtained up to that time.

(3)Subsection (4) applies if—

(a)the conduct concerned is general criminal conduct,

(b)a confiscation order mentioned in subsection (5) has at an earlier time been made against the defendant, and

(c)his benefit for the purposes of that order was benefit from his general criminal conduct.

(4)His benefit found at the time the last confiscation order mentioned in subsection (3)(c) was made against him must be taken for the purposes of this section to be his benefit from his general criminal conduct at that time.

(5)If the conduct concerned is general criminal conduct the court must deduct the aggregate of the following amounts—

(a)the amount ordered to be paid under each confiscation order previously made against the defendant;

(b)the amount ordered to be paid under each confiscation order previously made against him under any of the provisions listed in subsection (7).

(6)But subsection (5) does not apply to an amount which has been taken into account for the purposes of a deduction under that subsection on any earlier occasion.

(7)These are the provisions—

(a)the Drug Trafficking Offences Act 1986 (c. 32);

(b)Part 1 of the Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1987 (c. 41);

(c)Part 6 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 (c. 33);

(d)the Criminal Justice (Confiscation) (Northern Ireland) Order 1990 (S.I. 1990/2588 (N.I. 17));

(e)Part 1 of the Drug Trafficking Act 1994 (c. 37);

(f)Part 1 of the Proceeds of Crime (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 43);

(g)the Proceeds of Crime (Northern Ireland) Order 1996 (S.I. 1996/1299 (N.I. 9));

(h)Part 3 or 4 of this Act.

(8)The reference to general criminal conduct in the case of a confiscation order made under any of the provisions listed in subsection (7) is a reference to conduct in respect of which a court is required or entitled to make one or more assumptions for the purpose of assessing a person’s benefit from the conduct.

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I3S. 8 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

9 Available amountE+W

(1)For the purposes of deciding the recoverable amount, the available amount is the aggregate of—

(a)the total of the values (at the time the confiscation order is made) of all the free property then held by the defendant minus the total amount payable in pursuance of obligations which then have priority, and

(b)the total of the values (at that time) of all tainted gifts.

(2)An obligation has priority if it is an obligation of the defendant—

(a)to pay an amount due in respect of a fine or other order of a court which was imposed or made on conviction of an offence and at any time before the time the confiscation order is made, or

(b)to pay a sum which would be included among the preferential debts if the defendant’s bankruptcy had commenced on the date of the confiscation order or his winding up had been ordered on that date.

(3)Preferential debts” has the meaning given by section 386 of the Insolvency Act 1986 (c. 45).

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I4S. 9 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

10 Assumptions to be made in case of criminal lifestyleE+W

(1)If the court decides under section 6 that the defendant has a criminal lifestyle it must make the following four assumptions for the purpose of—

(a)deciding whether he has benefited from his general criminal conduct, and

(b)deciding his benefit from the conduct.

(2)The first assumption is that any property transferred to the defendant at any time after the relevant day was obtained by him—

(a)as a result of his general criminal conduct, and

(b)at the earliest time he appears to have held it.

(3)The second assumption is that any property held by the defendant at any time after the date of conviction was obtained by him—

(a)as a result of his general criminal conduct, and

(b)at the earliest time he appears to have held it.

(4)The third assumption is that any expenditure incurred by the defendant at any time after the relevant day was met from property obtained by him as a result of his general criminal conduct.

(5)The fourth assumption is that, for the purpose of valuing any property obtained (or assumed to have been obtained) by the defendant, he obtained it free of any other interests in it.

(6)But the court must not make a required assumption in relation to particular property or expenditure if—

(a)the assumption is shown to be incorrect, or

(b)there would be a serious risk of injustice if the assumption were made.

(7)If the court does not make one or more of the required assumptions it must state its reasons.

(8)The relevant day is the first day of the period of six years ending with—

(a)the day when proceedings for the offence concerned were started against the defendant, or

(b)if there are two or more offences and proceedings for them were started on different days, the earliest of those days.

(9)But if a confiscation order mentioned in section 8(3)(c) has been made against the defendant at any time during the period mentioned in subsection (8)—

(a)the relevant day is the day when the defendant’s benefit was calculated for the purposes of the last such confiscation order;

(b)the second assumption does not apply to any property which was held by him on or before the relevant day.

(10)The date of conviction is—

(a)the date on which the defendant was convicted of the offence concerned, or

(b)if there are two or more offences and the convictions were on different dates, the date of the latest.

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I5S. 10 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

11 Time for paymentE+W

(1)The amount ordered to be paid under a confiscation order must be paid on the making of the order; but this is subject to the following provisions of this section.

(2)If the defendant shows that he needs time to pay the amount ordered to be paid, the court making the confiscation order may make an order allowing payment to be made in a specified period.

(3)The specified period—

(a)must start with the day on which the confiscation order is made, and

(b)must not exceed six months.

(4)If within the specified period the defendant applies to the Crown Court for the period to be extended and the court believes there are exceptional circumstances, it may make an order extending the period.

(5)The extended period—

(a)must start with the day on which the confiscation order is made, and

(b)must not exceed 12 months.

(6)An order under subsection (4)—

(a)may be made after the end of the specified period, but

(b)must not be made after the end of the period of 12 months starting with the day on which the confiscation order is made.

(7)The court must not make an order under subsection (2) or (4) unless it gives—

(a)the prosecutor, or

F5(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

an opportunity to make representations.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I6S. 11 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

12 Interest on unpaid sumsE+W

(1)If the amount required to be paid by a person under a confiscation order is not paid when it is required to be paid, he must pay interest on the amount for the period for which it remains unpaid.

(2)The rate of interest is the same rate as that for the time being specified in section 17 of the Judgments Act 1838 (c. 110) (interest on civil judgment debts).

(3)For the purposes of this section no amount is required to be paid under a confiscation order if—

(a)an application has been made under section 11(4),

(b)the application has not been determined by the court, and

(c)the period of 12 months starting with the day on which the confiscation order was made has not ended.

(4)In applying this Part the amount of the interest must be treated as part of the amount to be paid under the confiscation order.

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I7S. 12 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

13 Effect of order on court’s other powersE+W

(1)If the court makes a confiscation order it must proceed as mentioned in subsections (2) and (4) in respect of the offence or offences concerned.

(2)The court must take account of the confiscation order before—

(a)it imposes a fine on the defendant, or

(b)it makes an order falling within subsection (3).

(3)These orders fall within this subsection—

(a)an order involving payment by the defendant, other than [F6an order under section 21A of the Prosecution of Offences Act 1985 (criminal courts charge) or] an order under section 130 of the Sentencing Act (compensation orders) [F7or an order under section 4 of the Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (unlawful profit orders)];

(b)an order under section 27 of the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 (c. 38) (forfeiture orders);

(c)an order under section 143 of the Sentencing Act (deprivation orders);

(d)an order under section 23 [F8or 23A] of the Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11) (forfeiture orders).

(4)Subject to subsection (2), the court must leave the confiscation order out of account in deciding the appropriate sentence for the defendant.

(5)Subsection (6) applies if—

[F9(a)the Crown Court makes—

(i)both a confiscation order and a compensation order under section 130 of the Sentencing Act,

(ii)both a confiscation order and an unlawful profit order under section 4 of the Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013, or

(iii)a confiscation order, a compensation order and an unlawful profit order,

against the same person in the same proceedings, and]

(b)the court believes he will not have sufficient means to satisfy both the orders [F10or all the orders] in full.

(6)In such a case the court must direct that so much of the compensation [F11or amount payable under the unlawful profit order (or both)] as it specifies is to be paid out of any sums recovered under the confiscation order; and the amount it specifies must be the amount it believes will not be recoverable because of the insufficiency of the person’s means.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F7Words in s. 13(3) inserted (15.10.2013 for E., 5.11.2013 for W.) by Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (c. 3), s. 12, Sch. para. 14(2); S.I. 2013/2622, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2861, art. 2

F10Words in s. 13(5)(b) inserted (15.10.2013 for E., 5.11.2013 for W.) by Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (c. 3), s. 12, Sch. para. 14(3)(b); S.I. 2013/2622, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2861, art. 2

F11Words in s. 13(6) inserted (15.10.2013 for E., 5.11.2013 for W.) by Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (c. 3), s. 12, Sch. para. 14(4); S.I. 2013/2622, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2861, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I8S. 13 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

Procedural mattersE+W

14 PostponementE+W

(1)The court may—

(a)proceed under section 6 before it sentences the defendant for the offence (or any of the offences) concerned, or

(b)postpone proceedings under section 6 for a specified period.

(2)A period of postponement may be extended.

(3)A period of postponement (including one as extended) must not end after the permitted period ends.

(4)But subsection (3) does not apply if there are exceptional circumstances.

(5)The permitted period is the period of two years starting with the date of conviction.

(6)But if—

(a)the defendant appeals against his conviction for the offence (or any of the offences) concerned, and

(b)the period of three months (starting with the day when the appeal is determined or otherwise disposed of) ends after the period found under subsection (5),

the permitted period is that period of three months.

(7)A postponement or extension may be made—

(a)on application by the defendant;

(b)on application by the prosecutor F12...;

(c)by the court of its own motion.

(8)If—

(a)proceedings are postponed for a period, and

(b)an application to extend the period is made before it ends,

the application may be granted even after the period ends.

(9)The date of conviction is—

(a)the date on which the defendant was convicted of the offence concerned, or

(b)if there are two or more offences and the convictions were on different dates, the date of the latest.

(10)References to appealing include references to applying under section 111 of the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 (c. 43) (statement of case).

(11)A confiscation order must not be quashed only on the ground that there was a defect or omission in the procedure connected with the application for or the granting of a postponement.

(12)But subsection (11) does not apply if before it made the confiscation order the court—

(a)imposed a fine on the defendant;

(b)made an order falling within section 13(3);

(c)made an order under section 130 of the Sentencing Act (compensation orders) [F13;

(d)made an order under section 4 of the Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (unlawful profit orders)].

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F13S. 14(12)(d) inserted (15.10.2013 for E., 5.11.2013 for W.) by Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (c. 3), s. 12, Sch. para. 15; S.I. 2013/2622, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2861, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I9S. 14 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

15 Effect of postponementE+W

(1)If the court postpones proceedings under section 6 it may proceed to sentence the defendant for the offence (or any of the offences) concerned.

(2)In sentencing the defendant for the offence (or any of the offences) concerned in the postponement period the court must not—

(a)impose a fine on him,

(b)make an order falling within section 13(3), F14...

(c)make an order for the payment of compensation under section 130 of the Sentencing Act [F15, or

(d)make an unlawful profit order under section 4 of the Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013].

(3)If the court sentences the defendant for the offence (or any of the offences) concerned in the postponement period, after that period ends it may vary the sentence by—

(a)imposing a fine on him,

(b)making an order falling within section 13(3), F16...

(c)making an order for the payment of compensation under section 130 of the Sentencing Act [F17, or

(d)making an unlawful profit order under section 4 of the Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013].

(4)But the court may proceed under subsection (3) only within the period of 28 days which starts with the last day of the postponement period.

(5)For the purposes of—

(a)section 18(2) of the Criminal Appeal Act 1968 (c. 19) (time limit for notice of appeal or of application for leave to appeal), and

(b)paragraph 1 of Schedule 3 to the Criminal Justice Act 1988 (c. 33) (time limit for notice of application for leave to refer a case under section 36 of that Act),

the sentence must be regarded as imposed or made on the day on which it is varied under subsection (3).

(6)If the court proceeds to sentence the defendant under subsection (1), section 6 has effect as if the defendant’s particular criminal conduct included conduct which constitutes offences which the court has taken into consideration in deciding his sentence for the offence or offences concerned.

(7)The postponement period is the period for which proceedings under section 6 are postponed.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F14Word in s. 15(2)(b) omitted (15.10.2013 for E., 5.11.2013 for W.) by virtue of Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (c. 3), s. 12, Sch. para. 16(2)(a); S.I. 2013/2622, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2861, art. 2

F15S. 15(2)(d) and word inserted (15.10.2013 for E., 5.11.2013 for W.) by Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (c. 3), s. 12, Sch. para. 16(2)(b); S.I. 2013/2622, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2861, art. 2

F16Word in s. 15(3)(b) omitted (15.10.2013 for E., 5.11.2013 for W.) by virtue of Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (c. 3), s. 12, Sch. para. 16(3)(a); S.I. 2013/2622, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2861, art. 2

F17S. 15(3)(d) and word inserted (15.10.2013 for E., 5.11.2013 for W.) by Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (c. 3), s. 12, Sch. para. 16(3)(b); S.I. 2013/2622, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2861, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I10S. 15 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

16 Statement of informationE+W

(1)If the court is proceeding under section 6 in a case where section 6(3)(a) applies, the prosecutor F18... must give the court a statement of information within the period the court orders.

(2)If the court is proceeding under section 6 in a case where section 6(3)(b) applies and it orders the prosecutor to give it a statement of information, the prosecutor must give it such a statement within the period the court orders.

(3)If the prosecutor F19... believes the defendant has a criminal lifestyle the statement of information is a statement of matters the prosecutor F20...believes are relevant in connection with deciding these issues—

(a)whether the defendant has a criminal lifestyle;

(b)whether he has benefited from his general criminal conduct;

(c)his benefit from the conduct.

(4)A statement under subsection (3) must include information the prosecutor F21... believes is relevant—

(a)in connection with the making by the court of a required assumption under section 10;

(b)for the purpose of enabling the court to decide if the circumstances are such that it must not make such an assumption.

(5)If the prosecutor F22... does not believe the defendant has a criminal lifestyle the statement of information is a statement of matters the prosecutor F23... believes are relevant in connection with deciding these issues—

(a)whether the defendant has benefited from his particular criminal conduct;

(b)his benefit from the conduct.

(6)If the prosecutor F24... gives the court a statement of information—

(a)he may at any time give the court a further statement of information;

(b)he must give the court a further statement of information if it orders him to do so, and he must give it within the period the court orders.

(7)If the court makes an order under this section it may at any time vary it by making another one.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I11S. 16 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

17 Defendant’s response to statement of informationE+W

(1)If the prosecutor F25... gives the court a statement of information and a copy is served on the defendant, the court may order the defendant—

(a)to indicate (within the period it orders) the extent to which he accepts each allegation in the statement, and

(b)so far as he does not accept such an allegation, to give particulars of any matters he proposes to rely on.

(2)If the defendant accepts to any extent an allegation in a statement of information the court may treat his acceptance as conclusive of the matters to which it relates for the purpose of deciding the issues referred to in section 16(3) or (5) (as the case may be).

(3)If the defendant fails in any respect to comply with an order under subsection (1) he may be treated for the purposes of subsection (2) as accepting every allegation in the statement of information apart from—

(a)any allegation in respect of which he has complied with the requirement;

(b)any allegation that he has benefited from his general or particular criminal conduct.

(4)For the purposes of this section an allegation may be accepted or particulars may be given in a manner ordered by the court.

(5)If the court makes an order under this section it may at any time vary it by making another one.

(6)No acceptance under this section that the defendant has benefited from conduct is admissible in evidence in proceedings for an offence.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I12S. 17 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

18 Provision of information by defendantE+W

(1)This section applies if—

(a)the court is proceeding under section 6 in a case where section 6(3)(a) applies, or

(b)it is proceeding under section 6 in a case where section 6(3)(b) applies or it is considering whether to proceed.

(2)For the purpose of obtaining information to help it in carrying out its functions the court may at any time order the defendant to give it information specified in the order.

(3)An order under this section may require all or a specified part of the information to be given in a specified manner and before a specified date.

(4)If the defendant fails without reasonable excuse to comply with an order under this section the court may draw such inference as it believes is appropriate.

(5)Subsection (4) does not affect any power of the court to deal with the defendant in respect of a failure to comply with an order under this section.

(6)If the prosecutor F26... accepts to any extent an allegation made by the defendant—

(a)in giving information required by an order under this section, or

(b)in any other statement given to the court in relation to any matter relevant to deciding the available amount under section 9,

the court may treat the acceptance as conclusive of the matters to which it relates.

(7)For the purposes of this section an allegation may be accepted in a manner ordered by the court.

(8)If the court makes an order under this section it may at any time vary it by making another one.

(9)No information given under this section which amounts to an admission by the defendant that he has benefited from criminal conduct is admissible in evidence in proceedings for an offence.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I13S. 18 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

ReconsiderationE+W

19 No order made: reconsideration of caseE+W

(1)This section applies if—

(a)the first condition in section 6 is satisfied but no court has proceeded under that section,

(b)there is evidence which was not available to the prosecutor on the relevant date,

(c)before the end of the period of six years starting with the date of conviction the prosecutor F27... applies to the Crown Court to consider the evidence, and

(d)after considering the evidence the court believes it is appropriate for it to proceed under section 6.

(2)If this section applies the court must proceed under section 6, and when it does so subsections (3) to (8) below apply.

(3)If the court has already sentenced the defendant for the offence (or any of the offences) concerned, section 6 has effect as if his particular criminal conduct included conduct which constitutes offences which the court has taken into consideration in deciding his sentence for the offence or offences concerned.

(4)Section 8(2) does not apply, and the rules applying instead are that the court must—

(a)take account of conduct occurring before the relevant date;

(b)take account of property obtained before that date;

(c)take account of property obtained on or after that date if it was obtained as a result of or in connection with conduct occurring before that date.

(5)In section 10—

(a)the first and second assumptions do not apply with regard to property first held by the defendant on or after the relevant date;

(b)the third assumption does not apply with regard to expenditure incurred by him on or after that date;

(c)the fourth assumption does not apply with regard to property obtained (or assumed to have been obtained) by him on or after that date.

(6)The recoverable amount for the purposes of section 6 is such amount as—

(a)the court believes is just, but

(b)does not exceed the amount found under section 7.

(7)In arriving at the just amount the court must have regard in particular to—

(a)the amount found under section 7;

(b)any fine imposed on the defendant in respect of the offence (or any of the offences) concerned;

(c)any order which falls within section 13(3) and has been made against him in respect of the offence (or any of the offences) concerned and has not already been taken into account by the court in deciding what is the free property held by him for the purposes of section 9;

(d)any order which has been made against him in respect of the offence (or any of the offences) concerned under section 130 of the Sentencing Act (compensation orders) [F28;

(e)any order which has been made against the defendant in respect of the offence (or any of the offences) concerned under section 4 of the Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (unlawful profit orders)].

(8)If an order for the payment of compensation under section 130 of the Sentencing Act [F29or an unlawful profit order under section 4 of the Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013] has been made against the defendant in respect of the offence or offences concerned, section 13(5) and (6) above do not apply.

(9)The relevant date is—

(a)if the court made a decision not to proceed under section 6, the date of the decision;

(b)if the court did not make such a decision, the date of conviction.

(10)The date of conviction is—

(a)the date on which the defendant was convicted of the offence concerned, or

(b)if there are two or more offences and the convictions were on different dates, the date of the latest.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F29Words in s. 19(8) inserted (15.10.2013 for E., 5.11.2013 for W.) by Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (c. 3), s. 12, Sch. para. 17(3); S.I. 2013/2622, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2861, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I14S. 19 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

20 No order made: reconsideration of benefitE+W

(1)This section applies if the following two conditions are satisfied.

(2)The first condition is that in proceeding under section 6 the court has decided that—

(a)the defendant has a criminal lifestyle but has not benefited from his general criminal conduct, or

(b)the defendant does not have a criminal lifestyle and has not benefited from his particular criminal conduct.

F30(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)F31... the second condition is that—

(a)there is evidence which was not available to the prosecutor when the court decided that the defendant had not benefited from his general or particular criminal conduct,

(b)before the end of the period of six years starting with the date of conviction the prosecutor F32... applies to the Crown Court to consider the evidence, and

(c)after considering the evidence the court concludes that it would have decided that the defendant had benefited from his general or particular criminal conduct (as the case may be) if the evidence had been available to it.

(5)If this section applies the court—

(a)must make a fresh decision under section 6(4)(b) or (c) whether the defendant has benefited from his general or particular criminal conduct (as the case may be);

(b)may make a confiscation order under that section.

(6)Subsections (7) to (12) below apply if the court proceeds under section 6 in pursuance of this section.

(7)If the court has already sentenced the defendant for the offence (or any of the offences) concerned, section 6 has effect as if his particular criminal conduct included conduct which constitutes offences which the court has taken into consideration in deciding his sentence for the offence or offences concerned.

(8)Section 8(2) does not apply, and the rules applying instead are that the court must—

(a)take account of conduct occurring before the date of the original decision that the defendant had not benefited from his general or particular criminal conduct;

(b)take account of property obtained before that date;

(c)take account of property obtained on or after that date if it was obtained as a result of or in connection with conduct occurring before that date.

(9)In section 10—

(a)the first and second assumptions do not apply with regard to property first held by the defendant on or after the date of the original decision that the defendant had not benefited from his general or particular criminal conduct;

(b)the third assumption does not apply with regard to expenditure incurred by him on or after that date;

(c)the fourth assumption does not apply with regard to property obtained (or assumed to have been obtained) by him on or after that date.

(10)The recoverable amount for the purposes of section 6 is such amount as—

(a)the court believes is just, but

(b)does not exceed the amount found under section 7.

(11)In arriving at the just amount the court must have regard in particular to—

(a)the amount found under section 7;

(b)any fine imposed on the defendant in respect of the offence (or any of the offences) concerned;

(c)any order which falls within section 13(3) and has been made against him in respect of the offence (or any of the offences) concerned and has not already been taken into account by the court in deciding what is the free property held by him for the purposes of section 9;

(d)any order which has been made against him in respect of the offence (or any of the offences) concerned under section 130 of the Sentencing Act (compensation orders) [F33;

(e)any order which has been made against the defendant in respect of the offence (or any of the offences) concerned under section 4 of the Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (unlawful profit orders)].

(12)If an order for the payment of compensation under section 130 of the Sentencing Act [F34or an unlawful profit order under section 4 of the Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013] has been made against the defendant in respect of the offence or offences concerned, section 13(5) and (6) above do not apply.

(13)The date of conviction is the date found by applying section 19(10).

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F34Words in s. 20(12) inserted (15.10.2013 for E., 5.11.2013 for W.) by Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (c. 3), s. 12, Sch. para. 18(3); S.I. 2013/2622, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2861, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I15S. 20 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

21 Order made: reconsideration of benefitE+W

(1)This section applies if—

(a)a court has made a confiscation order,

(b)there is evidence which was not available to the prosecutor F35... at the relevant time,

(c)the prosecutor F36... believes that if the court were to find the amount of the defendant’s benefit in pursuance of this section it would exceed the relevant amount,

(d)before the end of the period of six years starting with the date of conviction the prosecutor F37... applies to the Crown Court to consider the evidence, and

(e)after considering the evidence the court believes it is appropriate for it to proceed under this section.

(2)The court must make a new calculation of the defendant’s benefit from the conduct concerned, and when it does so subsections (3) to (6) below apply.

(3)If a court has already sentenced the defendant for the offence (or any of the offences) concerned section 6 has effect as if his particular criminal conduct included conduct which constitutes offences which the court has taken into consideration in deciding his sentence for the offence or offences concerned.

(4)Section 8(2) does not apply, and the rules applying instead are that the court must—

(a)take account of conduct occurring up to the time it decided the defendant’s benefit for the purposes of the confiscation order;

(b)take account of property obtained up to that time;

(c)take account of property obtained after that time if it was obtained as a result of or in connection with conduct occurring before that time.

(5)In applying section 8(5) the confiscation order must be ignored.

(6)In section 10—

(a)the first and second assumptions do not apply with regard to property first held by the defendant after the time the court decided his benefit for the purposes of the confiscation order;

(b)the third assumption does not apply with regard to expenditure incurred by him after that time;

(c)the fourth assumption does not apply with regard to property obtained (or assumed to have been obtained) by him after that time.

(7)If the amount found under the new calculation of the defendant’s benefit exceeds the relevant amount the court—

(a)must make a new calculation of the recoverable amount for the purposes of section 6, and

(b)if it exceeds the amount required to be paid under the confiscation order, may vary the order by substituting for the amount required to be paid such amount as it believes is just.

(8)In applying subsection (7)(a) the court must—

(a)take the new calculation of the defendant’s benefit;

(b)apply section 9 as if references to the time the confiscation order is made were to the time of the new calculation of the recoverable amount and as if references to the date of the confiscation order were to the date of that new calculation.

(9)In applying subsection (7)(b) the court must have regard in particular to—

(a)any fine imposed on the defendant for the offence (or any of the offences) concerned;

(b)any order which falls within section 13(3) and has been made against him in respect of the offence (or any of the offences) concerned and has not already been taken into account by the court in deciding what is the free property held by him for the purposes of section 9;

(c)any order which has been made against him in respect of the offence (or any of the offences) concerned under section 130 of the Sentencing Act (compensation orders) [F38;

(d)any order which has been made against the defendant in respect of the offence (or any of the offences) concerned under section 4 of the Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (unlawful profit orders)].

(10)But in applying subsection (7)(b) the court must not have regard to an order falling within subsection (9)(c) [F39or (d)] if a court has made a direction under section 13(6).

(11)In deciding under this section whether one amount exceeds another the court must take account of any change in the value of money.

(12)The relevant time is—

(a)when the court calculated the defendant’s benefit for the purposes of the confiscation order, if this section has not applied previously;

(b)when the court last calculated the defendant’s benefit in pursuance of this section, if this section has applied previously.

(13)The relevant amount is—

(a)the amount found as the defendant’s benefit for the purposes of the confiscation order, if this section has not applied previously;

(b)the amount last found as the defendant’s benefit in pursuance of this section, if this section has applied previously.

(14)The date of conviction is the date found by applying section 19(10).

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F39Words in s. 21(10) inserted (15.10.2013 for E., 5.11.2013 for W.) by Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (c. 3), s. 12, Sch. para. 19(3); S.I. 2013/2622, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2861, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I16S. 21 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

22 Order made: reconsideration of available amountE+W

(1)This section applies if—

(a)a court has made a confiscation order,

(b)the amount required to be paid was the amount found under section 7(2), and

(c)an applicant falling within subsection (2) applies to the Crown Court to make a new calculation of the available amount.

(2)These applicants fall within this subsection—

(a)the prosecutor;

F40(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(c)a receiver appointed under section 50 F41....

(3)In a case where this section applies the court must make the new calculation, and in doing so it must apply section 9 as if references to the time the confiscation order is made were to the time of the new calculation and as if references to the date of the confiscation order were to the date of the new calculation.

(4)If the amount found under the new calculation exceeds the relevant amount the court may vary the order by substituting for the amount required to be paid such amount as—

(a)it believes is just, but

(b)does not exceed the amount found as the defendant’s benefit from the conduct concerned.

(5)In deciding what is just the court must have regard in particular to—

(a)any fine imposed on the defendant for the offence (or any of the offences) concerned;

(b)any order which falls within section 13(3) and has been made against him in respect of the offence (or any of the offences) concerned and has not already been taken into account by the court in deciding what is the free property held by him for the purposes of section 9;

(c)any order which has been made against him in respect of the offence (or any of the offences) concerned under section 130 of the Sentencing Act (compensation orders).

(6)But in deciding what is just the court must not have regard to an order falling within subsection (5)(c) if a court has made a direction under section 13(6).

(7)In deciding under this section whether one amount exceeds another the court must take account of any change in the value of money.

(8)The relevant amount is—

(a)the amount found as the available amount for the purposes of the confiscation order, if this section has not applied previously;

(b)the amount last found as the available amount in pursuance of this section, if this section has applied previously.

(9)The amount found as the defendant’s benefit from the conduct concerned is—

(a)the amount so found when the confiscation order was made, or

(b)if one or more new calculations of the defendant’s benefit have been made under section 21 the amount found on the occasion of the last such calculation.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I17S. 22 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

23 Inadequacy of available amount: variation of orderE+W

(1)This section applies if—

(a)a court has made a confiscation order, and

(b)the defendant, or a receiver appointed under section 50 F42..., applies to the Crown Court to vary the order under this section.

(2)In such a case the court must calculate the available amount, and in doing so it must apply section 9 as if references to the time the confiscation order is made were to the time of the calculation and as if references to the date of the confiscation order were to the date of the calculation.

(3)If the court finds that the available amount (as so calculated) is inadequate for the payment of any amount remaining to be paid under the confiscation order it may vary the order by substituting for the amount required to be paid such smaller amount as the court believes is just.

(4)If a person has been adjudged bankrupt or his estate has been sequestrated, or if an order for the winding up of a company has been made, the court must take into account the extent to which realisable property held by that person or that company may be distributed among creditors.

(5)The court may disregard any inadequacy which it believes is attributable (wholly or partly) to anything done by the defendant for the purpose of preserving property held by the recipient of a tainted gift from any risk of realisation under this Part.

(6)In subsection (4) “company” means any company which may be wound up under the Insolvency Act 1986 (c. 45) or the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (S.I. 1989/2405 (N.I. 19)).

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I18S. 23 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

24 Inadequacy of available amount: discharge of orderE+W

(1)This section applies if—

(a)a court has made a confiscation order,

(b)[F43the designated officer for a magistrates' court] applies to the Crown Court for the discharge of the order, and

(c)the amount remaining to be paid under the order is less than £1,000.

(2)In such a case the court must calculate the available amount, and in doing so it must apply section 9 as if references to the time the confiscation order is made were to the time of the calculation and as if references to the date of the confiscation order were to the date of the calculation.

(3)If the court—

(a)finds that the available amount (as so calculated) is inadequate to meet the amount remaining to be paid, and

(b)is satisfied that the inadequacy is due wholly to a specified reason or a combination of specified reasons,

it may discharge the confiscation order.

(4)The specified reasons are—

(a)in a case where any of the realisable property consists of money in a currency other than sterling, that fluctuations in currency exchange rates have occurred;

(b)any reason specified by the Secretary of State by order.

(5)The Secretary of State may by order vary the amount for the time being specified in subsection (1)(c).

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F43Words in s. 24(1)(b) substituted (1.4.2005) by Courts Act 2003 (c. 39), s. 110(1), Sch. 8 para. 406(a); S.I. 2005/910, art. 3(y)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I19S. 24 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

25 Small amount outstanding: discharge of orderE+W

(1)This section applies if—

(a)a court has made a confiscation order,

(b)[F44the designated officer for a magistrates' court] applies to the Crown Court for the discharge of the order, and

(c)the amount remaining to be paid under the order is £50 or less.

(2)In such a case the court may discharge the order.

(3)The Secretary of State may by order vary the amount for the time being specified in subsection (1)(c).

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F44Words in s. 25(1)(b) substituted (1.4.2005) by Courts Act 2003 (c. 39), s. 110(1), Sch. 8 para. 406(b); S.I. 2005/910, art. 3(y)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I20S. 25 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

26 InformationE+W

(1)This section applies if—

(a)the court proceeds under section 6 in pursuance of section 19 or 20, or

(b)the prosecutor F45... applies under section 21.

(2)In such a case—

(a)the prosecutor F46... must give the court a statement of information within the period the court orders;

(b)section 16 applies accordingly (with appropriate modifications where the prosecutor F47... applies under section 21);

(c)section 17 applies accordingly;

(d)section 18 applies as it applies in the circumstances mentioned in section 18(1).

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I21S. 26 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

Defendant abscondsE+W

27 Defendant convicted or committedE+W

(1)This section applies if the following two conditions are satisfied.

(2)The first condition is that a defendant absconds after—

(a)he is convicted of an offence or offences in proceedings before the Crown Court,

(b)he is committed to the Crown Court for sentence in respect of an offence or offences under [F48section 3, 3A, 3B, 3C, 4, 4A or 6] of the Sentencing Act, or

(c)he is committed to the Crown Court in respect of an offence or offences under section 70 below (committal with a view to a confiscation order being considered).

(3)The second condition is that—

(a)the prosecutor F49... applies to the Crown Court to proceed under this section, and

(b)the court believes it is appropriate for it to do so.

(4)If this section applies the court must proceed under section 6 in the same way as it must proceed if the two conditions there mentioned are satisfied; but this is subject to subsection (5).

(5)If the court proceeds under section 6 as applied by this section, this Part has effect with these modifications—

(a)any person the court believes is likely to be affected by an order under section 6 is entitled to appear before the court and make representations;

(b)the court must not make an order under section 6 unless the prosecutor F50... has taken reasonable steps to contact the defendant;

(c)section 6(9) applies as if the reference to subsection (2) were to subsection (2) of this section;

(d)sections 10, 16(4), 17 and 18 must be ignored;

(e)sections 19, 20 and 21 must be ignored while the defendant is still an absconder.

(6)Once the defendant ceases to be an absconder section 19 has effect as if subsection (1)(a) read—

(a)at a time when the first condition in section 27 was satisfied the court did not proceed under section 6,.

(7)If the court does not believe it is appropriate for it to proceed under this section, once the defendant ceases to be an absconder section 19 has effect as if subsection (1)(b) read—

(b)there is evidence which was not available to the prosecutor F51... on the relevant date,.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F48Words in s. 27(2)(b) substituted (9.5.2005 for specified purposes, 18.6.2012 for specified purposes, 5.11.2012 for specified purposes, 28.5.2013 for specified purposes) by Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c. 44), s. 336(3)(4), Sch. 3 para. 75(3); S.I. 2005/1267, art. 2(1)(2)(c); S.I. 2012/1320, art. 4(1)(c)(2)(3) (with art. 5) (see S.I. 2012/2574, art. 4(2) and S.I. 2013/1103, art. 4); S.I. 2012/2574, art. 2(2)(3)(c), Sch. (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (4.11.2012) by S.I. 2012/2761, art. 2) (with S.I. 2013/1103, art. 4); S.I. 2013/1103, art. 2(1)(c)(2)(3) (with arts. 3, 4)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I22S. 27 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch. (with arts. 3(2), 10-13)

28 Defendant neither convicted nor acquittedE+W

(1)This section applies if the following two conditions are satisfied.

(2)The first condition is that—

(a)proceedings for an offence or offences are started against a defendant but are not concluded,

(b)he absconds, and

(c)the period of two years (starting with the day the court believes he absconded) has ended.

(3)The second condition is that—

(a)the prosecutor F52... applies to the Crown Court to proceed under this section, and

(b)the court believes it is appropriate for it to do so.

(4)If this section applies the court must proceed under section 6 in the same way as it must proceed if the two conditions there mentioned are satisfied; but this is subject to subsection (5).

(5)If the court proceeds under section 6 as applied by this section, this Part has effect with these modifications—

(a)any person the court believes is likely to be affected by an order under section 6 is entitled to appear before the court and make representations;

(b)the court must not make an order under section 6 unless the prosecutor F53... has taken reasonable steps to contact the defendant;

(c)section 6(9) applies as if the reference to subsection (2) were to subsection (2) of this section;

(d)sections 10, 16(4) and 17 to 20 must be ignored;

(e)section 21 must be ignored while the defendant is still an absconder.

(6)Once the defendant has ceased to be an absconder section 21 has effect as if references to the date of conviction were to—

(a)the day when proceedings for the offence concerned were started against the defendant, or

(b)if there are two or more offences and proceedings for them were started on different days, the earliest of those days.

(7)If—

(a)the court makes an order under section 6 as applied by this section, and

(b)the defendant is later convicted in proceedings before the Crown Court of the offence (or any of the offences) concerned,

section 6 does not apply so far as that conviction is concerned.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I23S. 28 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch. (with arts. 3(2), 10-13)

29 Variation of orderE+W

(1)This section applies if—

(a)the court makes a confiscation order under section 6 as applied by section 28,

(b)the defendant ceases to be an absconder,

(c)he is convicted of an offence (or any of the offences) mentioned in section 28(2)(a),

(d)he believes that the amount required to be paid was too large (taking the circumstances prevailing when the amount was found for the purposes of the order), and

(e)before the end of the relevant period he applies to the Crown Court to consider the evidence on which his belief is based.

(2)If (after considering the evidence) the court concludes that the defendant’s belief is well founded—

(a)it must find the amount which should have been the amount required to be paid (taking the circumstances prevailing when the amount was found for the purposes of the order), and

(b)it may vary the order by substituting for the amount required to be paid such amount as it believes is just.

(3)The relevant period is the period of 28 days starting with—

(a)the date on which the defendant was convicted of the offence mentioned in section 28(2)(a), or

(b)if there are two or more offences and the convictions were on different dates, the date of the latest.

(4)But in a case where section 28(2)(a) applies to more than one offence the court must not make an order under this section unless it is satisfied that there is no possibility of any further proceedings being taken or continued in relation to any such offence in respect of which the defendant has not been convicted.

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I24S. 29 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

30 Discharge of orderE+W

(1)Subsection (2) applies if—

(a)the court makes a confiscation order under section 6 as applied by section 28,

(b)the defendant is later tried for the offence or offences concerned and acquitted on all counts, and

(c)he applies to the Crown Court to discharge the order.

(2)In such a case the court must discharge the order.

(3)Subsection (4) applies if—

(a)the court makes a confiscation order under section 6 as applied by section 28,

(b)the defendant ceases to be an absconder,

(c)subsection (1)(b) does not apply, and

(d)he applies to the Crown Court to discharge the order.

(4)In such a case the court may discharge the order if it finds that—

(a)there has been undue delay in continuing the proceedings mentioned in section 28(2), or

(b)the prosecutor does not intend to proceed with the prosecution.

(5)If the court discharges a confiscation order under this section it may make such a consequential or incidental order as it believes is appropriate.

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I25S. 30 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

AppealsE+W

31 Appeal by prosecutor F54...E+W

(1)If the Crown Court makes a confiscation order the prosecutor F55... may appeal to the Court of Appeal in respect of the order.

(2)If the Crown Court decides not to make a confiscation order the prosecutor F56... may appeal to the Court of Appeal against the decision.

(3)Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply to an order or decision made by virtue of section 19, 20, 27 or 28.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I26S. 31 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

32 Court’s powers on appealE+W

(1)On an appeal under section 31(1) the Court of Appeal may confirm, quash or vary the confiscation order.

(2)On an appeal under section 31(2) the Court of Appeal may confirm the decision, or if it believes the decision was wrong it may—

(a)itself proceed under section 6 (ignoring subsections (1) to (3)), or

(b)direct the Crown Court to proceed afresh under section 6.

(3)In proceeding afresh in pursuance of this section the Crown Court must comply with any directions the Court of Appeal may make.

(4)If a court makes or varies a confiscation order under this section or in pursuance of a direction under this section it must—

(a)have regard to any fine imposed on the defendant in respect of the offence (or any of the offences) concerned;

(b)have regard to any order which falls within section 13(3) and has been made against him in respect of the offence (or any of the offences) concerned, unless the order has already been taken into account by a court in deciding what is the free property held by the defendant for the purposes of section 9.

(5)If the Court of Appeal proceeds under section 6 or the Crown Court proceeds afresh under that section in pursuance of a direction under this section subsections (6) to (10) apply.

(6)If a court has already sentenced the defendant for the offence (or any of the offences) concerned, section 6 has effect as if his particular criminal conduct included conduct which constitutes offences which the court has taken into consideration in deciding his sentence for the offence or offences concerned.

(7)If an order has been made against the defendant in respect of the offence (or any of the offences) concerned under section 130 of the Sentencing Act (compensation orders) [F57or section 4 of the Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (unlawful profit orders)]

(a)the court must have regard to it, and

(b)section 13(5) and (6) above do not apply.

(8)Section 8(2) does not apply, and the rules applying instead are that the court must—

(a)take account of conduct occurring before the relevant date;

(b)take account of property obtained before that date;

(c)take account of property obtained on or after that date if it was obtained as a result of or in connection with conduct occurring before that date.

(9)In section 10—

(a)the first and second assumptions do not apply with regard to property first held by the defendant on or after the relevant date;

(b)the third assumption does not apply with regard to expenditure incurred by him on or after that date;

(c)the fourth assumption does not apply with regard to property obtained (or assumed to have been obtained) by him on or after that date.

(10)Section 26 applies as it applies in the circumstances mentioned in subsection (1) of that section.

(11)The relevant date is the date on which the Crown Court decided not to make a confiscation order.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F57Words in s. 32(7) inserted (15.10.2013 for E., 5.11.2013 for W.) by Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (c. 3), s. 12, Sch. para. 20; S.I. 2013/2622, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2861, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I27S. 32 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

33 Appeal to [F58Supreme Court] E+W

(1)An appeal lies to the [F59Supreme Court] from a decision of the Court of Appeal on an appeal under section 31.

(2)An appeal under this section lies at the instance of—

(a)the defendant or the prosecutor F60...;

F61(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)On an appeal from a decision of the Court of Appeal to confirm, vary or make a confiscation order the [F62Supreme Court] may confirm, quash or vary the order.

(4)On an appeal from a decision of the Court of Appeal to confirm the decision of the Crown Court not to make a confiscation order or from a decision of the Court of Appeal to quash a confiscation order the [F62Supreme Court] may—

(a)confirm the decision, or

(b)direct the Crown Court to proceed afresh under section 6 if it believes the decision was wrong.

(5)In proceeding afresh in pursuance of this section the Crown Court must comply with any directions the [F62Supreme Court] may make.

(6)If a court varies a confiscation order under this section or makes a confiscation order in pursuance of a direction under this section it must—

(a)have regard to any fine imposed on the defendant in respect of the offence (or any of the offences) concerned;

(b)have regard to any order which falls within section 13(3) and has been made against him in respect of the offence (or any of the offences) concerned, unless the order has already been taken into account by a court in deciding what is the free property held by the defendant for the purposes of section 9.

(7)If the Crown Court proceeds afresh under section 6 in pursuance of a direction under this section subsections (8) to (12) apply.

(8)If a court has already sentenced the defendant for the offence (or any of the offences) concerned, section 6 has effect as if his particular criminal conduct included conduct which constitutes offences which the court has taken into consideration in deciding his sentence for the offence or offences concerned.

(9)If an order has been made against the defendant in respect of the offence (or any of the offences) concerned under section 130 of the Sentencing Act (compensation orders) [F63or section 4 of the Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (unlawful profit orders)]

(a)the Crown Court must have regard to it, and

(b)section 13(5) and (6) above do not apply.

(10)Section 8(2) does not apply, and the rules applying instead are that the Crown Court must—

(a)take account of conduct occurring before the relevant date;

(b)take account of property obtained before that date;

(c)take account of property obtained on or after that date if it was obtained as a result of or in connection with conduct occurring before that date.

(11)In section 10—

(a)the first and second assumptions do not apply with regard to property first held by the defendant on or after the relevant date;

(b)the third assumption does not apply with regard to expenditure incurred by him on or after that date;

(c)the fourth assumption does not apply with regard to property obtained (or assumed to have been obtained) by him on or after that date.

(12)Section 26 applies as it applies in the circumstances mentioned in subsection (1) of that section.

(13)The relevant date is—

(a)in a case where the Crown Court made a confiscation order which was quashed by the Court of Appeal, the date on which the Crown Court made the order;

(b)in any other case, the date on which the Crown Court decided not to make a confiscation order.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F63Words in s. 33(9) inserted (15.10.2013 for E., 5.11.2013 for W.) by Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (c. 3), s. 12, Sch. para. 21; S.I. 2013/2622, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2861, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I28S. 33 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

Enforcement authorityE+W

F6434 Enforcement authorityE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I29S. 34 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

Enforcement as fines etcE+W

35 [F65Enforcement as fines ]E+W

(1)This section applies if a court—

(a)makes a confiscation order, and

F66(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2)Sections 139(2) to (4) and (9) and 140(1) to (4) of the Sentencing Act (functions of court as to fines and enforcing fines) apply as if the amount ordered to be paid were a fine imposed on the defendant by the court making the confiscation order.

(3)In the application of Part 3 of the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 (c. 43) to an amount payable under a confiscation order—

(a)ignore section 75 of that Act (power to dispense with immediate payment);

(b)such an amount is not a sum adjudged to be paid by a conviction for the purposes of section 81 (enforcement of fines imposed on young offenders) or a fine for the purposes of section 85 (remission of fines) of that Act;

(c)in section 87 of that Act ignore subsection (3) (inquiry into means).

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F66S. 35(1)(b) and preceding word repealed (1.4.2008) by Serious Crime Act 2007 (c. 27), s. 94(1), Sch. 8 para. 19(3), Sch. 14; S.I. 2008/755, art. 2(1)(a)(d) (with arts. 3-14)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I30S. 35 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

F6736 Director appointed as enforcement authorityE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I31S. 36 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

F6837 Director’s application for enforcementE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I32S. 37 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

38 Provisions about imprisonment or detentionE+W

(1)Subsection (2) applies if—

(a)a warrant committing the defendant to prison or detention is issued for a default in payment of an amount ordered to be paid under a confiscation order in respect of an offence or offences, and

(b)at the time the warrant is issued the defendant is liable to serve a term of custody in respect of the offence (or any of the offences).

[F69(1A)An individual who is not a member of the Office may be appointed by the Director to appear in—

(a)specified proceedings, or

(b)a specified class or description of proceedings,

in which the Director or a Prosecutor would otherwise appear by virtue of section 302A of the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (cash recovery proceedings).]

(2)In such a case the term of imprisonment or of detention under section 108 of the Sentencing Act (detention of persons aged 18 to 20 for default) to be served in default of payment of the amount does not begin to run until after the term mentioned in subsection (1)(b) above.

(3)The reference in subsection (1)(b) to the term of custody the defendant is liable to serve in respect of the offence (or any of the offences) is a reference to the term of imprisonment, or detention in a young offender institution, which he is liable to serve in respect of the offence (or any of the offences).

(4)For the purposes of subsection (3) consecutive terms and terms which are wholly or partly concurrent must be treated as a single term and the following must be ignored—

(a)any sentence suspended under [F70section 189(1) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003] which has not taken effect at the time the warrant is issued;

(b)in the case of a sentence of imprisonment passed with an order under section 47(1) of the Criminal Law Act 1977 (c. 45) (sentences of imprisonment partly served and partly suspended) any part of the sentence which the defendant has not at that time been required to serve in prison;

(c)any term of imprisonment or detention fixed under section 139(2) of the Sentencing Act (term to be served in default of payment of fine etc) for which a warrant committing the defendant to prison or detention has not been issued at that time.

(5)If the defendant serves a term of imprisonment or detention in default of paying any amount due under a confiscation order, his serving that term does not prevent the confiscation order from continuing to have effect so far as any other method of enforcement is concerned.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F70Words in s. 38(4)(a) substituted (4.4.2005) by Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c. 44), s. 336(3)(4), Sch. 32 para. 141; S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 42(38) (with Sch. 2) (as explained (29.7.2005) by S.I. 2005/2122, art. 2; and as amended: (14.7.2008) by 2008 c. 4, Sch. 26 para. 78, Sch. 28 Pt. 2; S.I. 2008/1586, Sch. 1 paras. 48(s), 50(2)(d); (30.11.2009) by S.I. 2009/3111, art. 2; (3.12.2012) by S.I. 2012/2905, art. 4; (3.12.2012) by 2012 c. 10, Sch. 14 para. 17; S.I. 2012/2906, art. 2(l))

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I33S. 38 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

39 Reconsideration etc: variation of prison termE+W

(1)Subsection (2) applies if—

(a)a court varies a confiscation order under section 21, 22, 23, 29, 32 or 33,

(b)the effect of the variation is to vary the maximum period applicable in relation to the order under section 139(4) of the Sentencing Act, and

(c)the result is that that maximum period is less than the term of imprisonment or detention fixed in respect of the order under section 139(2) of the Sentencing Act.

[F71(1A)The Director may designate a member of the Office to appear in—

(a)specified proceedings, or

(b)a specified class or description of proceedings,

in which the Director or a Prosecutor would otherwise appear by virtue of section 302A of the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (cash recovery proceedings).]

(2)In such a case the court must fix a reduced term of imprisonment or detention in respect of the confiscation order under section 139(2) of the Sentencing Act in place of the term previously fixed.

(3)Subsection (4) applies if paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (1) apply but paragraph (c) does not.

(4)In such a case the court may amend the term of imprisonment or detention fixed in respect of the confiscation order under section 139(2) of the Sentencing Act.

(5)If the effect of section 12 is to increase the maximum period applicable in relation to a confiscation order under section 139(4) of the Sentencing Act, on the application of the [F72prosecutor] the Crown Court may amend the term of imprisonment or detention fixed in respect of the order under section 139(2) of that Act.

F73(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I34S. 39 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

Restraint ordersE+W

40 Conditions for exercise of powersE+W

(1)The Crown Court may exercise the powers conferred by section 41 if any of the following conditions is satisfied.

(2)The first condition is that—

(a)a criminal investigation has been started in England and Wales with regard to an offence, and

(b)there is reasonable cause to believe that the alleged offender has benefited from his criminal conduct.

(3)The second condition is that—

(a)proceedings for an offence have been started in England and Wales and not concluded, and

(b)there is reasonable cause to believe that the defendant has benefited from his criminal conduct.

(4)The third condition is that—

(a)an application by the prosecutor F74... has been made under section 19, 20, 27 or 28 and not concluded, or the court believes that such an application is to be made, and

(b)there is reasonable cause to believe that the defendant has benefited from his criminal conduct.

(5)The fourth condition is that—

(a)an application by the prosecutor F75... has been made under section 21 and not concluded, or the court believes that such an application is to be made, and

(b)there is reasonable cause to believe that the court will decide under that section that the amount found under the new calculation of the defendant’s benefit exceeds the relevant amount (as defined in that section).

(6)The fifth condition is that—

(a)an application by the prosecutor F76... has been made under section 22 and not concluded, or the court believes that such an application is to be made, and

(b)there is reasonable cause to believe that the court will decide under that section that the amount found under the new calculation of the available amount exceeds the relevant amount (as defined in that section).

(7)The second condition is not satisfied if the court believes that—

(a)there has been undue delay in continuing the proceedings, or

(b)the prosecutor does not intend to proceed.

(8)If an application mentioned in the third, fourth or fifth condition has been made the condition is not satisfied if the court believes that—

(a)there has been undue delay in continuing the application, or

(b)the prosecutor F77... does not intend to proceed.

(9)If the first condition is satisfied—

(a)references in this Part to the defendant are to the alleged offender;

(b)references in this Part to the prosecutor are to the person the court believes is to have conduct of any proceedings for the offence;

(c)section 77(9) has effect as if proceedings for the offence had been started against the defendant when the investigation was started.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I35S. 40 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

41 Restraint ordersE+W

(1)If any condition set out in section 40 is satisfied the Crown Court may make an order (a restraint order) prohibiting any specified person from dealing with any realisable property held by him.

(2)A restraint order may provide that it applies—

(a)to all realisable property held by the specified person whether or not the property is described in the order;

(b)to realisable property transferred to the specified person after the order is made.

(3)A restraint order may be made subject to exceptions, and an exception may in particular—

(a)make provision for reasonable living expenses and reasonable legal expenses;

(b)make provision for the purpose of enabling any person to carry on any trade, business, profession or occupation;

(c)be made subject to conditions.

(4)But an exception to a restraint order must not make provision for any legal expenses which—

(a)relate to an offence which falls within subsection (5), and

(b)are incurred by the defendant or by a recipient of a tainted gift.

(5)These offences fall within this subsection—

(a)the offence mentioned in section 40(2) or (3), if the first or second condition (as the case may be) is satisfied;

(b)the offence (or any of the offences) concerned, if the third, fourth or fifth condition is satisfied.

[F78(5A)A legal aid exception—

(a)must be made subject to prescribed restrictions (if any) on—

(i)the circumstances in which payments may be made in reliance on the exception, or

(ii)the amount of the payments that may be made in reliance on the exception,

(b)must be made subject to other prescribed conditions (if any), and

(c)may be made subject to other conditions.

(5B)Any other exception to a restraint order may be made subject to conditions.]

(6)Subsection (7) applies if—

(a)a court makes a restraint order, and

(b)the applicant for the order applies to the court to proceed under subsection (7) (whether as part of the application for the restraint order or at any time afterwards).

(7)The court may make such order as it believes is appropriate for the purpose of ensuring that the restraint order is effective.

(8)A restraint order does not affect property for the time being subject to a charge under any of these provisions—

(a)section 9 of the Drug Trafficking Offences Act 1986 (c. 32);

(b)section 78 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 (c. 33);

(c)Article 14 of the Criminal Justice (Confiscation) (Northern Ireland) Order 1990 (S.I. 1990/2588 (N.I. 17));

(d)section 27 of the Drug Trafficking Act 1994 (c. 37);

(e)Article 32 of the Proceeds of Crime (Northern Ireland) Order 1996 (S.I. 1996/1299 (N.I. 9)).

(9)Dealing with property includes removing it from England and Wales.

[F79(10)In this section “prescribed” means prescribed by regulations made by the Secretary of State.]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F78S. 41(5A)(5B) inserted (20.3.2015 for specified purposes) by Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), ss. 46(5), 61(2); S.I. 2015/813, art. 2(a)(ii)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I36S. 41 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch. (with arts. 5, 10-13)

42 Application, discharge and variationE+W

(1)A restraint order—

(a)may be made only on an application by an applicant falling within subsection (2);

(b)may be made on an ex parte application to a judge in chambers.

(2)These applicants fall within this subsection—

(a)the prosecutor;

F80(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(c)an accredited financial investigator.

(3)An application to discharge or vary a restraint order or an order under section 41(7) may be made to the Crown Court by—

(a)the person who applied for the order;

(b)any person affected by the order.

(4)Subsections (5) to (7) apply to an application under subsection (3).

(5)The court—

(a)may discharge the order;

(b)may vary the order.

(6)If the condition in section 40 which was satisfied was that proceedings were started or an application was made, the court must discharge the order on the conclusion of the proceedings or of the application (as the case may be).

(7)If the condition in section 40 which was satisfied was that an investigation was started or an application was to be made, the court must discharge the order if within a reasonable time proceedings for the offence are not started or the application is not made (as the case may be).

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I37S. 42 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

43 Appeal to Court of AppealE+W

(1)If on an application for a restraint order the court decides not to make one, the person who applied for the order may appeal to the Court of Appeal against the decision.

(2)If an application is made under section 42(3) in relation to a restraint order or an order under section 41(7) the following persons may appeal to the Court of Appeal in respect of the Crown Court’s decision on the application—

(a)the person who applied for the order;

(b)any person affected by the order.

(3)On an appeal under subsection (1) or (2) the Court of Appeal may—

(a)confirm the decision, or

(b)make such order as it believes is appropriate.

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I38S. 43 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

44 Appeal to [F81Supreme Court] E+W

(1)An appeal lies to the [F82Supreme Court] from a decision of the Court of Appeal on an appeal under section 43.

(2)An appeal under this section lies at the instance of any person who was a party to the proceedings before the Court of Appeal.

(3)On an appeal under this section the [F83Supreme Court] may—

(a)confirm the decision of the Court of Appeal, or

(b)make such order as it believes is appropriate.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I39S. 44 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

45 SeizureE+W

(1)If a restraint order is in force a constable [F84, an accredited financial investigator] or a customs officer may seize any realisable property to which it applies to prevent its removal from England and Wales.

(2)Property seized under subsection (1) must be dealt with in accordance with the directions of the court which made the order.

[F85(3)The reference in subsection (1) to an accredited financial investigator is a reference to an accredited financial investigator who falls within a description specified in an order made for the purposes of that subsection by the Secretary of State under section 453.]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F84Words in s. 45(1) inserted (6.4.2008) by Serious Crime Act 2007 (c. 27), ss. 78(1), 94(1); S.I. 2008/755, art. 17(1)(e) (with art. 17(2))

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I40S. 45 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

46 Hearsay evidenceE+W

(1)Evidence must not be excluded in restraint proceedings on the ground that it is hearsay (of whatever degree).

(2)Sections 2 to 4 of the Civil Evidence Act 1995 (c. 38) apply in relation to restraint proceedings as those sections apply in relation to civil proceedings.

(3)Restraint proceedings are proceedings—

(a)for a restraint order;

(b)for the discharge or variation of a restraint order;

(c)on an appeal under section 43 or 44.

(4)Hearsay is a statement which is made otherwise than by a person while giving oral evidence in the proceedings and which is tendered as evidence of the matters stated.

(5)Nothing in this section affects the admissibility of evidence which is admissible apart from this section.

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I41S. 46 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

47 SupplementaryE+W

(1)The registration Acts—

(a)apply in relation to restraint orders as they apply in relation to orders which affect land and are made by the court for the purpose of enforcing judgments or recognisances;

(b)apply in relation to applications for restraint orders as they apply in relation to other pending land actions.

(2)The registration Acts are—

(a)the Land Registration Act 1925 (c. 21);

(b)the Land Charges Act 1972 (c. 61);

(c)the Land Registration Act 2002 (c. 9).

(3)But no notice may be entered in the register of title under the Land Registration Act 2002 in respect of a restraint order.

(4)The person applying for a restraint order must be treated for the purposes of section 57 of the Land Registration Act 1925 (inhibitions) as a person interested in relation to any registered land to which—

(a)the application relates, or

(b)a restraint order made in pursuance of the application relates.

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I42S. 47 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

[F86Search and seizure powersE+W

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F86Ss. 47A-47S and cross-heading inserted (22.11.2014 for the insertion of ss. 47A, 47G, 47S(1)-(5) for specified purposes) by Policing and Crime Act 2009 (c. 26), ss. 55(2), 116(1); S.I. 2014/3101, art. 3

47ASections 47B to 47S: meaning of “appropriate officer”E+W

(1)In sections 47B to 47S “appropriate officer” means—

(a)an officer of Revenue and Customs,

[F87(aa)an immigration officer;]

(b)a constable, or

(c)an accredited financial investigator.

(2)In subsection (1)(c) the reference to an accredited financial investigator is a reference to an accredited financial investigator who falls within a description specified in an order made for the purposes of that provision by the Secretary of State under section 453.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

47BConditions for exercise of powersE+W

(1)An appropriate officer may exercise the power conferred by section 47C if satisfied that any of the following conditions is met.

(2)The first condition is that—

(a)a criminal investigation has been started in England and Wales with regard to an indictable offence,

(b)a person has been arrested for the offence,

(c)proceedings for the offence have not yet been started against the person in England and Wales,

(d)there is reasonable cause to believe that the person has benefited from conduct constituting the offence, and

(e)a restraint order is not in force in respect of any realisable property.

(3)The second condition is that—

(a)a criminal investigation has been started in England and Wales with regard to an indictable offence,

(b)a person has been arrested for the offence,

(c)proceedings for the offence have not yet been started against the person in England and Wales, and

(d)a restraint order is in force in respect of any realisable property.

(4)The third condition is that—

(a)proceedings for an indictable offence have been started in England and Wales and have not been concluded,

(b)there is reasonable cause to believe that the defendant has benefited from conduct constituting the offence, and

(c)a restraint order is not in force in respect of any realisable property.

(5)The fourth condition is that—

(a)proceedings for an indictable offence have been started in England and Wales and have not been concluded, and

(b)a restraint order is in force in respect of any realisable property.

(6)The fifth condition is that—

(a)an application by the prosecutor has been made under section 19, 20, 27 or 28 and not concluded, or the officer believes that such an application is to be made, and

(b)there is reasonable cause to believe that the defendant has benefited from criminal conduct.

(7)The sixth condition is that—

(a)an application by the prosecutor has been made under section 21 and not concluded, or the officer believes that such an application is to be made, and

(b)there is reasonable cause to believe that the court will decide under that section that the amount found under the new calculation of the defendant's benefit exceeds the relevant amount (as defined in that section).

(8)The seventh condition is that—

(a)an application by the prosecutor has been made under section 22 and not concluded, or the officer believes that such an application is to be made, and

(b)there is reasonable cause to believe that the court will decide under that section that the amount found under the new calculation of the available amount exceeds the relevant amount (as defined in that section).

(9)The third or fourth condition is not met if the officer believes that—

(a)there has been undue delay in continuing the proceedings, or

(b)the prosecutor does not intend to proceed.

(10)If an application mentioned in the fifth, sixth or seventh condition has been made the condition is not met if the officer believes that—

(a)there has been undue delay in continuing the application, or

(b)the prosecutor does not intend to proceed.

(11)In relation to the first or second condition references in sections 47C to 47S to the defendant are to the person mentioned in that condition.

(12)In relation to the first or second condition section 77(9) has effect as if proceedings for the offence had been started against the defendant when the investigation was started.

47CPower to seize propertyE+W

(1)On being satisfied as mentioned in section 47B(1) an appropriate officer may seize any realisable property if the officer has reasonable grounds for suspecting that—

(a)the property may otherwise be made unavailable for satisfying any confiscation order that has been or may be made against the defendant, or

(b)the value of the property may otherwise be diminished as a result of conduct by the defendant or any other person.

(2)But the officer may not seize—

(a)cash, or

(b)exempt property.

(3)Cash” has the same meaning as in section 289.

(4)Exempt property” means—

(a)such tools, books, vehicles and other items of equipment as are necessary to the defendant for use personally in the defendant's employment, business or vocation;

(b)such clothing, bedding, furniture, household equipment, provisions or other things as are necessary for satisfying the basic domestic needs of the defendant and the defendant's family.

(5)In relation to realisable property which is free property held by the recipient of a tainted gift, references in subsection (4) to the defendant are to be read as references to the recipient of that gift.

Section 47B(11) is subject to this subsection.

(6)The power conferred by this section—

(a)may be exercised only with the appropriate approval under section 47G unless, in the circumstances, it is not practicable to obtain that approval before exercising the power, and

[F88(aa)where applicable, in accordance with subsection (6A) or (6B).]

[F89(6A)The power conferred by this section is exercisable] by an officer of Revenue and Customs only if the officer has reasonable grounds for suspecting that conduct constituting the relevant offence relates to an assigned matter (within the meaning of the Customs and Excise Management Act 1979).

[F90(6B)The power conferred by this section is exercisable by an immigration officer only if the officer has reasonable grounds for suspecting that conduct constituting the relevant offence—

(a)relates to the entitlement of one or more persons who are not nationals of the United Kingdom to enter, transit across, or be in, the United Kingdom (including conduct which relates to conditions or other controls on any such entitlement), or

(b)is undertaken for the purposes of, or otherwise in relation to, a relevant nationality enactment.]

(7)Relevant offence” means—

(a)in a case where the officer is satisfied that the first, second, third or fourth condition in section 47B is met, the offence mentioned in that condition,

(b)in a case where the officer is satisfied that any of the other conditions in section 47B is met, the offence (or any of the offences) concerned.

[F91(8)Relevant nationality enactment” means any enactment in—

(a)the British Nationality Act 1981,

(b)the Hong Kong Act 1985,

(c)the Hong Kong (War Wives and Widows) Act 1996,

(d)the British Nationality (Hong Kong) Act 1997,

(e)the British Overseas Territories Act 2002, or

(f)an instrument made under any of those Acts.]

47DSearch power: premisesE+W

(1)If an appropriate officer is lawfully on any premises the officer may search the premises for the purpose of finding any property which—

(a)the officer has reasonable grounds for suspecting may be found there, and

(b)if found there, the officer intends to seize under section 47C.

(2)The power conferred by this section may be exercised only with the appropriate approval under section 47G unless, in the circumstances, it is not practicable to obtain that approval before exercising the power.

(3)Premises” has the meaning given by section 23 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984.

47ESearch power: peopleE+W

(1)An appropriate officer may exercise the following powers if the officer has reasonable grounds for suspecting that a person is carrying property that may be seized under section 47C.

(2)The officer may, so far as the officer thinks it necessary or expedient for the purpose of seizing the property under that section, require the person—

(a)to permit a search of any article with the person,

(b)to permit a search of the person.

(3)An officer exercising a power under subsection (2) may detain the person for so long as is necessary for its exercise.

(4)A power conferred by this section may be exercised only with the appropriate approval under section 47G unless, in the circumstances, it is not practicable to obtain that approval before exercising the power.

(5)This section does not require a person to submit to an intimate search or strip search (within the meaning of section 164 of the Customs and Excise Management Act 1979).

47FSearch power: vehiclesE+W

(1)The powers specified in subsection (4) are exercisable if—

(a)an appropriate officer has reasonable grounds for suspecting that a vehicle contains property that may be seized under section 47C, and

(b)it appears to the officer that the vehicle is under the control of a person who is in or in the vicinity of the vehicle.

(2)The powers are exercisable only if the vehicle is—

(a)in any place to which, at the time of the proposed exercise of the powers, the public or any section of the public has access, on payment or otherwise, as of right or by virtue of express or implied permission, or

(b)in any other place to which at that time people have ready access but which is not a dwelling.

(3)But if the vehicle is in a garden or yard or other land occupied with and used for the purposes of a dwelling, the officer may exercise the powers under subsection (4) only if the officer has reasonable grounds for believing—

(a)that the person does not reside in the dwelling, and

(b)that the vehicle is not in the place in question with the express or implied permission of another who resides in the dwelling.

(4)The officer may, so far as the officer thinks it necessary or expedient for the purpose of seizing the property under section 47C, require the person to—

(a)permit entry to the vehicle,

(b)permit a search of the vehicle.

(5)An officer exercising a power under subsection (4) may detain the vehicle for so long as is necessary for its exercise.

(6)A power conferred by this section may be exercised only with the appropriate approval under section 47G unless, in the circumstances, it is not practicable to obtain that approval before exercising the power.

47G“Appropriate approval”E+W

(1)This section has effect for the purposes of sections 47C, 47D, 47E and 47F.

(2)The appropriate approval, in relation to the exercise of a power by an appropriate officer, means the approval of a justice of the peace or (if that is not practicable in any case) the approval of a senior officer.

(3)A senior officer means—

(a)in relation to the exercise of a power by an officer of Revenue and Customs, an officer of Revenue and Customs of a rank designated by the Commissioners for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs as equivalent to that of a senior police officer,

[F92(aa)in relation to the exercise of a power by an immigration officer, an immigration officer of a rank designated by the Secretary of State as equivalent to that of a senior police officer,]

(b)in relation to the exercise of a power by a constable, a senior police officer,

(c)in relation to the exercise of a power by an accredited financial investigator, an accredited financial investigator who falls within a description specified in an order made for this purpose by the Secretary of State under section 453.

(4)A senior police officer means a police officer of at least the rank of inspector.

47HExercise of powers without judicial approvalE+W

(1)An appropriate officer must give a written report to the appointed person in any case where—

(a)the officer seizes property under section 47C without the approval of a justice of the peace, and

(b)any of the property seized is not detained for more than 48 hours.

(2)An appropriate officer must also give a written report to the appointed person in any case where—

(a)the officer exercises any of the powers conferred by sections 47D, 47E and 47F without the approval of a justice of the peace, and

(b)no property is seized under section 47C.

(3)A report under this section must give particulars of the circumstances which led the officer to believe that—

(a)the powers were exercisable, and

(b)it was not practicable to obtain the approval of a justice of the peace.

(4)The appointed person means a person appointed for the purposes of this subsection by the Secretary of State.

(5)The appointed person must not be a person employed under or for the purposes of a government department; and the terms and conditions of appointment, including any remuneration or expenses to be paid, are to be determined by the Secretary of State.

(6)The period of 48 hours mentioned in subsection (1)(b) is to be calculated in accordance with subsection (7).

(7)In calculating a period of 48 hours in accordance with this subsection, no account is to be taken of—

(a)any Saturday or Sunday,

(b)Christmas Day,

(c)Good Friday, or

(d)any day that is a bank holiday under the Banking and Financial Dealings Act 1971 in England and Wales.

47IReport by appointed person on exercise of powersE+W

(1)As soon as possible after the end of each financial year, the person appointed under section 47H(4) must prepare a report for that year.

(2)Financial year” means—

(a)the period beginning with the day on which section 55 of the Policing and Crime Act 2009 comes into force and ending with the next 31 March (which is the first financial year), and

(b)each subsequent period of twelve months beginning with 1 April.

(3)The report must give the appointed person's opinion as to the circumstances and manner in which the powers conferred by sections 47C, 47D, 47E and 47F are being exercised in cases where the officer who exercised them is required to give a report under section 47H.

(4)The report may make any recommendations the appointed person considers appropriate.

(5)The appointed person must send a copy of the report to the Secretary of State.

(6)The Secretary of State must—

(a)publish any report received under subsection (5), and

(b)lay a copy before Parliament.

(7)Before acting under subsection (6) the Secretary of State must exclude from the report any matter which the Secretary of State thinks is likely to prejudice any criminal investigation or criminal proceedings.

(8)If the Secretary of State excludes any matter from the report the Secretary of State must comply with subsection (6) in relation to the whole of the report as soon as the Secretary of State thinks that the excluded matter is no longer likely to prejudice any criminal investigation or criminal proceedings.

47JInitial detention of seized propertyE+W

(1)This section applies if an appropriate officer seizes property under section 47C.

(2)The property may be detained initially for a period of 48 hours.

(3)The period of 48 hours is to be calculated in accordance with section 47H(7).

47KFurther detention pending making of restraint orderE+W

(1)This section applies if—

(a)property is detained under section 47J, and

(b)no restraint order is in force in respect of the property.

(2)If within the period mentioned in section 47J an application is made for a restraint order which includes provision under section 41A authorising detention of the property, the property may be detained until the application is determined or otherwise disposed of.

(3)If such an application is made within that period and the application is refused, the property may be detained until there is no further possibility of an appeal against—

(a)the decision to refuse the application, or

(b)any decision made on an appeal against that decision.

(4)In subsection (2) the reference to the period mentioned in section 47J includes that period as extended by any order under section 47M.

47LFurther detention pending variation of restraint orderE+W

(1)This section applies if—

(a)property is detained under section 47J,

(b)a restraint order is in force in respect of the property, and

(c)the order does not include provision under section 41A authorising the detention of the property.

(2)If within the period mentioned in section 47J an application is made for the order to be varied so as to include provision under section 41A authorising detention of the property, the property may be detained until the application is determined or otherwise disposed of.

(3)If such an application is made within that period and the application is refused, the property may be detained until there is no further possibility of an appeal against—

(a)the decision to refuse the application, or

(b)any decision made on an appeal against that decision.

47MFurther detention in other casesE+W

(1)This section applies if—

(a)property is detained under section 47J,

(b)no restraint order is in force in respect of the property, and

(c)no application has been made for a restraint order which includes provision under section 41A authorising detention of the property.

(2)A magistrates' court may by order extend the period for which the property or any part of it may be detained under section 47J if satisfied that—

(a)any of the conditions in section 47B is met (reading references in that section to the officer as references to the court),

(b)the property or part is realisable property other than exempt property (within the meaning of section 47C(4)), and

(c)there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that—

(i)the property may otherwise be made unavailable for satisfying any confiscation order that has been or may be made against the defendant, or

(ii)the value of the property may otherwise be diminished as a result of conduct by the defendant or any other person.

(3)An application for an order may be made by—

(a)the Commissioners for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs,

[F93(aa)an immigration officer;]

(b)a constable,

(c)an accredited financial investigator, or

(d)the prosecutor.

(4)If the property was seized in reliance on the first or second condition in section 47B, “the prosecutor” means a person who is to have conduct of any proceedings for the offence.

(5)An order under this section must provide for notice to be given to persons affected by it.

(6)In this section “part” includes portion.

47NDischarge, variation and lapse of detention orderE+W

(1)An order under section 47M may be discharged or varied.

(2)An application for variation or discharge of the order may be made by—

(a)a person mentioned in section 47M(3), or

(b)any person affected by the order.

(3)On an application under this section the court must discharge the order if—

(a)the order was made on the ground that the first or second condition in section 47B was met but proceedings for the offence mentioned in that condition have not been started within a reasonable time,

(b)the order was made on the ground that the third or fourth condition in section 47B was met but proceedings for the offence mentioned in that condition have now been concluded,

(c)the order was made on the ground that the fifth, sixth or seventh condition in section 47B was met but the application mentioned in that condition has now been concluded or, as the case may be, has not been made within a reasonable time.

(4)An order made under section 47M lapses if a restraint order is made in respect of the property to which it relates (but provision authorising detention of the property may have been included in the restraint order by virtue of section 41A).

47OAppealsE+W

(1)If on an application for an order under section 47M the magistrates' court decides not to make an order, a person mentioned in subsection (3) of that section may appeal to the Crown Court against the decision.

(2)If an application is made under section 47N in relation to an order the following persons may appeal to the Crown Court in respect of the magistrates' court's decision on the application—

(a)a person mentioned in section 47M(3), or

(b)any person affected by the order.

47PDetention of property pending section 47O appealE+W

(1)This section applies where—

(a)an application for an order under section 47M is made within the period mentioned in section 47J, and

(b)the application is refused.

(2)This section also applies where—

(a)an order is made under section 47M extending the period for which property may be detained under section 47J, and

(b)the order is discharged or varied so that detention of the property is no longer authorised by virtue of the order.

(3)The property may be detained until there is no further possibility of an appeal against the decision to refuse the application or discharge or vary the order (as the case may be).

47QHearsay evidence in detention order proceedingsE+W

(1)Evidence must not be excluded in detention order proceedings on the ground that it is hearsay (of whatever degree).

(2)Sections 2 to 4 of the Civil Evidence Act 1995 apply in relation to detention order proceedings as those sections apply in relation to civil proceedings.

(3)Detention order proceedings are proceedings—

(a)for an order under section 47M;

(b)for the discharge or variation of such an order;

(c)on an appeal under section 47O.

(4)Hearsay is a statement which is made otherwise than by a person while giving oral evidence in the proceedings and which is tendered as evidence of the matters stated.

(5)Nothing in this section affects the admissibility of evidence which is admissible apart from this section.

47RRelease of propertyE+W

(1)This section applies in relation to property which—

(a)has been seized by an appropriate officer under section 47C, and

(b)is detained under or by virtue of any of sections 47J to 47M and 47P.

(2)The property must be released if at any time an appropriate officer decides that the detention condition is no longer met.

(3)The detention condition is met for so long as—

(a)any of the conditions in section 47B is met, and

(b)there are reasonable grounds for the suspicion mentioned in section 47C(1).

(4)Nothing in this section requires property to be released if there is a power to detain it otherwise than under or by virtue of sections 47J to 47M and 47P.

(5)Nothing in this section affects the operation of any power or duty to release property that arises apart from this section.]

Management receiversE+W

48 AppointmentE+W

(1)Subsection (2) applies if—

(a)the Crown Court makes a restraint order, and

(b)the applicant for the restraint order applies to the court to proceed under subsection (2) (whether as part of the application for the restraint order or at any time afterwards).

(2)The Crown Court may by order appoint a receiver in respect of any realisable property to which the restraint order applies.

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I43S. 48 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

49 PowersE+W

(1)If the court appoints a receiver under section 48 it may act under this section on the application of the person who applied for the restraint order.

(2)The court may by order confer on the receiver the following powers in relation to any realisable property to which the restraint order applies—

(a)power to take possession of the property;

(b)power to manage or otherwise deal with the property;

(c)power to start, carry on or defend any legal proceedings in respect of the property;

(d)power to realise so much of the property as is necessary to meet the receiver’s remuneration and expenses.

(3)The court may by order confer on the receiver power to enter any premises in England and Wales and to do any of the following—

(a)search for or inspect anything authorised by the court;

(b)make or obtain a copy, photograph or other record of anything so authorised;

(c)remove anything which the receiver is required or authorised to take possession of in pursuance of an order of the court.

(4)The court may by order authorise the receiver to do any of the following for the purpose of the exercise of his functions—

(a)hold property;

(b)enter into contracts;

(c)sue and be sued;

(d)employ agents;

(e)execute powers of attorney, deeds or other instruments;

(f)take any other steps the court thinks appropriate.

(5)The court may order any person who has possession of realisable property to which the restraint order applies to give possession of it to the receiver.

(6)The court—

(a)may order a person holding an interest in realisable property to which the restraint order applies to make to the receiver such payment as the court specifies in respect of a beneficial interest held by the defendant or the recipient of a tainted gift;

(b)may (on the payment being made) by order transfer, grant or extinguish any interest in the property.

(7)Subsections (2), (5) and (6) do not apply to property for the time being subject to a charge under any of these provisions—

(a)section 9 of the Drug Trafficking Offences Act 1986 (c. 32);

(b)section 78 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 (c. 33);

(c)Article 14 of the Criminal Justice (Confiscation) (Northern Ireland) Order 1990 (S.I. 1990/2588 (N.I. 17));

(d)section 27 of the Drug Trafficking Act 1994 (c. 37);

(e)Article 32 of the Proceeds of Crime (Northern Ireland) Order 1996 (S.I. 1996/1299 (N.I. 9)).

(8)The court must not—

(a)confer the power mentioned in subsection (2)(b) or (d) in respect of property, or

(b)exercise the power conferred on it by subsection (6) in respect of property,

unless it gives persons holding interests in the property a reasonable opportunity to make representations to it.

[F94(8A)Subsection (8), so far as relating to the power mentioned in subsection (2)(b), does not apply to property which—

(a)is perishable; or

(b)ought to be disposed of before its value diminishes.]

(9)The court may order that a power conferred by an order under this section is subject to such conditions and exceptions as it specifies.

(10)Managing or otherwise dealing with property includes—

(a)selling the property or any part of it or interest in it;

(b)carrying on or arranging for another person to carry on any trade or business the assets of which are or are part of the property;

(c)incurring capital expenditure in respect of the property.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I44S. 49 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

Enforcement receiversE+W

50 AppointmentE+W

(1)This section applies if—

(a)a confiscation order is made,

(b)it is not satisfied, and

(c)it is not subject to appeal.

(2)On the application of the prosecutor the Crown Court may by order appoint a receiver in respect of realisable property.

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I45S. 50 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

51 PowersE+W

(1)If the court appoints a receiver under section 50 it may act under this section on the application of the prosecutor.

(2)The court may by order confer on the receiver the following powers in relation to the realisable property—

(a)power to take possession of the property;

(b)power to manage or otherwise deal with the property;

(c)power to realise the property, in such manner as the court may specify;

(d)power to start, carry on or defend any legal proceedings in respect of the property.

(3)The court may by order confer on the receiver power to enter any premises in England and Wales and to do any of the following—

(a)search for or inspect anything authorised by the court;

(b)make or obtain a copy, photograph or other record of anything so authorised;

(c)remove anything which the receiver is required or authorised to take possession of in pursuance of an order of the court.

(4)The court may by order authorise the receiver to do any of the following for the purpose of the exercise of his functions—

(a)hold property;

(b)enter into contracts;

(c)sue and be sued;

(d)employ agents;

(e)execute powers of attorney, deeds or other instruments;

(f)take any other steps the court thinks appropriate.

(5)The court may order any person who has possession of realisable property to give possession of it to the receiver.

(6)The court—

(a)may order a person holding an interest in realisable property to make to the receiver such payment as the court specifies in respect of a beneficial interest held by the defendant or the recipient of a tainted gift;

(b)may (on the payment being made) by order transfer, grant or extinguish any interest in the property.

(7)Subsections (2), (5) and (6) do not apply to property for the time being subject to a charge under any of these provisions—

(a)section 9 of the Drug Trafficking Offences Act 1986 (c. 32);

(b)section 78 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 (c. 33);

(c)Article 14 of the Criminal Justice (Confiscation) (Northern Ireland) Order 1990 (S.I. 1990/2588 (N.I. 17));

(d)section 27 of the Drug Trafficking Act 1994 (c. 37);

(e)Article 32 of the Proceeds of Crime (Northern Ireland) Order 1996 (S.I. 1996/1299 (N.I. 9)).

(8)The court must not—

(a)confer the power mentioned in subsection (2)(b) or (c) in respect of property, or

(b)exercise the power conferred on it by subsection (6) in respect of property,

unless it gives persons holding interests in the property a reasonable opportunity to make representations to it.

[F95(8A)Subsection (8), so far as relating to the power mentioned in subsection (2)(b), does not apply to property which—

(a)is perishable; or

(b)ought to be disposed of before its value diminishes.]

(9)The court may order that a power conferred by an order under this section is subject to such conditions and exceptions as it specifies.

(10)Managing or otherwise dealing with property includes—

(a)selling the property or any part of it or interest in it;

(b)carrying on or arranging for another person to carry on any trade or business the assets of which are or are part of the property;

(c)incurring capital expenditure in respect of the property.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I46S. 51 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

Director’s receiversE+W

F9652 AppointmentE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F9753 PowersE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Application of sumsE+W

54 Enforcement receiversE+W

(1)This section applies to sums which are in the hands of a receiver appointed under section 50 if they are—

(a)the proceeds of the realisation of property under section 51;

(b)sums (other than those mentioned in paragraph (a)) in which the defendant holds an interest.

(2)The sums must be applied as follows—

(a)first, they must be applied in payment of such expenses incurred by a person acting as an insolvency practitioner as are payable under this subsection by virtue of section 432;

(b)second, they must be applied in making any payments directed by the Crown Court;

(c)third, they must be applied on the defendant’s behalf towards satisfaction of the confiscation order.

(3)If the amount payable under the confiscation order has been fully paid and any sums remain in the receiver’s hands he must distribute them—

(a)among such persons who held (or hold) interests in the property concerned as the Crown Court directs, and

(b)in such proportions as it directs.

(4)Before making a direction under subsection (3) the court must give persons who held (or hold) interests in the property concerned a reasonable opportunity to make representations to it.

(5)For the purposes of subsections (3) and (4) the property concerned is—

(a)the property represented by the proceeds mentioned in subsection (1)(a);

(b)the sums mentioned in subsection (1)(b).

(6)The receiver applies sums as mentioned in subsection (2)(c) by paying them to the appropriate [F98designated officer] on account of the amount payable under the order.

(7)The appropriate [F98designated officer] is the one for the magistrates’ court responsible for enforcing the confiscation order as if the amount ordered to be paid were a fine.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F98Words in s. 54(6)(7) substituted (1.4.2005) by Courts Act 2003 (c. 39), s. 110(1), Sch. 8 para. 407; S.I. 2005/910, art. 3(y)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I47S. 54 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

55 Sums received by [F99designated officer]E+W

(1)This section applies if a [F99designated officer] receives sums on account of the amount payable under a confiscation order (whether the sums are received under section 54 or otherwise).

(2)The [F100designated officer's] receipt of the sums reduces the amount payable under the order, but he must apply the sums received as follows.

(3)First he must apply them in payment of such expenses incurred by a person acting as an insolvency practitioner as—

(a)are payable under this subsection by virtue of section 432, but

(b)are not already paid under section 54(2)(a).

(4)If the [F99designated officer] received the sums under section 54 he must next apply them—

(a)first, in payment of the remuneration and expenses of a receiver appointed under section 48, to the extent that they have not been met by virtue of the exercise by that receiver of a power conferred under section 49(2)(d);

(b)second, in payment of the remuneration and expenses of the receiver appointed under section 50.

(5)If a direction was made under section 13(6) for an amount of compensation [F101or all or part of an amount payable under an unlawful profit order] to be paid out of sums recovered under the confiscation order, the [F99designated officer] must next apply the sums in payment of that amount.

(6)If any amount remains after the [F99designated officer] makes any payments required by the preceding provisions of this section, the amount must be treated for the purposes of [F102section 38 of the Courts Act 2003] (application of fines etc) as if it were a fine imposed by a magistrates’ court.

[F103(7)Subsection (4) does not apply in relation to the remuneration of a receiver if the receiver is a person falling within subsection (8).

(8)The following fall within this subsection—

(a)a constable,

[F104(aa)a member of a police and crime commissioner's staff (within the meaning of Part 1 of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011),

(ab)a member of the staff of the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime (within the meaning of that Part of that Act),

(ac)a member of the civilian staff of a police force, including the metropolitan police force, (within the meaning of that Part of that Act),]

(b)F105... a member of staff of the City of London police force,

(c)an accredited financial investigator,

(d)a member of staff of the Crown Prosecution Service,

(e)a member of staff of the Serious Fraud Office,

F106(f). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(g)a member of staff of the Commissioners for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs,

[F107(h)a National Crime Agency officer,]

(i)a member of staff of any government department not mentioned above.

(9)It is immaterial for the purposes of subsection (7) whether a person falls within subsection (8) by virtue of a permanent or temporary appointment or a secondment from elsewhere.

(10)The reference in subsection (8) to an accredited financial investigator is a reference to an accredited financial investigator who falls within a description specified in an order made for the purposes of that subsection by the Secretary of State under section 453.]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F101Words in s. 55(5) inserted (15.10.2013 for E., 5.11.2013 for W.) by Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (c. 3), s. 12, Sch. para. 22; S.I. 2013/2622, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2861, art. 2

F103S. 55(7)-(10) substituted for s. 55(7) (25.1.2010) by Policing and Crime Act 2009 (c. 26), ss. 51(2), 116(1); S.I. 2009/3096, art. 3(f)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I48S. 55 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

F10856 Director’s receiversE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F10957 Sums received by DirectorE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

RestrictionsE+W

58 Restraint ordersE+W

(1)Subsections (2) to (4) apply if a court makes a restraint order.

(2)No distress may be levied [F110, and no power to use the procedure in Schedule 12 to the Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007 (taking control of goods) may be exercised,] against any realisable property to which the order applies except with the leave of the Crown Court and subject to any terms the Crown Court may impose.

(3)If the order applies to a tenancy of any premises, no landlord or other person to whom rent is payable may exercise a right within subsection (4) except with the leave of the Crown Court and subject to any terms the Crown Court may impose.

(4)A right is within this subsection if it is a right of forfeiture by peaceable re-entry in relation to the premises in respect of any failure by the tenant to comply with any term or condition of the tenancy.

(5)If a court in which proceedings are pending in respect of any property is satisfied that a restraint order has been applied for or made in respect of the property, the court may either stay the proceedings or allow them to continue on any terms it thinks fit.

(6)Before exercising any power conferred by subsection (5), the court must give an opportunity to be heard to—

(a)the applicant for the restraint order, and

(b)any receiver appointed in respect of the property under section 48[F111or 50].

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F111Words in s. 58(6)(b) substituted (1.4.2008) by Serious Crime Act 2007 (c. 27), s. 94(1), Sch. 8 para. 26; S.I. 2008/755, art. 2(1)(a) (with arts. 3-14)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I49S. 58 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

59 Enforcement receiversE+W

(1)Subsections (2) to (4) apply if a court makes an order under section 50 appointing a receiver in respect of any realisable property.

(2)No distress may be levied [F112, and no power to use the procedure in Schedule 12 to the Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007 (taking control of goods) may be exercised,] against the property except with the leave of the Crown Court and subject to any terms the Crown Court may impose.

(3)If the receiver is appointed in respect of a tenancy of any premises, no landlord or other person to whom rent is payable may exercise a right within subsection (4) except with the leave of the Crown Court and subject to any terms the Crown Court may impose.

(4)A right is within this subsection if it is a right of forfeiture by peaceable re-entry in relation to the premises in respect of any failure by the tenant to comply with any term or condition of the tenancy.

(5)If a court in which proceedings are pending in respect of any property is satisfied that an order under section 50 appointing a receiver in respect of the property has been applied for or made, the court may either stay the proceedings or allow them to continue on any terms it thinks fit.

(6)Before exercising any power conferred by subsection (5), the court must give an opportunity to be heard to—

(a)the prosecutor, and

(b)the receiver (if the order under section 50 has been made).

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I50S. 59 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

F11360 Director’s receiversE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Receivers: further provisionsE+W

61 ProtectionE+W

If a receiver appointed under section 48[F114or 50]

(a)takes action in relation to property which is not realisable property,

(b)would be entitled to take the action if it were realisable property, and

(c)believes on reasonable grounds that he is entitled to take the action,

he is not liable to any person in respect of any loss or damage resulting from the action, except so far as the loss or damage is caused by his negligence.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I51S. 61 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

62 Further applicationsE+W

(1)This section applies to a receiver appointed under section 48[F115or 50].

(2)The receiver may apply to the Crown Court for an order giving directions as to the exercise of his powers.

(3)The following persons may apply to the Crown Court—

(a)any person affected by action taken by the receiver;

(b)any person who may be affected by action the receiver proposes to take.

(4)On an application under this section the court may make such order as it believes is appropriate.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I52S. 62 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

63 Discharge and variationE+W

(1)The following persons may apply to the Crown Court to vary or discharge an order made under any of sections 48 [F116to 51 ]

(a)the receiver;

(b)the person who applied for the order F117...;

(c)any person affected by the order.

(2)On an application under this section the court—

(a)may discharge the order;

(b)may vary the order.

(3)But in the case of an order under section 48 or 49—

(a)if the condition in section 40 which was satisfied was that proceedings were started or an application was made, the court must discharge the order on the conclusion of the proceedings or of the application (as the case may be);

(b)if the condition which was satisfied was that an investigation was started or an application was to be made, the court must discharge the order if within a reasonable time proceedings for the offence are not started or the application is not made (as the case may be).

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I53S. 63 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

64 Management receivers: dischargeE+W

(1)This section applies if—

(a)a receiver stands appointed under section 48 in respect of realisable property (the management receiver), and

(b)the court appoints a receiver under section 50 F118....

(2)The court must order the management receiver to transfer to the other receiver all property held by the management receiver by virtue of the powers conferred on him by section 49.

F119(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)Subsection (2) does not apply to property which the management receiver holds by virtue of the exercise by him of his power under section 49(2)(d).

(5)If the management receiver complies with an order under subsection (2) he is discharged—

(a)from his appointment under section 48;

(b)from any obligation under this Act arising from his appointment.

(6)If this section applies the court may make such a consequential or incidental order as it believes is appropriate.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I54S. 64 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

65 Appeal to Court of AppealE+W

(1)If on an application for an order under any of sections 48 to 51 F120... the court decides not to make one, the person who applied for the order may appeal to the Court of Appeal against the decision.

(2)If the court makes an order under any of sections 48 to 51 F121..., the following persons may appeal to the Court of Appeal in respect of the court’s decision—

(a)the person who applied for the order;

(b)any person affected by the order.

(3)If on an application for an order under section 62 the court decides not to make one, the person who applied for the order may appeal to the Court of Appeal against the decision.

(4)If the court makes an order under section 62, the following persons may appeal to the Court of Appeal in respect of the court’s decision—

(a)the person who applied for the order;

(b)any person affected by the order;

(c)the receiver.

(5)The following persons may appeal to the Court of Appeal against a decision of the court on an application under section 63—

(a)the person who applied for the order in respect of which the application was made F122...;

(b)any person affected by the court’s decision;

(c)the receiver.

(6)On an appeal under this section the Court of Appeal may—

(a)confirm the decision, or

(b)make such order as it believes is appropriate.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I55S. 65 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

66 Appeal to [F123Supreme Court]E+W

(1)An appeal lies to the [F124Supreme Court] from a decision of the Court of Appeal on an appeal under section 65.

(2)An appeal under this section lies at the instance of any person who was a party to the proceedings before the Court of Appeal.

(3)On an appeal under this section the [F125Supreme Court] may—

(a)confirm the decision of the Court of Appeal, or

(b)make such order as it believes is appropriate.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I56S. 66 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

Seized moneyE+W

67 Seized moneyE+W

(1)This section applies to money which—

(a)is held by a person, and

(b)is held in an account maintained by him with a bank or a building society.

(2)This section also applies to money which is held by a person and which—

(a)has been seized by a constable under section 19 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60) (general power of seizure etc), and

(b)is held in an account maintained by a police force with a bank or a building society.

(3)This section also applies to money which is held by a person and which—

(a)has been seized by a customs officer under section 19 of the 1984 Act as applied by order made under section 114(2) of that Act, and

(b)is held in an account maintained by the Commissioners of Customs and Excise with a bank or a building society.

(4)This section applies if the following conditions are satisfied—

(a)a restraint order has effect in relation to money to which this section applies;

(b)a confiscation order is made against the person by whom the money is held;

F126(c). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(d)a receiver has not been appointed under section 50 in relation to the money;

(e)any period allowed under section 11 for payment of the amount ordered to be paid under the confiscation order has ended.

(5)In such a case a magistrates’ court may order the bank or building society to pay the money to the [F127designated officer] for the court on account of the amount payable under the confiscation order.

(6)If a bank or building society fails to comply with an order under subsection (5)—

(a)the magistrates’ court may order it to pay an amount not exceeding £5,000, and

(b)for the purposes of the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 (c. 43) the sum is to be treated as adjudged to be paid by a conviction of the court.

(7)In order to take account of changes in the value of money the Secretary of State may by order substitute another sum for the sum for the time being specified in subsection (6)(a).

(8)For the purposes of this section—

(a)a bank is a deposit-taking business within the meaning of the Banking Act 1987 (c. 22);

(b)building society” has the same meaning as in the Building Societies Act 1986 (c. 53).

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F127Words in s. 67(5) substituted (1.4.2005) by Courts Act 2003 (c. 39), s. 110(1), Sch. 8 para. 409; S.I. 2005/910, art. 3(y)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I57S. 67 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

Financial investigatorsE+W

68 Applications and appealsE+W

(1)Subsections (2) and (3) apply to—

(a)an application under section 41, 42, 48, 49 or 63;

(b)an appeal under section 43, 44, 65 or 66.

(2)An accredited financial investigator must not make such an application or bring such an appeal unless he falls within subsection (3).

(3)An accredited financial investigator falls within this subsection if he is one of the following or is authorised for the purposes of this section by one of the following—

(a)a police officer who is not below the rank of superintendent,

(b)a customs officer who is not below such grade as is designated by the Commissioners of Customs and Excise as equivalent to that rank,

(c)an accredited financial investigator who falls within a description specified in an order made for the purposes of this paragraph by the Secretary of State under section 453.

(4)If such an application is made or appeal brought by an accredited financial investigator any subsequent step in the application or appeal or any further application or appeal relating to the same matter may be taken, made or brought by a different accredited financial investigator who falls within subsection (3).

(5)If—

(a)an application for a restraint order is made by an accredited financial investigator, and

(b)a court is required under section 58(6) to give the applicant for the order an opportunity to be heard,

the court may give the opportunity to a different accredited financial investigator who falls within subsection (3).

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I58S. 68 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

Exercise of powersE+W

69 Powers of court and receiverE+W

(1)This section applies to—

(a)the powers conferred on a court by sections 41 to [F12859 ] and sections 62 to 67;

(b)the powers of a receiver appointed under section 48[F129or 50].

(2)The powers—

(a)must be exercised with a view to the value for the time being of realisable property being made available (by the property’s realisation) for satisfying any confiscation order that has been or may be made against the defendant;

(b)must be exercised, in a case where a confiscation order has not been made, with a view to securing that there is no diminution in the value of realisable property;

(c)must be exercised without taking account of any obligation of the defendant or a recipient of a tainted gift if the obligation conflicts with the object of satisfying any confiscation order that has been or may be made against the defendant;

(d)may be exercised in respect of a debt owed by the Crown.

(3)Subsection (2) has effect subject to the following rules—

(a)the powers must be exercised with a view to allowing a person other than the defendant or a recipient of a tainted gift to retain or recover the value of any interest held by him;

(b)in the case of realisable property held by a recipient of a tainted gift, the powers must be exercised with a view to realising no more than the value for the time being of the gift;

(c)in a case where a confiscation order has not been made against the defendant, property must not be sold if the court so orders under subsection (4).

(4)If on an application by the defendant, or by the recipient of a tainted gift, the court decides that property cannot be replaced it may order that it must not be sold.

(5)An order under subsection (4) may be revoked or varied.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I59S. 69 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

CommittalE+W

70 Committal by magistrates’ courtE+W

(1)This section applies if—

(a)a defendant is convicted of an offence by a magistrates’ court, and

(b)the prosecutor asks the court to commit the defendant to the Crown Court with a view to a confiscation order being considered under section 6.

(2)In such a case the magistrates’ court—

(a)must commit the defendant to the Crown Court in respect of the offence, and

(b)may commit him to the Crown Court in respect of any other offence falling within subsection (3).

(3)An offence falls within this subsection if—

(a)the defendant has been convicted of it by the magistrates’ court or any other court, and

(b)the magistrates’ court has power to deal with him in respect of it.

(4)If a committal is made under this section in respect of an offence or offences—

(a)section 6 applies accordingly, and

(b)the committal operates as a committal of the defendant to be dealt with by the Crown Court in accordance with section 71.

(5)If a committal is made under this section in respect of an offence for which (apart from this section) the magistrates’ court could have committed the defendant for sentence under section 3(2) of the Sentencing Act (offences triable either way) [F130or under section 3B(2) of that Act (committal of child or young person)] the court must state whether it would have done so.

(6)A committal under this section may be in custody or on bail.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F130Words in s. 70(5) inserted (18.6.2012 for specified purposes, 5.11.2012 for specified purposes, 28.5.2013 for specified purposes) by Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c. 44), s. 336(3)(4), Sch. 3 para. 75(4); S.I. 2012/1320, art. 4(1)(c)(2)(3) (with art. 5) (see S.I. 2012/2574, art. 4(2) and S.I. 2013/1103, art. 4); S.I. 2012/2574, art. 2(2)(3)(c), Sch. (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (4.11.2012) by S.I. 2012/2761, art. 2) (with S.I. 2013/1103, art. 4); S.I. 2013/1103, art. 2(1)(c)(2)(3) (with arts. 3, 4)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I60S. 70 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

71 Sentencing by Crown CourtE+W

(1)If a defendant is committed to the Crown Court under section 70 in respect of an offence or offences, this section applies (whether or not the court proceeds under section 6).

(2)In the case of an offence in respect of which the magistrates’ court has stated under section 70(5) that it would have committed the defendant for sentence, the Crown Court—

(a)must inquire into the circumstances of the case, and

(b)may deal with the defendant in any way in which it could deal with him if he had just been convicted of the offence on indictment before it.

(3)In the case of any other offence the Crown Court—

(a)must inquire into the circumstances of the case, and

(b)may deal with the defendant in any way in which the magistrates’ court could deal with him if it had just convicted him of the offence.

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 2 applied by Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), Sch. 8 paras. 8(5A), 34(3A) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 39(2)(5); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2(1)(b)(2), sch. (with art. 7); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

C2Pt. 2 applied by Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60), ss. 56(5B), 58(8B) (as substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), s. 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 14(2)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.)

Commencement Information

I61S. 71 in force at 24.3.2003 by S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch.

CompensationE+W

72 Serious defaultE+W

(1)If the following three conditions are satisfied the Crown Court may order the payment of such compensation as it believes is just.

(2)The first condition is satisfied if a criminal investigation has been started with regard to an offence and proceedings are not started for the offence.

(3)The first condition is also satisfied if proceedings for an offence are started against a person and—

(a)they do not result in his conviction for the offence, or

(b)he is convicted of the offence but the conviction is quashed or he is pardoned in respect of it.

(4)If subsection (2) applies the second condition is that—

(a)in the criminal investigation there has been a serious default by a person mentioned in subsection (9), and

(b)the investigation would not have continued if the default had not occurred.

(5)If subsection (3) applies the second condition is that—

(a)in the criminal investigation with regard to the offence or in its prosecution there has been a serious default by a person who is mentioned in subsection (9), and

(b)the proceedings would not have been started or continued if the default had not occurred.

(6)The third condition is that an application is made under this section by a person who held realisable property and has suffered loss in consequence of anything done in relation to it by or in pursuance of an order under this Part.

(7)The offence referred to in subsection (2) may be one of a number of offences with regard to which the investigation is started.

(8)The offence referred to in subsection (3) may be one of a number of offences for which the proceedings are started.

(9)Compensation under this section is payable to the applicant and—

(a)if the person in default was or was acting as a member of a police force, the compensation is payable out of the police fund from which the expenses of that force are met;

(b)if the person in default was a member of the Crown Prosecution Service or was acting on its behalf, the compensation is payable by the Director of Public Prosecutions;

[F131(ba)if the person in default was a [F132National Crime Agency officer], the compensation is payable by [F133the National Crime Agency];]

(c)if the person in default was a member of the Serious Fraud Office, the compensation is payable by the Director of that Office;

F134(d). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(e)if the person in default was an officer of the Commissioners of Inland Revenue, the compensation is payable by those Commissioners.

[F135(ea)if the person in default was an immigration officer, the compensation is payable by the Secretary of State;]

[F136(f)if the person in default was an accredited financial investigator and none of paragraphs (a) to (e) apply, the compensation is payable in accordance with paragraph (a), (c) or (e) of section 302(7A) (as the case may require).]