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Criminal Justice and Court Services Act 2000

Sections 28, 29 and 30: Disqualification from working with children

81.Section 28 sets out the conditions under which a court is required to make an order disqualifying an adult from working with children. Subsections (5) and (6) state the circumstances when a court might not make such an order, and require a record of the reasons why no such order was made. Such disqualification orders are not available in a Magistrates’ Court.

82.Section 29 makes similar provisions to those in Section 28, but for juveniles (those aged under 18 at the time when they commit the offence). However, Subsection (5) of Section 28 allows the court not to make an order for an adult only when it is satisfied that further offences against children are unlikely. In contrast, in the case of a juvenile – Subsection (4) of Section 29 – the court may make an order only if they deem it likely that the juvenile will re-offend against children. An adult must therefore be disqualified unless the court is satisfied that he is unlikely to re-offend, whereas a court must assume that a juvenile will not re-offend, unless they are satisfied that there is sufficient evidence to the contrary, in which case it is required to disqualify the juvenile.

83.Section 30 establishes the meaning of a ‘qualifying sentence’, a ‘relevant order’, and other key phrases used in Sections 28 and 29. Subsection (4) also clarifies the issue of the determination of an offender’s age.

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