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Proceeds of Crime Act 2002

Section 28: Defendant neither convicted nor acquitted

64.Section 28 deals with absconders who abscond prior to conviction. A confiscation order may only be made against such an absconder if two years have elapsed from the time he absconded. Under earlier confiscation legislation, a confiscation order may be made by the High Court on application by the prosecutor in these circumstances. Under the Act, application is made to the Crown Court by the prosecutor or the Director.

65.Subsections (5)(d) and (e) set out how sections 19-21 (reconsideration) are to apply where the defendant absconds before he has been convicted. Sections 19 and 20 do not apply and section 21 does not apply whilst the offender is an absconder. It is not appropriate for sections 19 and 20 to apply because they deal with the situation where decisions have been taken after a conviction. Subsection (7) provides that when a court has made a confiscation order in this situation it cannot go on to make another confiscation order if the defendant returns and is convicted.

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