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Finance Act 1997

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

4(1)After section 56 there shall be inserted the following sections—

56ARestriction on duplicate allowances under sections 54 and 56

(1)Where the relevant conditions are satisfied in relation to any case in which the provisions of section 54(1) or section 56 would (but for this section) be treated as applying, those provisions shall not apply in that case, and shall be treated as never having applied in that case.

(2)The relevant conditions are as follows—

(a)that an interest in any land in which the whole or any part of the relevant land is comprised is held by any person immediately after the relevant time;

(b)that that interest is not the one which—

(i)in a case falling within section 54(1)(a), is acquired by the purchaser; or

(ii)in a case falling within section 56(a), is acquired by the lessee in consequence of the grant of the lease;

(c)that the person with that interest is a person falling to be treated for the purposes of this Part as a person to whom the fixture belonged immediately before the relevant time in consequence of the incurring by him of expenditure on the provision of the fixture;

(d)that that person does not fall to be so treated by virtue of section 154;

(e)that that person is entitled to an allowance in respect of that expenditure and makes or has made a claim for that allowance; and

(f)that the relevant time is on or after 24th July 1996.

(3)In this section “the relevant time” means, as the case may be—

(a)the time when the purchaser acquires his interest in the relevant land; or

(b)the time of the grant of the lease.

56BFixtures on which a former owner had an allowance

(1)Where—

(a)any machinery or plant falls to be treated for the purposes of this Part as a fixture belonging to any person (“the new claimant”) in consequence of his incurring capital expenditure on the provision of that machinery or plant, and

(b)the requirements of subsection (2) below are satisfied in the case of that machinery or plant,

so much (if any) of that expenditure as exceeds the maximum allowable amount shall be disregarded for the purposes of this Part or, as the case may be, shall be taken to be expenditure that should never have been taken into account for those purposes.

(2)The requirements of this subsection are satisfied in the case of any machinery or plant where—

(a)it falls or has fallen, otherwise than by virtue of section 154, to be treated as having belonged at a relevant earlier time to any person (“the prior claimant”) in consequence of his incurring expenditure (“the other expenditure”) which is not the expenditure mentioned in subsection (1)(a) above;

(b)the prior claimant, as a consequence of having made a claim for an allowance in respect of the other expenditure, is or has been required to bring a disposal value of the machinery or plant into account; and

(c)the event by reason of which that disposal value has been or is to be brought into account is an event occurring on or after 24th July 1996.

(3)For the purposes of this section the new claimant and the prior claimant may be the same person.

(4)Subject to subsection (5) below, the maximum allowable amount for the purposes of this section is the sum of—

(a)the disposal value of the machinery or plant which the prior claimant has been or is required to bring into account; and

(b)so much (if any) of the expenditure mentioned in subsection (1)(a) above as is deemed by virtue of section 66 (installation costs) to be expenditure on the provision of the machinery or plant.

(5)Subsection (4) above shall have effect where the requirements of subsection (2) above are satisfied by reference to more than one such event as is mentioned in subsection (2)(c) above as if they were satisfied by reference only to the most recent of those events.

(6)In this section “a relevant earlier time” means a time which—

(a)is before the time which is taken for the purposes of this Part to be the earliest time when the machinery or plant belonged to the new claimant in consequence of his incurring the expenditure mentioned in subsection (1)(a) above; and

(b)does not fall to be disregarded under subsection (7) below.

(7)For the purposes of subsection (6) above a time must be disregarded if—

(a)in consequence of any sale of the machinery or plant, it has ceased, at any time after that time and before the time mentioned in paragraph (a) of that subsection, to belong to any person;

(b)that person and the purchaser were not connected with each other, within the terms of section 839 of the principal Act, at the time of sale; and

(c)the sale was not a sale of the machinery or plant as a fixture.

56CFixtures on which an allowance has been given under Part I

(1)Where—

(a)a person has at any time made a claim for an allowance to which he is entitled under Part I in respect of expenditure incurred on the construction of a building or structure,

(b)that expenditure was or included expenditure on the provision of machinery or plant,

(c)that person has made a transfer of the relevant interest in the building or structure (“the relevant transfer”),

(d)the person to whom the relevant transfer is made, or any person to whom for the purposes of this Part the machinery or plant is subsequently treated as belonging, makes a claim for an allowance under this Part, and

(e)that claim is for an allowance in respect of capital expenditure incurred, at a time on or after 24th July 1996 when it is a fixture in the building or structure, on the provision of the machinery or plant,

the amount taken for the purposes of the claim mentioned in paragraph (d) above to have been incurred on the provision of the fixture shall not exceed the relevant amount.

(2)In subsection (1) above “the relevant amount” means the amount equal, on the relevant assumption, to the portion of the consideration for the relevant transfer which would have been attributable to the fixture.

(3)The relevant assumption for the purposes of subsection (2) above is that the relevant transfer was a sale of the relevant interest in the building or structure for the amount which immediately after that transfer represented the residue of the expenditure incurred on the construction of the building or structure.

(4)Expressions used both in this section and in Part I have the same meanings in this section as in that Part.

56DFixtures on which an allowance has been given under Part VII

(1)Where—

(a)a person has at any time made a claim for an allowance to which he is entitled under Part VII in respect of any allowable scientific research expenditure of a capital nature (“the Part VII expenditure”),

(b)the Part VII expenditure was or included expenditure on the provision of machinery or plant,

(c)an asset representing the whole or any part of the Part VII expenditure (“the Part VII asset”) has ceased, on any occasion, to belong to that person,

(d)the person who acquired the Part VII asset on that occasion, or any person to whom for the purposes of this Part the machinery or plant is subsequently treated as belonging, makes a claim for an allowance under this Part, and

(e)that claim is for an allowance in respect of capital expenditure incurred, at a time on or after 24th July 1996 when it is a fixture, on the provision of the machinery or plant,

the amount taken for the purposes of the claim mentioned in paragraph (d) above to have been incurred on the provision of the fixture shall not exceed the relevant amount.

(2)In subsection (1) above “the relevant amount” means the amount equal, on the relevant assumption, to the portion of the consideration for the disposal of the Part VII asset which would have been attributable to the fixture.

(3)The relevant assumption for the purposes of subsection (2) above is that the occasion mentioned in subsection (1)(c) above was a disposal of the Part VII asset for the amount equal to whichever is the smaller of—

(a)the disposal value of the asset on that occasion; and

(b)so much of the Part VII expenditure as related to the provision of the Part VII asset.

(4)Expressions used both in subsection (1) above and in Part VII have the same meanings in that subsection as in that Part.

(2)In section 54(1)—

(a)paragraph (c) (cases where another person has had an entitlement), and the word “and” immediately preceding it, shall cease to have effect; and

(b)in the words after that paragraph, for “section 57” there shall be substituted “the following provisions of this Chapter”.

(3)In section 56—

(a)paragraph (c) (cases where another person has had an entitlement) shall cease to have effect;

(b)in paragraph (d), for “that time” there shall be substituted “the time of the grant of the lease”; and

(c)in the words after paragraph (d), for “section 57” there shall be substituted “the following provisions of this Chapter”.

(4)This paragraph has effect, subject to sub-paragraphs (5) and (6) below, for chargeable periods ending on or after 24th July 1996.

(5)Sub-paragraph (2)(a) above does not apply where the purchaser acquired the relevant interest before 24th July 1996.

(6)Sub-paragraph (3)(a) above does not apply where the lease was granted before 24th July 1996.

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