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Terrorism Act 2000

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Terrorism Act 2000, Cross Heading: Scheduled offences is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 17 December 2017. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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Changes and effects yet to be applied to the whole Act associated Parts and Chapters:

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Changes and effects

This section lists the changes and effects yet to be applied to the whole Act, associated Parts and Chapters where applicable. This includes any insertions of whole new Parts, Chapters or provisions yet to be inserted into this Act. These effects are included in this view as they may be (but won’t necessarily be) relevant to the specific provision that you are viewing.

Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

  • Sch. 4 para. 11(1)(aa) inserted by 2003 c. 44 Sch. 36 para. 14(2)
  • Sch. 4 para. 11(2A) inserted by 2003 c. 44 Sch. 36 para. 14(3)
  • Sch. 4 para. 11(1)(aa) words substituted by 2015 c. 2 Sch. 11 para. 17(2)
  • Sch. 4 para. 11(2A) words substituted by 2015 c. 2 Sch. 11 para. 17(3)
  • Sch. 8 para. 18(4) inserted by 2016 asp 1 sch. 2 para. 37(a)(ii)
  • Sch. 8 para. 14(2A) inserted by 2008 c. 28 s. 16(3) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. S. 16 repealed (31.10.2013) by 2012 c. 9, Sch. 10 Pt. 1; S.I. 2013/2104, art. 3(d))
  • Sch. 8 para. 14(4)(ba) inserted by 2008 c. 28 s. 16(5) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. S. 16 repealed (31.10.2013) by 2012 c. 9, Sch. 10 Pt. 1; S.I. 2013/2104, art. 3(d))
  • Sch. 8 para. 15(1)(aa) (ab) inserted by 2010 c. 17 s. 17(4)(b) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Ss. 16-19 repealed (31.10.2013) without ever being in force by 2012 c. 9, Sch. 9 para. 4(2), Sch. 10 Pt. 1; S.I. 2013/2104, art. 3(c)(d))
  • Sch. 8 para. 15(2A) inserted by 2010 c. 17 s. 17(7) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Ss. 16-19 repealed (31.10.2013) without ever being in force by 2012 c. 9, Sch. 9 para. 4(2), Sch. 10 Pt. 1; S.I. 2013/2104, art. 3(c)(d))
  • Sch. 8 para. 15(4) inserted by 2010 c. 17 s. 17(8) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Ss. 16-19 repealed (31.10.2013) without ever being in force by 2012 c. 9, Sch. 9 para. 4(2), Sch. 10 Pt. 1; S.I. 2013/2104, art. 3(c)(d))
  • Sch. 8 para. 14-14I substituted for Sch. 8 para. 14 by 2010 c. 17 s. 17(2) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Ss. 16-19 repealed (31.10.2013) without ever being in force by 2012 c. 9, Sch. 9 para. 4(2), Sch. 10 Pt. 1; S.I. 2013/2104, art. 3(c)(d))
  • Sch. 8 para. 20(3)-(3C) substituted for Sch. 8 para. 20(3) by 2010 c. 17 s. 18(2)(a) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Ss. 16-19 repealed (31.10.2013) without ever being in force by 2012 c. 9, Sch. 9 para. 4(2), Sch. 10 Pt. 1; S.I. 2013/2104, art. 3(c)(d))
  • Sch. 8 para. 18(2)(ab)(ac) substituted for word by 2016 asp 1 sch. 2 para. 37(a)(i)

Scheduled offencesN.I.

65 Scheduled offence: interpretation.N.I.

(1)In this Part “scheduled offence” means, subject to any relevant note in Part I or III of Schedule 9, an offence specified in either of those Parts.

(2)Part II of that Schedule shall have effect in respect of offences related to those specified in Part I.

(3)The Secretary of State may by order—

(a)add an offence to Part I or II of Schedule 9;

(b)remove an offence from Part I or II of that Schedule;

(c)amend Part I or II of that Schedule in some other way.

66 Preliminary inquiry.N.I.

(1)In proceedings before a magistrates’ court for a scheduled offence, if the prosecution requests the court to conduct a preliminary inquiry into the offence the court shall grant the request.

(2)In subsection (1) “preliminary inquiry” means a preliminary inquiry under the M1Magistrates’ Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981.

(3)Subsection (1)—

(a)shall apply notwithstanding anything in Article 31 of that Order,

(b)shall not apply in respect of an offence where the court considers that in the interests of justice a preliminary investigation should be conducted into the offence under that Order, and

(c)shall not apply in respect of an extra-territorial offence (as defined in section 1(3) of the M2Criminal Jurisdiction Act 1975)).

(4)Where a person charged with a scheduled offence is also charged with a non-scheduled offence, the non-scheduled offence shall be treated as a scheduled offence for the purposes of this section.

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Marginal Citations

67 Limitation of power to grant bail.N.I.

(1)This section applies to a person who—

(a)has attained the age of fourteen, and

(b)is charged with a scheduled offence which is neither being tried summarily nor certified by the Director of Public Prosecutions for Northern Ireland as suitable for summary trial.

(2)Subject to subsections (6) and (7), a person to whom this section applies shall not be admitted to bail except—

(a)by a judge of the High Court or the Court of Appeal, or

(b)by the judge of the court of trial on adjourning the trial of a person charged with a scheduled offence.

(3)F1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)F1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)Without prejudice to any other power to impose conditions on admission to bail, a judge admitting a person to bail under this section may impose such conditions as he considers—

(a)likely to result in the person’s appearance at the time and place required, or

(b)necessary in the interests of justice or for the prevention of crime.

(6)Subsection (7) applies where a person to whom this section applies is a serving member of—

(a)any of Her Majesty’s forces, or

(b)the Royal Ulster Constabulary or the Royal Ulster Constabulary Reserve.

(7)Where this subsection applies to a person he may be admitted to bail on condition that he is held in military or police custody if the person granting bail is satisfied that suitable arrangements have been made; and—

(a)bail on that condition may be granted by a judge or a resident magistrate, and

(b)it shall be lawful for the person to be held in military or police custody in accordance with the conditions of his bail.

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Amendments (Textual)

F1S. 67(3)(4) repealed (19.2.2006) by Terrorism (Northern Ireland) Act 2006 (c. 4), s. 5(2)(3), Sch.

68 Bail: legal aid.N.I.

(1)Where it appears to a judge of the High Court or the Court of Appeal—

(a)that a person charged with a scheduled offence intends to apply to be admitted to bail,

(b)that it is desirable in the interests of justice that he should have legal aid, and

(c)that he has not sufficient means to enable him to obtain that aid,

the judge may assign to him a solicitor and counsel, or counsel only, in the application for bail.

(2)If on a question of granting a person free legal aid under this section there is a doubt—

(a)whether his means are sufficient to enable him to obtain legal aid, or

(b)whether it is desirable in the interests of justice that he should have free legal aid,

the doubt shall be resolved in favour of granting him free legal aid.

(3)Articles 32, 36 and 40 of the M3Legal Aid, Advice and Assistance (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 (statements, payments, rules and stamp duty) shall apply in relation to legal aid under this section as they apply in relation to legal aid under Part III of that Order as if legal aid under this section were given in pursuance of a criminal aid certificate under Article 29 of that Order.

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Marginal Citations

69 Maximum period of remand in custody.N.I.

(1)The period for which a person charged with a scheduled offence may be remanded in custody by a magistrates’ court shall be a period of not more than 28 days beginning with the day following that on which he is remanded.

(2)Subsection (1) has effect—

(a)notwithstanding Article 47(2) F2. . . of the M4Magistrates’ Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981, and

(b)whether or not a person is also charged with a non-scheduled offence.

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Amendments (Textual)

Marginal Citations

70 Young persons: custody on remand, &c.N.I.

F3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

71 Directions under section 70.N.I.

F4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

72 Time limits for preliminary proceedings.N.I.

(1)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision, in respect of a specified preliminary stage of proceedings for a scheduled offence, as to the maximum period—

(a)to be allowed to the prosecution to complete the stage;

(b)during which the accused may, while awaiting completion of the stage, be in the custody of a magistrates’ court or the Crown Court in relation to the offence.

(2)The regulations may, in particular—

(a)provide for a specified law about bail to apply in relation to cases to which custody or overall time limits apply (subject to any modifications which the Secretary of State considers it necessary to specify in the regulations);

(b)provide for time limits to cease to have effect in cases where the [F5 Advocate General for Northern Ireland ] certifies after the institution of proceedings that an offence is not to be treated as a scheduled offence;

(c)make such provision with respect to the procedure to be followed in criminal proceedings as the Secretary of State considers appropriate in consequence of another provision of the regulations;

(d)make provision which has effect in relation to a non-scheduled offence where separate counts of an indictment allege a scheduled offence and a non-scheduled offence;

(e)enable the Crown Court in specified circumstances to extend or further extend a time limit at any time before it expires.

(3)Subject to subsection (4), where an overall time limit expires before the completion of the stage of proceedings to which the limit applies, the accused shall be treated for all purposes as having been acquitted of the offence to which the proceedings relate.

(4)Regulations under this section which provide for a custody time limit in relation to a preliminary stage shall have no effect where—

(a)a person escapes from the custody of a magistrates’ court or the Crown Court before the expiry of the custody time limit,

(b)a person who has been released on bail in consequence of the expiry of a custody time limit fails to surrender himself into the custody of the court at the appointed time, or

(c)a person who has been released on bail in consequence of the expiry of a custody time limit is arrested by a constable in connection with a breach or apprehended breach of a condition of his bail.

(5)If a person escapes from the custody of a magistrates’ court or the Crown Court, the overall time limit which applies to the stage which proceedings relating to the person have reached at the time of the escape shall cease to have effect in relation to those proceedings.

(6)If a person who has been released on bail fails to surrender himself into the custody of the court at the appointed time, the overall time limit which applies to the stage which proceedings relating to the person have reached at the time of the failure shall cease to have effect in relation to those proceedings.

[F6(7)Any period during which proceedings for an offence are adjourned pending the determination of an appeal under Part IV of the Criminal Justice (Northern Ireland) Order 2004 (prosecution appeals) shall be disregarded, so far as the offence is concerned, for the purposes of the overall time limit and the custody time limit which applies to the stage which the proceedings have reached when they are adjourned]

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Amendments (Textual)

73 Time limits: supplementary.N.I.

(1)Where a person is convicted of an offence, the exercise of power conferred by virtue of section 72(2)(e) in relation to proceedings for the offence shall not be called into question on an appeal against the conviction.

(2)In the application of section 72 in relation to proceedings on indictment, “preliminary stage” does not include a stage—

(a)after the time when the case for the prosecution is opened, or

(b)if the court accepts a plea of guilty before the case for the prosecution is opened, after the plea is accepted.

(3)In the application of section 72 in relation to summary proceedings, “preliminary stage” does not include a stage—

(a)after the court begins to hear evidence for the prosecution at the trial,

(b)if the court accepts a plea of guilty before it has begun to hear evidence for the prosecution, after the plea is accepted, or

(c)after the court begins to consider whether to exercise its power under Article 44(4) of the M5Mental Health (Northern Ireland) Order 1986 (power to make hospital order without conviction).

(4)In this section and section 72—

  • custody of the Crown Court” includes custody to which a person is committed in pursuance of—

    (a)

    Article 37 or 40(4) of the M6Magistrates’ Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 (magistrates’ court committing accused for trial), or

    (b)

    section 51(8) of the M7Judicature (Northern Ireland) Act 1978 (magistrates’ court dealing with a person arrested under Crown Court warrant),

  • custody of a magistrates’ court” means custody to which a person is committed in pursuance of Article 47 or 49 of the M8Magistrates’ Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 (remand),

  • custody time limit” means a time limit imposed by regulations in pursuance of section 72(1)(b) or, where a limit has been extended by the Crown Court by virtue of section 72(2)(e), the limit as extended,

  • law about bail” means—

    (a)

    the M9Magistrates’ Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981,

    (b)

    section 67 of this Act,

    (c)

    any other enactment relating to bail, and

    (d)

    any rule of law relating to bail, and

  • overall time limit” means a time limit imposed by regulations in pursuance of section 72(1)(a) or, where a limit has been extended by the Crown Court by virtue of section 72(2)(e), the limit as extended.

(5)For the purposes of the application of a custody time limit in relation to a person who is in the custody of a magistrates’ court or the Crown Court—

(a)all periods during which he is in the custody of a magistrates’ court in respect of the same offence shall be aggregated and treated as a single continuous period; and

(b)all periods during which he is in the custody of the Crown Court in respect of the same offence shall be aggregated and treated as a single continuous period.

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Marginal Citations

74 Court for trial.N.I.

(1)A trial on indictment of a scheduled offence shall be held only at the Crown Court sitting in Belfast, unless [F7the Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland directs that]

(a)F8. . . the trial, or a class of trials within which it falls, shall be held at the Crown Court sitting elsewhere, or

(b)F9. . . the trial, or part of it, shall be held at the Crown Court sitting elsewhere.

[F10(1A)The Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland may nominate any of the following to exercise his functions under subsection (1)—

(a)the holder of one of the offices listed in Schedule 1 to the Justice (Northern Ireland) Act 2002;

(b)a Lord Justice of Appeal (as defined in section 88 of that Act).]

(2)A person committed for trial for a scheduled offence, or for two or more offences at least one of which is a scheduled offence, shall be committed—

(a)to the Crown Court sitting in Belfast, or

(b)where a direction has been given under subsection (1) which concerns the trial, to the Crown Court sitting at the place specified in the direction;

and section 48 of the M10Judicature (Northern Ireland) Act 1978 (committal for trial on indictment) shall have effect accordingly.

(3)Where—

(a)a person is committed for trial to the Crown Court sitting in Belfast in accordance with subsection (2), and

(b)a direction is subsequently given under subsection (1), before the commencement of the trial, altering the place of trial,

the person shall be treated as having been committed for trial to the Crown Court sitting at the place specified in the direction.

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Amendments (Textual)

Marginal Citations

75 Mode of trial on indictment.N.I.

(1)A trial on indictment of a scheduled offence shall be conducted by the court without a jury.

(2)The court trying a scheduled offence on indictment under this section shall have all the powers, authorities and jurisdiction which the court would have had if it had been sitting with a jury (including power to determine any question and to make any finding which would, apart from this section, be required to be determined or made by a jury).

(3)A reference in an enactment to a jury, the verdict of a jury or the finding of a jury shall, in relation to a trial under this section, be construed as a reference to the court, the verdict of the court or the finding of the court.

(4)Where separate counts of an indictment allege a scheduled offence and a non-scheduled offence, the trial on indictment shall be conducted as if all the offences alleged in the indictment were scheduled offences.

(5)Subsection (4) is without prejudice to section 5 of the M11Indictments Act (Northern Ireland) 1945 (orders for amendment of indictment, separate trial and postponement of trial).

(6)Without prejudice to subsection (2), where the court trying a scheduled offence on indictment—

(a)is not satisfied that the accused is guilty of the offence, but

(b)is satisfied that he is guilty of a non-scheduled offence of which a jury could have found him guilty on a trial for the scheduled offence,

the court may convict him of the non-scheduled offence.

(7)Where the court trying a scheduled offence convicts the accused of that or some other offence, it shall give a judgment stating the reasons for the conviction at or as soon as is reasonably practicable after the time of conviction.

(8)A person convicted of an offence on a trial under this section without a jury may, notwithstanding anything in sections 1 and 10(1) of the M12Criminal Appeal (Northern Ireland) Act 1980, appeal to the Court of Appeal under Part I of that Act—

(a)against his conviction, on any ground, without the leave of the Court of Appeal or a certificate of the judge of the court of trial;

(b)against sentence passed on conviction, without that leave, unless the sentence is fixed by law.

(9)Where a person is convicted of an offence on a trial under this section, the time for giving notice of appeal under section 16(1) of that Act shall run from the date of judgment if later than the date from which it would run under that subsection.

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Marginal Citations

76 Admission in trial on indictment.N.I.

F11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

77 Possession: onus of proof.N.I.

(1)This section applies to a trial on indictment for a scheduled offence where the accused is charged with possessing an article in such circumstances as to constitute an offence under any of the enactments listed in subsection (3).

(2)If it is proved that the article—

(a)was on any premises at the same time as the accused, or

(b)was on premises of which the accused was the occupier or which he habitually used otherwise than as a member of the public,

the court may assume that the accused possessed (and, if relevant, knowingly possessed) the article, unless he proves that he did not know of its presence on the premises or that he had no control over it.

(3)The following are the offences mentioned in subsection (1)—

                           The M13Explosive Substances Act 1883

Section 3, so far as relating to subsection (1)(b) thereof (possessing explosive with intent to endanger life or cause serious damage to property).

Section 4 (possessing explosive in suspicious circumstances).

                    The M14Protection of the Person and Property Act (Northern Ireland) 1969

Section 2 (possessing petrol bomb, &c. in suspicious circumstances).

[F12                    The Firearms (Northern Ireland) Order 2004

Article 45(1)(manufacturing, dealing in or possessing certain weapons, etc.).

Article 58(1)(possessing firearm or ammunition with intent to endanger life or cause serious damage to property).

Article 59(2)(possessing firearm or imitation firearm at time of committing, or being arrested for, a specified offence).

Article 63(1), (2) or (4)(possession of a firearm or ammunition by a person who has been sentenced to imprisonment, &c.).

Article 64 (possessing firearm or ammunition in suspicious circumstances).]

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Amendments (Textual)

Marginal Citations

F1378 Children: sentence.N.I.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

79 Restricted remission.N.I.

(1)The remission granted under prison rules in respect of a sentence of imprisonment passed in Northern Ireland for a scheduled offence shall not, where it is for a term of five years or more, exceed one-third of the term.

(2)Where a person is sentenced on the same occasion for two or more scheduled offences to terms which are consecutive, subsection (1) shall apply as if those terms were a single term.

(3)Where a person is serving two or more terms which are consecutive but not all subject to subsection (1), the maximum remission granted under prison rules in respect of those terms taken together shall be arrived at by calculating the maximum remission for each term separately and aggregating the result.

(4)In this section “prison rules” means rules made under section 13 of the M15Prison Act (Northern Ireland) 1953.

(5)The Secretary of State may by order substitute a different length of sentence and a different maximum period of remission for those mentioned in subsection (1).

(6)This section applies where—

(a)the scheduled offence is committed while this section is in force,

(b)the offence (being a scheduled offence within the meaning of the M16Northern Ireland (Emergency Provisions) Act 1996) was committed while section 15 of that Act was in force,

(c)the offence (being a scheduled offence within the meaning of the M17Northern Ireland (Emergency Provisions) Act 1991) was committed while section 14 of that Act was in force, or

(d)the offence (being a scheduled offence within the meaning of the M18Northern Ireland (Emergency Provisions) Act 1978) was committed while section 22 of the M19Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1989 was in force.

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Marginal Citations

80 Conviction during remission.N.I.

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a person is sentenced to imprisonment or a term of detention in a young offenders centre for a period exceeding one year,

(b)he is discharged from prison or the centre in pursuance of prison rules, and

(c)before his sentence or term would have expired (but for the discharge) he commits, and is convicted on indictment of, a scheduled offence.

(2)If the court before which he is convicted of the scheduled offence sentences him to imprisonment or a term of detention it shall in addition order him to be returned to prison or a young offenders centre for the period between the date of the order and the date on which the sentence or term mentioned in subsection (1) would have expired but for his discharge.

(3)No order shall be made under subsection (2) if the sentence imposed by the court is—

(a)a suspended sentence,

(b)a sentence of life imprisonment, or

(c)a sentence of detention during the Secretary of State’s pleasure under Article 45(1) of the M20Criminal Justice (Children) (Northern Ireland) Order 1998.

(4)An order made under subsection (2) shall cease to have effect if an appeal against the scheduled offence results in—

(a)the acquittal of the person concerned, or

(b)the substitution of a sentence other than imprisonment or a term of detention.

(5)The period for which a person is ordered under this section to be returned to prison or a young offenders centre—

(a)shall be taken to be a sentence of imprisonment or term of detention for the purposes of the M21Prison Act (Northern Ireland) 1953 and for the purposes of the M22Treatment of Offenders Act (Northern Ireland) 1968 other than section 26(2) (reduction for time spent in custody),

(b)shall not be subject to any provision of prison rules for discharge before expiry, and

(c)shall be served before, and be followed by, the sentence or term imposed for the scheduled offence and be disregarded in determining the appropriate length of that sentence or term.

(6)For the purposes of this section a certificate purporting to be signed by the governor or deputy governor of a prison or young offenders centre which specifies—

(a)the date on which a person was discharged from prison or a young offenders centre,

(b)the sentence or term which the person was serving at the time of his discharge, the offence in respect of which the sentence or term was imposed and the date on which he was convicted of that offence, and

(c)the date on which the person would, but for his discharge in pursuance of prison rules, have been discharged from prison or a young offenders centre,

shall be evidence of the matters specified.

(7)In this section—

  • prison rules” means rules made under section 13 of the M23Prison Act (Northern Ireland) 1953,

  • “sentence of imprisonment” does not include a committal in default of payment of any sum of money or for want of sufficient distress to satisfy any sum of money or for failure to do or abstain from doing anything required to be done or left undone, and

  • young offenders centre” has the meaning assigned to it by section 2(a) of the M24Treatment of Offenders Act (Northern Ireland) 1968.

(8)For the purposes of subsection (1) consecutive terms of imprisonment or of detention in a young offenders centre shall be treated as a single term and a sentence of imprisonment or detention in a young offenders centre includes—

(a)a sentence or term passed by a court in the United Kingdom or any of the Islands, and

(b)in the case of imprisonment, a sentence passed by a court-martial on a person found guilty of a civil offence within the meaning of the M25Army Act 1955, the M26Air Force Act 1955 and the M27Naval Discipline Act 1957.

(9)The Secretary of State may by order substitute a different period for the period of one year mentioned in subsection (1).

(10)This section applies irrespective of when the discharge from prison or a young offenders centre took place but only if—

(a)the scheduled offence is committed while this section is in force,

(b)the offence (being a scheduled offence within the meaning of the M28Northern Ireland (Emergency Provisions) Act 1996) was committed while section 16 of that Act was in force,

(c)the offence (being a scheduled offence within the meaning of the M29Northern Ireland (Emergency Provisions) Act 1991) was committed while section 15 of that Act was in force, or

(d)the offence (being a scheduled offence within the meaning of the M30Northern Ireland (Emergency Provisions) Act 1978) was committed while section 23 of the M31Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1989 was in force.

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