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Crime and Disorder Act 1998

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65 Reprimands and warnings.E+W+S

(1)Subsections (2) to (5) below apply where—

(a)a constable has evidence that a child or young person (“the offender”) has committed an offence;

(b)the constable considers that the evidence is such that, if the offender were prosecuted for the offence, there would be a realistic prospect of his being convicted;

(c)the offender admits to the constable that he committed the offence;

(d)the offender has not previously been convicted of an offence; and

(e)the constable is satisfied that it would not be in the public interest for the offender to be prosecuted.

(2)Subject to subsection (4) below, the constable may reprimand the offender if the offender has not previously been reprimanded or warned.

(3)The constable may warn the offender if—

(a)the offender has not previously been warned; or

(b)where the offender has previously been warned, the offence was committed more than two years after the date of the previous warning and the constable considers the offence to be not so serious as to require a charge to be brought;

but no person may be warned under paragraph (b) above more than once.

(4)Where the offender has not been previously reprimanded, the constable shall warn rather than reprimand the offender if he considers the offence to be so serious as to require a warning.

(5)The constable shall—

[F1(a)where the offender is under the age of 17, give any reprimand or warning in the presence of an appropriate adult; and]

(b)explain to the offender and, where he is under that age, the appropriate adult in ordinary language—

(i)in the case of a reprimand, the effect of subsection (5)(a) of section 66 below;

(ii)in the case of a warning, the effect of subsections (1), (2), (4) and (5)(b) and (c) of that section, and any guidance issued under subsection (3) of that section.

(6)The Secretary of State shall publish, in such manner as he considers appropriate, guidance as to—

(a)the circumstances in which it is appropriate to give reprimands or warnings, including criteria for determining—

(i)for the purposes of subsection (3)(b) above, whether an offence is not so serious as to require a charge to be brought; and

(ii)for the purposes of subsection (4) above, whether an offence is so serious as to require a warning;

[F2(aa)the places where reprimands and warnings may be given]

(b)the category of constable by whom reprimands and warnings may be given; and

(c)the form which reprimands and warnings are to take and the manner in which they are to be given and recorded.

(7)In this section “appropriate adult”, in relation to a child or young person, means—

(a)his parent or guardian or, if he is in the care of a local authority or voluntary organisation, a person representing that authority or organisation;

(b)a social worker of a local authority social services department;

(c)if no person falling within paragraph (a) or (b) above is available, any responsible person aged 18 or over who is not a police officer or a person employed by the police.

(8)No caution shall be given to a child or young person after the commencement of this section.

(9)Any reference (however expressed) in any enactment passed before or in the same Session as this Act to a person being cautioned shall be construed, in relation to any time after that commencement, as including a reference to a child or young person being reprimanded or warned.

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Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I1S. 65 wholly in force at 1.6.2000; S. 65 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 121; S. 65 in force at 30.9.1998 for the purpose of warning a person under s. 65 in any area specified in Sch. 3 of the said S.I. by S.I. 1998/2327, art. 3(3) (as amended by 1998/2412); s. 65 in force for specified purposes at 1.4.2000 and 1.6.2000 insofar as not already in force by S.I. 2000/924, arts. 3, 4, Sch.

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