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Proceeds of Crime Act 2002

Section 314: Obtaining and disposing of property

441.‘Disposing’ of property is a key feature of the provisions at section 304 and 305, which deal with following and tracing property. Disposal of property may take place, for instance:

  • where the property is dealt with to some extent only (including where an interest in the property is created – for example where a tenancy is granted out of freehold real property); a disposal might also consist of the grant of an interest in a part (subsection (1));

  • where a person makes a payment, in cash or any other kind of property, to another (subsection (2));

  • where property changes hands on death (subsection (3)).

442.Subsection (4) is relevant to the protection provided at section 308(1) for persons who obtain property ‘for value’. It provides that a person obtains property ‘for value’ only when he has given executed consideration for it. That means that if someone obtains property in return for a promise to pay for it or to perform some service in exchange, that will not count as having ‘obtained for value’ until the payment is actually made or the service performed.

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