53 Extension of entitlement to state maternity allowance.E+W+S
(1)In section 35 of the Contributions and Benefits Act (state maternity allowance), for subsections (1) and (1A) there shall be substituted—
“(1)A woman shall be entitled to a maternity allowance, at the appropriate weekly rate determined under section 35A below, if—
(a)she has become pregnant and has reached, or been confined before reaching, the commencement of the 11th week before the expected week of confinement; and
(b)she has been engaged in employment as an employed or self-employed earner for any part of the week in the case of at least 26 of the 66 weeks immediately preceding the expected week of confinement; and
(c)(within the meaning of section 35A) her average weekly earnings are not less than the maternity allowance threshold; and
(d)she is not entitled to statutory maternity pay for the same week in respect of the same pregnancy.”
(2)In subsection (3) of that section—
(a)for “Schedule 3, Part I, paragraph 3” there shall be substituted “ section 35A below ”; and
F1(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(3)After that section there shall be inserted—
“35A Appropriate weekly rate of maternity allowance.
(1)For the purposes of section 35(1) above the appropriate weekly rate is that specified in whichever of subsection (2) or (3) below applies.
(2)Where the woman’s average weekly earnings are not less than the lower earnings limit for the relevant tax year, the appropriate weekly rate is a weekly rate equal to the lower rate of statutory maternity pay for the time being prescribed under section 166(3) below.
(3)Where the woman’s average weekly earnings—
(a)are less than the lower earnings limit for the relevant tax year, but
(b)are not less than the maternity allowance threshold for that tax year,
the appropriate weekly rate is a weekly rate equivalent to 90 per cent. of her average weekly earnings or (if lower) the rate specified in subsection (2) above.
(4)For the purposes of this section a woman’s “average weekly earnings” shall be taken to be the average weekly amount (as determined in accordance with regulations) of specified payments which—
(a)were made to her or for her benefit as an employed earner, or
(b)are (in accordance with regulations) to be treated as made to her or for her benefit as a self-employed earner,
during the specified period.
(5)Regulations may, for the purposes of subsection (4) above, provide—
(a)for the amount of any payments falling within paragraph (a) or (b) of that subsection to be calculated or estimated in such manner and on such basis as may be prescribed;
(b)for a payment made outside the specified period to be treated as made during that period where it was referable to that period or any part of it;
(c)for a woman engaged in employment as a self-employed earner to be treated as having received a payment in respect of a week—
(i)equal to the lower earnings limit in force on the last day of the week, if she paid a Class 2 contribution in respect of the week, or
(ii)equal to the maternity allowance threshold in force on that day, if she was excepted (under section 11(4) above) from liability for such a contribution in respect of the week;
(d)for aggregating payments made or treated as made to or for the benefit of a woman where, either in the same week or in different weeks, she was engaged in two or more employments (whether, in each case, as an employed earner or a self-employed earner).
(6)In this section—
(a)“the maternity allowance threshold”, in relation to a tax year, means (subject to subsection (7) below) £30;
(b)“the relevant tax year” means the tax year in which the beginning of the period of 66 weeks mentioned in section 35(1)(b) above falls; and
(c)“specified” (except in subsections (7) and (8) below) means prescribed by or determined in accordance with regulations.
(7)The Secretary of State may, in relation to any tax year after 1999-2000, by order increase the amount for the time being specified in subsection (6)(a) above to such amount as is specified in the order.
(8)When deciding whether, and (if so) by how much, to increase the amount so specified the Secretary of State shall have regard to the movement, over such period as he thinks fit, in the general level of prices obtaining in Great Britain (estimated in such manner as he thinks fit); and the Secretary of State shall in each tax year carry out such a review of the amount so specified as he thinks fit.”
(4)This section applies in relation to the payment of maternity allowance in cases where a woman’s expected week of confinement (within the meaning of section 35 of the Contributions and Benefits Act) begins on or after 20th August 2000.
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