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Capital Allowances Act 2001

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

The Finance (No. 2) Act 1992 (c. 48)

New sections 40A to 40D (films)

82Before section 41 insert—

40ARevenue nature of expenditure on master versions of films

(1)Expenditure incurred on the production or acquisition of a master version of a film is to be regarded for the purposes of the Tax Acts as expenditure of a revenue nature unless an election under section 40D below has effect with respect to it.

(2)If expenditure on the master version of a film is regarded as expenditure of a revenue nature under subsection (1) above, sums received from the disposal of the master version are to be regarded for the purposes of the Tax Acts as receipts of a revenue nature (if they would not be so regarded apart from this subsection).

(3)For the purposes of subsection (2) above sums received from the disposal of a master version of a film include—

(a)sums received from the disposal of any interest or right in or over the master version, including an interest or right created by the disposal, and

(b)insurance, compensation or similar money derived from the master version.

(4)In this section—

(a)“expenditure of a revenue nature” means expenditure which, if it were incurred in the course of a trade the profits of which are chargeable to tax under Case I of Schedule D, would be taken into account for the purpose of computing the profits or losses of the trade, and

(b)“receipts of a revenue nature” means receipts which, if they were receipts of such a trade, would be taken into account for that purpose.

(5)For the purposes of this section and sections 40B to 40D below, a “master version” of a film means a master negative, master tape or master audio disc of the film and includes any rights in the film (or its soundtrack) that are held or acquired with the master negative, master tape or master audio disc.

40BAllocation of expenditure to periods

(1)In computing the profits or gains accruing to any person from a trade or business which consists of or includes the exploitation of master versions of films, expenditure which is—

(a)incurred on the production or acquisition of a master version of a film, and

(b)expenditure of a revenue nature (whether as a result of section 40A above or otherwise),

must be allocated to relevant periods in accordance with this section.

(2)Subsection (1) above does not apply if an election under section 40D below has effect with respect to the expenditure.

(3)In this section “relevant period” means—

(a)a period for which the accounts of the trade or business concerned are made up, or

(b)if no accounts of the trade or business concerned are made up for a period—

(i)if the profits or gains accrue to a company within the charge to corporation tax, the accounting period of the company;

(ii)in any other case, the period the profits or gains of which are taken into account in assessing the income of the trade or business for a year of assessment.

(4)The amount of expenditure falling within subsection (1) above which falls to be allocated to any relevant period is so much as is just and reasonable, having regard to—

(a)the amount of that expenditure which remains unallocated at the beginning of that period,

(b)the proportion which the estimated value of the master version of the film which is realised in that period (whether by way of income or otherwise) bears to the aggregate of the value so realised and the estimated remaining value of the master version at the end of that period, and

(c)the need to bring the whole of the expenditure falling within subsection (1) above into account over the time during which the value of the master version is expected to be realised.

(5)In addition to any expenditure which is allocated to a relevant period in accordance with subsection (4) above, if a claim is made, there must also be allocated to that period so much of the unallocated expenditure as is specified in the claim and does not exceed the difference between—

(a)the amount allocated to that period in accordance with subsection (4) above, and

(b)the value of the master version of the film which is realised in that period (whether by way of income or otherwise).

(6)A claim under subsection (5) above must be made—

(a)for the purposes of income tax, on or before the first anniversary of the 31st January next following the year of assessment in which ends the relevant period mentioned in that subsection;

(b)for the purposes of corporation tax, not later than two years after the end of the relevant period to which the claim relates.

(7)In subsection (5) above “the unallocated expenditure”, in relation to a relevant period, is any expenditure falling within subsection (1) above—

(a)which does not fall to be allocated to that period in accordance with subsection (4) above, and

(b)which has not been allocated to any earlier relevant period in accordance with subsection (4) or (5) above.

40CCases where section 40B does not apply

(1)To the extent that a deduction has been made in respect of any expenditure for a relevant period under section 42 below—

(a)that expenditure must not be allocated under section 40B above, and

(b)no other expenditure incurred on the production or acquisition of the master version of the film is to be allocated under section 40B above to the relevant period.

(2)Section 40B above does not apply to the profits of a trade in which the master version of the film constitutes trading stock, as defined by section 100(2) of the Taxes Act 1988.

40DElection for sections 40A and 40B not to apply

(1)Sections 40A and 40B above do not apply to expenditure—

(a)in relation to which an election is made under this section, and

(b)which meets the conditions in subsection (2) below.

(2)The conditions are that—

(a)the expenditure is incurred—

(i)by a person who carries on a trade or business which consists of or includes the exploitation of master versions of films, and

(ii)on the production or acquisition of a master version of a film,

(b)the master version is certified by the Secretary of State under paragraph 3 of Schedule 1 to the Films Act 1985 as a qualifying film, tape or disc for the purposes of this section, and

(c)the value of the master version is expected to be realisable over a period of not less than two years.

(3)An election under this section—

(a)must relate to all expenditure incurred (or to be incurred) on the production or acquisition of the master version in question,

(b)must be made by giving notice to the Inland Revenue, in such form as the Board of Inland Revenue may determine, and

(c)is irrevocable.

(4)Notice under subsection (3)(b) above must be given—

(a)for the purposes of income tax, on or before the first anniversary of the 31st January next following the year of assessment in which ends the relevant period in which the master version of the film is completed;

(b)for the purposes of corporation tax, not later than two years after the end of the relevant period in which the master version of the film is completed.

(5)In subsection (4) above “relevant period” has the same meaning as in section 40B above.

(6)For the purposes of subsection (4) above, the master version of a film is completed—

(a)at the time when it is first in a form in which it can reasonably be regarded as ready for copies of it to be made and distributed for presentation to the public, or

(b)if the expenditure in question was incurred on the acquisition of the master version and it was acquired after the time mentioned in paragraph (a) above, at the time it was acquired.

(7)An election may not be made under this section in relation to expenditure on a master version of a film if a claim has been made in respect of any of that expenditure under section 41 or 42 below.

Section 41 (relief for preliminary expenditure)

83In subsection (1)(c), for “section 68(9) of the 1990 Act” substitute “section 40D above”.

Section 42 (relief for production or acquisition expenditure)

84(1)In subsection (1)(b)—

(a)for “subsections (3) to (6) of section 68 of the 1990 Act” substitute “section 40B above”, and

(b)for “subsection (9) of that section” substitute “section 40D above”.

(2)In subsection (4)(c), for “section 68(3) to (6) of the 1990 Act, section” substitute “section 40B or”.

(3)In subsection (7), for “section 68(3) to (6) of the 1990 Act” substitute “section 40B above”.

Section 43 (interpretation of sections 41 and 42)

85In subsection (1)—

(a)for “41 and 42” substitute “40A to 42”,

(b)for “section 68(10) of the 1990 Act” substitute “section 40A(4) above”,

(c)for “section 68 of the 1990 Act”, in each place where it occurs, substitute “section 40D above”,

(d)for “section 68(3) of the 1990 Act” substitute “section 40B(3) above”, and

(e)omit the definition of “the 1990 Act”.

Schedule 10 (furnished accommodation)

86(1)In paragraph 9(3)—

(a)for “section 24 of the Capital Allowances Act 1990” substitute “section 55 of the Capital Allowances Act”, and

(b)for “machinery and plant” substitute “plant or machinery”.

(2)In paragraph 9(5)—

(a)for “section 24 of the Capital Allowances Act 1990” substitute “section 55 of the Capital Allowances Act”, and

(b)for “machinery and plant” substitute “plant or machinery”.

(3)In paragraph 11(6)—

(a)for “section 24 of the Capital Allowances Act 1990” substitute “section 55 of the Capital Allowances Act”, and

(b)for “machinery and plant” substitute “plant or machinery”.

Schedule 17 (Northern Ireland electricity)

87(1)In paragraph 5(4)—

(a)for “section 11 of the Capital Allowances Act 1990 (long leases)” substitute “section 290 of the Capital Allowances Act 2001 (election to treat grant of lease exceeding 50 years as sale)”,

(b)for “long lease within the meaning” substitute “lease which satisfies the condition in subsection (1)(c)”,

(c)in paragraph (a), for “section 8” substitute “Chapter 8 of Part 3”,

(d)in paragraph (b), for “section 11(6)(a)” substitute “section 291(1)”,

(e)for “sections 157 and 158” substitute “sections 567 to 570”, and

(f)for “section 11” substitute “section 290”.

(2)In paragraph 5(5)—

(a)for “paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (1) of section 55 of the Capital Allowances Act 1990 (expenditure incurred by incoming lessee: transfer of allowances)” substitute “section 183(1)(a) and (b) of the Capital Allowances Act (incoming lessee where lessor entitled to allowances)”,

(b)in paragraph (a) for “Part II of that Act” substitute “Part 2 of that Act”,

(c)after that paragraph insert “and”, and

(d)omit paragraph (c) and the word “and” before it.

(3)In paragraph 6(1), for “section 11 of the Capital Allowances Act 1990” substitute “section 290 of the Capital Allowances Act 2001”.

(4)In paragraph 6(4), for “section 55 of the Capital Allowances Act 1990” substitute “section 183 of the Capital Allowances Act 2001”.

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