Search Legislation

Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000

 Help about what version

What Version

 Help about advanced features

Advanced Features

Changes to legislation:

Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000, Part VII is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 15 September 2019. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

Close

Changes to Legislation

Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. Changes and effects are recorded by our editorial team in lists which can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area. Where those effects have yet to be applied to the text of the legislation by the editorial team they are also listed alongside the legislation in the affected provisions. Use the ‘more’ link to open the changes and effects relevant to the provision you are viewing.

View outstanding changes

Changes and effects yet to be applied to the whole Act associated Parts and Chapters:

Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

  • s. 12(1A)(g) inserted by 2019 c. 17 s. 13(6)
  • s. 41(9A) inserted by 2000 c. 43 Sch. 7 para. 165(b) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Sch. 7 para. 165 repealed (4.4.2005) without ever being in force by 2003 c. 44, Sch. 37 Pt. 7; S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 44(4)(t))
  • s. 41(12) inserted by 2000 c. 43 Sch. 7 para. 165(c) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Sch. 7 para. 165 repealed (4.4.2005) without ever being in force by 2003 c. 44, Sch. 37 Pt. 7; S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 44(4)(t))
  • s. 58(2) inserted by 2000 c. 43 Sch. 7 para. 172 (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Sch. 7 para. 172 repealed (4.4.2005) without ever being in force by 2003 c. 44, Sch. 37 Pt. 7; S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 44(4)(t))
  • s. 82A(3A)-(3C) inserted by 2008 c. 4 s. 19(3)
  • s. 83(2)(aa) substituted for s. 83(2)(b)(c) by 2000 c. 43 Sch. 7 para. 178
  • s. 101(2A) inserted by 2003 c. 44 s. 298(3)
  • s. 147A(6)(a) words substituted by 2012 c. 10 Sch. 13 para. 12(b)
  • s. 147A(6)(b) words inserted by 2012 c. 10 Sch. 13 para. 12(c)
  • Sch. 2 para. 8 and cross-heading inserted by 2000 c. 43 s. 51 (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. S. 51 repealed (4.4.2005) without ever being in force by 2003 c. 44, Sch. 37 Pt. 7; S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 44(4)(t))
  • Sch. 3 para. 6A and cross-heading inserted by 2000 c. 43 Sch. 7 para. 199(9) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Sch. 7 para. 199(9) repealed (4.4.2005) without ever being in force by 2003 c. 44, Sch. 37 Pt. 7; S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 44(4)(t))
  • Sch. 3 para. 26 inserted by 2000 c. 43 Sch. 7 para. 199(26) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Sch. 7 para. 199(26) repealed (4.4.2005) without ever being in force by 2003 c. 44, Sch. 37 Pt. 7; S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 44(4)(t))
  • Sch. 3 para. 4(4A) inserted by 2004 c. 28 Sch. 5 para. 5(4) (Effect not applied as it relates to a version of Sch. 3 para. 4 prospectively substituted but not brought into force)
  • Sch. 3 para. 7(4)-(7) substituted for Sch. 3 para. 7(4)-(6) by 2000 c. 43 Sch. 7 para. 199(10)(c) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Sch. 7 para. 199(10)(c) repealed (4.4.2005) without ever being in force by 2003 c. 44, Sch. 37 Pt. 7; S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 44(4)(t))
  • Sch. 10 para. 12(2)(e)(f) inserted by 2000 c. 43 Sch. 7 para. 204 (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Sch. 7 para. 204 repealed (30.11.2009) without ever being in force by 2008 c. 4, Sch. 28 Pt. 1; S.I. 2009/3074, art. 2(u)(xxix))

Part VIIE+WFurther powers of courts

Powers to deprive offender of property used etc. for purposes of crimeE+W

143 Powers to deprive offender of property used etc. for purposes of crime.E+W

(1)Where a person is convicted of an offence and the court by or before which he is convicted is satisfied that any property which has been lawfully seized from him, or which was in his possession or under his control at the time when he was apprehended for the offence or when a summons in respect of it was issued—

(a)has been used for the purpose of committing, or facilitating the commission of, any offence, or

(b)was intended by him to be used for that purpose,

the court may (subject to subsection (5) below) make an order under this section in respect of that property.

(2)Where a person is convicted of an offence and the offence, or an offence which the court has taken into consideration in determining his sentence, consists of unlawful possession of property which—

(a)has been lawfully seized from him, or

(b)was in his possession or under his control at the time when he was apprehended for the offence of which he has been convicted or when a summons in respect of that offence was issued,

the court may (subject to subsection (5) below) make an order under this section in respect of that property.

(3)An order under this section shall operate to deprive the offender of his rights, if any, in the property to which it relates, and the property shall (if not already in their possession) be taken into the possession of the police.

(4)Any power conferred on a court by subsection (1) or (2) above may be exercised—

(a)whether or not the court also deals with the offender in any other way in respect of the offence of which he has been convicted; and

(b)without regard to any restrictions on forfeiture in any enactment contained in an Act passed before 29th July 1988.

(5)In considering whether to make an order under this section in respect of any property, a court shall have regard—

(a)to the value of the property; and

(b)to the likely financial and other effects on the offender of the making of the order (taken together with any other order that the court contemplates making).

(6)Where a person commits an offence to which this subsection applies by—

(a)driving, attempting to drive, or being in charge of a vehicle, or

(b)failing to comply with a requirement made under section 7 [F1or 7A]of the M1Road Traffic Act 1988 (failure to provide specimen for analysis or laboratory test [F1or to give permission for such a test]) in the course of an investigation into whether the offender had committed an offence while driving, attempting to drive or being in charge of a vehicle, or

(c)failing, as the driver of a vehicle, to comply with subsection (2) or (3) of section 170 of the M2Road Traffic Act 1988 (duty to stop and give information or report accident),

the vehicle shall be regarded for the purposes of subsection (1) above (and section 144(1)(b) below) as used for the purpose of committing the offence (and for the purpose of committing any offence of aiding, abetting, counselling or procuring the commission of the offence).

(7)Subsection (6) above applies to—

(a)an offence under the M3Road Traffic Act 1988 which is punishable with imprisonment;

(b)an offence of manslaughter; and

(c)an offence under section 35 of the Offences Against the M4Person Act 1861 (wanton and furious driving).

(8)Facilitating the commission of an offence shall be taken for the purposes of subsection (1) above to include the taking of any steps after it has been committed for the purpose of disposing of any property to which it relates or of avoiding apprehension or detection.

Textual Amendments

F1Words in s. 143(6)(b) inserted (1.10.2002) by 2002 c. 30, s. 56(6); S.I. 2002/2306, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 143 excluded by 1990 c. 43, s. 33C(8) (as inserted (18.10.2005) by Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005 (c. 16), ss. 44(1), 108(3); S.I. 2005/2896, art. 2(c))

Marginal Citations

144 Property which is in possession of police by virtue of section 143.E+W

(1)The M5Police (Property) Act 1897 shall apply, with the following modifications, to property which is in the possession of the police by virtue of section 143 above—

(a)no application shall be made under section 1(1) of that Act by any claimant of the property after the end of six months from the date on which the order in respect of the property was made under section 143 above; and

(b)no such application shall succeed unless the claimant satisfies the court either—

(i)that he had not consented to the offender having possession of the property; or

(ii)where an order is made under subsection (1) of section 143 above, that he did not know, and had no reason to suspect, that the property was likely to be used for the purpose mentioned in that subsection.

(2)In relation to property which is in the possession of the police by virtue of section 143 above, the power to make regulations under section 2 of the M6Police (Property) Act 1897 (disposal of property in cases where the owner of the property has not been ascertained and no order of a competent court has been made with respect to it) shall, subject to subsection (3) below, include power to make regulations for disposal (including disposal by vesting in the relevant authority) in cases where no applicatio by a claimant of the property has been made within the period specified in subsection (1)(a) above or no such application has succeeded.

(3)The regulations may not provide for the vesting in the relevant authority of property in relation to which an order has been made under section 145 below (court order as to application of proceeds of forfeited property).

(4)Nothing in subsection (2A)(a) or (3) of section 2 of the M7Police (Property) Act 1897 limits the power to make regulations under that section by virtue of subsection (2) above.

(5)In this section “relevant authority” has the meaning given by section 2(2B) of the M8Police (Property) Act 1897.

145 Application of proceeds of forfeited property.E+W

(1)Where a court makes an order under section 143 above in a case where—

(a)the offender has been convicted of an offence which has resulted in a person suffering personal injury, loss or damage, or

(b)any such offence is taken into consideration by the court in determining sentence,

the court may also make an order that any proceeds which arise from the disposal of the property and which do not exceed a sum specified by the court shall be paid to that person.

(2)The court may make an order under this section only if it is satisfied that but for the inadequacy of the offender’s means it would have made a compensation order under which the offender would have been required to pay compensation of an amount not less than the specified amount.

(3)An order under this section has no effect—

(a)before the end of the period specified in section 144(1)(a) above; or

(b)if a successful application under section 1(1) of the M9Police (Property) Act 1897 has been made.

Marginal Citations

Driving disqualificationsE+W

146 Driving disqualification for any offence.E+W

(1)The court by or before which a person is convicted of an offence committed after 31st December 1997 may, instead of or in addition to dealing with him in any other way, order him to be disqualified, for such period as it thinks fit, for holding or obtaining a driving licence.

(2)Where the person is convicted of an offence the sentence for which is fixed by law or falls to be imposed under [F2a provision mentioned in subsection (2A)], subsection (1) above shall have effect as if the words “instead of or” were omitted.

[F3(2A)The provisions referred to in subsection (2) are—

(a)section 1(2B) or 1A(5) of the Prevention of Crime Act 1953;

(b)section 51A(2) of the Firearms Act 1968;

(c)section 139(6B), 139A(5B) or 139AA(7) of the Criminal Justice Act 1988;

(d)section 110(2) or 111(2) of this Act;

(e)section 224A, 225(2) or 226(2) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003;

(f)section 29(4) or (6) of the Violent Crime Reduction Act 2006.]

(3)A court shall not make an order under subsection (1) above unless the court has been notified by the Secretary of State that the power to make such orders is exercisable by the court and the notice has not been withdrawn.

(4)A court which makes an order under this section disqualifying a person for holding or obtaining a driving licence shall require him to produce—

(a)any such licence held by him F4...; F5...

[F6(aa)in the case where he holds a Northern Ireland licence (within the meaning of Part 3 of the Road Traffic Act 1988), his Northern Ireland licence F7...; or]

(b)in the case where he holds a Community licence (within the meaning of Part III of the M10Road Traffic Act 1988), his Community licence F7....

(5)In this section—

  • driving licence” means a licence to drive a motor vehicle granted under Part III of the M11Road Traffic Act 1988;

  • F8...

147 Driving disqualification where vehicle used for purposes of crime.E+W

(1)This section applies where a person—

(a)is convicted before the Crown Court of an offence punishable on indictment with imprisonment for a term of two years or more; or

(b)having been convicted by a magistrates’ court of such an offence, is committed under section 3 above to the Crown Court for sentence.

(2)This section also applies where a person is convicted by or before any court of common assault or of any other offence involving an assault (including an offence of aiding, abetting, counselling or procuring, or inciting to the commission of, an offence).

(3)If, in a case to which this section applies by virtue of subsection (1) above, the Crown Court is satisfied that a motor vehicle was used (by the person convicted or by anyone else) for the purpose of committing, or facilitating the commission of, the offence in question, the court may order the person convicted to be disqualified, for such period as the court thinks fit, for holding or obtaining a driving licence.

(4)If, in a case to which this section applies by virtue of subsection (2) above, the court is satisfied that the assault was committed by driving a motor vehicle, the court may order the person convicted to be disqualified, for such period as the court thinks fit, for holding or obtaining a driving licence.

(5)A court which makes an order under this section disqualifying a person for holding or obtaining a driving licence shall require him to produce—

(a)any such licence held by him F9...; F10...

[F11(aa)in the case where he holds a Northern Ireland licence (within the meaning of Part 3 of the Road Traffic Act 1988), his Northern Ireland licence F12...; or]

(b)in the case where he holds a Community licence (within the meaning of Part III of the M12Road Traffic Act 1988), his Community licence F12....

(6)Facilitating the commission of an offence shall be taken for the purposes of this section to include the taking of any steps after it has been committed for the purpose of disposing of any property to which it relates or of avoiding apprehension or detection.

(7)In this section “driving licence[F13has the meaning] given by section 146(5) above.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

[F14147AExtension of disqualification where custodial sentence also imposedE+W

(1)This section applies where a person is convicted of an offence for which the court—

(a)imposes a custodial sentence, and

(b)orders the person to be disqualified under section 146 or 147 for holding or obtaining a driving licence.

(2)The order under section 146 or 147 must provide for the person to be disqualified for the appropriate extension period, in addition to the discretionary disqualification period.

(3)The discretionary disqualification period is the period for which, in the absence of this section, the court would have disqualified the person under section 146 or 147.

(4)The appropriate extension period is—

(a)where an order under section 82A(2) of this Act (determination of tariffs) is made in relation to the custodial sentence, a period equal to the part of the sentence specified in that order;

(b)in the case of a detention and training order under section 100 of this Act (offenders under 18: detention and training orders), a period equal to half the term of that order;

F15(c). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F15(d). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(e)where section [F16226A] of [F17the Criminal Justice Act 2003] (extended sentence for certain violent[F18, sexual or terrorism] offences: persons 18 or over) applies in relation to the custodial sentence, a period equal to [F19two-thirds of] the term imposed pursuant to section [F20226A(5)(a)] of that Act F21...;

(f)where section [F22226B] of that Act (extended sentence for certain violent[F23, sexual or terrorism] offences: persons under 18) applies in relation to the custodial sentence, a period equal to [F24two-thirds of] the term imposed pursuant to section [F25226B(3)(a)] of that Act F21...;

[F26(fa)in the case of a sentence under section 236A of that Act (special custodial sentence for certain offenders of particular concern), a period equal to half of the term imposed pursuant to section 236A(2)(a) of that Act;]

(g)where an order under section 269(2) of that Act (determination of minimum term in relation to mandatory life sentence: early release) is made in relation to the custodial sentence, a period equal to the part of the sentence specified in that order;

(h)in any other case, a period equal to half the custodial sentence imposed F27....

(5)If a period determined under subsection (4) includes a fraction of a day, that period is to be rounded up to the nearest number of whole days.

F28(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(7)This section does not apply where—

(a)the custodial sentence was a suspended sentence,

(b)the court has made an order under section 269(4) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (determination of minimum term in relation to mandatory life sentence: no early release) in relation to the custodial sentence, or

(c)the court has made an order under section 82A(4) of this Act (determination of minimum term in relation to discretionary life sentence: no early release) in relation to the custodial sentence.

(8)Subsection (9) applies where an amending order provides that the proportion of a prisoner's sentence referred to in section [F29243A(3)(a),] 244(3)(a) F30... of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (release of prisoners in certain circumstances) is to be read as a reference to another proportion (“the new proportion”).

(9)The Secretary of State may by order—

(a)if the amending order makes provision in respect of section [F31243A(3)(a) or] 244(3)(a) of that Act, provide that the proportion specified in subsection (4)(h) of this section is to be read, in the case of a custodial sentence to which the amending order applies, as a reference to the new proportion;

F32(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(10)In this section—

  • amending order” means an order under section 267 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (alteration by order of relevant proportion of sentence);

  • driving licence” means a licence to drive a motor vehicle granted under Part 3 of the Road Traffic Act 1988;

  • suspended sentence” has the meaning given by section 189 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003.

Textual Amendments

F15S. 147A(4)(c)(d) omitted (3.12.2012) by virtue of Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10), s. 151(1), Sch. 10 para. 10; S.I. 2012/2906, art. 2(h)

F16S. 147A(4)(e) word substituted (3.12.2012) by Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10), s. 151(1), Sch. 21 para. 15(2)(a); S.I. 2012/2906, art. 2(s)

F19S. 147A(4)(e) words substituted (3.12.2012) by Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10), s. 151(1), Sch. 21 para. 15(2)(b); S.I. 2012/2906, art. 2(s)

F20S. 147A(4)(e) word substituted (3.12.2012) by Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10), s. 151(1), Sch. 21 para. 15(2)(c); S.I. 2012/2906, art. 2(s)

F22S. 147A(4)(f) word substituted (3.12.2012) by Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10), s. 151(1), Sch. 21 para. 15(3)(a); S.I. 2012/2906, art. 2(s)

F24S. 147A(4)(f) words substituted (3.12.2012) by Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10), s. 151(1), Sch. 21 para. 15(3)(b); S.I. 2012/2906, art. 2(s)

F25S. 147A(4)(f) word substituted (3.12.2012) by Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10), s. 151(1), Sch. 21 para. 15(3)(c); S.I. 2012/2906, art. 2(s)

F27Words in s. 147A(4)(h) omitted (13.4.2015) by virtue of Criminal Justice and Courts Act 2015 (c. 2), ss. 30(2)(b), 95(1); S.I. 2015/778, art. 3, Sch. 1 para. 25

F29S. 147A(8) words inserted (3.12.2012) by Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10), s. 151(1), Sch. 14 para. 3(a); S.I. 2012/2906, art. 2(l)

F30S. 147A(8) words omitted (3.12.2012) by virtue of Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10), s. 151(1), Sch. 21 para. 15(4); S.I. 2012/2906, art. 2(s)

F31S. 147A(9)(a) words inserted (3.12.2012) by Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10), s. 151(1), Sch. 14 para. 3(b); S.I. 2012/2906, art. 2(l)

F32S. 147A(9)(b) omitted (3.12.2012) by virtue of Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10), s. 151(1), Sch. 21 para. 15(5); S.I. 2012/2906, art. 2(s)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C4S. 147A excluded by 2003 c. 32, s. 54(3A)(c) (as inserted (coming into force in accordance with art. 3 of the commencing S.I.) by Criminal Justice and Courts Act 2015 (c. 2), s. 95(1), Sch. 7 para. 2(4) (with Sch. 7 para. 27); S.I. 2017/189, art. 3)

147BEffect of custodial sentence in other casesE+W

(1)This section applies where a person is convicted of an offence for which a court proposes to order the person to be disqualified under section 146 or 147 for holding or obtaining a driving licence and—

(a)the court proposes to impose on the person a custodial sentence (other than a suspended sentence) for another offence, or

(b)at the time of sentencing for the offence, a custodial sentence imposed on the person on an earlier occasion has not expired.

(2)In determining the period for which the person is to be disqualified under section 146 or 147, the court must have regard to the consideration in subsection (3) if and to the extent that it is appropriate to do so.

(3)The consideration is the diminished effect of disqualification as a distinct punishment if the person who is disqualified is also detained in pursuance of a custodial sentence.

(4)If the court proposes to order the person to be disqualified under section 146 or 147 and to impose a custodial sentence for the same offence, the court may not in relation to that disqualification take that custodial sentence into account for the purposes of subsection (2).

(5)In this section “suspended sentence” has the same meaning as in section 147A.]

Textual Amendments

Restitution ordersE+W

148 Restitution orders.E+W

(1)This section applies where goods have been stolen, and either—

(a)a person is convicted of any offence with reference to the theft (whether or not the stealing is the gist of his offence); or

(b)a person is convicted of any other offence, but such an offence as is mentioned in paragraph (a) above is taken into consideration in determining his sentence.

(2)Where this section applies, the court by or before which the offender is convicted may on the conviction (whether or not the passing of sentence is in other respects deferred) exercise any of the following powers—

(a)the court may order anyone having possession or control of the stolen goods to restore them to any person entitled to recover them from him; or

(b)on the application of a person entitled to recover from the person convicted any other goods directly or indirectly representing the stolen goods (as being the proceeds of any disposal or realisation of the whole or part of them or of goods so representing them), the court may order those other goods to be delivered or transferred to the applicant; or

(c)the court may order that a sum not exceeding the value of the stolen goods shall be paid, out of any money of the person convicted which was taken out of his possession on his apprehension, to any person who, if those goods were in the possession of the person convicted, would be entitled to recover them from him;

and in this subsection “the stolen goods” means the goods referred to in subsection (1) above.

(3)Where the court has power on a person’s conviction to make an order against him both under paragraph (b) and under paragraph (c) of subsection (2) above with reference to the stealing of the same goods, the court may make orders under both paragraphs provided that the person in whose favour the orders are made does not thereby recover more than the value of those goods.

(4)Where the court on a person’s conviction makes an order under subsection (2)(a) above for the restoration of any goods, and it appears to the court that the person convicted—

(a)has sold the goods to a person acting in good faith, or

(b)has borrowed money on the security of them from a person so acting,

the court may order that there shall be paid to the purchaser or lender, out of any money of the person convicted which was taken out of his possession on his apprehension, a sum not exceeding the amount paid for the purchase by the purchaser or, as the case may be, the amount owed to the lender in respect of the loan.

(5)The court shall not exercise the powers conferred by this section unless in the opinion of the court the relevant facts sufficiently appear from evidence given at the trial or the available documents, together with admissions made by or on behalf of any person in connection with any proposed exercise of the powers.

(6)In subsection (5) above “the available documents” means—

(a)any written statements or admissions which were made for use, and would have been admissible, as evidence at the trial; and

(b)[F33such written statements, depositions and other documents as were tendered by or on behalf of the prosecutor at any committal proceedings.]

[F33such documents as were served on the offender in pursuance of regulations made under paragraph 1 of Schedule 3 to the Crime and Disorder Act 1998.]

(7)Any order under this section shall be treated as an order for the restitution of property within the meaning of section 30 of the M13Criminal Appeal Act 1968 (which relates to the effect on such orders of appeals).

(8)Subject to subsection (9) below, references in this section to stealing shall be construed in accordance with section 1(1) of the M14Theft Act 1968 (read with the provisions of that Act relating to the construction of section 1(1)).

(9)Subsections (1) and (4) of section 24 of that Act (interpretation of certain provisions) shall also apply in relation to this section as they apply in relation to the provisions of that Act relating to goods which have been stolen.

(10)In this section and section 149 below, “goods”, except in so far as the context otherwise requires, includes money and every other description of property (within the meaning of the M15Theft Act 1968) except land, and includes things severed from the land by stealing.

(11)An order may be made under this section in respect of money owed by the Crown.

Textual Amendments

F33S. 148(6)(b) substituted (9.5.2005 for specified purposes; 18.6.2012 for specified purposes; 5.11.2012 for specified purposes; 28.5.2013 for specified purposes) by Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c. 44), s. 336(3)(4), Sch. 3 para. 74(5); S.I. 2005/1267, art. 2(1)(2)(a), Sch. Pt. 1; S.I. 2012/1320, art. 4(1)(c)(2)(3) (with art. 5) (see S.I. 2012/2574, art. 4(2) and S.I. 2013/1103, art. 4); S.I. 2012/2574, art. 2(2)(2)(d)(3), Sch. (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (4.11.2012) by S.I. 2012/2761, art. 2) (with S.I. 2013/1103, art. 4); S.I. 2013/1103, art. 2(1)(c)(2)(3) (with arts. 3, 4)

Marginal Citations

149 Restitution orders: supplementary.E+W

(1)The following provisions of this section shall have effect with respect to section 148 above.

(2)The powers conferred by subsections (2)(c) and (4) of that section shall be exercisable without any application being made in that behalf or on the application of any person appearing to the court to be interested in the property concerned.

(3)Where an order is made under that section against any person in respect of an offence taken into consideration in determining his sentence—

(a)the order shall cease to have effect if he successfully appeals against his conviction of the offence or, if more than one, all the offences, of which he was convicted in the proceedings in which the order was made;

(b)he may appeal against the order as if it were part of the sentence imposed in respect of the offence or, if more than one, any of the offences, of which he was so convicted.

(4)Any order under that section made by a magistrates’ court shall be suspended—

(a)in any case until the end of the period for the time being prescribed by law for the giving of notice of appeal against a decision of a magistrates’ court;

(b)where notice of appeal is given within the period so prescribed, until the determination of the appeal;

but this subsection shall not apply where the order is made under section 148(2)(a) or (b) and the court so directs, being of the opinion that the title to the goods to be restored or, as the case may be, delivered or transferred under the order is not in dispute.

Young offendersE+W

150 Binding over of parent or guardian.E+W

(1)Where a child or young person (that is to say, any person aged under 18) is convicted of an offence, the powers conferred by this section shall be exercisable by the court by which he is sentenced for that offence, and where the offender is aged under 16 when sentenced it shall be the duty of that court—

(a)to exercise those powers if it is satisfied, having regard to the circumstances of the case, that their exercise would be desirable in the interests of preventing the commission by him of further offences; and

(b)if it does not exercise them, to state in open court that it is not satisfied as mentioned in paragraph (a) above and why it is not so satisfied;

but this subsection has effect subject to section 19(5) above and paragraph 13(5) of Schedule 1 to this Act (cases where referral orders made or extended).

(2)The powers conferred by this section are as follows—

(a)with the consent of the offender’s parent or guardian, to order the parent or guardian to enter into a recognizance to take proper care of him and exercise proper control over him; and

(b)if the parent or guardian refuses consent and the court considers the refusal unreasonable, to order the parent or guardian to pay a fine not exceeding £1,000;

and where the court has passed [F34on the offender a sentence which consists of or includes a youth rehabilitation order], it may include in the recognizance a provision that the offender’s parent or guardian ensure that the offender complies with the requirements of that sentence.

(3)An order under this section shall not require the parent or guardian to enter into a recognizance for an amount exceeding £1,000.

(4)An order under this section shall not require the parent or guardian to enter into a recognizance—

(a)for a period exceeding three years; or

(b)where the offender will attain the age of 18 in a period shorter than three years, for a period exceeding that shorter period.

(5)Section 120 of the M16Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 (forfeiture of recognizances) shall apply in relation to a recognizance entered into in pursuance of an order under this section as it applies in relation to a recognizance to keep the peace.

(6)A fine imposed under subsection (2)(b) above shall be deemed, for the purposes of any enactment, to be a sum adjudged to be paid by a conviction.

(7)In fixing the amount of a recognizance under this section, the court shall take into account among other things the means of the parent or guardian so far as they appear or are known to the court; and this subsection applies whether taking into account the means of the parent or guardian has the effect of increasing or reducing the amount of the recognizance.

(8)A parent or guardian may appeal to the Crown Court against an order under this section made by a magistrates’ court.

(9)A parent or guardian may appeal to the Court of Appeal against an order under this section made by the Crown Court, as if he had been convicted on indictment and the order were a sentence passed on his conviction.

(10)A court may vary or revoke an order made by it under this section if, on the application of the parent or guardian, it appears to the court, having regard to any change in the circumstances since the order was made, to be in the interests of justice to do so.

(11)For the purposes of this section, taking “care” of a person includes giving him protection and guidance and “control” includes discipline.

Textual Amendments

Marginal Citations

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

You have chosen to open The Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open The Whole Act as a PDF

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open the Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open Schedules only

The Schedules you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made): The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Geographical Extent: Indicates the geographical area that this provision applies to. For further information see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’.

Show Timeline of Changes: See how this legislation has or could change over time. Turning this feature on will show extra navigation options to go to these specific points in time. Return to the latest available version by using the controls above in the What Version box.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

Timeline of Changes

This timeline shows the different points in time where a change occurred. The dates will coincide with the earliest date on which the change (e.g an insertion, a repeal or a substitution) that was applied came into force. The first date in the timeline will usually be the earliest date when the provision came into force. In some cases the first date is 01/02/1991 (or for Northern Ireland legislation 01/01/2006). This date is our basedate. No versions before this date are available. For further information see the Editorial Practice Guide and Glossary under Help.

Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources