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Finance Act 2002

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

General interpretation

54(1)In this Schedule—

  • “authorised accounting method”, “authorised accruals basis of accounting” and “authorised mark to market basis of accounting” shall be construed in accordance with paragraph 17;

  • “bank” means any of the following—

    (a)

    the Bank of England;

    (b)

    any person falling within section 840A(1)(b) of the Taxes Act 1988; and

    (c)

    any firm falling within section 840A(1)(c) of that Act;

  • “contract for differences” shall be construed in accordance with paragraph 12;

  • “contract of insurance” has the meaning given by Article 3(1) of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) Order 2001 (S.I. 2001/544);

  • “derivative contract” shall be construed in accordance with paragraph 2;

  • “exchange gain” and “exchange loss” shall be construed in accordance with sub-paragraphs (2) and (3);

  • “fair value” has the meaning given by paragraph 17;

  • “future” has the meaning given by paragraph 12;

  • “insurance company” means a company which effects or carries out contracts of insurance;

  • “intangible fixed assets” has the meaning given by paragraph 12;

  • “investment trust” is a company approved for the purposes of section 842 of the Taxes Act 1988 (investment trusts) for an accounting period;

  • “life assurance business” has the same meaning as in section 431 of the Taxes Act 1988;

  • “long-term insurance business” means business which consists of the effecting and carrying out of contracts which fall within Part II of Schedule 1 to the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) Order 2001 and “contract of long-term insurance” means any contract which falls within that Part of that Schedule;

  • “non-life mutual business” means any mutual trading, or any mutual insurance or other mutual business, which (in either case) is not life assurance business;

  • “option” has the meaning given by paragraph 12;

  • “related transaction” has the meaning given by paragraph 15;

  • “relevant contract” has the meaning given by paragraph 2;

  • “shares”, in relation to a company, has (except in paragraphs 39 and 40) the meaning given by paragraph 12;

  • “statutory accounts” has the meaning given by paragraph 52;

  • UK company” means a company incorporated or formed under the law of a part of the United Kingdom;

  • “underlying subject matter” has the meaning given by paragraph 11;

  • “warrant” has the meaning given by paragraph 12.

(2)References in this Schedule to exchange gains or exchange losses, in the case of any company, are references respectively to—

(a)profits or gains, or

(b)losses,

which arise as a result of comparing at different times the expression in one currency of the whole or some part of the valuation put by the company in another currency on an asset or liability of the company.

If the result of such a comparison is that neither an exchange gain nor an exchange loss arises, then for the purposes of this Schedule an exchange gain of nil shall be taken to arise in the case of that comparison.

(3)A reference to an exchange gain or loss from a company’s derivative contract is a reference to an exchange gain or loss arising to a company in relation to a derivative contract of the company.

(4)In this Schedule “financial trader” means—

(a)any person who—

(i)falls within section 31(1)(a), (b) or (c) of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (c. 8), and

(ii)has permission under that Act to carry on one or more of the activities specified in Article 14 and, in so far as it applies to that Article, Article 64 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) Order 2001 (S.I. 2001/544); or

(b)any person not falling within paragraph (a) who is approved by the Board for the purposes of this paragraph.

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