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Proceeds of Crime Act 2002

Section 41: Restraint orders

88.Section 41 explains the nature and effect of a restraint order. It is an order prohibiting a specified person from dealing with any realisable property held by him (realisable property is defined in section 83). Thus it may be made both against the defendant or person under investigation, and any other person holding realisable property. Subsection (3) provides for exceptions to be made for reasonable living and legal expenses and for carrying on any trade, business, profession or occupation. Subsection (4) prevents funds under restraint from being released to the defendant or the recipient of a tainted gift for legal expenses incurred in relation to the offences in respect of which the restraint order is made. However, public funding for legal expenses, on the standard conditions, will be available to both instead.

89.Subsection (7) gives the court the power to make such order as it believes is appropriate for the purpose of ensuring that a restraint order is effective. The provision ensures that the Crown Court has general powers available to it such as the residuary powers currently available to the High Court. These will include, for example, the power to order a person to disclose his or her assets. Failure to comply with a restraint order or an order provided for in subsection (7) will fall to be treated as contempt of the Crown Court. Subsection (8) provides that a restraint order cannot be made in relation to any property subject to a charging order under any of the earlier confiscation legislation, reflecting the principle that a restraint order and a charging order should not be made in relation to the same property.

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