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Employment Act 2002

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Sections 11 and 12

SCHEDULE 1Penalties: procedure and appeals

This schedule has no associated Explanatory Notes

Determination of penalties by officer of Board

1(1)Subject to sub-paragraph (2) and except where proceedings have been instituted under paragraph 5, an officer of the Board authorised by the Board for the purposes of this paragraph may make a determination—

(a)imposing a penalty under section 11 or 12, and

(b)setting it at such amount as, in his opinion, is correct or appropriate.

(2)Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply to the imposition of such a penalty as is mentioned in section 11(2)(a).

(3)Notice of a determination of a penalty under this paragraph shall be served on the person liable to the penalty and shall state the date on which it is issued and the time within which an appeal against the determination may be made.

(4)After the notice of a determination under this paragraph has been served the determination shall not be altered except in accordance with this paragraph or on appeal.

(5)If it is discovered by an officer of the Board authorised by the Board for the purposes of this paragraph that the amount of a penalty determined under this paragraph is or has become insufficient, the officer may make a determination in a further amount so that the penalty is set at the amount which, in his opinion, is correct or appropriate.

Provisions supplementary to paragraph 1

2(1)A penalty determined under paragraph 1 above shall be due and payable at the end of the period of thirty days beginning with the date of the issue of the notice of determination.

(2)Part 6 of the Taxes Management Act 1970 (c. 9) shall apply in relation to a penalty determined under paragraph 1 as if it were tax charged in an assessment and due and payable.

Appeals against penalty determinations

3(1)An appeal may be brought against the determination of a penalty under paragraph 1.

(2)The provisions of the Taxes Management Act 1970 relating to appeals, except section 50(6) to (8), shall have effect in relation to an appeal against such a determination as they have effect in relation to an appeal against an assessment to tax.

(3)On an appeal by virtue of sub-paragraph (2) against the determination of a penalty under paragraph 1, the General or Special Commissioners may—

(a)if it appears to them that no penalty has been incurred, set the determination aside;

(b)if the amount determined appears to them to be appropriate, confirm the determination;

(c)if the amount determined appears to them to be excessive, reduce it to such other amount (including nil) as they consider appropriate;

(d)if the amount determined appears to them to be insufficient, increase it to such amount not exceeding the permitted maximum as they consider appropriate.

(4)An appeal from a decision of the Commissioners against the amount of a penalty which has been determined under paragraph 1 or this paragraph shall lie, at the instance of the person liable to the penalty—

(a)to the High Court, or

(b)in Scotland, to the Court of Session as the Court of Exchequer in Scotland;

and on that appeal the court shall have the like jurisdiction as is conferred on the Commissioners by virtue of this paragraph.

Penalty proceedings before Commissioners

4(1)An officer of the Board authorised by the Board for the purposes of this paragraph may commence proceedings for any penalty to which sub-paragraph (1) of paragraph 1 does not apply by virtue of sub-paragraph (2) of that paragraph.

(2)Proceedings under this paragraph shall be by way of information in writing, made to the General or Special Commissioners, and upon summons issued by them to the defendant (or, in Scotland, the defender) to appear before them at a time and place stated in the summons; and they shall hear and decide each case in a summary way.

(3)Part 6 of the Taxes Management Act 1970 (c. 9) shall apply in relation to a penalty determined in proceedings under this paragraph as if it were tax charged in an assessment and due and payable.

(4)An appeal against the determination of a penalty in proceedings under this paragraph shall lie to the High Court or, in Scotland, to the Court of Session as the Court of Exchequer in Scotland—

(a)by any party on a question of law, and

(b)by the defendant (or, in Scotland, the defender) against the amount of the penalty.

(5)On any such appeal the court may—

(a)if it appears that no penalty has been incurred, set the determination aside;

(b)if the amount determined appears to be appropriate, confirm the determination;

(c)if the amount determined appears to be excessive, reduce it to such other amount (including nil) as the court considers appropriate;

(d)if the amount determined appears to be insufficient, increase it to such amount not exceeding the permitted maximum as the court considers appropriate.

Penalty proceedings before court

5(1)Where in the opinion of the Board the liability of any person for a penalty under section 11 or 12 arises by reason of the fraud of that or any other person, proceedings for the penalty may be instituted before the High Court or, in Scotland, the Court of Session as the Court of Exchequer in Scotland.

(2)Subject to sub-paragraph (3), proceedings under this paragraph shall be instituted—

(a)in England and Wales, in the name of the Attorney General, and

(b)in Scotland, in the name of the Advocate General for Scotland.

(3)Sub-paragraph (2) shall not prevent proceedings under this paragraph being instituted in England and Wales under the Crown Proceedings Act 1947 (c. 44) by and in the name of the Board as an authorised department for the purposes of that Act.

(4)Any proceedings under this paragraph instituted in England and Wales shall be deemed to be civil proceedings by the Crown within the meaning of Part 2 of the Crown Proceedings Act 1947.

(5)If in proceedings under this paragraph the court does not find that fraud is proved but considers that the person concerned is nevertheless liable to a penalty, the court may determine a penalty notwithstanding that, but for the opinion of the Board as to fraud, the penalty would not have been a matter for the court.

Mitigation of penalties

6The Board may in their discretion mitigate any penalty under section 11 or 12, or stay or compound any proceedings for a penalty, and may also, after judgment, further mitigate or entirely remit the penalty.

Time limits for penalties

7A penalty under section 11 or 12 may be determined by an officer of the Board, or proceedings for the penalty may be commenced before the Commissioners or the court, at any time within six years after the date on which the penalty was incurred or began to be incurred.

Interest on penalties

8(1)After paragraph (p) of section 178(2) of the Finance Act 1989 (c. 26) (setting rates of interest) there shall be inserted—

(q)paragraph 8 of Schedule 1 to the Employment Act 2002.

(2)A penalty under section 11 or 12 shall carry interest at the rate applicable under section 178 of the Finance Act 1989 from the date on which it becomes due and payable until payment.

Interpretation

9In this Schedule—

  • “the Board” means the Commissioners of Inland Revenue;

  • “General Commissioners” and “Special Commissioners” have the same meanings as in the Taxes Management Act 1970 (c. 9).

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