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Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001

Schedule 6: Minor and Consequential Amendments relating to NCIS and NCS

367.This Schedule makes minor and consequential amendments to the Police Act 1997, local government enactments applying to the NCS Service Authority and various other enactments.

Paragraphs 2 to 11

368.Paragraphs 2 to 20 amend the Police Act 1997 in consequence of the new arrangements concerning the constitution and funding of the Service Authorities.

Paragraph 21

369.Paragraph 21 inserts a new Schedule 2A to the Police Act 1997 which makes further provision about the Service Authorities. Provision is now required because the local government enactments do not apply to the NCS Service Authority and the equivalent orders will no longer apply to the NCIS Service Authority. Provision is as follows:-

Paragraph 1 gives the Authorities certain powers which, in the case of the power to acquire and dispose of property or borrow money, are subject to obtaining the consent of the Secretary of State.

Paragraph 2 provides that the Secretary of State’s approval is required prior to the appointment to committees of persons who are not members of the Service Authorities and further allows him to set the amount of remuneration and allowances to be paid to such members of committees.

Paragraph 3 provides the NCIS and NCS Service Authorities with the statutory power to regulate their own procedures subject to the provisions set out in this Schedule.

Paragraph 4 requires the quorum for Service Authority meetings to include a minimum of three core members from independent, chief officer of police and police authority representatives and in the case of committee or sub-committee meetings, one member or employee of the Service Authority.

Paragraph 5 concerns the delegation of powers and provides for the discharge of any of the functions of an Authority to be carried out by a committee or sub-committee, or by an officer of the Service Authority.  Further delegation to a sub-committee or officer is permitted unless otherwise directed.  The Authority or committee will not be prevented from exercising any of its functions after making such arrangements.

Paragraph 6 specifies that either Service Authority can discharge any of its functions jointly with the other Service Authority or with one or more police authorities and allows for the provision of those functions by a joint committee or officer of one authority.  Similar to paragraph 6, the carrying out of functions can be delegated to a sub-committee unless otherwise directed.

Paragraph 7 defines the discharge of Service Authority functions for the purposes of paragraphs 6 and 7 to include doing anything to facilitate, or which is incidental, to the discharge of those functions.

Paragraph 8 defines an officer of the NCIS or NCS Service Authority as the Director General, his deputy and any employee of the Authority.  Provision is made for the Director General of NCIS or NCS or his deputy to delegate any of the functions of the Authorities to another member of NCIS or NCS.

370.Part 2: Paragraphs 13-45 of this Schedule make amendments to a number of local government enactments by removing references to the NCS Service Authority.

371.Part 3: Paragraphs 61 and 62of this Schedule amend section 1(1) of the House of Commons Disqualification Act 1975 and prevent members of the NCIS and NCS Service Authorities from being members of Parliament and the Northern Ireland Assembly.

372.Paragraph 77 of this Schedule amends section 62 of the Police Act 1996 (Police Negotiating Board) in consequence of the new arrangements for appointment of the Director General.

Part 6: Miscellaneous and supplemental

Juvenile secure remands and electronic monitoring

373.Section 23 of the Children and Young Persons Act 1969 as modified by the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 currently provides that courts may remand all 12-14 year olds, 15 and 16 year old girls and some vulnerable 15 and 16 year old boys to local authority secure accommodation if certain criteria are satisfied. Other 15 and 16 year old boys requiring custodial remand are held in prison service accommodation. The court has to be satisfied that the young person is charged with or convicted of a violent or sexual offence or an offence punishable in the case of an adult with 14 years or more imprisonment or has a recent history of absconding while remanded to local authority accommodation and is charged with or had been convicted of an imprisonable offence while so remanded. In addition, in either case, the court must also be of the opinion that only a secure remand is adequate to protect the public from serious harm from the alleged offender. The provisions currently exclude those offenders who commit while on bail strings of medium level offences such as theft, criminal damage and assault.

374.The new provisions strengthen the courts’ powers by extending the current criteria for court-ordered secure remands in section 23 of the Children and Young Persons Act 1969. This will cover alleged offenders who have a recent history of being charged with or committing imprisonable offences while on bail or on remand to local authority accommodation and are also deemed to be at risk of committing further imprisonable offences.

375.The sections also offer to the courts the option of using electronic monitoring for juveniles on bail or on non-secure remand to local authority accommodation who would otherwise have been remanded into secure accommodation. In addition, they will allow local authority secure remandees to be placed in secure training centres.

Registration for criminal records purposes

376.These amendments are concerned with additional provisions in relation to persons applying for registration with the Criminal Records Bureau under Part 5 of the Police Act 1997.

Section 129: Requirement to give reasons for granting or continuing bail.

377.This section amends section 5 of the Bail Act 1976, which makes certain procedural provisions relating to bail decisions. At present, courts are required to give reasons when refusing bail but not, save in the most serious cases (e.g. murder and rape), to give reasons for granting it. The section adds a requirement that, wherever a magistrates’ court or the Crown Court grants bail to a person to whom section 4 of the Bail Act 1976 applies, the court must give reasons for its decision in any case where the prosecutor makes representations against the granting of bail on any conditions. It also requires the court to give the prosecutor, on request, a copy of the note of the reasons for its decision.

Section 130: Remands and committals to secure accommodation etc

378.There are two versions of section 23 of the 1969 Act as amended by the Crime and Disorder Act 1998. The principal version deals with all juveniles aged 12-14 and also 15 and 16 year old girls. The modified version (which was introduced by section 98 of the 1998 Act) deals just with 15 and 16 year old boys.

379.Subsections (2) –(4) amend the principal version of section 23 of the 1969 Act. This will enable courts, in addition to their current powers, to remand into custody any juvenile aged 12-14 years and any 15-16 year old girl, who is charged with or who has been convicted of one or more imprisonable offences which would amount, in the court’s opinion, to a recent history of repeatedly committing imprisonable offences while remanded on bail or to local authority accommodation.

380.The provision repeats the existing condition that the court must also be satisfied that only a secure remand-rather than bail or remand to non-secure accommodation-will protect the public from serious harm from him or her. It also adds an alternative condition that the court be satisfied that only a secure remand would be adequate to prevent the commission of further imprisonable offences by the young person.

381.It also requires the court to consider all the possible options before making any decision as to whether to remand the young person to secure accommodation. These options include unconditional bail, bail with conditions and supervised bail.

382.Subsections (5)- (7) amend the modified version of section 23 of the 1969 Act which applies to 15 and 16 year old boys in exactly the same way.

Section 131: Monitoring of compliance with bail conditions

383.Subsection (1) adds a new subsection (6ZAA) to section 3 of the Bail Act 1976. This gives the court the power to impose electronic monitoring on 12-16 year olds to ensure compliance with bail conditions.

384.Subsection (2) adds a new section (3AA) to the 1976 Act. Subsections (2) – (5) of section 3AA set out the conditions which must be satisfied before a court can order electronic monitoring. These are that:

  • the alleged offender would otherwise be eligible for remand with a security requirement.

  • the Secretary of State must have notified the court that appropriate arrangements for electronic monitoring are available.

  • the local youth offending team must have advised the court that electronic monitoring is suitable in the particular case.

385.Subsections (6-10) of new section 3AA deal with the arrangements for electronic monitoring and the associated powers of the Secretary of State. They give the Secretary of State the power to make an order designating certain individuals as responsible officers for the supervision of electronic monitoring. They also require the court to appoint a responsible officer in each case where it orders electronic monitoring. In addition, they allow the Secretary of State to make rules regulating electronic monitoring and the functions of responsible officers.

386.Subsection (4) of section 131 provides that electronic monitoring is only available to the courts. It is not available in cases of police bail.

Section 132: Monitoring of compliance with conditions of non-secure remand

387.This section deals with the electronic monitoring of 12-16 year olds who are remanded to local authority accommodation. The provisions are exactly the same as those in section 131 for the electronic monitoring of juveniles on bail.

Section 133: Arrangements for detention in secure training centres

388.This section allows local authorities to arrange for 12-16 year olds who are remanded by the courts to local authority secure accommodation under section 23 of the 1969 Act to be placed in secure training centres at the request of the local authority with the consent of the Secretary of State. It also provides that any payments made by the local authority for this purpose are lawful.

Section 134: Registration for criminal records purposes

389.Under Part 5 of the Police Act 1997, persons will be able to apply for a certificate, at one of three levels. Certificates will show information held about the applicant on police records and also, in the case of persons working with young people under the age of 18, or with vulnerable adults, information from lists held by the Department of Health and the Department for Education and Employment of people considered unsuitable to work with children or vulnerable adults. Applications for the two higher levels of certificates will need to be countersigned by a person who is registered for that purpose. This section makes additional provision with regard to people applying for such registration.

390.Subsection (1) introduces a new section 120A into the Police Act 1997.

  • Section 120A(1) empowers the Secretary of State (in practice, the Criminal Records Bureau acting on behalf of the Secretary of State) to refuse to register a person if it is considered that registration is likely to result in information becoming available to someone who is considered unsuitable to have access.

  • Section 120A(2) further empowers the Secretary of State to remove from the register a person whose registration is likely to make it possible for information to become available to someone who is considered unsuitable, or where that person’s registration has resulted in information becoming known to someone unsuitable.

  • Section 120A(3) provides that, in reaching a decision to refuse registration, or to remove someone from the register, the Secretary of State may have regard to pertinent information, including information from the lists held by the Department of Health and the Department for Education and Employment, or information supplied by the police.

  • Section 120A(4) imposes a duty on the police to respond as soon as practicable to a request for information.

391.Subsection (2) makes three changes to section 119 of the 1997 Act:

  • By paragraph (a), there is a new requirement in section 119(1) of the Act for the police to make information available from police records in relation to registration matters.

  • By paragraph (b), a new subsection (1A) to section 119 requires information to be made available from lists held by the Department of Health and the Department for Education and Employment.

  • Paragraph (c) extends the current requirement in section 119(3) for payment to be made to the police for information provided, to registration matters.

392.Subsection (3) makes the duty to include persons in the register, under section 120(2) of the 1997 Act, subject to the new section 120A.

393.Subsection (4) amends section 120(3) of the 1997 Act so that regulations about the maintenance of the register may also provide for

  • the nomination of persons authorised to act on behalf of a body in countersigning applications (paragraph (aa)); and

  • refusal to accept, or to continue to accept, the nomination of such a person (paragraph (ab)).

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