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Finance Act 2002

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Part 11Transfer of business or trade

Company reconstruction involving transfer of business

84(1)This paragraph applies where—

(a)a scheme of reconstruction involves the transfer of the whole or part of the business of one company (“the transferor”) to another company (“the transferee”), and

(b)the transferor receives no part of the consideration for the transfer (otherwise than by the transferee taking over the whole or part of the liabilities of the business).

For this purpose “scheme of reconstruction” has the same meaning as in section 136 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (c. 12).

(2)If the assets included in the transfer include intangible fixed assets that are chargeable intangible assets in relation to the transferor immediately before the transfer and in relation to the transferee immediately after the transfer, the transfer of those assets is treated for the purposes of this Schedule as tax-neutral (see paragraph 140).

(3)If a transfer falls within sub-paragraph (1) and also within paragraph 55 (transfers within a group), that paragraph applies and this paragraph does not.

(4)This paragraph does not apply if the transferor or the transferee is—

(a)a qualifying society within the meaning of section 461A of the Taxes Act 1988 (incorporated friendly societies entitled to exemption from tax), or

(b)a dual resident investing company within the meaning of section 404 of that Act (limitation of group relief).

(5)This paragraph applies only if the reconstruction—

(a)is effected for bona fide commercial reasons, and

(b)does not form part of a scheme or arrangements of which the main purpose, or one of the main purposes, is avoidance of liability to corporation tax, capital gains tax or income tax.

(6)The requirements of sub-paragraph (5) are treated as met where, before the transfer, the Inland Revenue have, on the application of the transferee, notified that company that they are satisfied that the requirements of that sub-paragraph will be met.

For the procedure on such an application, see paragraph 88.

Transfer of UK trade between companies resident in different EU member States

85(1)This paragraph applies where—

(a)an EU company resident in one member State (“the transferor”) transfers the whole or part of a trade carried on by it in the United Kingdom to an EU company resident in another member State (“the transferee”),

(b)the transfer is wholly in exchange for securities issued by the transferee to the transferor, and

(c)a claim is made under this paragraph by the transferor and the transferee.

(2)If the transfer includes intangible fixed assets that are chargeable intangible assets in relation to the transferor immediately before the transfer and in relation to the transferee immediately after the transfer, the transfer of those assets is treated for the purposes of this Schedule as tax-neutral (see paragraph 140).

(3)For the purposes of this paragraph a company is regarded as resident in a member State if it is within a charge to tax under the law of the State because it is regarded as resident for the purposes of the charge.

For this purpose a company is treated as not within a charge to tax under the law of a member State if it falls to be regarded for the purposes of any double taxation relief arrangements to which the State is a party as resident in a territory which is not within any of the member States.

(4)This paragraph applies only if the transfer of the trade or part—

(a)is effected for bona fide commercial reasons, and

(b)does not form part of a scheme or arrangements of which the main purpose, or one of the main purposes, is avoidance of liability to corporation tax, capital gains tax or income tax.

(5)The requirements of sub-paragraph (4) are treated as met where, before the transfer, the Inland Revenue have, on the application of the transferor and the transferee, notified those companies that they are satisfied that the requirements of that sub-paragraph will be met.

For the procedure on such an application, see paragraph 88.

(6)In this paragraph—

(a)“EU company” means a body incorporated under the law of a member State; and

(b)“securities” includes shares.

Postponement of charge on transfer of assets to non-resident company.

86(1)This paragraph applies where—

(a)a company resident in the United Kingdom and carrying on a trade outside the United Kingdom through a branch or agency (“the transferor”) transfers that trade, or part of it, together with the whole assets of the company used for the purposes of the trade or part (or together with the whole of those assets other than cash) to a company not resident in the United Kingdom (“the transferee”),

(b)the trade or part is so transferred wholly or partly in exchange for securities consisting of shares, or of shares and loan stock, issued by the transferee to the transferor, and

(c)the shares so issued, either alone or taken together with any other shares in the transferee already held by the transferor, amount in all to not less than one quarter of the ordinary share capital of the transferee.

(2)If the transfer includes intangible fixed assets that are chargeable intangible assets in relation to the transferor immediately before the transfer (“relevant assets”), the transferor may claim that this Schedule shall have effect in accordance with the following provisions.

(3)If the proceeds of realisation of a relevant asset exceed the cost of the asset recognised for tax purposes, the proceeds of realisation are treated as reduced—

(a)if the securities are the whole consideration for the transfer, by the amount of the excess, and

(b)if the securities are not the whole of that consideration, by the appropriate proportion of the excess.

For this purpose “the appropriate proportion” means the proportion that the market value of the securities at the time of the transfer bears to the market value of the whole of the consideration at that time.

(4)If at any time after the transfer the transferor realises the whole or part of the securities held by it immediately before that time, the transferor shall bring into account for tax purposes a credit equal to the whole or the appropriate proportion of the aggregate deferred gain.

For this purpose—

  • “the appropriate proportion” means the proportion that the market value of the part of the securities disposed of bears to the market value of the securities held immediately before the disposal; and

  • “the aggregate deferred gain” means the aggregate of the amounts by which the proceeds of realisation of relevant assets were reduced under sub-paragraph (3), so far as not already taken into account under this sub-paragraph or sub-paragraph (5).

(5)If at any time within six years after the transfer the transferee realises any of the relevant assets held by it immediately before that time, the transferor shall bring into account for tax purposes a credit equal to the whole or the appropriate proportion of the aggregate deferred gain.

For this purpose—

  • “the appropriate proportion” means the proportion that the deferred gain attributable to the relevant assets realised bears to the deferred gain attributable to the relevant assets held immediately before the time of the realisation;

  • “the aggregate deferred gain” means the aggregate of the amounts by which the proceeds of realisation of relevant assets were reduced under sub-paragraph (3), so far as not already taken into account under this sub-paragraph or sub-paragraph (4); and

  • “the deferred gain attributable to” any relevant assets means the aggregate of the amounts by which the proceeds of realisation of those assets were reduced under sub-paragraph (3).

(6)There shall be disregarded—

(a)for the purposes of sub-paragraph (4), any disposal within section 171 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (c. 12) (transfers within a group); and

(b)for the purposes of sub-paragraph (5), any transfer by one member of a group (within the meaning of Part 8 of this Schedule) to another.

(7)Where a person acquires securities or an asset on a disposal disregarded under sub-paragraph (6) (and without there having been a previous disposal not so disregarded), a subsequent disposal of the securities or asset by that person shall be treated as a disposal by the transferor or, as the case may be, the transferee.

(8)This paragraph applies only if the transfer of the trade or part—

(a)is effected for bona fide commercial reasons, and

(b)does not form part of a scheme or arrangements of which the main purpose, or one of the main purposes, is avoidance of liability to corporation tax, capital gains tax or income tax.

(9)The requirements of sub-paragraph (8) are treated as met where, before the transfer, the Inland Revenue have, on the application of the transferor, notified that company that they are satisfied that the requirements of that sub-paragraph will be met.

For the procedure on such an application, see paragraph 88.

(10)No claim may be made under this paragraph as regards a transfer in relation to which a claim is made under paragraph 87 (transfer of non-UK trade).

Transfer of non-UK trade

87(1)This paragraph applies where—

(a)an EU company resident in the United Kingdom (“the transferor”) transfers to an EU company resident in another member State (“the transferee”) the whole or part of a trade that, immediately before the time of the transfer, the transferor carried on in a member State other than the United Kingdom (“the other member State”) through a branch or agency,

(b)the transfer—

(i)includes the whole of the assets of the transferor used for the purposes of the trade or part (or the whole of those assets other than cash), and

(ii)is wholly or partly in exchange for securities issued by the transferee to the transferor,

(c)the transfer includes intangible fixed assets—

(i)that are chargeable intangible assets in relation to the transferor immediately before the transfer, and

(ii)in the case of one or more of which the proceeds of realisation exceed the cost recognised for tax purposes, and

(d)the transferor makes a claim under this paragraph.

(2)Where tax would have been chargeable under the law of the other member State in respect of the transfer of those assets but for the Mergers Directive, Part 18 of the Taxes Act 1988 (double taxation relief), including any arrangements having effect by virtue of section 788 of that Act (bilateral relief), shall apply as if the amount of tax, calculated on the required basis, that would have been payable under that law in respect of the transfer of those assets but for that Directive, were tax payable under that law.

(3)For this purpose “the required basis” is that—

(a)so far as permitted under the law of the other member State, any losses arising on the transfer are set against any gains so arising, and

(b)any relief available to the transferor under that law has been duly claimed.

(4)In this paragraph—

  • “EU company” means a body incorporated under the law of a member State;

  • “the Mergers Directive” means the Directive of the Council of the European Communities dated 23rd July 1990 on the common system of taxation applicable to mergers, divisions, transfers of assets and exchanges of shares concerning companies of different member States (No. 90/434/EEC);

  • “securities” includes shares.

(5)For the purposes of this paragraph a company is regarded as resident in another member State if it is within a charge to tax under the law of the State because it is regarded as resident for the purposes of the charge.

For this purpose a company shall be treated as not within a charge to tax under the law of a member State if it falls to be regarded for the purposes of any double taxation relief arrangements to which the State is a party as resident in a territory which is not within any of the member States.

(6)No claim may be made under this paragraph as regards a transfer in relation to which a claim is made under paragraph 86 (postponement of charge on transfer of assets to non-resident company).

(7)This paragraph applies only if the transfer of the trade or part—

(a)is effected for bona fide commercial reasons, and

(b)does not form part of a scheme or arrangements of which the main purpose, or one of the main purposes, is avoidance of liability to corporation tax, capital gains tax or income tax.

(8)The requirements of sub-paragraph (7) are treated as met where, before the transfer, the Inland Revenue have, on the application of the transferor, notified that company that they are satisfied that the requirements of that sub-paragraph will be met.

For the procedure on such an application, see paragraph 88.

Procedure on application for clearance

88(1)This paragraph applies in relation to an application under paragraph 84(6), 85(5), 86(9) or 87(8).

(2)The application must be in writing and must contain particulars of the operations that are to be effected.

(3)The Inland Revenue may, within 30 days of the receipt of the application or of any further particulars previously required under this sub-paragraph, by notice require the applicant to furnish further particulars for the purpose of enabling the Inland Revenue to make their decision.

If any such notice is not complied with within 30 days or such longer period as the Inland Revenue may allow, the Inland Revenue need not proceed further on the application.

(4)The Inland Revenue shall notify their decision to the applicant within 30 days of receiving the application or, if they give a notice under sub-paragraph (3), within 30 days of the notice being complied with.

(5)If the Inland Revenue notify the applicant that they are not satisfied as mentioned in paragraph 84(6), 85(5), 86(9) or 87(8) or do not notify their decision to the applicant within the time required by sub-paragraph (4), the applicant may within 30 days of the notification or of that time require the Inland Revenue to transmit the application, together with any notice given and further particulars furnished under sub-paragraph (3), to the Special Commissioners.

In that event any notification by the Special Commissioners shall have effect for the purposes of paragraph 84(6), 85(5), 86(9) or 87(8) as if it were a notification by the Inland Revenue.

(6)If any particulars furnished under this paragraph do not fully and accurately disclose all facts and considerations material for the decision of the Inland Revenue or the Special Commissioners, any resulting notification by the Inland Revenue or the Commissioners is void.

Transfer of life assurance business

89(1)This paragraph applies where there is—

(a)a transfer between two companies of business consisting of the effecting or carrying out of contracts of long-term insurance which has effect under an insurance business transfer scheme, or

(b)a transfer between two companies that is a qualifying overseas transfer within the meaning of paragraph 4A of Schedule 19AC to the Taxes Act 1988 (transfer of business of overseas life insurance company),

and the assets included in the transfer include intangible fixed assets that are chargeable intangible assets in relation to the transferor company immediately before the transfer and in relation to the successor company immediately after the transfer.

(2)Where this paragraph applies the transfer of those assets is treated for the purposes of this Schedule as tax-neutral (see paragraph 140).

(3)In this paragraph—

  • “contracts of long-term insurance” means contracts that fall within Part II of Schedule 1 to the Finance Services and Markets Act (Regulated Activities) Order 2001 (S.I. 2001/544); and

  • “insurance business transfer scheme” means a scheme falling within section 105 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (c. 8) or an excluded scheme falling within Case 2, 3 or 4 of subsection (3) of that section.

Transfer of business of building society to company

90(1)Where—

(a)there is a transfer of the whole of a building society’s business to a company (“the successor company”) in accordance with section 97 and the other applicable provisions of the Building Societies Act 1986 (c. 53), and

(b)the assets included in the transfer include intangible fixed assets that are chargeable intangible assets in relation to the society immediately before the transfer and in relation to the successor company immediately after the transfer,

the transfer of those assets is treated for the purposes of this Schedule as tax-neutral (see paragraph 140).

(2)If because of the transfer a company ceases to be a member of the same group as the society, that event shall not cause paragraph 58 or 60 (deemed realisation and reacquisition) to have effect as respects any asset acquired by the company from the society or any other member of the same group.

(3)Where the society and the successor company are members of the same group at the time of the transfer but later cease to be so, that later event shall not cause paragraph 58 or 60 to have effect as respects—

(a)any asset acquired by the successor company on or before the transfer from the society or any other member of the same group, or

(b)any asset acquired from the society or any other member of the same group by a company other than the successor company that is a member of the same group at the time of the transfer.

(4)Where a company which is a member of the same group as the society at the time of the transfer—

(a)ceases to be a member of that group and becomes a member of the same group as the successor company, and

(b)subsequently ceases to be a member of that group,

paragraph 58 has effect on that later event as respects any asset to which this sub-paragraph applies that is acquired by the company otherwise than from the successor company as if it had been acquired from the successor company.

(5)Sub-paragraph (4) applies to any asset acquired by the company from the society, or from another company which is a member of the same group at the time of the transfer, when the company and the society, or the company, the society and the other company, were members of the same group.

(6)Sub-paragraph (4) does not apply where—

(a)the company which acquired the asset is a 75% subsidiary of the company from which it was acquired, or vice versa, and

(b)those companies cease simultaneously to be members of the same group as the successor company but continue to be members of the same group as one another.

Amalgamation of or transfer of engagements by certain societies

91(1)Where—

(a)there is an amalgamation of two or more societies to which this paragraph applies or a transfer of engagements from one such society to another, and

(b)in the course of or as part of the amalgamation or transfer of engagements, there are transferred from one society (“the transferor”) to another (“the transferee”) intangible fixed assets that are chargeable intangible assets in relation to the transferor immediately before the transfer and in relation to the transferee immediately after the transfer,

the transfer of those assets is treated for the purposes of this Schedule as tax-neutral (see paragraph 140).

(2)The societies to which this paragraph applies are—

(a)a building society,

(b)a registered industrial and provident society within the meaning of section 486 of the Taxes Act 1988, and

(c)a co-operative association in relation to which subsections (1) and (8) of that section have effect as they have effect in relation to a registered industrial and provident society.

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