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(1)This section applies to proceedings before an employment tribunal relating to a claim by an employee under any of the jurisdictions listed in Schedule 5.
(2)If in the case of proceedings to which this section applies—
(a)the employment tribunal finds in favour of the employee, but makes no award to him in respect of the claim to which the proceedings relate, and
(b)when the proceedings were begun the employer was in breach of his duty to the employee under section 1(1) or 4(1) of the Employment Rights Act 1996 (c. 18) (duty to give a written statement of initial employment particulars or of particulars of change),
the tribunal must, subject to subsection (5), make an award of the minimum amount to be paid by the employer to the employee and may, if it considers it just and equitable in all the circumstances, award the higher amount instead.
(3)If in the case of proceedings to which this section applies—
(a)the employment tribunal makes an award to the employee in respect of the claim to which the proceedings relate, and
(b)when the proceedings were begun the employer was in breach of his duty to the employee under section 1(1) or 4(1) of the Employment Rights Act 1996,
the tribunal must, subject to subsection (5), increase the award by the minimum amount and may, if it considers it just and equitable in all the circumstances, increase the award by the higher amount instead.
(4)In subsections (2) and (3)—
(a)references to the minimum amount are to an amount equal to two weeks’ pay, and
(b)references to the higher amount are to an amount equal to four weeks’ pay.
(5)The duty under subsection (2) or (3) does not apply if there are exceptional circumstances which would make an award or increase under that subsection unjust or inequitable.
(6)The amount of a week’s pay of an employee shall—
(a)be calculated for the purposes of this section in accordance with Chapter 2 of Part 14 of the Employment Rights Act 1996 (c. 18), and
(b)not exceed the amount for the time being specified in section 227 of that Act (maximum amount of week’s pay).
(7)For the purposes of Chapter 2 of Part 14 of the Employment Rights Act 1996 as applied by subsection (6), the calculation date shall be taken to be—
(a)if the employee was employed by the employer on the date the proceedings were begun, that date, and
(b)if he was not, the effective date of termination as defined by section 97 of that Act.
(8)The Secretary of State may by order—
(a)amend Schedule 5 for the purpose of—
(i)adding a jurisdiction to the list in that Schedule, or
(ii)removing a jurisdiction from that list;
(b)make provision, in relation to a jurisdiction listed in Schedule 5, for this section not to apply to proceedings relating to claims of a description specified in the order;
(c)make provision for this section to apply, with or without modifications, as if—
(i)any individual of a description specified in the order who would not otherwise be an employee for the purposes of this section were an employee for those purposes, and
(ii)a person of a description specified in the order were, in the case of any such individual, the individual’s employer for those purposes.
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