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Proceeds of Crime Act 2002

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Changes over time for: Cross Heading: Evidence overseas

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Changes and effects yet to be applied to Chapter 3 Crossheading Evidence-overseas:

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[F1Evidence overseasS

Textual Amendments

F1Ss. 408A, 408B and cross-heading inserted (22.11.2014 for specified purposes, 1.6.2015 for S. in so far as not already in force) by Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), s. 61(2), Sch. 19 para. 28; S.I. 2014/3098, art. 3; S.I. 2015/964, art. 2(e)

408AEvidence overseasS

(1)This section applies if a person or property is subject to a civil recovery investigation [F2, a detained cash investigation, a detained property investigation or a frozen funds investigation].

(2)A judge of the Court of Session may request assistance under this section if—

(a)an application is made by an appropriate person or a person subject to the investigation, and

(b)the judge thinks that there is relevant evidence in a country or territory outside the United Kingdom.

(3)An appropriate person may request assistance under this section if the person thinks that there is relevant evidence in a country or territory outside the United Kingdom.

(4)The assistance that may be requested under this section is assistance in obtaining outside the United Kingdom relevant evidence specified in the request.

(5)Relevant evidence is—

(a)in relation to an application or request made for the purposes of a civil recovery investigation, evidence relevant for the purpose of identifying recoverable property or associated property, including evidence as to a matter described in section 341(2)(a) to (d);

(b)in relation to an application or request made for the purposes of a detained cash investigation, evidence as to a matter described in section 341(3A)(a) or (b).

[F3(c)in relation to an application or request made for the purposes of a detained property investigation, evidence as to a matter described in section 341(3B)(a) or (b);

(d)in relation to an application or request made for the purposes of a frozen funds investigation, evidence as to a matter described in section 341(3C)(a) or (b);]

(6)A request for assistance under this section may be sent—

(a)to a court or tribunal which is specified in the request and which exercises jurisdiction in the place where the evidence is to be obtained,

(b)to the government of the country or territory concerned, or

(c)to an authority recognised by the government of the country or territory concerned as the appropriate authority for receiving requests for assistance of that kind.

(7)Alternatively, a request for assistance under this section may be sent to the Secretary of State with a view to it being forwarded to a court, tribunal, government or authority mentioned in subsection (6).

(8)The Secretary of State must forward the request for assistance to the court, tribunal, government or authority.

(9)In a case of urgency, a request for assistance under this section may be sent to—

(a)the International Criminal Police Organisation, or

(b)any person competent to receive it under any provisions adopted under the EU Treaties,

for forwarding to the court, tribunal, government or authority mentioned in subsection (6).

(10)Rules of court may make provision as to the practice and procedure to be followed in connection with proceedings relating to requests for assistance made by a judge under this section.

(11)Evidence” includes documents, information in any other form and material.

Textual Amendments

F2Words in s. 408A(1) substituted (27.4.2017 for specified purposes, 31.1.2018 for specified purposes, 16.4.2018 in so far as not already in force) by Criminal Finances Act 2017 (c. 22), s. 58(5)(6), Sch. 5 para. 70(2); S.I. 2018/78, reg. 5(3)(a)(i)(ii)

F3S. 408A(5)(c)(d) inserted (27.4.2017 for specified purposes, 31.1.2018 for specified purposes, 16.4.2018 in so far as not already in force) by Criminal Finances Act 2017 (c. 22), s. 58(5)(6), Sch. 5 para. 70(3); S.I. 2018/78, reg. 5(3)(a)(i)(ii)

408BEvidence overseas: restrictions on useS

(1)This section applies to evidence obtained by means of a request for assistance under section 408A.

(2)The evidence must not be used for any purpose other than—

(a)for the purposes of the investigation for which it was obtained, or

(b)for the purposes of proceedings described in subsection (3) or any proceedings arising out of such proceedings.

(3)Those proceedings are—

(a)if the request was made for the purposes of a civil recovery investigation, proceedings under Chapter 2 of Part 5 of this Act arising out of the investigation;

(b)if the request was made for the purposes of a detained cash investigation, proceedings under Chapter 3 of Part 5 of this Act arising out of the investigation.

[F4(c)if the request was made for the purposes of a detained property investigation, proceedings under Chapter 3A of Part 5 of this Act arising out of the investigation;

(d)if the request was made for the purposes of a frozen funds investigation, proceedings under Chapter 3B of Part 5 of this Act arising out of the investigation;]

(4)Subsection (2) does not apply if the court, tribunal, government or authority to whom the request for assistance was sent consents to the use.

(5)The evidence may be received in evidence without being sworn to by anyone, so far as that may be done without unfairness to any party.]

Textual Amendments

F4S. 408B(3)(c)(d) inserted (27.4.2017 for specified purposes, 31.1.2018 for specified purposes, 16.4.2018 in so far as not already in force) by Criminal Finances Act 2017 (c. 22), s. 58(5)(6), Sch. 5 para. 71; S.I. 2018/78, reg. 5(3)(a)(i)(ii)

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