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Capital Allowances Act 2001


956.This Chapter refines the definition of industrial buildings in section 271(2)(b). So the provisions here determine whether or not a building is an industrial building.

957.Section 274 defines “qualifying trades”. These may be trades or undertakings carried on by way of trade. A building used for the purposes of a qualifying trade is an industrial building. See section 271(1)(b)(i).

958.Section 275 provides that some buildings used for the welfare of workers are industrial buildings when used for the purposes of a qualifying trade.

959.Section 276 deals with the case in which part of the trade or undertaking is qualifying and part is not. It provides that a building is an industrial building only if it is in use for the part which qualifies. It also provides that maintenance or repair is not necessarily a qualifying trade.

960.Section 277 provides that some uses of a building do not constitute use for the purposes of a qualifying trade. The main uses are as houses, shops, showrooms, hotels and offices.

961.Section 278 similarly excludes buildings used by more than one licensee unless all the licensees use the building for qualifying trades.

962.Section 279 defines a “qualifying hotel”. Section 271(1)(b)(ii) means that these are industrial buildings despite the general exclusion of hotels in section 277.

963.Section 280 defines “qualifying sports pavilions”. Section 271(1)(b)(iii) includes these as industrial buildings.

964.Section 281 defines “commercial buildings”. A commercial building is an industrial building if qualifying enterprise zone expenditure was incurred on the building (section 271(1)(b)(iv)). Commercial buildings include offices (no matter how they are used) but exclude dwelling-houses.

965.Section 282 provides that buildings outside the United Kingdom in use for a trade are not industrial buildings unless the profits of the trade are assessable under the rules of Case I of Schedule D.

966.Section 283 provides a de minimis rule. It ignores the fact that part of a building is not an industrial building if the expenditure on that part is not more than 25% of the total expenditure on the building.

967.Section 284 provides that a road on an industrial estate is an industrial building if the buildings on the estate are mainly industrial buildings. For enterprise zones this extends to business parks and the like which comprise mainly commercial buildings.

968.Section 285 provides that a building which is temporarily not in use is not treated as having ceased altogether to be used. This stops temporary disuse triggering a balancing event. See section 315(1)(d). An industrial building continues to be treated as an industrial building during temporary disuse.

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