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(1)In this Act—
“adult” means a person who is not a child;
“appropriate Minister” means—
in relation to England, Scotland or Northern Ireland, the Secretary of State;
in relation to Wales, the Assembly;
and in relation to England and Wales means the Secretary of State and the Assembly acting jointly;
“child” means a person under the age of 18;
“community home” has the same meaning as in the 1989 Act;
“employment agency” and “employment business” have the same meanings as in the M1Employment Agencies Act 1973; but no business which is an employment business shall be taken to be an employment agency;
“enactment” includes an enactment comprised in subordinate legislation (within the meaning of the M2Interpretation Act 1978);
“to foster a child privately” has the same meaning as in the 1989 Act;
in relation to an adult who is not mentally impaired, means ill-treatment or the impairment of health;
in relation to an adult who is mentally impaired, or a child, means ill-treatment or the impairment of health or development;
“health service hospital” has the same meaning as in the M3National Health Service Act 1977;
“illness” includes any injury;
“independent school” has the same meaning as in the M4Education Act 1996;
“” has the same meaning as in the 1989 Act;
“” has the same meaning as in the 1989 Act;
“medical” includes surgical;
“mental disorder” means mental illness, arrested or incomplete development of mind, psychopathic disorder, and any other disorder or disability of mind;
“National Health Service body” means a National Health Service trust, [F1a Strategic Health Authority,]F1a Health Authority, a Special Health Authority [F2, a Primary Care Trust or a Local Health Board]F2;
“parent”, in relation to a child, includes any person who is not a parent of his but who has parental responsibility for him;
“parental responsibility” has the same meaning as in the 1989 Act;
“prescribed” means prescribed by regulations;
“proprietor”, in relation to a school, has the same meaning as in the Education Act 1996;
“regulations” (except where provision is made for them to be made by the Secretary of State or the Assembly) means regulations made by the appropriate Minister;
“relative” has the same meaning as in the 1989 Act;
“school” has the same meaning as in the M5Education Act 1996;
“M6Local Authority Social Services Act 1970;” means functions which are social services functions for the purposes of the
“treatment” includes diagnosis;
“the Tribunal” means the tribunal established by section 9 of the 1999 Act;
“undertaking” includes any business or profession and—
in relation to a public or local authority, includes the exercise of any functions of that authority; and
in relation to any other body of persons, whether corporate or unincorporate, includes any of the activities of that body;
“voluntary organisation” has the same meaning as in the Adoption Act 1976.
(2)For the purposes of this Act—
(a)a person is disabled if—
(i)his sight, hearing or speech is substantially impaired;
(ii)he has a mental disorder; or
(iii)he is physically substantially disabled by any illness, any impairment present since birth, or otherwise;
(b)an adult is mentally impaired if he is in a state of arrested or incomplete development of mind (including a significant impairment of intelligence and social functioning).
(3)In this Act, the expression “personal care” does not include any prescribed activity.
(4)For the purposes of this Act, the person who carries on a fostering agency falling within section 4(4)(b), or a voluntary adoption agency, is the voluntary organisation itself.
(5)References in this Act to a person who carries on an establishment or agency include references to a person who carries it on otherwise than for profit.
(6)For the purposes of this Act, a community home which is provided by a voluntary organisation shall be taken to be carried on by—
(a)the person who equips and maintains it; and
(b)if the appropriate Minister determines that the body of managers for the home, or a specified member of that body, is also to be treated as carrying on the home, that body or member.
(7)Where a community home is provided by a voluntary organisation, the appropriate Minister may determine that for the purposes of this Act the home is to be taken to be managed solely by—
(a)any specified member of the body of managers for the home; or
(b)any other specified person on whom functions are conferred under the home’s instrument of management.
(8)A determination under subsection (6) or (7) may be made either generally or in relation to a particular home or class of homes.
(9)An establishment is not a care home for the purposes of this Act unless the care which it provides includes assistance with bodily functions where such assistance is required.
(10)References in this Act to a child’s being looked after by a local authority shall be construed in accordance with section 22 of the 1989 Act.
(11)For the purposes of this Act an individual is made redundant if—
(a)he is dismissed; and
(b)for the purposes of the M7Employment Rights Act 1996 the dismissal is by reason of redundancy.
(12)Any register kept for the purposes of this Act may be kept by means of a computer.
(13)In this Act, the expressions listed in the left-hand column have the meaning given by, or are to be interpreted in accordance with, the provisions listed in the right-hand column.
|Expression||Provision of this Act|
|1989 Act||M8Children Act 1989|
|1999 Act||M9Protection of Children Act 1999|
|Care home||Section 3|
|Children’s home||Section 1|
|Council, the English Council, the Welsh Council||Section 54|
|Domiciliary care agency||Section 4|
|Fostering agency||Section 4|
|Hospital and independent hospital||Section 2|
|Independent clinic and independent medical agency||Section 2|
|Registration authority||Section 5|
|Residential family centre||Section 4|
|Voluntary adoption agency||Section 4|
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