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1(1)The Employment Rights Act 1996 (c. 18) has effect subject to the following amendments.
(2)After section 47C insert—
(1)An employee has the right not to be subjected to any detriment by any act, or any deliberate failure to act, by his employer, done on the ground that—
(a)any action was taken, or was proposed to be taken, by or on behalf of the employee with a view to enforcing, or otherwise securing the benefit of, a right conferred on the employee by regulations under section 25 of the Tax Credits Act 2002,
(b)a penalty was imposed on the employer, or proceedings for a penalty were brought against him, under that Act, as a result of action taken by or on behalf of the employee for the purpose of enforcing, or otherwise securing the benefit of, such a right, or
(c)the employee is entitled, or will or may be entitled, to working tax credit.
(2)It is immaterial for the purposes of subsection (1)(a) or (b)—
(a)whether or not the employee has the right, or
(b)whether or not the right has been infringed,
but, for those provisions to apply, the claim to the right and (if applicable) the claim that it has been infringed must be made in good faith.
(3)Subsections (1) and (2) apply to a person who is not an employee within the meaning of this Act but who is an employee within the meaning of section 25 of the Tax Credits Act 2002, with references to his employer in those subsections (and sections 48(2) and (4) and 49(1)) being construed in accordance with that section.
(4)Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply to an employee if the detriment in question amounts to dismissal (within the meaning of Part 10).”
(3)In section 48 (complaints to employment tribunals), after subsection (1A) insert—
“(1B)A person may present a complaint to an employment tribunal that he has been subjected to a detriment in contravention of section 47D.”
(4)In section 49 (remedies), at the end insert—
(a)the complaint is made under section 48(1B) by a person who is not an employee, and
(b)the detriment to which he is subjected is the termination of his contract with the person who is his employer for the purposes of section 25 of the Tax Credits Act 2002,
any compensation must not exceed the compensation that would be payable under Chapter 2 of Part 10 if the complainant had been an employee and had been dismissed for the reason specified in section 104B.”
(5)In section 192(2)(aa) (armed forces)—
(a)for “section 45A,” substitute “ sections 45A, 47C and 47D, ”, and
(b)for “that section” substitute “ those sections ”.
(a)section 194(2)(c) (House of Lords staff), and
(b)section 195(2)(c) (House of Commons staff),
for “and 47C” substitute “ , 47C and 47D ”.
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