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Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000

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Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000, Cross Heading: Miscellaneous powers and duties of Crown Court in relation to fines etc. is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 12 November 2018. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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  • s. 41(9A) inserted by 2000 c. 43 Sch. 7 para. 165(b) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Sch. 7 para. 165 repealed (4.4.2005) without ever being in force by 2003 c. 44, Sch. 37 Pt. 7; S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 44(4)(t))
  • s. 41(12) inserted by 2000 c. 43 Sch. 7 para. 165(c) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Sch. 7 para. 165 repealed (4.4.2005) without ever being in force by 2003 c. 44, Sch. 37 Pt. 7; S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 44(4)(t))
  • s. 58(2) inserted by 2000 c. 43 Sch. 7 para. 172 (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Sch. 7 para. 172 repealed (4.4.2005) without ever being in force by 2003 c. 44, Sch. 37 Pt. 7; S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 44(4)(t))
  • s. 82A(3A)-(3C) inserted by 2008 c. 4 s. 19(3)
  • s. 83(2)(aa) substituted for s. 83(2)(b)(c) by 2000 c. 43 Sch. 7 para. 178
  • s. 101(2A) inserted by 2003 c. 44 s. 298(3)
  • s. 114(3) words substituted by 2007 c. 27 Sch. 5 para. 3
  • s. 147A(6) words omitted by 2012 c. 10 Sch. 13 para. 12(a)
  • s. 147A(6)(a) words substituted by 2012 c. 10 Sch. 13 para. 12(b)
  • s. 147A(6)(b) words inserted by 2012 c. 10 Sch. 13 para. 12(c)
  • Sch. 2 para. 8 and cross-heading inserted by 2000 c. 43 s. 51 (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. S. 51 repealed (4.4.2005) without ever being in force by 2003 c. 44, Sch. 37 Pt. 7; S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 44(4)(t))
  • Sch. 3 para. 6A and cross-heading inserted by 2000 c. 43 Sch. 7 para. 199(9) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Sch. 7 para. 199(9) repealed (4.4.2005) without ever being in force by 2003 c. 44, Sch. 37 Pt. 7; S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 44(4)(t))
  • Sch. 3 para. 26 inserted by 2000 c. 43 Sch. 7 para. 199(26) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Sch. 7 para. 199(26) repealed (4.4.2005) without ever being in force by 2003 c. 44, Sch. 37 Pt. 7; S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 44(4)(t))
  • Sch. 3 para. 4(4A) inserted by 2004 c. 28 Sch. 5 para. 5(4) (Effect not applied as it relates to a version of Sch. 3 para. 4 prospectively substituted but not brought into force)
  • Sch. 3 para. 7(4)-(7) substituted for Sch. 3 para. 7(4)-(6) by 2000 c. 43 Sch. 7 para. 199(10)(c) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Sch. 7 para. 199(10)(c) repealed (4.4.2005) without ever being in force by 2003 c. 44, Sch. 37 Pt. 7; S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 44(4)(t))
  • Sch. 10 para. 12(2)(e)(f) inserted by 2000 c. 43 Sch. 7 para. 204 (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Sch. 7 para. 204 repealed (30.11.2009) without ever being in force by 2008 c. 4, Sch. 28 Pt. 1; S.I. 2009/3074, art. 2(u)(xxix))

Miscellaneous powers and duties of Crown Court in relation to fines etc.E+W

139 Powers and duties of Crown Court in relation to fines and forfeited recognizances.E+W

(1)Subject to the provisions of this section, if the Crown Court imposes a fine on any person or forfeits his recognizance, the court may make an order—

(a)allowing time for the payment of the amount of the fine or the amount due under the recognizance;

(b)directing payment of that amount by instalments of such amounts and on such dates as may be specified in the order;

(c)in the case of a recognizance, discharging the recognizance or reducing the amount due under it.

(2)Subject to the provisions of this section, if the Crown Court imposes a fine on any person or forfeits his recognizance, the court shall make an order fixing a term of imprisonment or of detention under section 108 above (detention of persons aged 18 to 20 for default) which he is to undergo if any sum which he is liable to pay is not duly paid or recovered.

(3)No person shall on the occasion when a fine is imposed on him or his recognizance is forfeited by the Crown Court be committed to prison or detained in pursuance of an order under subsection (2) above unless—

(a)in the case of an offence punishable with imprisonment, he appears to the court to have sufficient means to pay the sum forthwith;

(b)it appears to the court that he is unlikely to remain long enough at a place of abode in the United Kingdom to enable payment of the sum to be enforced by other methods; or

(c)on the occasion when the order is made the court sentences him to immediate imprisonment, custody for life or detention in a young offender institution for that or another offence, or so sentences him for an offence in addition to forfeiting his recognizance, or he is already serving a sentence of custody for life or a term—

(i)of imprisonment;

(ii)of detention in a young offender institution; or

(iii)of detention under section 108 above.

(4)The periods set out in the second column of the following Table shall be the maximum periods of imprisonment or detention under subsection (2) above applicable respectively to the amounts set out opposite them.

Table

An amount not exceeding £2007 days
An amount exceeding £200 but not exceeding £50014 days
An amount exceeding £500 but not exceeding £1,00028 days
An amount exceeding £1,000 but not exceeding £2,50045 days
An amount exceeding £2,500 but not exceeding £5,0003 months
An amount exceeding £5,000 but not exceeding £10,0006 months
An amount exceeding £10,000 but not exceeding £20,00012 months
An amount exceeding £20,000 but not exceeding £50,00018 months
An amount exceeding £50,000 but not exceeding £100,0002 years
An amount exceeding £100,000 but not exceeding £250,0003 years
An amount exceeding £250,000 but not exceeding £1 million5 years
An amount exceeding £1 million10 years

(5)Where any person liable for the payment of a fine or a sum due under a recognizance to which this section applies is sentenced by the court to, or is serving or otherwise liable to serve, a term of imprisonment or detention in a young offender institution or a term of detention under section 108 above, the court may order that any term of imprisonment or detention fixed under subsection (2) above shall not begin to run until after the end of the first-mentioned term.

(6)The power conferred by this section to discharge a recognizance or reduce the amount due under it shall be in addition to the powers conferred by any other Act relating to the discharge, cancellation, mitigation or reduction of recognizances or sums forfeited under recognizances.

(7)Subject to subsection (8) below, the powers conferred by this section shall not be taken as restricted by any enactment which authorises the Crown Court to deal with an offender in any way in which a magistrates’ court might have dealt with him or could deal with him.

(8)Any term fixed under subsection (2) above as respects a fine imposed in pursuance of such an enactment, that is to say a fine which the magistrates’ court could have imposed, shall not exceed the period applicable to that fine (if imposed by the magistrates’ court) under section 149(1) of the M1Customs and Excise Management Act 1979 (maximum periods of imprisonment in default of payment of certain fines).

(9)This section shall not apply to a fine imposed by the Crown Court on appeal against a decision of a magistrates’ court, but subsections (2) to (4) above shall apply in relation to a fine imposed or recognizance forfeited by the criminal division of the Court of Appeal, or by the [F1Supreme Court] on appeal from that division, as they apply in relation to a fine imposed or recognizance forfeited by the Crown Court, and the references to the Crown Court in subsections (2) and (3) above shall be construed accordi gly.

(10)For the purposes of any reference in this section, however expressed, to the term of imprisonment or other detention to which a person has been sentenced or which, or part of which, he has served, consecutive terms and terms which are wholly or partly concurrent shall, unless the context otherwise requires, be treated as a single term.

(11)Any reference in this section, however expressed, to a previous sentence shall be construed as a reference to a previous sentence passed by a court in Great Britain.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 139(2)-(4) applied (with modifications) (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), ss. 35(2), 458(1); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch. (with arts. 10-13)

C2S. 139(2)-(4) applied (with modifications) (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), ss. 36(2), 458(1); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch. (with arts. 10-13)

C3S. 139(2)(3) applied (with modifications) by 2002 c. 29, s. 35(2) (as amended) (1.6.2015) by Serious Crime Act 2015 (c. 9), s. 88(1), Sch. 4 para. 30; S.I. 2015/820, reg. 3(q)(iii)

C4S. 139(4) applied by 2006 c. 52, s. 269A(2) (as inserted (1.11.2013) by Armed Forces Act 2011 (c. 18), ss. 16(1), 32(3); S.I. 2013/2501, art. 3(c))

C5S. 139(4) applied by 2006 c. 52, s. 269B(4) (as inserted (1.11.2013) by Armed Forces Act 2011 (c. 18), ss. 16(1), 32(3); S.I. 2013/2501, art. 3(c))

C6S. 139(9) applied (with modifications) (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), ss. 36(2), 458(1); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch. (with arts. 10-13)

C7S. 139(9) applied (with modifications) (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), ss. 35(2), 458(1); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch. (with arts. 10-13)

C8S. 139(9) applied (with modifications) by 2002 c. 29, s. 35(2) (as amended) (1.6.2015) by Serious Crime Act 2015 (c. 9), s. 88(1), Sch. 4 para. 30; S.I. 2015/820, reg. 3(q)(iii)

Marginal Citations

140 Enforcement of fines imposed and recognizances forfeited by Crown Court.E+W

(1)Subject to subsection (5) below, a fine imposed or a recognizance forfeited by the Crown Court shall be treated for the purposes of collection, enforcement and remission of the fine or other sum as having been imposed or forfeited—

(a)by a magistrates’ court specified in an order made by the Crown Court, or

(b)if no such order is made, by the magistrates’ court by which the offender [F2was committed to the Crown Court to be tried or dealt with or by which he] was sent to the Crown Court for trial under section 51 [F3or 51A] of the M2Crime and Disorder Act 1998,

and, in the case of a fine, as having been so imposed on conviction by the magistrates’ court in question.

(2)Subsection (3) below applies where a magistrates’ court issues a warrant of commitment on a default in the payment of—

(a)a fine imposed by the Crown Court; or

(b)a sum due under a recognizance forfeited by the Crown Court.

(3)In such a case, the term of imprisonment or detention under section 108 above specified in the warrant of commitment as the term which the offender is liable to serve shall be—

(a)the term fixed by the Crown Court under section 139(2) above, or

(b)if that term has been reduced under section 79(2) of the M3Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 (part payment) or section 85(2) of that Act (remission), that term as so reduced,

notwithstanding that that term exceeds the period applicable to the case under section 149(1) of the M4Customs and Excise Management Act 1979 (maximum periods of imprisonment in default of payment of certain fines).

(4)Subsections (1) to (3) above shall apply in relation to a fine imposed or recognizance forfeited by the criminal division of the Court of Appeal, or by the [F4Supreme Court] on appeal from that division, as they apply in relation to a fine imposed or recognizance forfeited by the Crown Court; and references in those subsections to the Crown Court (except the references in subsection (1)(b)) shall be construed accordingly.

(5)A magistrates’ court shall not, under section 85(1) or 120 of the M5Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 as applied by subsection (1) above, remit the whole or any part of a fine imposed by, or sum due under a recognizance forfeited by—

(a)the Crown Court,

(b)the criminal division of the Court of Appeal, or

(c)the [F4Supreme Court] on appeal from that division,

without the consent of the Crown Court.

(6)Any fine or other sum the payment of which is enforceable by a magistrates’ court by virtue of this section shall be treated for the purposes of the Justices of the M6Peace Act 1997 and, in particular, section 60 of that Act (application of fines and fees) as having been imposed by a magistrates’ court, or as being due under a recognizance forfeited by such a court.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F2Words in s. 140(1)(b) repealed (18.6.2012 for specified purposes; 5.11.2012 for specified purposes; 28.5.2013 for specified purposes) by Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c. 44), s. 336(3)(4), Sch. 3 para. 74(4)(a), Sch. 37 Pt. 4; S.I. 2012/1320, art. 4(1)(c)(d)(2)(3) (with art. 5) (see S.I. 2012/2574, art. 4(2) and S.I. 2013/1103, art. 4); S.I. 2012/2574, art. 2(2)(2)(c)(3), Sch. (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (4.11.2012) by S.I. 2012/2761, art. 2) (with S.I. 2013/1103, art. 4); S.I. 2013/1103, art. 2(1)(c)(d)(2)(3) (with arts. 3, 4)

F3Words in s. 140(1)(b) inserted (9.5.2005 for specified purposes, 18.6.2012 for specified purposes; 5.11.2012 for specified purposes; 28.5.2013 for specified purposes) by Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c. 44), s. 336(3)(4), Sch. 3 para. 74(4)(b); S.I. 2005/1267, art. 2(1)(2)(b), Sch. Pt. 2; S.I. 2012/1320, art. 4(1)(c)(2)(3) (with art. 5) (see S.I. 2012/2574, art. 4(2) and S.I. 2013/1103, art. 4); S.I. 2012/2574, art. 2(2)(2)(c)(d)(3), Sch. (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (4.11.2012) by S.I. 2012/2761, art. 2) (with S.I. 2013/1103, art. 4); S.I. 2013/1103, art. 2(1)(c)(2)(3) (with arts. 3, 4)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C9S. 140(1)-(4) applied (with modifications) (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), ss. 35(2), 458(1); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch. (with arts. 10-13)

Marginal Citations

141 Power of Crown Court to allow time for payment, or payment by instalments, of costs and compensation.E+W

Where the Crown Court makes any such order as is mentioned in Part I of Schedule 9 to the M7Administration of Justice Act 1970 (orders against accused for the payment of costs or compensation), the court may—

(a)allow time for the payment of the sum due under the order;

(b)direct payment of that sum by instalments of such amounts and on such dates as the court may specify.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

142 Power of Crown Court to order search of persons before it.E+W

(1)Where—

[F5(za)the Crown Court orders a person to pay a surcharge under section 161A of the Criminal Justice Act 2003,]

(a)the Crown Court imposes a fine on a person or forfeits his recognizance,

(b)the Crown Court makes against a person any such order as is mentioned in paragraph 3, 4 or 9 of Schedule 9 to the Administration of Justice Act 1970 (orders for the payment of costs),

[F6(ba)the Crown Court makes an order against a person under section 21A of the Prosecution of Offences Act 1985 (criminal courts charge),]

(c)the Crown Court makes a compensation order against a person,

[F7(ca)the Crown Court makes an unlawful profit order under section 4 of the Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 against a person,]

(d)the Crown Court makes against a person an order under section 137 above (order for parent or guardian to pay fine, costs [F8, compensation or surcharge]), or

(e)on the determination of an appeal brought by a person under section 108 of the M8Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 a sum is payable by him, whether by virtue of an order of the Crown Court or by virtue of a conviction or order of the magistrates’ court against whose decision the appeal was brought,

then, if that person is before it, the Crown Court may order him to be searched.

(2)Any money found on a person in a search under this section may be applied, unless the court otherwise directs, towards payment of the fine or other sum payable by him; and the balance, if any, shall be returned to him.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F7S. 142(1)(ca) inserted (15.10.2013 for E.; 5.11.2013 for W.) by Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (c. 3), s. 12, Sch. para. 10; S.I. 2013/2622, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2861, art. 2

Marginal Citations

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