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Finance Act 2002

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Supplementary charge in respect of ring fence trades

91Supplementary charge in respect of ring fence trades

After section 501 of the Taxes Act 1988 insert—

501ASupplementary charge in respect of ring fence trades

(1)Where in any accounting period beginning on or after 17th April 2002 a company carries on a ring fence trade, a sum equal to 10 per cent of its adjusted ring fence profits for that period shall be charged on the company as if it were an amount of corporation tax chargeable on the company.

(2)A company’s adjusted ring fence profits for an accounting period are the amount which, on the assumption mentioned in subsection (3) below, would be determined for that period (in accordance with this Chapter) as the profits of the company’s ring fence trade chargeable to corporation tax.

(3)The assumption is that financing costs are left out of account in computing—

(a)the amount of the profits or loss of any ring fence trade of the company’s for each accounting period beginning on or after 17th April 2002; and

(b)where for any such period the whole or part of any loss relief is surrendered to the company in accordance with section 492(8), the amount of that relief or, as the case may be, that part.

(4)For the purposes of this section, “financing costs” means the costs of debt finance.

(5)In calculating the costs of debt finance for an accounting period the matters to be taken into account include—

(a)any costs giving rise to debits in respect of debtor relationships of the company under Chapter 2 of Part 4 of the Finance Act 1996 (loan relationships);

(b)any exchange gain or loss, within the meaning of Chapter 2 of Part 2 of the Finance Act 1993, in relation to debt finance;

(c)any trading profit or loss, under Chapter 2 of Part 4 of the Finance Act 1994 (interest rate and currency contracts), in relation to debt finance;

(d)the financing cost implicit in a payment under a finance lease; and

(e)any other costs arising from what would be considered in accordance with generally accepted accounting practice to be a financing transaction.

(6)Where an amount representing the whole or part of a payment falling to be made by a company—

(a)falls (or would fall) to be treated as a finance charge under a finance lease for the purposes of accounts relating to that company and one or more other companies and prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting practice, but

(b)is not so treated in the accounts of the company,

the amount shall be treated for the purposes of this section as financing costs falling within subsection (5)(d) above.

(7)If—

(a)in computing the adjusted ring fence profits of a company for an accounting period, an amount falls to be left out of account by virtue of subsection (5)(d) above, but

(b)the whole or any part of that amount is repaid,

the repayment shall also be left out of account in computing the adjusted ring fence profits of the company for any accounting period.

(8)In this section “finance lease” means any arrangements—

(a)which provide for an asset to be leased or otherwise made available by a person to another person (“the lessee”), and

(b)which, under generally accepted accounting practice,—

(i)fall (or would fall) to be treated, in the accounts of the lessee or a person connected with the lessee, as a finance lease or a loan, or

(ii)are comprised in arrangements which fall (or would fall) to be so treated.

(9)For the purposes of applying subsection (8)(b) above, the lessee and any person connected with the lessee are to be treated as being companies which are incorporated in a part of the United Kingdom.

(10)In this section “accounts”, in relation to a company, includes any accounts which—

(a)relate to two or more companies of which that company is one, and

(b)are drawn up in accordance with—

(i)section 227 of the Companies Act 1985, or

(ii)Article 235 of the Companies (Northern Ireland) Order 1986..

92Assessment, recovery and postponement of supplementary charge

(1)After section 501A of the Taxes Act 1988 insert—

501BAssessment, recovery and postponement of supplementary charge

(1)Subject to subsection (3) below, the provisions of section 501A(1) relating to the charging of a sum as if it were an amount of corporation tax shall be taken as applying, subject to the provisions of the Taxes Acts, and to any necessary modifications, all enactments applying generally to corporation tax, including—

(a)those relating to returns of information and the supply of accounts, statements and reports;

(b)those relating to the assessing, collecting and receiving of corporation tax;

(c)those conferring or regulating a right of appeal; and

(d)those concerning administration, penalties, interest on unpaid tax and priority of tax in cases of insolvency under the law of any part of the United Kingdom.

(2)Accordingly (but without prejudice to subsection (1) above) the Management Act shall have effect as if any reference to corporation tax included a reference to a sum chargeable under section 501A(1) as if it were an amount of corporation tax.

(3)In any regulations made under section 32 of the Finance Act 1998 (as at 17th April 2002, the Corporation Tax (Treatment of Unrelieved Surplus Advance Corporation Tax) Regulations 1999)—

(a)references to corporation tax do not include a reference to a sum chargeable on a company under section 501A(1) as if it were corporation tax; and

(b)references to profits charged to corporation tax do not include a reference to adjusted ring fence profits, within the meaning of section 501A(1).

(4)In this section “the Taxes Acts” has the same meaning as in the Management Act..

(2)In section 59E of the Taxes Management Act 1970 (c. 9) (further provision as to when corporation tax is due and payable) in subsection (11) (extension of references in the section to corporation tax) after paragraph (b) add—

(c)to any sum chargeable on a company under section 501A(1) of the principal Act (supplementary charge in respect of ring fence trades) as if it were an amount of corporation tax chargeable on the company.

(3)In Schedule 18 to the Finance Act 1998 (c. 36) (company tax returns: assessments and related matters) in paragraph 1 (meaning of “tax”) in the second sentence (amounts assessable or chargeable as if they were corporation tax) for the word “and” immediately preceding the paragraph beginning “section 747(4)(a)” substitute the following paragraph—

section 501A(1) of that Act (supplementary charge in respect of ring fence trades), and.

(4)In paragraph 8 of that Schedule (calculation of tax payable) after paragraph number 1 of the third step insert—

1AAny sum chargeable under section 501A(1) of that Act (supplementary charge in respect of ring fence trades)..

(5)Regulation 3 of the Instalment Payment Regulations (large companies) is amended as follows.

(6)In paragraph (1) (which, subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), defines a large company) for “paragraphs (2) and (3),” substitute “paragraphs (2) to (3A),”.

(7)After paragraph (3) insert—

(3A)Any question whether a company is, or is not, a large company as respects an accounting period beginning on or after 17th April 2002 shall, so far as not falling to be determined by reference to the company’s total liability, be determined as it would have been determined apart from section 501A of the Taxes Act (supplementary charge in respect of ring fence trades)..

(8)The amendment by this section of any provision contained in regulations shall not be taken to have prejudiced any power to make further regulations revoking or amending that provision, whether in relation to the same or any other chargeable periods.

(9)In this section “the Instalment Payment Regulations” means the Corporation Tax (Instalment Payments) Regulations 1998 (S.I. 1998/3175).

93Supplementary charge: transitional provisions

(1)In the case of a straddling period, that is to say, an accounting period which begins before 17th April 2002 and ends on or after that date—

(a)sections 501A and 501B of the Taxes Act 1988 (which are inserted by sections 91 and 92) shall apply as if so much of the straddling period as falls before 17th April 2002, and so much of that period as falls on or after that date, were separate accounting periods; and

(b)all necessary apportionments between the two separate accounting periods shall be made in proportion to the number of days in those periods.

(2)In the case of a straddling period, the Instalment Payment Regulations shall apply separately—

(a)in relation to any tax chargeable on the company under section 501A(1) of the Taxes Act 1988; and

(b)in relation to any other tax chargeable on the company.

(3)In their application by virtue of paragraph (a) of subsection (2), the Instalment Payment Regulations shall have effect in relation to the tax mentioned in that paragraph as if—

(a)the deemed accounting period treated under subsection (1)(a) as beginning on 17th April 2002 were an accounting period for the purposes of those Regulations; and

(b)that tax were chargeable for that period.

(4)Any reference in the Instalment Payment Regulations to the total liability of a company shall accordingly be construed—

(a)in their application by virtue of paragraph (a) of subsection (2), as a reference to the tax mentioned in that paragraph; and

(b)in their application by virtue of paragraph (b) of that subsection, as a reference to the amount that would be the company’s total liability for the straddling period if the tax mentioned in paragraph (a) of that subsection were left out of account.

(5)For the purposes of the Instalment Payment Regulations—

(a)a company shall be regarded as a large company as respects the deemed accounting period under subsection (3)(a) if, and only if, it is a large company for those purposes as respects the straddling period; and

(b)any question whether a company is a large company as respects the straddling period shall be determined as it would have been determined apart from section 501A of the Taxes Act 1988.

(6)In this section “the Instalment Payment Regulations” has the same meaning as in section 92.

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