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Sex Offenders Act 1997

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Commencement Orders bringing legislation that affects this Act into force:

Part I E+W+S+N.I. Notification requirements for sex offenders

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. I (ss. 1-6) modified (E.W.) (1.12.1998) by 1998 c. 37, s. 2(5); S.I. 1998/2327, art. 4(1)(a).

Pt. I (ss. 1-6) modified (S.) (1.12.1998) by 1998 c. 37, s. 20(6); S.I. 1998/2327, art. 4(1)(d).

Pt. I (ss. 1-6) modified (prosp.) by S.I. 1998/2839 (N.I. 20), arts. 1(3), 6(5).

C2Pt. 1 (ss. 1-6) modified (2.12.2002) by Crime and Disorder 1998 (c. 37), s. 2A(5) (as inserted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 68); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2

1 Sex offenders subject to notification requirements.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)A person becomes subject to the notification requirements of this Part if, after the commencement of this Part—

(a)he is convicted of a sexual offence to which this Part applies;

(b)he is found not guilty of such an offence by reason of insanity, or to be under a disability and to have done the act charged against him in respect of such an offence; or

(c)in England and Wales or Northern Ireland, he is cautioned by a constable in respect of such an offence which, at the time when the caution is given, he has admitted.

(2)A person becomes subject to those requirements if, at that commencement—

(a)he has been convicted of a sexual offence to which this Part applies but has not been dealt with in respect of the offence; or

(b)he has been found not guilty of such an offence by reason of insanity, or to be under a disability and to have done the act charged against him in respect of such an offence, but has not been dealt with in respect of the finding.

(3)A person becomes subject to those requirements if, at that commencement—

(a)he is serving a sentence of imprisonment or a term of service detention, or is subject to a community order, in respect of a sexual offence to which this Part applies;

(b)he is subject to supervision, having been released from prison after serving the whole or part of a sentence of imprisonment in respect of such an offence;

(c)he is detained in a hospital, or is subject to a guardianship order, having been convicted of such an offence; or

(d)he is detained in a hospital, having been found not guilty of such an offence by reason of insanity, or to be under a disability and to have done the act charged against him in respect of such an offence;

and a person who would fall within paragraph (a), (c) or (d) above but for the fact that, at that commencement, he is unlawfully at large or absent without leave, on temporary release or leave of absence, or on bail pending an appeal, shall be treated as falling within that paragraph.

(4)A person falling within subsections (1) to (3) above shall continue to be subject to those requirements for the period set out opposite a person of his description in the second column of the following Table.

Table

Description of personApplicable period
A person who, in respect of the offence, is or has been sentenced to imprisonment for life or for a term of 30 months or moreAn indefinite period
A person who, in respect of the offence or finding, is or has been admitted to a hospital subject to a restriction orderAn indefinite period
A person who, in respect of the offence, is or has been sentenced to imprisonment for a term of more than 6 months but less than 30 monthsA period of 10 years beginning with the relevant date
A person who, in respect of the offence, is or has been sentenced to imprisonment for a term of 6 months or lessA period of 7 years beginning with that date
A person who, in respect of the offence or finding, is or has been admitted to a hospital without being subject to a restriction orderA period of 7 years beginning with that date
A person of any other descriptionA period of 5 years beginning with that date

(5)Subsection (6) below applies where a person falling within subsection (1)(a), (2)(a) or (3)(a), (b) or (c) above is or has been sentenced, in respect of two or more sexual offences to which this Part applies—

(a)to consecutive terms of imprisonment; or

(b)to terms of imprisonment which are partly concurrent.

(6)Subsection (4) above shall have effect as if the person were or had been sentenced, in respect of each of the offences, to a term of imprisonment which—

(a)in the case of consecutive terms, is equal to the aggregate of those terms;

(b)in the case of concurrent terms, is equal to the aggregate of those terms after making such deduction as may be necessary to secure that no period of time is counted more than once.

(7)Where a person found to be under a disability, and to have done the act charged against him in respect of a sexual offence to which this Part applies, is subsequently tried for the offence, the finding, and any order made in respect of the finding, shall be disregarded for the purposes of this section.

(8)In this Part “the relevant date” means—

(a)in a case of a person falling within subsection (1)(a), (2)(a) or (3)(a) to (c) above, the date of the conviction;

(b)in a case of a person falling within subsection (1)(b), (2)(b) or (3)(d) above, the date of the finding;

(c)in a case of a person falling within subsection (1)(c) above, the date of the caution.

(9)Schedule 1 to this Act (which lists the sexual offences to which this Part applies) shall have effect.

2 Effect of notification requirements.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)A person who is subject to the notification requirements of this Part shall, before the end of the period of [F1three days] beginning with the relevant date or, if later, the commencement of this Part, notify to the police the following information, namely—

(a)his name and, where he also uses one or more other names, each of those names; and

(b)his home address.

(2)A person who is subject to those requirements shall also, before the end of the period of 14 days beginning with—

(a)his using a name which has not been notified to the police under this section;

(b)any change of his home address; or

(c)his having resided or stayed, for a qualifying period, at any premises in the United Kingdom the address of which has not been notified to the police under this section,

notify that name, the effect of that change or, as the case may be, the address of those premises to the police.

(3)A notification given to the police by any person shall not be regarded as complying with subsection (1) or (2) above unless it also states—

(a)his date of birth;

(b)his name on the relevant date and, where he used one or more other names on that date, each of those names; and

(c)his home address on that date.

(4)For the purpose of determining any period for the purposes of subsection (1) or (2) above, there shall be disregarded any time when the person in question—

(a)is remanded in or committed to custody by an order of a court;

(b)is serving a sentence of imprisonment or a term of service detention;

(c)is detained in a hospital; or

(d)is outside the United Kingdom.

[F2(5)A person may give a notification under this section by—

(a)attending at any police station in his local police area, and

(b)giving an oral notification to any police officer, or to any person authorised for the purpose by the officer in charge of the station,

and a notification under subsection (2) above may also be given by sending a written notification to any such police station]

(6)Any notification under this section shall be acknowledged; and an acknowledgment under this subsection shall be in writing and in such form as the Secretary of State may direct.

[F3(6A)A person giving a notification under subsection (1) above shall also, if requested to do so by the police officer or other person referred to in subsection (5)(b) above, allow the officer or person to take his fingerprints and his photograph, or either of them.

(6B)The power to take fingerprints in pursuance of subsection (6A) above is exercisable for the purpose of verifying the identity of the person giving the notification by checking the fingerprints against any other fingerprints to which the officer or person has access.

(6C)In relation to persons subject to the notification requirements of this Part, or any description of such persons, the Secretary of State may by regulations provide for subsection (5)(a) above to have effect as if for the reference to any police station in a person’s local police area there were substituted a reference to a police station or police stations prescribed by the regulations.

The power to make regulations under this subsection is exercisable by statutory instrument, which shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.]

[F4(6D)In relation to persons subject to the notification requirements of this Part who leave the United Kingdom, or any description of such persons, the Secretary of State may by regulations make provision for requiring them—

(a)to give in accordance with the regulations, before they leave, a notice under subsection (6E) below, and

(b)if they subsequently return to the United Kingdom, to give in accordance with the regulations a notice under subsection (6F) below.

(6E)A notice under this subsection must disclose—

(a)the date on which he will leave the United Kingdom, the country to which he will travel (or, if there is more than one, the first country) and his point of arrival, determined in accordance with the regulations, in that country,

(b)any other information prescribed by the regulations which the person holds about his departure from or return to the United Kingdom or his movements while outside the United Kingdom.

  • In this subsection, “country” includes territory.

(6F)A notice under this subsection must disclose any information prescribed by the regulations about the person’s return to the United Kingdom.

(6G)The power to make regulations under subsections (6D) to (6F) above is exercisable by statutory instrument, and no such regulations shall be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before, and approved by resolution of, each House of Parliament.]

(7)In this section—

  • home address”, in relation to any person, means the address of his home, that is to say, his sole or main residence in the United Kingdom or, where he has no such residence, premises in the United Kingdom which he regularly visits;

  • local police area”, in relation to any person, means the police area in which his home is situated;

  • qualifying period” means—

    (a)

    a period of 14 days; or

    (b)

    two or more periods, in any period of 12 months, which (taken together) amount to 14 days.

(8)The definition of “local police area” in subsection (7) above shall apply as if Northern Ireland were a police area.

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Amendments (Textual)

F1Words in s. 2(1) substituted (in force for E.W.N.I. for specified purposes on 2.5.2001 and in force for S. on 31.5.2001 and wholly in force for E.W.N.I. on 1.6.2001) by 2000 c. 43, s. 66, Sch. 5 para. 2(1)(3); S.I. 2001/1651, art. 2(a)(b); S.S.I. 2001/166, art. 3

F2S. 2(5) substituted (in force for E.W.N.I. for specified purposes on 2.5.2001 and in force for S. on 31.5.2001 and wholly in force for E.W.N.I. on 1.6.2001) by 2000 c. 43, s. 66, Sch. 5 para. 2(2)(3); S.I. 2001/1651, art. 2(a)(b); S.S.I. 2001/166, art. 3

F3S. 2(6A)-(6C) inserted (in force for E.W.N.I. for specified purposes on 2.5.2001 and in force for S. on 31.5.2001 and wholly in force for E.W.N.I. on 1.6.2001) by 2000 c. 43, s. 66, Sch. 5 para. 3; S.I. 2001/1651, art. 2(a)(b); S.S.I. 2001/166, art. 3

F4S. 2(6D)-(6G) inserted (in force for E.W.N.I. for specified purposes on 2.5.2001 and in force for S. on 31.5.2001 and wholly in force for E.W.N.I. on 1.6.2001) by 2000 c. 43, s. 66, Sch. 5 para. 4; S.I. 2001/1651, art. 2(a)(b); S.S.I. 2001/166, art. 3

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C4S. 2(5)(a) modified (S.) (1.6.2001) by S.S.I. 2001/190, art. 2

3 Offences.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)If a person—

(a)fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with section 2(1) or (2) above; or

(b)notifies to the police, in purported compliance with section 2(1) or (2) above, any information which he knows to be false,

[F5 he is guilty of an offence.]

[F5(1A)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) above is liable—

(a)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years, or a fine, or both,

(b)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or both.

(1B)If without reasonable excuse—

(a)a person fails to comply with section 2(6A) above, or

(b)a person fails to comply with any requirement imposed by virtue of section 2(6D) above to give a notice, or gives a notice which does not disclose the required information or which discloses information which he knows to be false,

he is guilty of an offence and liable as mentioned in subsection (1A) above.]

(2)A person commits an offence under subsection (1)(a) above on the day on which he first fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with section 2(1) or (2) above and continues to commit it throughout any period during which the failure continues; but a person shall not be prosecuted under that provision more than once in respect of the same failure.

(3)Proceedings for an offence under this section may be commenced in any court having jurisdiction in any place where the person charged with the offence resides or is found.

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Amendments (Textual)

F5S. 3(1A)(1B) and words in s. 3(1) substituted for words in s. 3(1) (in force for E.W.N.I. for specified purposes on 2.5.2001 and in force for S. on 31.5.2001 and wholly in force for E.W.N.I. on 1.6.2001) by 2000 c. 43, s. 66, Sch. 5 para. 5(1)(2); S.I. 2001/1651, art. 2(a)(b), S.S.I. 2001/166, art. 3

4 Young sex offenders.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subject to the provisions of this section, this Part applies to—

(a)a period of detention which a person is liable to serve under [F6a detention and training order or] a secure training order;

(b)a period for which a person is ordered to be detained in residential accommodation under section 44(1) of the M1Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995;

(c)a period of training in a training school, or of custody in a remand centre, which a person is liable to undergo or serve by virtue of an order under section 74(1)(a) or (e) of the M2Children and Young Persons Act (Northern Ireland) 1968;

(d)a sentence of detention in a young offender institution, a young offenders institution or a young offenders centre;

(e)a sentence under a custodial order within the meaning of section 71AA of the M3Army Act 1955 or the M4Air Force Act 1955 or section 43AA of the M5Naval Discipline Act 1957;

(f)a sentence of detention under [F7section 90 or 91 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000], section 208 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 or section 73 of the Children and Young Persons Act (Northern Ireland) 1968;

(g)a sentence of custody for life under [F8section 93 or 94 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000]; and

(h)a sentence of detention, or custody for life, under section 71A of the Army Act 1955 or the Air Force Act 1955 or section 43A of the Naval Discipline Act 1957,

as it applies to an equivalent sentence of imprisonment; and references in this Part to prison or imprisonment shall be construed accordingly.

(2)In the case of a person who is under 18 on the relevant date, section 1(4) above shall have effect as if for any reference to a period of 10 years, 7 years or 5 years there were substituted a reference to one-half of that period.

(3)In the case of a person falling within section 1(1)(a) or (b) above who is under the relevant age on the relevant date, the court may direct that, until he attains that age, sections 2 and 3 above shall have effect as if an individual having parental responsibility or, in Scotland, parental responsibilities for him—

(a)were authorised to comply on his behalf with the provisions of section 2 above; and

(b)were liable in his stead for any failure to comply with those provisions;

and in this subsection “the relevant age” means 18 in England and Wales and Northern Ireland and 16 in Scotland.

(4)In the case of a person who is under 18, section [F93(1A) above shall have effect as if, for paragraphs (a) and (b) there were substituted “on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale”].

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Amendments (Textual)

F7Words in s. 4(1)(f) substituted (25.8.2000) by 2000 c. 6, ss. 165(1), 168(1), Sch. 9 para. 189(a)

F8Words in s. 4(1)(g) substituted (25.8.2000) by 2000 c. 6, ss. 165(1), 168(1), SCh. 9 para. 189(b)

F9Words in s. 4(4) substituted (in force for E.W.N.I. for specified purposes on 2.5.2001 and in force for S. on 31.5.2001 and wholly in force for E.W.N.I. on 1.6.2001) by 2000 c. 43, s. 66, Sch. 5 para. 10; S.I. 2001/1651, art. 2(a)(b); S.S.I. 2001/166, art. 3

Marginal Citations

5 Certificates for purposes of Part I.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subsection (2) below applies where, on any date after the commencement of this Part, a person—

(a)is convicted of a sexual offence to which this Part applies;

(b)is found not guilty of such an offence by reason of insanity; or

(c)is found to be under a disability and to have done the act charged against him in respect of such an offence.

(2)If the court by or before which the person is so convicted or so found—

(a)states in open court—

(i)that on that date he has been convicted, found not guilty by reason of insanity or found to be under a disability and to have done the act charged against him; and

(ii)that the offence in question is a sexual offence to which this Part applies; and

(b)certifies those facts (whether at the time or subsequently),

the certificate shall, for the purposes of this Part, be evidence or, in Scotland, sufficient evidence of those facts.

(3)Subsection (4) below applies where, on any date after the commencement of this Part, a person is in England and Wales or Northern Ireland cautioned by a constable in respect of a sexual offence to which this Part applies and which, at the time when the caution is given, he has admitted.

(4)If the constable—

(a)informs the person that he has been cautioned on that date and that the offence in question is a sexual offence to which this Part applies; and

(b)certifies those facts (whether at the time or subsequently) in such form as the Secretary of State may by order prescribe,

the certificate shall, for the purposes of this Part, be evidence of those facts.

(5)The power to make an order under this section shall be exercisable by statutory instrument which shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

[F10(6)In this section “court” includes a court-martial and a Standing Civilian Court.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F10S. 5(6) substituted (28.2.2002) by 2001 c. 19, s. 34, Sch. 6 Pt. 6 para. 59; S.I. 2002/345, art. 2 (subject to art. 3)

[F115A Restraining orders.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies where—

(a)the Crown Court or the Court of Appeal imposes a sentence of imprisonment, or makes a hospital or guardianship order, in respect of a person convicted of a sexual offence to which this Part applies,

(b)the Crown Court or the Court of Appeal orders that a person who has been found not guilty of such an offence by reason of insanity, or to be under a disability and to have done the act charged against him in respect of such an offence, be admitted to hospital or makes a guardianship order in respect of him,

(c)a youth court makes a detention and training order for a term of twelve months or more, or a hospital or guardianship order, in respect of a person convicted of such an offence,

(d)a youth court makes a hospital or guardianship order in respect of a person who has been found not guilty of such an offence by reason of insanity, or to be under a disability and to have done the act charged against him in respect of such an offence.

(2)The court may make an order under this section in respect of the person (“the offender”) if it is satisfied that it is necessary to do so in order to protect the public in general, or any particular members of the public, from serious harm from him.

(3)The order may prohibit the offender from doing anything described in the order.

(4)The order shall have effect for the period specified in it or until further order; and the offender shall not cease to be subject to the notification requirements of this Part while the order has effect.

(5)The offender may appeal against the order—

(a)where he was convicted of a sexual offence to which this Part applies, as if the order were a sentence passed on him for that offence,

(b)in a case within subsection (1)(b) or (d) above, as if he had been convicted of such an offence and the order were a sentence passed on him for that offence.

(6)The Crown Court or, in a case within subsection (1)(c) or (d) above, the youth court for the area in which the offender resides may, on the application of—

(a)the offender, or

(b)the chief officer of police, or the local probation board, for the area in which the offender resides,

vary or discharge the order.

(7)On the application the court may, after hearing the applicant, and the other persons mentioned in subsection (6) above (if they so wish), make any order under this section varying or discharging the previous order which the court considers appropriate.

(8)If without reasonable excuse the offender does anything which he is prohibited from doing by an order under this section, he is guilty of an offence.

(9)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years, or a fine, or both,

(b)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or both.

(10)In this section, “hospital order” has the same meaning as in the M6Mental Health Act 1983.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F11S. 5A inserted (in force for E.W.N.I. for specified purposes on 2.5.2001 and in force for S. on 31.5.2001 and wholly in force for E.W.N.I. on 1.6.2001) by 2000 c. 43, s. 66, Sch. 5 para. 6(1)(2); S.I. 2001/1651, art. 2(a)(b), S.S.I. 2001/166, art. 3

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C5S. 5A modified (N.I.) (1.6.2001) by S.I. 2001/1853, art. 2

Marginal Citations

[F125B Information about release or transfer.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies to any person (“the offender”) who—

(a)is subject to the notification requirements of this Part, and

(b)is serving a sentence of imprisonment or a term of service detention, or is detained in a hospital.

(2)The Secretary of State may by regulations require notice to be given by the person who is responsible for the offender to persons prescribed by the regulations of any occasion when the offender is released or a different person becomes responsible for him.

(3)The regulations may make provision for determining who is to be treated for the purposes of this section as responsible for an offender.

(4)The power to make regulations under this section is exercisable by statutory instrument, which shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F12S. 5B inserted (in force for E.W.N.I. for specified purposes on 2.5.2001 and in force for S. on 31.5.2001 and wholly in force for E.W.N.I. on 1.6.2001) by 2000 c. 43, s. 66, Sch. 5 para. 7; S.I. 2001/1651, art. 2(a)(b); S.S.I. 2001/166, art. 3

6 Interpretation of Part I.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this Part—

  • admitted to a hospital” means admitted to a hospital under—

    (a)

    section 37 of the M7Mental Health Act 1983, section 57(2)(a) or 58 of the M8Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 or Article 44 or 50A(2) of the M9Mental Health (Northern Ireland) Order 1986;

    (b)

    Schedule 1 to the M10Criminal Procedure (Insanity and Unfitness to Plead) Act 1991; or

    (c)

    regulations made under subsection (3) of section 116B of the M11Army Act 1955 or the M12Air Force Act 1955 or section 63B of the Naval Discipline Act 1957;

  • community order” means—

    (a)

    a community order within the meaning of [F13the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000];

    (b)

    a probation order or community service order under the M13Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 or a supervised attendance order made in pursuance of section 235 of that Act;

    (c)

    a community order within the meaning of the M14Criminal Justice (Northern Ireland) Order 1996, a probation order under section 1 of the M15Probation Act (Northern Ireland) 1950 or a community service order under Article 7 of the M16Treatment of Offenders (Northern Ireland) Order 1976; or

    (d)

    a community supervision order under paragraph 4 of Schedule 5A to the M17Army Act 1955 or the M18Air Force Act 1955 or Schedule 4A to the M19Naval Discipline Act 1957;

  • detained in a hospital” means detained in a hospital under—

    (a)

    Part III of the Mental Health Act 1983, section 71 of the M20Mental Health (Scotland) Act 1984, Part VI of the M21Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 or Part III of the M22Mental Health (Northern Ireland) Order 1986;

    (b)

    Schedule 1 to the M23Criminal Procedure (Insanity and Unfitness to Plead) Act 1991; or

    (c)

    regulations made under subsection (3) of section 116B of the Army Act 1955 or the Air Force Act 1955 or section 63B of the Naval Discipline Act 1957;

  • guardianship order” means a guardianship order under section 37 of the M24Mental Health Act 1983, section 58 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 or Article 44 of the Mental Health (Northern Ireland) Order 1986;

  • [F14local probation board” has the same meaning as in the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act 2000]

  • parental responsibility” has the same meaning as in the M25Children Act 1989 or the M26Children (Northern Ireland) Order 1995, and “parental responsibilities” has the same meaning as in Part I of the M27Children (Scotland) Act 1995;

  • the relevant date” has the meaning given by section 1(8) above;

  • restriction order” means—

    (a)

    an order under section 41 of the Mental Health Act 1983, section 57(2)(b) or 59 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 or Article 47(1) of the Mental Health (Northern Ireland) Order 1986;

    (b)

    a direction under paragraph 2(1)(b) of Schedule 1 to the Criminal Procedure (Insanity and Unfitness to Plead) Act 1991 or Article 50A(3)(b) of the Mental Health (Northern Ireland) Order 1986; or

    (c)

    a direction under subsection (2) of section 116B of the Army Act 1955 or the Air Force Act 1955 or section 63B of the Naval Discipline Act 1957;

  • supervision” means supervision in pursuance of an order made for the purpose or, in the case of a person released from prison on licence, in pursuance of a condition contained in his licence;

  • term of service detention” means a term of detention awarded under section 71(1)(e) of the Army Act 1955 or the Air Force Act 1955 or section 43(1)(e) of the Naval Discipline Act 1957.

(2)In this Part any reference to a conviction includes—

(a)a reference to a finding in summary proceedings, where the court makes an order under section 37(3) of the M28Mental Health Act 1983, section 58(3) of the M29Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 or Article 44(4) of the M30Mental Health (Northern Ireland) Order 1986, that the accused did the act charged; and

(b)a reference to a finding in summary proceedings in Scotland, where the court makes an order under section 246(3) of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 discharging the accused absolutely, that the accused committed the offence;

and cognate references shall be construed accordingly.

(3)In this Part any reference to a person being or having been found to be under a disability and to have done the act charged against him in respect of a sexual offence to which this Part applies includes a reference to his being or having been found—

(a)unfit to be tried for such an offence;

(b)to be insane so that his trial for such an offence cannot or could not proceed; or

(c)unfit to be tried and to have done the act charged against him in respect of such an offence.

(4)In subsection (1) above—

(a)any reference to admission or detention under Schedule 1 to the M31Criminal Procedure (Insanity and Unfitness to Plead) Act 1991, and the reference to a direction under paragraph 2(1)(b) of that Schedule, include respectively—

(i)a reference to admission or detention under Schedule 1 to the M32Criminal Procedure (Insanity) Act 1964; and

(ii)a reference to a restriction order treated as made by paragraph 2(1) of that Schedule;

(b)any reference to admission or detention under any provision of Part VI of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995, and the reference to an order under section 57(2)(b) or 59 of that Act, include respectively—

(i)a reference to admission or detention under section 174(3) or 376(2) of the M33Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975; and

(ii)a reference to a restriction order made under section 178(1) or 379(1) of that Act; and

(c)any reference to admission or detention under regulations made under subsection (3), and the reference to a direction under subsection (2), of section 116B of the M34Army Act 1955 or the M35Air Force Act 1955 or section 63B of the M36Naval Discipline Act 1957 include respectively—

(i)a reference to admission or detention; and

(ii)a reference to a direction,

under section 46 of the M37Mental Health Act 1983, section 69 of the Mental Health (Scotland) Act 1984 or Article 52 of the Mental Health (Northern Ireland) Order 1986.

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Amendments (Textual)

F13Words in s. 6(1) substituted (25.8.2000) by 2000 c. 6, ss. 165(1), 168(1), Sch. 9 para. 190

F14Definition of

local probation board

in s. 6 inserted (in force for E.W.N.I. for specified purposes on 2.5.2001 and in force for S. on 31.5.2001 and wholly in force for E.W.N.I. on 1.6.2001) by 2000 c. 43, s. 66, Sch. 5 para. 8; S.I. 2001/1651, art. 2(a)(b); S.S.I. 2001/166, art. 3

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6S. 6(2) applied (E.W.) (1.12.1998) by 1998 c. 37, s. 3(3); S.I. 1998/2327, art. 4(1)(a).

S. 6(2) applied (prosp.) by S.I. 1998/2839 (N.I. 20), arts. 1(3), 7(3).

C7S. 6(3) applied (E.W.) (1.12.1998) by 1998 c. 37, s. 3(3); S.I. 1998/2327, art. 4(1)(a).

S. 6(3) applied (prosp.) by S.I. 1998/2839 (N.I. 20), arts. 1(3), 7(3).

Marginal Citations

Part II E+W+S+N.I. Sexual offences committed outside the United Kingdom

7 Extension of jurisdiction: England and Wales and Northern Ireland.E+W+N.I.

(1)Subject to subsection (2) below, any act done by a person in a country or territory outside the United Kingdom which—

(a)constituted an offence under the law in force in that country or territory; and

(b)would constitute a sexual offence to which this section applies if it had been done in England and Wales, or in Northern Ireland,

shall constitute that sexual offence under the law of that part of the United Kingdom.

(2)No proceedings shall by virtue of this section be brought against any person unless he was at the commencement of this section, or has subsequently become, a British citizen or resident in the United Kingdom.

(3)An act punishable under the law in force in any country or territory constitutes an offence under that law for the purposes of this section, however it is described in that law.

(4)Subject to subsection (5) below, the condition in subsection (1)(a) above shall be taken to be satisfied unless, not later than rules of court may provide, the defence serve on the prosecution a notice—

(a)stating that, on the facts as alleged with respect to the act in question, the condition is not in their opinion satisfied;

(b)showing their grounds for that opinion; and

(c)requiring the prosecution to show that it is satisfied.

(5)The court, if it thinks fit, may permit the defence to require the prosecution to show that the condition is satisfied without the prior service of a notice under subsection (4) above.

(6)In the Crown Court the question whether the condition is satisfied is to be decided by the judge alone.

(7)Schedule 2 to this Act (which lists the sexual offences to which this section applies) shall have effect.

8 Extension of jurisdiction: Scotland.S

After section 16A of the M38Criminal Law (Consolidation) (Scotland) Act 1995 there shall be inserted the following section—

16B Commission of certain sexual acts outside the United Kingdom.

(1)Subject to subsection (2) below, any act done by a person in a country or territory outside the United Kingdom which—

(a)constituted an offence under the law in force in that country or territory; and

(b)would constitute a listed sexual offence if it had been done in Scotland,

shall constitute that sexual offence.

(2)No proceedings shall by virtue of this section be brought against any person unless he was at the commencement of this section, or has subsequently become, a British citizen or resident in the United Kingdom.

(3)An act punishable under the law in force in any country or territory constitutes an offence under that law for the purposes of subsection (1) above, however it is described in that law.

(4)Subject to subsection (5) below, the condition in subsection (1)(a) above shall be taken to be satisfied unless, not later than may be prescribed by Act of Adjournal, the accused serves on the prosecutor a notice—

(a)stating that, on the facts as alleged with respect to the act in question, the condition is not in his opinion satisfied;

(b)setting out the grounds for that opinion; and

(c)requiring the prosecutor to prove that it is satisfied.

(5)The court, if it thinks fit, may permit the accused to require the prosecutor to prove that the condition is satisfied without the prior service of a notice under subsection (4) above.

(6)In proceedings on indictment, the question whether the condition is satisfied is to be decided by the judge alone.

(7)Subject to subsection (8) below, in this section “listed sexual offence” means any of the following—

(a)rape of a girl under the age of 16;

(b)indecent assault of a person under the age of 16;

(c)lewd, indecent or libidinous behaviour or practices;

(d)shamelessly indecent conduct involving a person under the age of 16;

(e)sodomy with or against a boy under the age of 16;

(f)an offence under section 5(1) or (2) of this Act (unlawful sexual intercourse with a girl under the age of 13);

(g)an offence under section 5(3) of this Act (unlawful sexual intercourse with a girl under the age of 16);

(h)an offence under section 6 of this Act (indecent behaviour towards a girl between the age of 12 and 16);

(i)an offence under section 13(5) or (6) of this Act where the homosexual act involves a person under the age of 16 (prohibition on certain homosexual acts); and

(j)an offence under section 52 of the M39Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982 (taking and distribution of indecent images of children).

(8)Listed sexual offence” includes—

(a)any conspiracy or incitement to commit any such offence; and

(b)any offence under section 293(2) of the M40Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (aiding and abetting etc. the commission of statutory offences) relating to any offence mentioned in subsection (7)(f) to (j) above.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

Part III E+W+S+N.I. Supplemental

9 The Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.E+W+N.I.

(1)Her Majesty may by Order in Council make provision for extending Part I of this Act, with such exceptions or modifications as may be specified in the Order, to any of the Channel Islands or the Isle of Man.

(2)The Secretary of State may by order provide that Part I of this Act shall apply, with such modifications as may be specified in the order, to any sexual offences so specified which—

(a)are offences under the law of any of the Channel Islands or the Isle of Man; and

(b)correspond to any of the offences listed in Schedule 1 to this Act.

(3)An order under subsection (2) above may make such consequential, incidental, supplementary and transitional provision as the Secretary of State considers appropriate.

(4)The power to make such an order shall be exercisable by statutory instrument which shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

10 Short title, commencement and extent.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This Act may be cited as the Sex Offenders Act 1997.

(2)This Act shall come into force on such day as the Secretary of State may by order made by statutory instrument appoint, and different days may be appointed for different purposes and for different areas.

(3)Nothing in section 7 or 8 above applies to any act done before the commencement of that section.

[F15(3A)The Secretary of State may by order make any modifications of section 5A above which he considers necessary or expedient for the purpose of enabling courts in Northern Ireland to exercise the powers conferred by that section.

The power to make an order under this subsection is exercisable by statutory instrument, which shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.]

(4)This Act, except section 8 above, extends to England and Wales and Northern Ireland.

(5)Part I of this Act, section 8 above and this section extend to Scotland.

[F16(6)Any power to make regulations or an order under this Act may be exercised so as to make different provision for different purposes.]

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Subordinate Legislation Made

P1S. 10(2): power fully exercised (2.8.1997): 1.9.1997 appointed for whole Act by S.I. 1997/1920

Amendments (Textual)

F15S. 10(3A) inserted (in force for E.W.N.I. for specified purposes on 2.5.2001 and in force for S. on 31.5.2001 and wholly in force for E.W.N.I. on 1.6.2001) by 2000 c. 43, s. 66, Sch. 5 para. 6(3); S.I. 2001/1651, art. 2(a)(b); S.S.I. 2001/166, art. 3

F16S. 10(6) inserted (in force for E.W.N.I. for specified purposes on 2.5.2001 and in force for S. on 31.5.2001 and wholly in force for E.W.N.I. on 1.6.2001) by 2000 c. 43, s. 66, Sch. 5 para. 9; S.I. 2001/1651, art. 2(a)(b); S.S.I. 2001/166, art. 3

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