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Food Standards Act 1999

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The Food Standards AgencyE+W+S+N.I.

1 The Food Standards Agency.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)There shall be a body to be called the Food Standards Agency or, in Welsh, yr Asiantaeth Safonau Bwyd (referred to in this Act as “the Agency”) for the purpose of carrying out the functions conferred on it by or under this Act.

(2)The main objective of the Agency in carrying out its functions is to protect public health from risks which may arise in connection with the consumption of food (including risks caused by the way in which it is produced or supplied) and otherwise to protect the interests of consumers in relation to food.

(3)The functions of the Agency are performed on behalf of the Crown.

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Commencement Information

I1S. 1 wholly in force at 1.4.2000; s. 1 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 43(2); s. 1(1) in force at 11.1.2000 by S.I. 2000/92, art. 2(a); s. 1 in force at 1.4.2000 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

2 Appointment of members etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Agency shall consist of a chairman and deputy chairman and not less than eight or more than twelve other members, of whom—

(a)one member shall be appointed by the National Assembly for Wales;

(b)two members shall be appointed by the Scottish Ministers;

(c)one member shall be appointed by the Department of Health and Social Services for Northern Ireland; and

(d)the others shall be appointed by the Secretary of State.

(2)The chairman and deputy chairman shall be appointed by the appropriate authorities acting jointly and, before appointing a person as one of the other members of the Agency the authority making the appointment shall consult the other appropriate authorities.

(3)Before appointing a person as chairman, deputy chairman or member of the Agency, the authorities or authority making the appointment shall—

(a)have regard to the desirability of securing that a variety of skills and experience is available among the members of the Agency (including experience in matters related to food safety or other interests of consumers in relation to food); and

(b)consider whether any person it is proposed to appoint has any financial or other interest which is likely to prejudice the exercise of his duties.

(4)Schedule 1 (constitution etc. of the Agency) has effect.

3 Appointment of chief executive and directors.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)A chief executive shall be appointed for the Agency.

(2)The chief executive shall be responsible for (among other things) securing that the activities of the Agency are carried out efficiently and effectively.

(3)The first appointment under subsection (1) shall be made by the appropriate authorities acting jointly; and subsequent appointments shall be made by the Agency, subject to the approval of each of those authorities.

(4)Directors shall be appointed for Wales, for Scotland and for Northern Ireland, each of whom shall be responsible under the chief executive for (among other things) securing that the activities of the Agency in Wales, Scotland or Northern Ireland (as the case may be) are carried out efficiently and effectively.

(5)The first appointment under subsection (4) for Wales, for Scotland and for Northern Ireland shall be made by the appropriate authority for that part of the United Kingdom; and subsequent appointments shall be made by the Agency, subject to the approval of that authority.

(6)The chief executive and the directors appointed under subsection (4) shall hold and vacate office in accordance with the terms of their appointments.

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Commencement Information

I2S. 3 wholly in force at 1.4.2000; s. 3 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 43(2); s. 3(1)-(3) in force at 11.1.2000 and s. 3(4)(5) in force at 11.1.2000 for Scotland and for Wales and s. 3(6) in force for certain purposes at 11.1.2000 by S.I. 2000/92, art. 2(a)(b)(c); s. 3 in force at 1.4.2000 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

4 Annual and other reports.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Agency shall prepare a report on its activities and performance during each financial year.

(2)The Agency shall, as soon as possible after the end of each financial year, lay its report for that year before Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales, the Scottish Parliament and the Northern Ireland Assembly.

(3)The Agency may from time to time lay other reports before any of those bodies.

5 Advisory committees.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)There shall be established an advisory committee for Wales, an advisory committee for Scotland and an advisory committee for Northern Ireland for the purpose of giving advice or information to the Agency about matters connected with its functions (including in particular matters affecting or otherwise relating to Wales, Scotland or Northern Ireland, as the case may be).

(2)The Secretary of State may, after consulting the Agency, direct that an advisory committee for, or for any region of, England shall be established for the purpose of giving advice or information to the Agency about matters connected with its functions (including in particular matters affecting or otherwise relating to the area for which the committee is established).

(3)The Agency may, after consulting the appropriate authorities, establish other advisory committees for the purpose of giving advice or information to the Agency about matters connected with its functions.

(4)Schedule 2 (which contains supplementary provisions about advisory committees) has effect.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I3S. 5 wholly in force at 1.4.2000; s. 5 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 43(2); s. 5(1) in force at 11.1.2000 for Scotland and for Wales and s. 5(4) in force for certain purposes at 11.1.2000 by S.I. 2000/92, art. 2(b)(d); s. 5 in force at 1.4.2000 in so far as not in force by S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

General functions in relation to foodE+W+S+N.I.

6 Development of food policy and provision of advice, etc. to public authorities.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Agency has the function of—

(a)developing policies (or assisting in the development by any public authority of policies) relating to matters connected with food safety or other interests of consumers in relation to food; and

(b)providing advice, information or assistance in respect of such matters to any public authority.

(2)A Minister of the Crown or government department, the National Assembly for Wales, the Scottish Ministers or a Northern Ireland Department may request the Agency to exercise its powers under this section in relation to any matter.

(3)It is the duty of the Agency, so far as is reasonably practicable, to comply with any such request.

7 Provision of advice, information and assistance to other persons.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Agency has the function of—

(a)providing advice and information to the general public (or any section of the public) in respect of matters connected with food safety or other interests of consumers in relation to food;

(b)providing advice, information or assistance in respect of such matters to any person who is not a public authority.

(2)The function under subsection (1)(a) shall be carried out (without prejudice to any other relevant objectives) with a view to ensuring that members of the public are kept adequately informed about and advised in respect of matters which the Agency considers significantly affect their capacity to make informed decisions about food.

8 Acquisition and review of information.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Agency has the function of obtaining, compiling and keeping under review information about matters connected with food safety and other interests of consumers in relation to food.

(2)That function includes (among other things)—

(a)monitoring developments in science, technology and other fields of knowledge relating to the matters mentioned in subsection (1);

(b)carrying out, commissioning or co-ordinating research on those matters.

(3)That function shall (without prejudice to any other relevant objectives) be carried out with a view to ensuring that the Agency has sufficient information to enable it to take informed decisions and to carry out its other functions effectively.

General functions in relation to animal feedingstuffsE+W+S+N.I.

9 General functions in relation to animal feedingstuffs.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Agency has the same general functions in relation to matters connected with the safety of animal feedingstuffs and other interests of users of animal feedingstuffs as it has under sections 6(1), 7(1) and 8 in relation to matters connected with food safety and other interests of consumers in relation to food.

(2)Section 6(2) and (3) apply in relation to the Agency’s powers under this section corresponding to those under section 6(1).

(3)Section 7(2), in its application to the Agency’s function under this section corresponding to that under section 7(1)(a), applies with the substitution, for the words “members of the public” and “food”, of the words “users of animal feedingstuffs” and “animal feedingstuffs”.

(4)In this section “safety of animal feedingstuffs” means the safety of animal feedingstuffs in relation to risks to animal health which may arise in connection with their consumption.

Observations with a view to acquiring informationE+W+S+N.I.

10 Power to carry out observations.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Agency may, for the purpose of carrying out its function under section 8 or its corresponding function under section 9, carry out observations (or arrange with other persons for observations to be carried out on its behalf) with a view to obtaining information about—

(a)any aspect of the production or supply of food or food sources; or

(b)any aspect of the production, supply or use of animal feedingstuffs.

(2)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), the information that may be sought through such observations includes information about—

(a)food premises, food businesses or commercial operations being carried out with respect to food, food sources or contact materials;

(b)agricultural premises, agricultural businesses or agricultural activities;

(c)premises, businesses or operations involved in fish farming; or

(d)premises, businesses or operations involved in the production, supply or use of animal feedingstuffs.

(3)In this section—

  • agricultural activity” has the same meaning as in the M1Agriculture Act 1947 or, in Northern Ireland, the M2Agriculture Act (Northern Ireland) 1949;

  • agricultural business” has the same meaning as in section 1 of the M3Farm Land and Rural Development Act 1988 or, in Northern Ireland, Article 3 of the M4Farm Business (Northern Ireland) Order 1988;

  • agricultural premises” means any premises used for the purposes of an agricultural business; and

  • fish farming” means the breeding, rearing or keeping of fish or shellfish (which includes any kind of crustacean or mollusc).

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Marginal Citations

M21949 c.2(N.I.)

11 Power of entry for persons carrying out observations.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Agency may authorise any individual (whether a member of its staff or otherwise) to exercise the powers specified in subsection (4) for the purpose of carrying out any observations under section 10 specified in the authorisation.

(2)No authorisation under this section shall be issued except in pursuance of a decision taken by the Agency itself or by a committee, sub-committee or member of the Agency acting on behalf of the Agency.

(3)An authorisation under this section shall be in writing and may be given subject to any limitations or conditions specified in the authorisation (including conditions relating to hygiene precautions to be taken while exercising powers in pursuance of the authorisation).

(4)An authorised person may, if it appears to him necessary to do so for the purpose of carrying out the observations specified in his authorisation—

(a)enter any premises at any reasonable hour;

(b)take samples of any articles or substances found on any premises;

(c)take samples from any food source found on any premises;

(d)inspect and copy any records found on any premises which relate to a business which is the subject of the observations (and, if they are kept in computerised form, require them to be made available in a legible form);

(e)require any person carrying on such a business to provide him with such facilities, such records or information and such other assistance as he may reasonably request;

but in this subsection “premises” does not include a private dwelling-house.

(5)An authorised person shall on request—

(a)produce his authorisation before exercising any powers under subsection (4); and

(b)provide a document identifying any sample taken, or documents copied, under those powers.

(6)The references in subsection (4)(d) and (e) to records include any records which—

(a)relate to the health of any person who is or has been employed in the business concerned; and

(b)were created for the purpose of assessing, or are kept for the purpose of recording, matters affecting his suitability for working in the production or supply of food or food sources (including any risks to public health which may arise if he comes into contact with any food or food source).

(7)If an authorised person who enters any premises by virtue of this section discloses to any person any information obtained on the premises with regard to any trade secret he is, unless the disclosure is made in the performance of his duty, guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(8)A person who—

(a)intentionally obstructs a person exercising powers under subsection (4)(a), (b), (c) or (d);

(b)fails without reasonable excuse to comply with any requirement imposed under subsection (4)(e); or

(c)in purported compliance with such a requirement furnishes information which he knows to be false or misleading in any material particular or recklessly furnishes information which is false or misleading in any material particular;

is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(9)In this section “authorised person” means a person authorised under this section.

Monitoring of enforcement actionE+W+S+N.I.

12 Monitoring of enforcement action.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Agency has the function of monitoring the performance of enforcement authorities in enforcing relevant legislation.

(2)That function includes, in particular, setting standards of performance (whether for enforcement authorities generally or for particular authorities) in relation to the enforcement of any relevant legislation.

(3)Each annual report of the Agency shall contain a report on its activities during the year in enforcing any relevant legislation for which it is the enforcement authority and its performance in respect of—

(a)any standards under subsection (2) that apply to those activities; and

(b)any objectives relating to those activities that are specified in the statement of objectives and practices under section 22.

(4)The Agency may make a report to any other enforcement authority on their performance in enforcing any relevant legislation; and such a report may include guidance as to action which the Agency considers would improve that performance.

(5)The Agency may direct an authority to which such a report has been made—

(a)to arrange for the publication in such manner as may be specified in the direction of, or of specified information relating to, the report; and

(b)within such period as may be so specified to notify the Agency of what action they have taken or propose to take in response to the report.

13 Power to request information relating to enforcement action.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)For the purpose of carrying out its function under section 12 in relation to any enforcement authority the Agency may require a person mentioned in subsection (2)—

(a)to provide the Agency with any information which it has reasonable cause to believe that person is able to give, or

(b)to make available to the Agency for inspection any records which it has reasonable cause to believe are held by that person or otherwise within his control (and, if they are kept in computerised form, to make them available in a legible form).

(2)A requirement under subsection (1) may be imposed on—

(a)the enforcement authority or any member, officer or employee of the authority, or

(b)a person subject to any duty under relevant legislation (being a duty enforceable by an enforcement authority) or any officer or employee of such a person.

(3)The Agency may copy any records made available to it in pursuance of a requirement under subsection (1)(b).

14 Power of entry for persons monitoring enforcement action.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Agency may authorise any individual (whether a member of its staff or otherwise) to exercise the powers specified in subsection (4) for the purpose of carrying out its function under section 12 in relation to any enforcement authority.

(2)No authorisation under this section shall be issued except in pursuance of a decision taken by the Agency itself or by a committee, sub-committee or member of the Agency acting on behalf of the Agency.

(3)An authorisation under this section shall be in writing and may be given subject to any limitations or conditions specified in the authorisation (including conditions relating to hygiene precautions to be taken while exercising powers in pursuance of the authorisation).

(4)An authorised person may—

(a)enter any premises mentioned in subsection (5) at any reasonable hour in order to inspect the premises or anything which may be found on them;

(b)take samples of any articles or substances found on such premises;

(c)inspect and copy any records found on such premises (and, if they are kept in computerised form, require them to be made available in a legible form);

(d)require any person present on such premises to provide him with such facilities, such records or information and such other assistance as he may reasonably request.

(5)The premises which may be entered by an authorised person are—

(a)any premises occupied by the enforcement authority;

(b)any laboratory or similar premises at which work related to the enforcement of any relevant legislation has been carried out for the enforcement authority; and

(c)any other premises (not being a private dwelling-house) which the authorised person has reasonable cause to believe are premises in respect of which the enforcement powers of the enforcement authority are (or have been) exercisable.

(6)The power to enter premises conferred on an authorised person includes power to take with him any other person he may consider appropriate.

(7)An authorised person shall on request—

(a)produce his authorisation before exercising any powers under subsection (4); and

(b)provide a document identifying any sample taken, or documents copied, under those powers.

(8)If a person who enters any premises by virtue of this section discloses to any person any information obtained on the premises with regard to any trade secret he is, unless the disclosure is made in the performance of his duty, guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(9)Where—

(a)the enforcement authority in relation to any provisions of the M5Food Safety Act 1990 (in this Act referred to as “the 1990 Act”) or orders or regulations made under it is (by virtue of section 6(3) or (4) of that Act) a Minister of the Crown, the National Assembly for Wales, the Scottish Ministers or the Agency, or

(b)the enforcement authority in relation to any provisions of the M6Food Safety (Northern Ireland) Order 1991 (in this Act referred to as “the 1991 Order”) or orders or regulations made under it is (by virtue of Article 26(1A), (1B), (2), (3) or (3A) of that Order) a Northern Ireland Department or the Agency,

this section applies to that authority (in relation to its performance in enforcing those provisions) with the omission of subsection (5)(a).

(10)In this section “authorised person” means a person authorised under this section.

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Marginal Citations

M6S.I. 1991/762(N.I. 7).

15 Meaning of “enforcement authority” and related expressions.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In sections 12 to 14 “relevant legislation” means—

(a)the provisions of the 1990 Act and regulations or orders made under it;

(b)the provisions of the 1991 Order and regulations or orders made under it; and

(c)the provisions of Part IV of the M7Agriculture Act 1970 and regulations made under that Part of that Act, so far as relating to matters connected with animal feedingstuffs.

(2)In those sections “enforcement authority” means—

(a)in the case of provisions of the 1990 Act or regulations or orders made under it, the authority by whom they are to be enforced (including a Minister of the Crown, the National Assembly for Wales, the Scottish Ministers or the Agency itself if, by virtue of section 6(3) or (4) of the 1990 Act, that authority is the enforcement authority in relation to those provisions);

(b)in the case of provisions of the 1991 Order and regulations or orders made under it, the authority by whom they are to be enforced (including a Northern Ireland Department or the Agency itself if, by virtue of the Order, it is the enforcement authority in relation to those provisions); and

(c)in the case of provisions of Part IV of the M8Agriculture Act 1970 (or regulations made under it), an authority mentioned in section 67 of that Act;

and “enforcement”, in relation to relevant legislation, includes the execution of any provisions of that legislation.

(3)Any reference in those sections (however expressed) to the performance of an enforcement authority in enforcing any relevant legislation includes a reference to the capacity of that authority to enforce it.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 15(1) amended (E.W.) (1.4.2000) by S.I. 2000/656, reg. 11

S. 15(1) amended (N.I.) (1.4.2000) by S.R. 2000/78, art. 11

S. 15(1) amended (S.) (1.4.2000) by S.S.I. 2000/62, reg. 11

Marginal Citations

16 Offences relating to sections 13 and 14.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)A person who—

(a)intentionally obstructs a person exercising powers under section 14(4)(a), (b) or (c);

(b)fails without reasonable excuse to comply with any requirement imposed under section 13(1) or section 14(4)(d); or

(c)in purported compliance with such a requirement furnishes information which he knows to be false or misleading in any material particular or recklessly furnishes information which is false or misleading in any material particular;

is guilty of an offence.

(2)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

Other functions of the AgencyE+W+S+N.I.

17 Delegation of powers to make emergency orders.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Arrangements may be made between the Secretary of State and the Agency authorising the Agency to exercise on behalf of the Secretary of State the power to make orders under—

(a)section 1(1) of the M9Food and Environment Protection Act 1985 (emergency orders); and

(b)section 13(1) of the 1990 Act (emergency control orders).

(2)The authority given by any such arrangements is subject to any limitations and conditions provided for in the arrangements.

(3)Where by virtue of any such arrangements the Agency is authorised to exercise a power, anything done or omitted to be done by the Agency in the exercise or purported exercise of the power shall be treated as done or omitted by the Secretary of State.

(4)Nothing in any such arrangements prevents the Secretary of State exercising any power.

(5)This section applies with the necessary modifications—

(a)to any power mentioned in subsection (1) so far as it is exercisable by the National Assembly for Wales or the Scottish Ministers, and

(b)to the power of a Northern Ireland Department to make orders under section 1(1) of the M10Food and Environment Protection Act 1985 or Article 12(1) of the 1991 Order,

as it applies to a power exercisable by the Secretary of State.

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Marginal Citations

18 Functions under other enactments.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Schedule 3 (which contains provisions conferring functions under certain enactments on the Agency) has effect.

(2)Any amendment made by Schedule 3 which extends to Scotland is to be taken as a pre-commencement enactment for the purposes of the M11Scotland Act 1998.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

19 Publication etc. by the Agency of advice and information.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Agency may, subject to the following provisions of this section, publish in such manner as it thinks fit—

(a)any advice given under section 6, 7 or 9 (including advice given in pursuance of a request under section 6(2));

(b)any information obtained through observations under section 10 or monitoring under section 12; and

(c)any other information in its possession (whatever its source).

(2)The exercise of that power is subject to the requirements of the M12Data Protection Act 1998.

(3)That power may not be exercised if the publication by the Agency of the advice or information in question—

(a)is prohibited by an enactment;

(b)is incompatible with any Community obligation; or

(c)would constitute or be punishable as a contempt of court.

(4)Before deciding to exercise that power, the Agency must consider whether the public interest in the publication of the advice or information in question is outweighed by any considerations of confidentiality attaching to it.

(5)Where the advice or information relates to the performance of enforcement authorities, or particular enforcement authorities, in enforcing relevant legislation, subsection (4) applies only so far as the advice or information relates to a person other than—

(a)an enforcement authority, or

(b)a member, officer or employee of an enforcement authority acting in his capacity as such.

(6)Expressions used in subsection (5) and defined in section 15 have the same meaning as in that section.

(7)Except as mentioned above, the power under subsection (1) is exercisable free from any prohibition on publication that would apply apart from this section.

(8)In this section “enactment” means an enactment contained in, or in subordinate legislation made under, any Act, Act of the Scottish Parliament or Northern Ireland legislation.

(9)The Agency may also disclose to another public authority any advice or information mentioned in subsection (1); and the other provisions of this section apply in relation to disclosure under this subsection as they apply in relation to publication under that subsection.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

20 Power to issue guidance on control of food-borne diseases.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Agency may issue general guidance to local authorities or other public authorities on matters connected with the management of outbreaks or suspected outbreaks of food-borne disease.

(2)Guidance issued under this section must identify the authority or authorities to which it is addressed.

(3)The Agency shall publish any guidance issued under this section in such manner as it thinks fit.

(4)Any authority to whom guidance under this section is issued shall have regard to the guidance in carrying out any functions to which the guidance relates.

(5)In this section “food-borne disease” means a disease of humans which is capable of being caused by the consumption of infected or otherwise contaminated food.

(6)This section has effect without prejudice to any other powers of the Agency.

21 Supplementary powers.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Agency has power to do anything which is calculated to facilitate, or is conducive or incidental to, the exercise of its functions.

(2)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), that power includes power—

(a)to carry on educational or training activities;

(b)to give financial or other support to activities carried on by others;

(c)to acquire or dispose of any property or rights;

(d)to institute criminal proceedings in England and Wales and in Northern Ireland.

(3)The Agency may make charges for facilities or services provided by it at the request of any person.

General provisions relating to the functions of the AgencyE+W+S+N.I.

22 Statement of general objectives and practices.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Agency shall prepare and publish a statement of general objectives it intends to pursue, and general practices it intends to adopt, in carrying out its functions.

(2)The statement shall include the following among the Agency’s general objectives, namely—

(a)securing that its activities are the subject of consultation with, or with representatives of, those affected and, where appropriate, with members of the public;

(b)promoting links with any of the following authorities with responsibilities affecting food safety or other interests of consumers in relation to food, namely—

(i)government departments, local authorities and other public authorities;

(ii)the National Assembly for Wales (and its staff) and Assembly Secretaries, the Scottish Administration and Northern Ireland Departments;

with a view to securing that the Agency is consulted informally from time to time about the general manner in which any such responsibilities are discharged;

(c)securing that records of its decisions, and the information on which they are based, are kept and made available with a view to enabling members of the public to make informed judgments about the way in which it is carrying out its functions,

and any other objectives (which may include more specific objectives relating to anything mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (c)) which are notified to the Agency by the appropriate authorities acting jointly.

(3)Nothing in subsection (2) prevents the inclusion in the statement of more specific objectives relating to anything mentioned in that subsection.

(4)The statement shall be submitted in draft to the appropriate authorities for their approval before it is published.

(5)The appropriate authorities acting jointly may approve the draft statement submitted to them with or without modifications (but they must consult the Agency before making any modifications).

(6)As soon as practicable after a statement is approved under subsection (5), the Agency shall—

(a)lay a copy of the statement as so approved before Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales, the Scottish Parliament and the Northern Ireland Assembly; and

(b)publish that statement in such manner as the appropriate authorities acting jointly may approve.

(7)The first statement under this section shall be submitted to the appropriate authorities within the period of three months beginning with the date of the first meeting of the Agency.

(8)The Agency may revise its current statement under this section; and subsections (2) to (6) apply to a revised statement as they apply to the first statement.

23 Consideration of objectives, risks, costs and benefits, etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In carrying out its functions the Agency shall pay due regard to the statement of objectives and practices under section 22.

(2)The Agency, in considering whether or not to exercise any power, or the manner in which to exercise any power, shall take into account (among other things)—

(a)the nature and magnitude of any risks to public health, or other risks, which are relevant to the decision (including any uncertainty as to the adequacy or reliability of the available information);

(b)the likely costs and benefits of the exercise or non-exercise of the power or its exercise in any manner which the Agency is considering; and

(c)any relevant advice or information given to it by an advisory committee (whether or not given at the Agency’s request).

(3)The duty under subsection (2)—

(a)does not apply to the extent that it is unreasonable or impracticable for it to do so in view of the nature or purpose of the power or in the circumstances of the particular case; and

(b)does not affect the obligation of the Agency to discharge any other duties imposed on it.

24 Directions relating to breach of duty or to international obligations.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)If it appears to the Secretary of State that there has been a serious failure by the Agency—

(a)to comply with section 23(1) or (2), or

(b)to perform any other duty which he considers should have been performed by it,

he may give the Agency such directions as he may consider appropriate for remedying that failure.

(2)The power under subsection (1) may also be exercised—

(a)so far as it is exercisable in relation to Wales, by the National Assembly for Wales;

(b)by the Scottish Ministers (in so far as it is exercisable by them within devolved competence or by virtue of an Order in Council made under section 63 of the M13Scotland Act 1998); and

(c)so far as it is exercisable in relation to Northern Ireland, by the Department of Health and Social Services for Northern Ireland.

(3)Directions under subsection (1) must include a statement summarising the reasons for giving them.

(4)The Secretary of State may give the Agency such directions as he considers appropriate for the implementation of—

(a)any obligations of the United Kingdom under the Community Treaties, or

(b)any international agreement to which the United Kingdom is a party.

(5)The power under subsection (4) may also be exercised—

(a)by the National Assembly for Wales (in relation to implementation for which it is responsible);

(b)by the Scottish Ministers (in relation to implementation within devolved competence or for which they have responsibility by virtue of an Order in Council under section 63 of the M14Scotland Act 1998); and

(c)by the Department of Health and Social Services for Northern Ireland (in relation to implementation for which a Northern Ireland Department is responsible).

(6)An authority proposing to give directions under this section shall consult the Agency and the other appropriate authorities before doing so.

(7)If the Agency fails to comply with any directions under this section, the authority giving the directions may give effect to them (and for that purpose may exercise any power of the Agency).

(8)If the Agency fails to comply with directions under subsection (1), the Secretary of State may, with the agreement of the other appropriate authorities, remove all the members of the Agency from office (and, until new appointments are made, may carry out the Agency’s functions himself or appoint any other person or persons to do so).

(9)Any directions given under this section shall be published in such manner as the authority giving them considers appropriate for the purpose of bringing the matters to which they relate to the attention of persons likely to be affected by them.

(10)In this section “devolved competence” has the same meaning as in the M15Scotland Act 1998.

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Marginal Citations

25 Power to modify enactments about disclosure of information.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)If it appears to the Secretary of State that an enactment prohibits the disclosure of any information and is capable of having either of the effects mentioned in subsection (5) he may by order make provision for the purpose of removing or relaxing the prohibition so far as it is capable of having that effect.

(2)If it appears to the Scottish Ministers that an enactment prohibits the disclosure of any information and is capable of having either of the effects mentioned in subsection (5) the Scottish Ministers may by order make provision for the purpose of removing or relaxing the prohibition so far as it is capable of having that effect.

(3)The power under subsection (2) may not be exercised to make provision which would not be within the legislative competence of the Scottish Parliament.

(4)If it appears to the First Minister and deputy First Minister acting jointly that any enactment dealing with transferred matters (within the meaning of section 4(1) of the M16Northern Ireland Act 1998) prohibits the disclosure of any information and is capable of having either of the effects mentioned in subsection (5) they may by order make provision for the purpose of removing or relaxing the prohibition so far as it is capable of having that effect.

(5)The effects mentioned in subsections (1), (2) and (4) are that the enactment in question—

(a)prevents the disclosure to the Agency of information that would facilitate the carrying out of the Agency’s functions; or

(b)prevents the publication by the Agency of information in circumstances where the power under section 19 would otherwise be exercisable.

(6)An order under this section may—

(a)make provision as to circumstances in which information which is subject to the prohibition in question may, or may not, be disclosed to the Agency or, as the case may be, published by the Agency; and

(b)if it makes provision enabling the disclosure of information to the Agency, make provision restricting the purposes for which such information may be used (including restrictions on the subsequent disclosure of the information by the Agency).

(7)This section applies in relation to a rule of law as it applies in relation to an enactment, but with the omission of—

(a)subsection (5)(b) and any reference to the effect mentioned in subsection (5)(b); and

(b)in subsection (6)(a), the words from “or, as” to the end.

(8)In this section “enactment” means an enactment contained in any Act (other than this Act) or Northern Ireland legislation passed or made before or in the same Session as this Act.

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Marginal Citations

Miscellaneous provisionsE+W+S+N.I.

26 Statutory functions ceasing to be exercisable by Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and Department of Agriculture for Northern Ireland.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The functions of the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food under—

(a)Part I of the M17Food and Environment Protection Act 1985;

(b)the 1990 Act; and

(c)the M18Radioactive Substances Act 1993,

shall cease to be exercisable by that Minister.

(2)The functions of the Department of Agriculture for Northern Ireland under—

(a)Part I of the Food and Environment Protection Act 1985; and

(b)Part II of the 1991 Order (except Articles 8(7), 10(5) to (7), 11(5) to (10), 18(1), 22 and 25(2)(e) and Schedule 1),

shall cease to be exercisable by that Department.

(3)Subsections (1) and (2) do not affect enforcement functions under directions or subordinate legislation under the enactments mentioned in those subsections (or any power under those enactments to confer such functions in directions or subordinate legislation).

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Marginal Citations

27 Notification of tests for food-borne disease.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Regulations may make provision for requiring the notification of information about tests on samples taken from individuals (whether living or dead) for the presence of—

(a)organisms of a description specified in the regulations; or

(b)any substances produced by or in response to the presence of organisms of a description so specified.

(2)A description of organisms may be specified in the regulations only if it appears to the authority making the regulations that those organisms or any substances produced by them—

(a)are capable of causing disease in humans; and

(b)are commonly transmitted to humans through the consumption of food.

(3)The power to make the regulations is exercisable for the purpose of facilitating the carrying out of functions of the Agency or any other public authority which relate to the protection of public health.

(4)The regulations shall, as respects each specified description of organisms—

(a)specify the information to be notified about them and the form and manner in which it is to be notified;

(b)make provision for identifying the person by whom that information is to be notified; and

(c)specify the person to whom that information is to be notified;

but the regulations may not require a person to notify information which is not in his possession, or otherwise available to him, by virtue of his position.

(5)The regulations may—

(a)make provision as to the tests about which information is to be notified;

(b)require or permit the person specified under subsection (4)(c) to disclose any information to any other person or to publish it;

(c)restrict the purposes for which any information may be used (whether by the person so specified or by any other person);

(d)make provision with a view to ensuring that patient confidentiality is preserved;

(e)create exceptions from any provision of the regulations;

(f)create summary offences, subject to the limitation that no such offence shall be punishable with imprisonment or a fine exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(6)Before making regulations under this section the authority making them shall consult the Agency and such organisations as appear to the authority to be representative of interests likely to be substantially affected by the regulations.

(7)Any consultation undertaken before the commencement of subsection (6) shall be as effective, for the purposes of that subsection, as if undertaken after that commencement.

(8)The power to make regulations under this section is exercisable—

(a)as respects tests carried out in England, by the Secretary of State;

(b)as respects tests carried out in Wales, by the National Assembly for Wales;

(c)as respects tests carried out in Scotland, by the Scottish Ministers; and

(d)as respects tests carried out in Northern Ireland, by the Department of Health and Social Services for Northern Ireland.

28 Arrangements for sharing information about food-borne zoonoses.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Agency and each authority to which this section applies with responsibility for any matter connected with food-borne zoonoses shall make arrangements with a view to securing (so far as reasonably practicable) that any information relating to food-borne zoonoses in the possession of either of them is furnished or made available to the other.

(2)The authorities to which this section applies are Ministers of the Crown, the National Assembly for Wales, Scottish Ministers and Northern Ireland Departments.

(3)Arrangements under this section may also include arrangements for co-ordinating the activities of the Agency and the authority concerned in relation to matters connected with food-borne zoonoses.

(4)Arrangements under this section shall be kept under review by the Agency and the authority concerned.

(5)In this section “food-borne zoonosis” means any disease of, or organism carried by, animals which constitutes a risk to the health of humans through the consumption of, or contact with, food.

29 Consultation on veterinary products.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)F1. . . each Secretary of State having responsibility for any matters connected with the regulation of veterinary products, shall consult the Agency from time to time about the general policy he proposes to pursue in carrying out his functions in relation to those matters.

(2)In this section “veterinary products” means—

(a)veterinary drugs, as defined in section 132(1) of the M19Medicines Act 1968;

(b)veterinary medicinal products, as defined in Article 1(2) of Council Directive 81/851/EEC (including products manufactured from homeopathic stock);

(c)medicated feedingstuffs, as defined in Article 1(2) of Council Directive 81/851/EEC;

(d)zootechnical products, as defined in regulation 2(1) of the M20Feedingstuffs (Zootechnical Products) Regulations 1999.

(3)F2. . . The Secretary of State concerned may disclose any information to the Agency (including information obtained by or furnished to him in pursuance of any enactment) relating to matters connected with the regulation of veterinary products.

(4)This section applies to the Department of Health and Social Services for Northern Ireland and the Department of Agriculture for Northern Ireland as it applies to [F3each Secretary of State having responsibility for any matters connected with the regulation of veterinary products]

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Amendments (Textual)

F1Words in s. 29(1) repealed (27.3.2002) by S.I. 2002/794, art. 5(2), Sch. 2 (with art. 6)

F2Words in s. 29(3) repealed (27.3.2002) by S.I. 2002/794, art. 5(2), Sch. 2 (with art. 6)

F3Words in s. 29(4) substituted (27.3.2002) by S.I. 2002/794, art. 5(1), Sch. 1 para. 38 (with arts. 5(3), 6)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2S. 29: transfer of functions (27.3.2002) by S.I. 2002/794, art. 3(3) (with art. 6)

Marginal Citations

30 Animal feedingstuffs: Great Britain.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Ministers may, for the purpose of regulating any animal feedingstuff or anything done to or in relation to, or with a view to the production of, any animal feedingstuff, make an order under this section.

(2)An order under this section is one which applies, or makes provision corresponding to, any provisions of the 1990 Act (including any power to make subordinate legislation or to give directions), with or without modifications.

(3)Such an order may be made by reference to the 1990 Act as it stands immediately before this Act is passed or as it stands following any amendment or repeal made by this Act.

(4)Such an order under this section may make provision with a view to protecting animal health, protecting human health or for any other purpose which appears to the Ministers to be appropriate.

(5)The provision which may be made in an order under this section by virtue of section 37(1)(a) includes provision amending or repealing any enactment or subordinate legislation.

(6)Before making such an order, the Ministers shall—

(a)consult such organisations as appear to them to be representative of interests likely to be substantially affected by the order; and

(b)have regard to any advice given by the Agency.

(7)Any consultation undertaken before the commencement of subsection (6) shall be as effective, for the purposes of that subsection, as if undertaken after that commencement; and any consultation undertaken by the Agency may be treated by the Ministers as being as effective for those purposes as if it had been undertaken by them.

(8)In this section “the Ministers” means—

(a)in the case of an order extending to England and Wales, the Secretary of State F4. . .;

(b)in the case of an order extending to Scotland, the Scottish Ministers.

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Amendments (Textual)

F4Words in s. 30(8)(a) repealed (27.3.2002) by S.I. 2002/794, art. 5(2), Sch. 2 (with art. 6)

31 Animal feedingstuffs: Northern Ireland.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Department of Agriculture for Northern Ireland and the Department of Health and Social Services for Northern Ireland acting jointly shall have the same power to make provision by order for Northern Ireland by reference to the 1991 Order as the Ministers have by virtue of section 30 to make provision by order for England and Wales or Scotland by reference to the 1990 Act.

(2)Subsections (6) and (7) of section 30 apply in relation to an order under this section as they apply to an order under that section.

32 Modification of certain provisions of this Act.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Her Majesty may by Order in Council make such provision as She considers appropriate for modifying—

(a)the functions exercisable under this Act by any of the appropriate authorities (including functions exercisable jointly by two or more of them);

(b)the powers under this Act of either House of Parliament, the Scottish Parliament or the Northern Ireland Assembly; or

(c)the constitution of the Agency.

(2)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), provision made under paragraph (a) or (b) of that subsection may—

(a)confer on any one or more of the appropriate authorities functions (including powers to make subordinate legislation) which relate to anything connected with the Agency or its activities;

(b)confer powers on either House of Parliament, the Scottish Parliament or the Northern Ireland Assembly.

(3)Where provision is made under subsection (1)(a) or (b), the provision which may be made in the Order by virtue of section 37(1)(a) includes provision modifying functions of, or conferring functions on, the Agency or any other person in connection with any one or more of the appropriate authorities or with any body mentioned in subsection (1)(b).

(4)For the purposes of subsection (1)(c) the reference to the constitution of the Agency is a reference to the subject-matter of sections 2 to 5 and 39(7) (together with Schedules 1, 2 and 4).

(5)The provision which may be made by an Order under this section does not include provision modifying this section or section 33 (except that where provision is made under subsection (1)(c) the Order may make consequential amendments to subsection (4)).

(6)No recommendation shall be made to Her Majesty in Council to make an Order under this section unless the Agency has been consulted.

33 Consequences of Agency losing certain functions.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies if—

(a)the Scottish Parliament passes an Act providing for any functions of the Agency to be no longer exercisable in or as regards Scotland; or

(b)the Northern Ireland Assembly passes an Act providing for any functions of the Agency to be no longer exercisable in or as regards Northern Ireland.

(2)Her Majesty may by Order in Council make provision—

(a)modifying this or any other Act as She considers necessary or expedient in consequence of the functions concerned being no longer exercisable by the Agency in or as regards Scotland or Northern Ireland;

(b)for the transfer of any property, rights and interests of the Agency falling within subsection (3);

(c)for any person to have such rights or interests in relation to any property, rights or interests falling within subsection (3) as She considers appropriate (whether in connection with a transfer or otherwise); or

(d)for the transfer of any liabilities of the Agency falling within subsection (4).

(3)Property, rights and interests fall within this subsection if they belong to the Agency and appear to Her Majesty—

(a)to be held or used wholly or partly for or in connection with the exercise of any of the functions concerned, or

(b)not to be within paragraph (a) but, when last held or used for or in connection with the exercise of any function, to have been so held or used for or in connection with the exercise of any of the functions concerned.

(4)Liabilities of the Agency fall within this subsection if they appear to Her Majesty to have been incurred wholly or partly for or in connection with the exercise of any of the functions concerned.

(5)An Order under this section may make provision for the delegation of powers to determine anything required to be determined for the purposes of provision made under subsection (2)(b), (c) or (d).

(6)No recommendation shall be made to Her Majesty in Council to make an Order under this section unless the Agency has been consulted.

34 Duty to take account of functions of the Food Safety Promotion Board.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Agency must—

(a)take account of the activities of the Food Safety Promotion Board in determining what action to take for the purpose of carrying out its functions; and

(b)consult that Board from time to time with a view to ensuring so far as is practicable that the activities of the Agency do not unnecessarily duplicate the activities of the Board.

(2)Nothing in this Act affects the functions of the Food Safety Promotion Board.

35 Devolution in Scotland and Northern Ireland.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)For the purposes of—

(a)section 23(2)(b) of the M21Scotland Act 1998 (power of Scottish Parliament to require persons outside Scotland to attend to give evidence or produce documents); and

(b)section 70(6) of that Act (accounts prepared by cross-border bodies),

the Agency shall be treated as a cross-border public authority (within the meaning of that Act).

(2)It is not outside the legislative competence of the Scottish Parliament, by virtue of the reservation of matters relating to the constitution mentioned in paragraph 1 of Schedule 5 to that Act, to remove, alter or confer relevant functions of the Agency which are exercisable in or as regards Scotland.

(3)Nothing in subsection (2) affects any legislative competence of the Scottish Parliament apart from this section.

(4)Relevant functions of the Agency in relation to Northern Ireland shall be regarded as functions of a Minister of the Crown for the purposes of paragraph 1(a) of Schedule 2 to the M22Northern Ireland Act 1998 (excepted matters).

(5)In this section “relevant functions of the Agency” means functions relating to, or to matters connected with—

(a)food safety or other interests of consumers in relation to food; or

(b)the safety of animal feedingstuffs or other interests of users of animal feedingstuffs.

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Marginal Citations

Final provisionsE+W+S+N.I.

36 Interpretation.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this Act—

  • Agency” means the Food Standards Agency;

  • animal feedingstuff” means feedingstuff for any description of animals, including any nutritional supplement or other similar substance which is not administered through oral feeding;

  • appropriate authorities” means the Secretary of State, the National Assembly for Wales, the Scottish Ministers and the Department of Health and Social Services for Northern Ireland;

  • Food Safety Promotion Board” means the body of that name established by the agreement establishing implementation bodies done at Dublin on 8th March 1999 between the Government of the United Kingdom and the Government of Ireland;

  • the 1990 Act” means the M23Food Safety Act 1990; and

  • the 1991 Order” means the M24Food Safety (Northern Ireland) Order 1991.

(2)Any reference in this Act to “the appropriate authority”, in relation to Wales, Scotland or Northern Ireland, is a reference to the National Assembly for Wales, the Scottish Ministers or the Department of Health and Social Services for Northern Ireland (as the case may be).

(3)In this Act the expression “interests of consumers in relation to food” includes (without prejudice to the generality of that expression) interests in relation to the labelling, marking, presenting or advertising of food, and the descriptions which may be applied to food.

(4)Expressions used—

(a)as regards England and Wales and Scotland, in this Act and in the 1990 Act, or

(b)as regards Northern Ireland, in this Act and the 1991 Order,

have, unless the context otherwise requires, the same meaning in this Act as in that Act or that Order (except that in this Act “animal” includes any bird or fish).

(5)The purposes which may be specified in an order under section 1(3) of the 1990 Act (meaning of the term “premises” to include, for specified purposes, ships or aircraft of a description specified by order), or under the corresponding provision of Article 2(2) of the 1991 Order, include purposes relating to provisions of this Act.

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Commencement Information

I4S. 36 wholly in force at 1.4.2000; s. 36 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 43(2); s. 36(2) in force at 11.1.2000 and s. 36(1) in force for certain purposes at 11.1.2000 by S.I. 2000/92, art. 2(a)(e); s. 36 in force at 1.4.2000 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

Marginal Citations

37 Subordinate legislation.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subordinate legislation under section 25, 27, 30, 31, 32 and 33—

(a)may contain such supplementary, incidental, consequential, transitional or saving provision as the person making it considers necessary or expedient;

(b)may make different provision for different purposes.

(2)Any power under this Act to make an order or regulations is exercisable—

(a)in the case of an order or regulations made by the First Minister and deputy First Minister or a Northern Ireland Department, by statutory rule for the purposes of the M25Statutory Rules (Northern Ireland) Order 1979; and

(b)in any other case, by statutory instrument.

(3)No order under section 25, 30 or 31 shall be made unless a draft of it has been laid before and approved by resolution of—

(a)each House of Parliament, if it is made by the Secretary of State or the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food;

(b)the Scottish Parliament, if it is made by the Scottish Ministers;

(c)the Northern Ireland Assembly, if it is made by the First Minister and deputy First Minister or by a Northern Ireland Department.

(4)A statutory instrument made under section 27 or 42 is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of—

(a)either House of Parliament, if it is made by the Secretary of State;

(b)the Scottish Parliament, if it is made by the Scottish Ministers;

and a statutory rule made under that section is subject to negative resolution within the meaning of section 41(6) of the M26Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954.

(5)No recommendation shall be made to Her Majesty to make an Order in Council under section 32 or 33 unless a draft of the Order has been laid before and approved by resolution of each House of Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales, the Scottish Parliament and the Northern Ireland Assembly.

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Marginal Citations

38 Crown application.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This Act binds the Crown (but does not affect Her Majesty in her private capacity).

(2)Subsection (1)—

(a)does not require subordinate legislation made under this Act to bind the Crown; and

(b)is to be interpreted as if section 38(3) of the M27Crown Proceedings Act 1947 (references to Her Majesty in her private capacity) were contained in this Act.

(3)If the Secretary of State certifies that it appears to him requisite or expedient in the interests of national security that the powers of entry conferred by sections 11 and 14 should not be exercisable in relation to any premises specified in the certificate, being premises held or used by or on behalf of the Crown, those powers shall not be exercisable in relation to those premises.

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Marginal Citations

39 Financial provisions.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)There shall be paid out of money provided by Parliament—

(a)any expenditure incurred by a Minister of the Crown by virtue of this Act;

(b)any increase attributable to this Act in the sums payable out of money so provided under any other Act.

(2)Any expenditure incurred by the Agency shall be paid out of money provided by Parliament unless it is met from money paid or appropriated under subsection (3) (or from money which the Agency is authorised by virtue of any relevant provision to apply for the purpose).

(3)Sums may be—

(a)paid by the National Assembly for Wales;

(b)paid out of the Scottish Consolidated Fund; or

(c)appropriated by Act of the Northern Ireland Assembly,

for the purpose of meeting any of the expenditure of the Agency.

(4)Any sums received by the Agency, other than—

(a)money provided by Parliament or paid or appropriated under subsection (3);

(b)receipts which are, by virtue of provision made by or under any enactment, payable—

(i)to the National Assembly for Wales;

(ii)into the Scottish Consolidated Fund; or

(iii)into the Consolidated Fund of Northern Ireland,

or which would be so payable but for any relevant provision relating to those receipts; and

(c)other receipts specified, or of a description specified, in a determination under subsection (5),

shall be paid into the Consolidated Fund.

(5)The Treasury, the National Assembly for Wales, the Scottish Ministers and the Department of Finance and Personnel for Northern Ireland acting jointly may determine that any sums received by the Agency which are specified, or of a description specified, in the determination shall (instead of being payable into the Consolidated Fund by virtue of subsection (4)) be payable to the National Assembly for Wales, into the Scottish Consolidated Fund or into the Consolidated Fund of Northern Ireland, subject to any relevant provision relating to such sums.

(6)A determination under subsection (5) may be revoked or amended by a further determination.

(7)Schedule 4 (accounts and audit) has effect.

(8)In this section—

  • enactment” means an enactment contained in an Act, an Act of the Scottish Parliament or in Northern Ireland legislation;

  • relevant provision” means—

    (a)

    provision made by or under any Act as to the disposal of or accounting for sums payable to the National Assembly for Wales;

    (b)

    provision made by or under the M28Scotland Act 1998 or any Act of the Scottish Parliament as to the disposal of or accounting for sums payable into the Scottish Consolidated Fund; and

    (c)

    provision made by or under any Act or any Northern Ireland legislation as to the disposal of or accounting for sums payable into the Consolidated Fund of Northern Ireland.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

40 Minor and consequential amendments and repeals.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Schedule 5 (minor and consequential amendments) has effect.

(2)Any amendment made by Schedule 5 which extends to Scotland is to be taken as a pre-commencement enactment for the purposes of the M29Scotland Act 1998.

(3)The M30National Assembly for Wales (Transfer of Functions) Order 1999 shall have effect, in relation to any Act mentioned in Schedule 1 to the Order, as if any provision of this Act amending that Act was in force immediately before the Order came into force.

(4)The enactments mentioned in Schedule 6 are repealed to the extent specified.

(5)Her Majesty may by Order in Council direct that any amendment or repeal by this Act of any provision in the 1990 Act shall extend to any of the Channel Islands with such modifications (if any) as may be specified in the Order.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

41 Transfer of property, rights and liabilities to the Agency.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Secretary of State may make one or more schemes for the transfer to the Agency of such property, rights and liabilities of a Minister of the Crown (in this section referred to as “the transferor”) as appear to him appropriate having regard to the functions conferred on the Agency by provision made by or under this Act, the 1990 Act or the 1991 Order.

(2)The power conferred by subsection (1) may also be exercised by the National Assembly for Wales, the Scottish Ministers or a Northern Ireland Department in relation to their property, rights and liabilities.

(3)A transfer scheme—

(a)may provide for the transfer of property, rights and liabilities that would not otherwise be capable of being transferred or assigned;

(b)may define property, rights and liabilities by specifying or describing them or by referring to all of the property, rights and liabilities comprised in a specified part of the undertaking of the transferor (or partly in one way and partly in the other);

(c)may provide for the creation—

(i)in favour of the transferor, or of the Agency, of interests in, or rights over, property to be transferred or, as the case may be, retained by the transferor; or

(ii)of new rights and liabilities as between the Agency and the transferor;

(d)may require the transferor or the Agency to take any steps necessary to secure that the transfer of any foreign property, rights or liabilities is effective under the relevant foreign law; and

(e)may make such incidental, supplemental and consequential provision as the authority making it considers appropriate.

(4)On the date appointed by a transfer scheme the property, rights and liabilities which are the subject of the scheme shall, by virtue of this subsection, become property, rights and liabilities of the Agency (and any other provisions of the scheme shall take effect).

(5)The authority making a transfer scheme may, at any time before the date so appointed, modify the scheme.

42 Power to make transitional provision etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Secretary of State may by regulations make such transitional and consequential provisions and such savings as he considers necessary or expedient in preparation for, or in connection with, or in consequence of—

(a)the coming into force of any provision of this Act; or

(b)the operation of any enactment repealed or amended by a provision of this Act during any period when the repeal or amendment is not wholly in force.

(2)Such regulations may make modifications of any enactment (including an enactment contained in this Act).

(3)The power to make regulations under this section is also exercisable—

(a)by the Scottish Ministers, in relation to provision that would be within the legislative competence of the Scottish Parliament to make;

(b)by the First Minister and deputy First Minister acting jointly, in relation to provision dealing with transferred matters (within the meaning of section 4(1) of the M31Northern Ireland Act 1998).

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

43 Short title, commencement and extent.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This Act may be cited as the Food Standards Act 1999.

(2)This Act (apart from this section and paragraph 6(2) and (5) of Schedule 5) shall come into force on such day as the Secretary of State may by order appoint; and different days may be appointed for different purposes.

(3)The provisions of this Act shall be treated for the purposes of section 58 of the 1990 Act (territorial waters and the continental shelf) as if they were contained in that Act.

(4)Until the day appointed under section 3(1) of the M32Northern Ireland Act 1998, this Act has effect with the substitution—

(a)for references to the First Minister and deputy First Minister acting jointly, of references to a Northern Ireland Department;

(b)for references to an Act of the Northern Ireland Assembly, of references to a Measure of the Northern Ireland Assembly; and

(c)for references to transferred matters within the meaning of section 4(1) of the Northern Ireland Act 1998, of references to transferred matters within the meaning of section 43(2) of the M33Northern Ireland Constitution Act 1973;

(d)for references to paragraph 1(a) of Schedule 2 to the Northern Ireland Act 1998, of references to paragraph 1(a) of Schedule 2 to the Northern Ireland Constitution Act 1973.

(5)This Act extends to Scotland and Northern Ireland.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Subordinate Legislation Made

P1S. 43(2) power partly exercised: 11.1.2000 appointed for specified provisions by S.I. 2000/92, art. 2

S. 43(2) power fully exercised: 1.4.2000 appointed by S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

Marginal Citations

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