xmlns:atom="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom" xmlns:atom="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom"

E+W+S+N.I.

Nuclear Safeguards Act 2000

2000 CHAPTER 5

An Act to enable effect to be given to the protocol signed at Vienna on 22nd September 1998 additional to the agreement for the application of safeguards in the United Kingdom in connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons; to allow effect to be given to that agreement in certain territories outside the United Kingdom; and for connected purposes.

[25th May 2000]

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Act extended (Jersey) (with modifications) (7.5.2004) by Nuclear Safeguards (Jersey) Order 2004 (S.I. 2004/1288), art. 2(2), Sch. 2

C2Act extended (Guernsey) (with modifications) (7.5.2004) by Nuclear Safeguards (Guernsey) Order 2004 (S.I. 2004/1290), art. 2(2), Sch. 2

C3Act extended (Isle of Man) (with modifications) (7.5.2004) by Nuclear Safeguards (Isle of Man) Order 2004 (S.I. 2004/1289), art. 2(2), Sch. 2

C4Act: power to modify conferred (1.4.2014) by Energy Act 2013 (c. 32), ss. 74(3)(d)(ii), 156(1) (with ss. 107, 111); S.I. 2014/251, art. 4

1 Interpretation.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this Act—

(2)References in the following provisions of this Act to Articles or Annexes are to articles of or annexes to the Additional Protocol.

(3)For the purposes of this Act the text of the Additional Protocol is that signed on 22nd September 1998 but subject, in the case of Annexes I and II, to any amendments made under Article 16.b.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F1Words in s. 1(1) inserted (1.4.2014) by Energy Act 2013 (c. 32), s. 156(1), Sch. 12 para. 43(2); S.I. 2014/251, art. 4

F2Words in s. 1(1) substituted (1.4.2014) by Energy Act 2013 (c. 32), s. 156(1), Sch. 12 para. 43(3); S.I. 2014/251, art. 4

Commencement Information

I1S. 1 in force at 1.5.2004 by S.I. 2004/1242, arts. 2, 3

2 Information and records for purposes of the Additional Protocol.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)No obligation as to secrecy or other restriction on disclosure (whether imposed by statute or otherwise) prevents a person voluntarily giving information to the [F3Office for Nuclear Regulation] if that person has reasonable cause to believe that it is Additional Protocol information.

(2)The [F4Office for Nuclear Regulation] may serve a notice on any person requiring him to give the [F4Office for Nuclear Regulation] information, or information of a description, specified in the notice—

(a)within a period or at times specified in the notice; and

(b)if the notice so provides, in such form as the notice may require.

(3)The information required by a notice—

(a)must be information which the [F5Office for Nuclear Regulation ] has reasonable cause to believe is Additional Protocol information; and

(b)may relate to a state of affairs subsisting before the coming into force of this Act or of the Additional Protocol.

(4)A notice shall not require a person to give information which is required only for the purposes of sub-paragraph (ii) of Article 2.a. unless the notice sets out the terms, agreed by the United Kingdom, in which the Agency has identified information for the purposes of that sub-paragraph.

(5)A person who refuses or fails without reasonable excuse to comply with a notice is guilty of an offence.

(6)The duty to comply with a notice is not affected by any obligation or restriction mentioned in subsection (1).

(7)A person on whom a notice is served shall keep and retain such records of information in his possession (and retain any existing records) as may be necessary to enable him to comply with the notice; and a failure to do so shall be taken into account in proceedings for an offence under subsection (5) in determining whether a reasonable excuse exists for a refusal or failure to comply with the notice.

(8)In this section “notice” means a notice served under subsection (2).

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I2S. 2 in force at 1.5.2004 by S.I. 2004/1242, arts. 2, 3

3 Identifying persons who have information.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Secretary of State may make regulations requiring persons of any description specified in the regulations to inform [F6the Office for Nuclear Regulation] that they are of such a description and to give such supplementary particulars as may be so specified.

(2)Any such description must be so framed that persons within it are—

(a)persons about whose activities the United Kingdom is or will be obliged under the Additional Protocol to provide information to the Agency; or

(b)other persons likely to be in possession of information which the [F7Office for Nuclear Regulation] has reasonable cause to believe is Additional Protocol information.

(3)The regulations may—

(a)require persons to notify the [F8Office for Nuclear Regulation ] of changes in their circumstances; and

(b)include incidental and supplementary provisions.

[F9(3A)The Secretary of State must consult the Office for Nuclear Regulation before making regulations under this section unless the regulations give effect, without modification, to any proposals for them submitted by the Office for Nuclear Regulation under section 81(1)(a)(v) of the Energy Act 2013.]

(4)Regulations under this section shall be made by statutory instrument subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(5)If regulations are made under this section the [F10Office for Nuclear Regulation] shall arrange for a statement of the fact that they have been made to be published in such manner as is likely to bring them to the attention of persons affected by them.

(6)A person who fails without reasonable excuse to comply with a requirement imposed by regulations under this section is guilty of an offence.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I3S. 3 in force at 1.5.2004 by S.I. 2004/1242, arts. 2, 3

F114 Powers of entry in relation to Additional Protocol information.E+W+S+N.I.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

5 Rights of access etc. for Agency inspectors.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section has effect for securing that the Agency’s rights under the Additional Protocol—

(a)of access to locations of a description mentioned in Article 5, for purposes permitted by Article 4 or any other provision of the Additional Protocol in relation to locations of that description;

(b)of access to locations specified by the Agency for the purposes of Article 9, for the purpose of carrying out wide-area environmental sampling; and

(c)to carry out activities at those locations,

are exercisable in the United Kingdom by Agency inspectors.

(2)An Agency inspector may, at any location falling within subsection (1)—

(a)exercise such rights of access and entry as are required for the purposes of the Additional Protocol; and

(b)do anything which the Agency is entitled to do by virtue of Article 6 (if the location falls within subsection (1)(a)) or Article 9 (if it falls within subsection (1)(b));

but only in accordance with and subject to the provisions of the Additional Protocol and the Safeguards Agreement (including any arrangements for managed access made under Article 7, procedural arrangements for wide-area environmental sampling approved under Article 9, or subsidiary arrangements agreed under Article 13).

(3)For the purposes of subsection (2)—

(a)the reference to “other objective measures” in any paragraph of Article 6 shall be taken to refer only to measures specified by the Secretary of State in relation to that paragraph in an order made by statutory instrument; and

(b)the reference to procedural arrangements for wide-area environmental sampling in Article 9 shall be taken to refer only to arrangements specified by the Secretary of State in an order made by statutory instrument.

[F12(3A)The Secretary of State must consult the Office for Nuclear Regulation before making an order under subsection (3) unless the order gives effect, without modification, to any proposals for such an order submitted by the Office for Nuclear Regulation under section 81(1)(a)(v) of the Energy Act 2013.]

(4)An authorised officer may accompany an Agency inspector while he is exercising powers under this section.

(5)A constable may—

(a)give such assistance as an Agency inspector, or an authorised officer accompanying that inspector, may request for the purpose of facilitating the exercise of powers under this section; and

(b)use such reasonable force as he considers necessary for that purpose.

(6)If in any proceedings any question arises whether a person at any time when purporting to exercise powers under this section was or was not an Agency inspector, a certificate issued by or under the authority of the [F13Office for Nuclear Regulation] stating any fact relevant to that question shall be conclusive evidence of that fact.

(7)A person who—

(a)wilfully obstructs an Agency inspector or authorised officer in the exercise of a power under this section;

(b)fails without reasonable excuse to comply with a reasonable request made by an Agency inspector, an authorised officer or a constable for the purpose of facilitating the exercise of such a power; or

(c)interferes without reasonable excuse with anything placed on any land in exercise of such a power,

is guilty of an offence.

(8)In this section “wide-area environmental sampling” has the meaning given by Article 18.g.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I4S. 5(1)(a)(c)(3)-(8) in force at 1.5.2004 by S.I. 2004/1242, arts. 2, 3

I5S. 5(2) in force at 1.5.2004 for specified purposes by S.I. 2004/1242, arts. 2, 3

6 Restriction on disclosure.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies to information if—

(a)it is obtained by any person under, or in connection with anything done under, this Act or the Additional Protocol; and

(b)it relates to a particular business or other activity carried on by any person.

(2)So long as the business or activity continues to be carried on the information shall not be disclosed except—

(a)with the consent of the person for the time being carrying on the business or activity;

(b)in connection with anything done for the purposes of this Act, the Additional Protocol or the Safeguards Agreement;

(c)in connection with the investigation of a criminal offence or for the purposes of criminal proceedings;

(d)in connection with the enforcement of a restriction on imports or exports;

(e)in dealing with an emergency involving danger to the public; or

(f)with a view to ensuring the security of the United Kingdom.

(3)A person who discloses information in contravention of this section is guilty of an offence.

[F14(3A)It is not an offence under this section to disclose information held by the Office for Nuclear Regulation if the disclosure is not in contravention of Part 3 of the Energy Act 2013.]

(4)It is not an offence under this section to disclose information which has previously been disclosed to the public otherwise than in contravention of this section.

(5)A disclosure of any information to which this section applies may be made in circumstances in which any of paragraphs (b) to (f) of subsection (2) prevents there being a contravention of this section, notwithstanding any obligation as to secrecy or other restriction on disclosure that would otherwise apply.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C5S. 6(2): disclosure powers extended (14.12.2001) by 2001 c. 24, ss. 17, 127(2), Sch. 4 para. 48

Commencement Information

I6S. 6 in force at 1.5.2004 by S.I. 2004/1242, arts. 2, 3

7 Giving false or misleading information.E+W+S+N.I.

A person who knowingly or recklessly makes a statement which is false or misleading in a material particular in giving—

(a)any information to the [F15Office for Nuclear Regulation] or an authorised officer for the purposes of this Act or the Additional Protocol;

(b)any information to the [F15Office for Nuclear Regulation] in response to a requirement of regulations under section 3; or

(c)any information to an Agency inspector exercising powers under section 5,

is guilty of an offence.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I7S. 7 in force at 1.5.2004 by S.I. 2004/1242, arts. 2, 3

8 Power to search and obtain evidence.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)If—

(a)a justice of the peace is satisfied on information on oath that there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that evidence of the commission of an offence under this Act is to be found on any premises; or

(b)in Scotland a justice (within the meaning of section 307 of the M1Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995) is satisfied by evidence on oath as mentioned in paragraph (a) above,

he may issue a warrant authorising an authorised officer to enter the premises, if necessary by force, at any time within one month from the time of the issue of the warrant and to search them.

(2)The powers of an authorised officer who enters the premises under the authority of the warrant include power—

(a)to take with him such other persons and such equipment as appear to him to be necessary;

(b)to inspect anything found on the premises;

(c)to require any information which is held in electronic form and is accessible from the premises to be produced in a form in which he can read and copy it [F16, or from which it can readily be produced in a form in which he can read and copy it];

(d)to copy, or to seize and remove, any document or other thing which he has reasonable cause to believe may be required as evidence for the purposes of proceedings in respect of an offence under this Act; and

(e)to sample any substance found on the premises which he has reasonable cause to believe may be required as such evidence.

(3)A constable who enters premises under the authority of a warrant or by virtue of subsection (2)(a) may—

(a)give such assistance as an authorised officer may request for the purpose of facilitating the exercise of any power under this section; and

(b)search or cause to be searched any person on the premises who the constable has reasonable cause to believe may have in his possession any document or other thing which may be required as evidence for the purposes of proceedings in respect of an offence under this Act.

(4)No constable shall, by virtue of subsection (3)(b), search a person of the opposite sex.

(5)The powers conferred by a warrant under this section shall only be exercisable, if the warrant so provides, in the presence of a constable.

(6)A person who—

(a)wilfully obstructs an authorised officer in the exercise of a power conferred by a warrant under this section; or

(b)fails without reasonable excuse to comply with a reasonable request made by an authorised officer or a constable for the purpose of facilitating the exercise of such a power,

is guilty of an offence.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6S. 8(2): powers of seizure extended (1.4.2003) by 2001 c. 16, ss. 50, 52-54, 68, 138(2), Sch. 1 para. 68; S.I. 2003/708, art. 2(a)

Commencement Information

I8S. 8 in force at 1.5.2004 by S.I. 2004/1242, arts. 2, 3

Marginal Citations

9 Penalty for offences and offences by bodies corporate.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)A person guilty of an offence under any provision of this Act except section 6 or 7 is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum; and

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine.

(2)A person guilty of an offence under section 6 or 7 is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum; and

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to a fine (or both).

(3)Where an offence under this Act committed by a body corporate is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to any neglect on the part of—

(a)a director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate; or

(b)a person who was purporting to act in any such capacity,

he as well as the body corporate is guilty of that offence and liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

(4)In subsection (3) “director”, in the case of a body corporate whose affairs are managed by its members, means a member of the body corporate.

(5)Where an offence under this Act committed by a Scottish partnership is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to any neglect on the part of, a partner, he as well as the partnership is guilty of the offence and may be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

Annotations:

Commencement Information

I9S. 9 in force at 1.5.2004 by S.I. 2004/1242, arts. 2, 3

10 Service of notices.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Any notice under this Act may be served on a person by delivering it to him, by leaving it at his proper address or by sending it by post to him at that address.

(2)Any such notice may be served—

(a)in the case of a body corporate, on the secretary or clerk of that body;

(b)in the case of a partnership, on any partner or a person having control or management of the partnership business; and

(c)in the case of an unincorporated association (other than a partnership), on any member of its governing body.

(3)For the purposes of this section and section 7 of the M2Interpretation Act 1978 (service of documents) in its application to this section, the proper address of any person is—

(a)in the case of a body corporate, its secretary or clerk, the address of its registered or principal office in the United Kingdom;

(b)in the case of an unincorporated association (other than a partnership) or a member of its governing body, the address of its principal office in the United Kingdom; and

(c)in any other case, his usual or last-known address (whether of his residence or of a place where he carries on business or is employed).

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I10S. 10 in force at 1.5.2004 by S.I. 2004/1242, arts. 2, 3

Marginal Citations

11 Minor and consequential amendments.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In section 6(3) of the M3Atomic Energy Authority Act 1954 (persons exempted from prohibition on entry to certain premises) in paragraph (bb), at the end there is inserted “ or under Article 11 of the Additional Protocol (within the meaning of the Nuclear Safeguards Act 2000) ”.

(2)In paragraph 3(2) of Schedule 1 to the M4Nuclear Installations Act 1965 (persons exempted from prohibition on entry to certain sites) in paragraph (bb), at the end there is inserted “ or under Article 11 of the Additional Protocol (within the meaning of the Nuclear Safeguards Act 2000) ”.

(3)In section 2 of the M5Nuclear Safeguards and Electricity (Finance) Act 1978 (rights of Agency inspectors)—

(a)in subsection (1), after “article 85” there is inserted “ of the Safeguards Agreement or Article 11 of the Additional Protocol (within the meaning of the Nuclear Safeguards Act 2000) ”;

(b)in subsection (4), for the words from “shall be liable” to the end there is substituted shall be guilty of an offence.

(4A)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (4) above shall be liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum; and

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine.; and

(c)after subsection (7), there is inserted—

(8)If in any proceedings any question arises whether a person at any time when purporting to exercise powers under this section was or was not a person designated as mentioned in subsection (1) above, a certificate issued by or under the authority of the Secretary of State stating any fact relevant to that question shall be conclusive evidence of that fact.

Annotations:

Commencement Information

I11S. 11 in force at 1.5.2004 by S.I. 2004/1242, arts. 2, 3

Marginal Citations

12 Short title etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This Act may be cited as the Nuclear Safeguards Act 2000.

(2)This Act (except for this section) shall come into force on such day as the Secretary of State may by order made by statutory instrument appoint; and different days may be appointed for different purposes.

(3)Nothing in this Act affects the exercise of powers exercisable under any other enactment.

(4)Her Majesty may by Order in Council direct that any of the provisions of this Act or of the Nuclear Safeguards and Electricity (Finance) Act 1978 shall extend, with such modifications as appear to Her Majesty to be appropriate, to any of the Channel Islands, the Isle of Man or any colony.

(5)This Act extends to Northern Ireland.