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Financial Services and Markets Act 2000

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417 Definitions.U.K.

This section has no associated Explanatory Notes

(1)In this Act—

  • [F1AIF” has the meaning given in regulation 3 of the Alternative Investment Fund Managers Regulations 2013;]

  • appointed representative” has the meaning given in section 39(2 );

  • auditors and actuaries rules” means rules made under section 340;

  • authorisation offence” has the meaning given in section 23(2);

  • authorised open-ended investment company” has the meaning given in section 237(3);

  • authorised person” has the meaning given in section 31(2);

  • [F2Bank of England” is to be read in accordance with section 2A(4) to (6);]

  • F3...

  • body corporate” includes a body corporate constituted under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom;

  • [F4“capital requirements directive” means Directive 2013/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 on access to the activity of credit institutions and the prudential supervision of credit institutions and investment firms, amending Directive 2002/87/EC and repealing Directives 2006/48/EC and 2006/49/EC.]

  • [F4“capital requirements regulation” means Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 on prudential requirements for credit institutions and investment firms and amending Regulation (EU) No 648/2012.]

  • chief executive”—

    (a)

    in relation to a body corporate whose principal place of business is within the United Kingdom, means an employee of that body who, alone or jointly with one or more others, is responsible under the immediate authority of the directors, for the conduct of the whole of the business of that body; and

    (b)

    in relation to a body corporate whose principal place of business is outside the United Kingdom, means the person who, alone or jointly with one or more others, is responsible for the conduct of its business within the United Kingdom;

  • [F5claim”, in relation to the Financial Services Compensation Scheme under Part XV, is to be construed in accordance with section 214(1B);]

  • collective investment scheme” has the meaning given in section 235;

  • the Commission” means the European Commission F6...;

  • the compensation scheme” has the meaning given in section 213(2);

  • control of information rules” has the meaning given in [F7section 137P];

  • [F8core activities” has the meaning given in section 142B;]

  • [F8core services” has the meaning given in section 142C;]

  • [F9credit-related regulated activity” has the meaning given in section 23(1B);]

  • [F10the CSD regulation” means Regulation (EU) No 909/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 July 2014 on improving securities settlement in the European Union and on central securities depositories;]

  • director”, in relation to a body corporate, includes—

    (a)

    a person occupying in relation to it the position of a director (by whatever name called); and

    (b)

    a person in accordance with whose directions or instructions (not being advice given in a professional capacity) the directors of that body are accustomed to act;

  • documents” includes information recorded in any form and, in relation to information recorded otherwise than in legible form, references to its production include references to producing a copy of the information in legible form [F11 , or in a form from which it can readily be produced in visible and legible form];

  • [F12EBA” means the European Banking Authority established by Regulation ( EU ) No. 1093/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010 establishing a European Supervisory Authority (European Banking Authority);]

  • [F13 “electronic commerce directive” means Directive 2000/31/ EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 8 June 2000 on certain legal aspects of information society services, in particular electronic commerce, in the Internal Market (Directive on electronic commerce);]

  • [F14ESMA” means the European Securities and Markets Authority established by Regulation ( EU ) No. 1095/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010 establishing a European Supervisory Authority (European Securities and Markets Authority);]

  • [F15excluded activities” has the meaning given in section 142D;]

  • exempt person”, in relation to a regulated activity, means a person who is exempt from the general prohibition in relation to that activity as a result of an exemption order made under section 38(1) or as a result of section 39(1) or [F16any of subsections (2) to (3C) of section 285];

  • [F17the FCA” means the Financial Conduct Authority;]

  • financial promotion rules” means rules made under [F18section 137R];

  • friendly society” means an incorporated or registered friendly society;

  • [F1“full-scope UKAIFM” has the meaning given in regulation 2(1) of the Alternative Investment Fund Managers Regulations 2013;]

  • general prohibition” has the meaning given in section 19(2);

  • [F19“general rules”—

    (a)

    in relation to the FCA, has the meaning given in section 137A(2), and

    (b)

    in relation to the PRA, has the meaning given in section 137G(2);]

  • incorporated friendly society” means a society incorporated under the M1 Friendly Societies Act 1992;

  • F20...

  • [F21information society service” means an information society service within the meaning of Article 2(a) of the electronic commerce directive;]

  • [F22“insurance undertaking” has the meaning given in Article 13(1) of the Solvency 2 Directive;]

  • [F23investment services and activities” has the meaning given in Article 4.1.2 of the markets in financial instruments directive, read with—

    (a)

    Chapter VI of Commission Regulation 1287/2006 of 10 August 2006, F24 ...

    (b)

    Article 52 of Commission Directive 2006/73/ EC of 10 August 2006; [F25 and]

    (c)

    [F25Article 6(5) of the emission allowance auctioning regulation;]]

  • F26...

  • [F27“market abuse regulation” means Regulation (EU) No 596/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on market abuse (market abuse regulation) and repealing Directive 2003/6/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and Commission Directives 2003/124/EC, 2003/125/EC and 2004/72/EC;]

  • [F22“minimum capital requirement” means—

    (a)

    in relation to an insurance undertaking or reinsurance undertaking, requirements imposed by or under this Act in pursuance of Section 5 of Chapter 6 of Title 1 of the Solvency 2 Directive;

    (b)

    in relation to a third-country insurance undertaking, requirements imposed by or under this Act in pursuance of those provisions and Article 166 of the Solvency 2 Directive.]

  • Minister of the Crown” has the same meaning as in the Ministers of the Crown Act 1975;

  • [F28“mortgage creditor” means a creditor as defined in Article 4(2) of the mortgages directive;]

  • [F28“mortgage intermediary” means a credit intermediary as defined in Article 4(5) of the mortgages directive or a person providing advisory services as defined in Article 4(21) of the mortgages directive;]

  • F29...

  • F30...

  • the ombudsman scheme” has the meaning given in section 225(3);

  • open-ended investment company” has the meaning given in section 236;

  • [F31Part 4A permission” has the meaning given in section 55A(5);]

  • partnership” includes a partnership constituted under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom;

  • [F32the PRA” means the Prudential Regulation Authority;

  • PRA-authorised person” has the meaning given in section 2B(5);

  • PRA-regulated activity” has the meaning given in section 22A;]

  • prescribed” (where not otherwise defined) means prescribed in regulations made by the Treasury;

  • price stabilising rules” means rules made under [F33 section 137Q];

  • [F34principal” in relation to an appointed representative, is to be read in accordance with section 39;]

  • private company” has [F35 the same meaning as in the Companies Acts (see section 4 of the Companies Act 2006)];

  • prohibition order” has the meaning given in section 56(2);

  • recognised clearing house” and “recognised investment exchange” have the meaning given in section 285;

  • registered friendly society” means a society which is—

    (a)

    a friendly society within the meaning of section 7(1)(a) of the M2 Friendly Societies Act 1974; and

    (b)

    registered within the meaning of that Act;

  • [F36“registered society” (except where otherwise indicated) means—

    (a)

    a registered society within the meaning of the Co-operative and Community Benefit Societies Act 2014, or

    (b)

    a society registered or deemed to be registered under the Industrial and Provident Societies Act (Northern Ireland) 1969;]

  • regulated activity” has the meaning given in section 22;

  • regulating provisions” has the meaning given in [F37section 140A];

  • [F38regulator” has the meaning given in section 3A(2);]

  • [F22“reinsurance undertaking” has the meaning given in Article 13(4) of the Solvency 2 Directive;]

  • [F39ring-fencing rules” has the meaning given in section 142H;]

  • [F39ring-fenced body” has the meaning given in section 142A;]

  • F40...

  • F40...

  • [F41rule” means a rule made by the FCA or the PRA under this Act;]

  • rule-making instrument” has the meaning given in [F42section 138G];

  • the scheme manager” has the meaning given in section 212(1);

  • the scheme operator” has the meaning given in section 225(2);

  • scheme particulars rules” has the meaning given in section 248(1);

  • Seventh Company Law Directive” means the European Council Seventh Company Law Directive of 13 June 1983 on consolidated accounts ( No. 83/349/ EEC);

  • [F43“SFT regulation” means Regulation (EU) 2015/2365 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 November 2015 on transparency of securities financing transactions and of reuse and amending Regulation (EU) No 648/2012;]

  • [F44short selling regulation” means Regulation (EU) No 236/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2012 on short selling and certain aspects of credit default swaps;]

  • [F22“solvency capital requirement” means—

    (a)

    in relation to an insurance undertaking or reinsurance undertaking, requirements imposed by or under this Act in pursuance of Section 4 of Chapter 6 of Title 1 of the Solvency 2 Directive;

    (b)

    in relation to a third-country insurance undertaking, requirements imposed by or under this Act in pursuance of those provisions and Article 166 of the Solvency 2 Directive.]

  • [F45Takeovers Directive” means Directive 2004/25/ EC of the European Parliament and of the Council;]

  • [F22“third-country insurance undertaking” means an undertaking that has received authorisation under Article 162 of the Solvency 2 Directive from the PRA or the FCA;]

  • [F46threshold conditions”, in relation to a regulated activity, has the meaning given in section 55B(1);]

  • [F28“tied mortgage intermediary” means a tied credit intermediary as defined in Article 4(7) of the mortgages directive;]

  • the Treaty” means [F47 the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union];

  • [F48the Tribunal” means the Upper Tribunal;]

  • trust scheme rules” has the meaning given in section 247(1);

  • UK authorised person” has the meaning given in [F49section 191G(1)];

  • [F50the UK financial system” has the meaning given in [F51section 1I];] and

  • unit trust scheme” has the meaning given in section 237.

(2)In the application of this Act to Scotland, references to a matter being actionable at the suit of a person are to be read as references to the matter being actionable at the instance of that person.

(3)For the purposes of any provision of this Act [F52(other than a provision of Part 6)] authorising or requiring a person to do anything within a specified number of days no account is to be taken of any day which is a public holiday in any part of the United Kingdom.

[F53(4)For the purposes of this Act—

(a) an information society service is provided from an EEA State if it is provided from an establishment in that State;

(b) an establishment, in connection with an information society service, is the place at which the provider of the service (being a national of an EEA State or a company or firm as mentioned in [F54 Article 54] of the Treaty) effectively pursues an economic activity for an indefinite period;

(c)the presence or use in a particular place of equipment or other technical means of providing an information society service does not, of itself, constitute that place as an establishment of the kind mentioned in paragraph (b);

(d)where it cannot be determined from which of a number of establishments a given information society service is provided, that service is to be regarded as provided from the establishment where the provider has the centre of his activities relating to the service.]

Textual Amendments

F3Words in s. 417(1) omitted (1.4.2013) by virtue of Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), ss. 48(1)(a), 122(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F5S. 417(1): definition of "claim" inserted (17.2.2009 for certain purposes and 21.2.2009 otherwise) by Banking Act 2009 (c. 1), ss. 174(2), 263(1) (with s. 247); S.I. 2009/296, arts. 2, 3, Sch. para. 4

F7Words in s. 417(1) substituted (1.4.2013) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), ss. 48(1)(b), 122(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F8Words in s. 417(1) inserted (1.3.2014 for specified purposes) by Financial Services (Banking Reform) Act 2013 (c. 33), ss. 4(5)(a), 148(5); S.I. 2014/377, art. 2(1)(b), Sch. Pt. 2

F9Words in s. 417(1) inserted (1.4.2013) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), ss. 48(1)(c), 122(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F11S. 417(1): words in definition of "documents" inserted (1.4.2003) by 2001 c. 16, ss. 70, 138(2), Sch. 2 Pt. 2 para. 16(2)(f); S.I. 2003/708, art. 2(c)(k)

F13S. 417: definition of "electronic commerce directive" inserted (18.7.2002 for certain purposes and 21.8.2002 otherwise) by The Electronic Commerce Directive (Financial Services and Markets) Regulations 2002 (S.I. 2002/1775), regs. 1, 13(2)(a)

F15Words in s. 417(1) inserted (1.3.2014 for specified purposes) by Financial Services (Banking Reform) Act 2013 (c. 33), ss. 4(5)(b), 148(5); S.I. 2014/377, art. 2(1)(b), Sch. Pt. 2

F17S. 417(1): definition of “the FCA” inserted (24.1.2013) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), ss. 48(1)(d), 122(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(a), Sch. Pt. 1

F18Words in s. 417(1) substituted (1.4.2013) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), ss. 48(1)(e), 122(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F19Words in s. 417(1) substituted (1.4.2013) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), ss. 48(1)(f), 122(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F20Words in s. 417(1) omitted (1.8.2014) by virtue of Co-operative and Community Benefit Societies Act 2014 (c. 14), s. 154, Sch. 4 para. 71(1) (with Sch. 5)

F21S. 417: definition of "information society service" inserted (18.7.2002 for certain purposes and 21.8.2002 otherwise) by The Electronic Commerce Directive (Financial Services and Markets) Regulations 2002 (S.I. 2002/1775), regs. 1, 13(2)(b)

F23S. 417(1): definition of "investment services and activities" inserted (1.4.2007 for certain purposes and 1.11.2007 otherwise) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Markets in Financial Instruments) Regulations 2007 (S.I. 2007/126), regs. 1(2), 3(5), Sch. 5 para. 19(a)

F28Words in s. 417(1) inserted (20.4.2015 for specified purposes, 21.12.2015 for specified purposes, 21.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by The Mortgage Credit Directive Order 2015 (S.I. 2015/910), art. 1(5), Sch. 1 para. 1(8) (with Pt. 4)

F29Words in s. 417(1) omitted (1.4.2013) by virtue of Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), ss. 48(1)(g), 122(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F30Words in s. 417(1) omitted (1.4.2013) by virtue of Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), ss. 48(1)(h), 122(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F31Words in s. 417(1) substituted (1.4.2013) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), ss. 48(1)(i), 122(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F32 S. 417(1): definitions of "the PRA", "PRA-authorised person" and "PRA-regulated activity" inserted (24.1.2013) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), ss. 48(1)(j), 122(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(a), Sch. Pt. 1

F33Words in s. 417(1) substituted (1.4.2013) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), ss. 48(1)(k), 122(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F34Words in s. 417(1) inserted (1.4.2013) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), ss. 48(1)(l), 122(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F37Words in s. 417(1) substituted (1.4.2013) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), ss. 48(1)(m), 122(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F38 S. 417(1): definition of "regulator" inserted (24.1.2013) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), ss. 48(1)(n), 122(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(a), Sch. Pt. 1

F39Words in s. 417(1) inserted (1.3.2014 for specified purposes, 21.4.2016 for specified purposes) by Financial Services (Banking Reform) Act 2013 (c. 33), ss. 4(5)(c), 148(5); S.I. 2014/377, art. 2(1)(b), Sch. Pt. 2; S.I. 2016/512, art. 2(a)

F40Words in s. 417(1) omitted (1.4.2013) by virtue of Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), ss. 48(1)(o), 122(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F41Words in s. 417(1) substituted (1.4.2013) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), ss. 48(1)(p), 122(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F42Words in s. 417(1) substituted (1.4.2013) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), ss. 48(1)(q), 122(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F45S. 417(1): definition inserted (6.4.2007) by Companies Act 2006 (c. 46), ss. 964(6), 1300(2); S.I. 2007/1093, art. 2(1)(b) (with arts. 4, 11)

F46Words in s. 417(1) substituted (1.4.2013) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), ss. 48(1)(r), 122(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F48S. 417: definition of "the Tribunal" inserted (6.4.2010) by The Transfer of Tribunal Functions Order 2010 (S.I. 2010/22), arts. 1(2)(e), 5(1), Sch. 2 para. 48

F49Words in s. 417(1) substituted (1.4.2013) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), ss. 48(1)(s), 122(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F50S. 417(1): definition of "the UK financial system" inserted (8.4.2010) by Financial Services Act 2010 (c. 28), ss. 24(1), 26(1)(l), Sch. 2 para. 31

F51Words in s. 417(1) substituted (1.4.2013) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), ss. 48(1)(t), 122(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F53S. 417(4) inserted (18.7.2002 for certain purposes and 21.8.2002 otherwise) by The Electronic Commerce Directive (Financial Services and Markets) Regulations 2002 (S.I. 2002/1775), regs. 1, 13(2)(c)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 417 modified (22.2.2008) by The Northern Rock plc Transfer Order 2008 (S.I. 2008/432), art. 17

C2S. 417 modified (29.9.2008 at 8.00 a.m.) by The Bradford & Bingley plc Transfer of Securities and Property etc. Order 2008 (S.I. 2008/2546), art. 13

C4S. 417(1) modified (30.3.2009 at 8.00 a.m.) by The Amendments to Law (Resolution of Dunfermline Building Society) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/814), art. 7(2)-(4)

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