Section 118 Orders and regulations
290.Section 118 provides that all orders and regulations made under the Act, other than certain orders making staff transfer schemes, will be made by statutory instrument. Apart from commencement orders, in England these will be subject to Parliamentary scrutiny under negative procedures. The Government of Wales Act 1998 places duties on the National Assembly for Wales in respect of making regulations. These are set out in full in Standing Order 22 of the Assembly. An order made by the Secretary of State under section 119(2) which amends the text of an Act is subject to Parliamentary scrutiny under the affirmative procedure. Although the Secretary of State and the Assembly can make regulations independently under this Act, they can also act jointly if they so wish.
291.Subsection (5) gives the appropriate Minister power to use any regulation making power flexibly to make similar or different provision for various cases. For example, in section 22 a power is given to set out in regulations what constitutes ‘fit premises’. Different requirements will need to be set depending on whether the premises are to be used as a home, an agency, or another type of registrable establishment.