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Financial Services and Markets Act 2000

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[F1Performance of controlled functions without approvalU.K.

Textual Amendments

F1Ss. 63A-63D and preceding cross-heading inserted (8.6.2010) by Financial Services Act 2010 (c. 28), ss. 11, 26(2)(b)

63APower to impose penaltiesU.K.

(1)If the [F2appropriate regulator] is satisfied that—

(a)a person (“P”) has at any time performed a controlled function without approval, and

(b)at that time P knew, or could reasonably be expected to have known, that P was performing a controlled function without approval,

it may impose a penalty on P of such amount as it considers appropriate.

(2)For the purposes of this section P performs a controlled function without approval at any time if at that time—

(a)P performs a controlled function under an arrangement entered into by an authorised person (“A”), or by a contractor of A, in relation to the carrying on by A of a regulated activity; and

[F3(b)P, when performing the function, is not acting in accordance with an approval given under section 59.]

(3)The [F2appropriate regulator] may not impose a penalty under this section after the end of the limitation period unless, before the end of that period, it has given a warning notice to the person concerned under section 63B(1).

(4)The limitation period” means the [F4relevant period] beginning with the first day on which the [F2appropriate regulator] knew that the person concerned had performed a controlled function without approval.

(5)For this purpose the [F2appropriate regulator] is to be treated as knowing that a person has performed a controlled function without approval if it has information from which that can reasonably be inferred.

[F5(5A)The appropriate regulator”—

(a)in relation to a controlled function which is of a description specified in rules made by the FCA, means the FCA, and

(b)in relation to a controlled function which is of a description specified in rules made by the PRA, means the PRA.]

[F6(5B)The relevant period” is—

(a)in relation to the performance of a controlled function without approval before the day on which this subsection comes into force, the period of 3 years, and

(b)in relation to the performance of a controlled function without approval on or after that day, the period of 6 years.]

(6)Any [F7other] expression which is used both in this section and section 59 has the same meaning in this section as in that section.

Textual Amendments

F3S. 63A(2)(b) substituted (7.3.2016) by Financial Services (Banking Reform) Act 2013 (c. 33), s. 148(5), Sch. 3 para. 4; S.I. 2015/490, art. 2(1)(b) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2015/492 (as amended by S.I. 2015/1660))

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

63BProcedure and right to refer to TribunalU.K.

(1)If [F8a regulator] proposes to impose a penalty on a person under section 63A, it must give the person a warning notice.

(2)A warning notice must state the amount of the penalty.

(3)If [F8a regulator] decides to impose a penalty on a person under section 63A, it must give the person a decision notice.

(4)A decision notice must state the amount of the penalty.

(5)If [F8a regulator] decides to impose a penalty on a person under section 63A, the person may refer the matter to the Tribunal.

Textual Amendments

F8Words in s. 63B substituted (1.4.2013) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 9 (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

63CStatement of policyU.K.

(1)[F9Each regulator] must prepare and issue a statement of its policy with respect to—

(a)the imposition of penalties under section 63A; and

(b)the amount of penalties under that section.

(2)[F10Each regulator's] policy in determining whether a penalty should be imposed, and what the amount of a penalty should be, must include having regard to—

(a)the conduct of the person on whom the penalty is to be imposed;

(b)the extent to which the person could reasonably be expected to have known that a controlled function was performed without approval;

(c)the length of the period during which the person performed a controlled function without approval; and

(d)whether the person on whom the penalty is to be imposed is an individual.

(3)[F11Each regulator's] policy in determining whether a penalty should be imposed on a person must also include having regard to the appropriateness of taking action against the person instead of, or in addition to, taking action against an authorised person.

(4)A statement issued under this section must include an indication of the circumstances in which [F12the regulator that has issued the statement] would expect to be satisfied that a person could reasonably be expected to have known that the person was performing a controlled function without approval.

(5)[F13A regulator] may at any time alter or replace a statement issued [F14by it] under this section.

(6)If a statement issued under this section is altered or [F15replaced by a regulator, the regulator] must issue the altered or replaced statement.

(7)[F16A regulator] must, without delay, give the Treasury a copy of any statement which it publishes under this section.

(8)A statement issued under this section [F17by a regulator] must be published by the [F18regulator] in the way appearing to the [F18regulator] to be best calculated to bring it to the attention of the public.

(9)The [F19regulator] may charge a reasonable fee for providing a person with a copy of the statement.

(10)In exercising, or deciding whether to exercise, its power under section 63A in the case of any particular person, [F20a regulator] must have regard to any statement of policy published [F21by it] under this section and in force at a time when the person concerned performed a controlled function without approval.

Textual Amendments

F9Words in s. 63C(1) substituted (24.1.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 10(2) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(c), Sch. Pt. 3; S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F10Words in s. 63C(2) substituted (24.1.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 10(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(c), Sch. Pt. 3; S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F11Words in s. 63C(3) substituted (24.1.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 10(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(c), Sch. Pt. 3; S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F12Words in s. 63C(4) substituted (24.1.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 10(4) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(c), Sch. Pt. 3; S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F13Words in s. 63C(5) substituted (24.1.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 10(5)(a) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(c), Sch. Pt. 3; S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F14Words in s. 63C(5) inserted (24.1.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 10(5)(b) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(c), Sch. Pt. 3; S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F15Words in s. 63C(6) substituted (24.1.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 10(6) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(c), Sch. Pt. 3; S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F16Words in s. 63C(7) substituted (24.1.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 10(7) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(c), Sch. Pt. 3; S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F17Words in s. 63C(8) inserted (24.1.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 10(8)(a) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(c), Sch. Pt. 3; S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F18Word in s. 63C(8) substituted (24.1.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 10(8)(b) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(c), Sch. Pt. 3; S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F19Word in s. 63C(9) substituted (24.1.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 10(9) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(c), Sch. Pt. 3; S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F20Words in s. 63C(10) substituted (24.1.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 10(10)(a) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(c), Sch. Pt. 3; S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F21Words in s. 63C(10) inserted (24.1.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 10(10)(b) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(c), Sch. Pt. 3; S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

63DStatement of policy: procedureU.K.

(1)Before [F22a regulator issues] a statement under section 63C, the [F23regulator] must publish a draft of the proposed statement in the way appearing to the [F23regulator] to be best calculated to bring it to the attention of the public.

(2)The draft must be accompanied by notice that representations about the proposal may be made to the [F24regulator] within a specified time.

(3)Before issuing the proposed statement, the [F25regulator] must have regard to any representations made to it in accordance with subsection (2).

(4)If the [F26regulator] issues the proposed statement it must publish an account, in general terms, of—

(a)the representations made to it in accordance with subsection (2); and

(b)its response to them.

(5)If the statement differs from the draft published under subsection (1) in a way which is, in the opinion of the [F27regulator], significant, the [F27regulator] must (in addition to complying with subsection (4)) publish details of the difference.

(6)[F28A regulator] may charge a reasonable fee for providing a person with a copy of a draft published [F29by it] under subsection (1).

(7)This section also applies to a proposal to alter or replace a statement.]

Textual Amendments

F22Words in s. 63D(1) substituted (24.1.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 11(2)(a) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(c), Sch. Pt. 3; S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F23Word in s. 63D(1) substituted (24.1.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 11(2)(b) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(c), Sch. Pt. 3; S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F24Word in s. 63D(2) substituted (24.1.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 11(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(c), Sch. Pt. 3; S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F25Word in s. 63D(3) substituted (24.1.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 11(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(c), Sch. Pt. 3; S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F26Word in s. 63D(4) substituted (24.1.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 11(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(c), Sch. Pt. 3; S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F27Word in s. 63D(5) substituted (24.1.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 11(3) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(c), Sch. Pt. 3; S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F28Words in s. 63D(6) substituted (24.1.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 11(4)(a) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(c), Sch. Pt. 3; S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

F29Words in s. 63D(6) inserted (24.1.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21), s. 122(3), Sch. 5 para. 11(4)(b) (with Sch. 20); S.I. 2013/113, art. 2(1)(c), Sch. Pt. 3; S.I. 2013/423, art. 3, Sch.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

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