Search Legislation

Finance Act 1997

What Version

 Help about what version

Advanced Features

 Help about advanced features

Changes to legislation:

There are outstanding changes not yet made by the legislation.gov.uk editorial team to Finance Act 1997. Any changes that have already been made by the team appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

Close

Changes to Legislation

Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. Changes and effects are recorded by our editorial team in lists which can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area. Where those effects have yet to be applied to the text of the legislation by the editorial team they are also listed alongside the legislation in the affected provisions. Use the ‘more’ link to open the changes and effects relevant to the provision you are viewing.

Changes and effects yet to be applied to the whole Act associated Parts and Chapters:

 Help about changes and effects
Close

Changes and effects

This section lists the changes and effects yet to be applied to the whole Act, associated Parts and Chapters where applicable. This includes any insertions of whole new Parts, Chapters or provisions yet to be inserted into this Act. These effects are included in this view as they may be (but won’t necessarily be) relevant to the specific provision that you are viewing.

Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

Commencement Orders yet to be applied to the Finance Act 1997

 Help about changes and effects
Close

Commencement Orders

This section lists the commencement orders yet to be applied to the whole Act. These effects are included in this view as they may be (but won’t necessarily be) relevant to the specific provision that you are viewing. Where applicable the commencement orders are listed under two headings, firstly those that bring some part of the Act you are viewing into force and secondly, those that bring into force legislation that affects some part of the legislation you are viewing. If you are viewing a prospective version or there is a prospective version available there may be commencement orders listed here that are relevant to the provision you are viewing.

Part IE+W+S+N.I. Leasing arrangements where any of the return on investment is in capital form

Purpose of this Part of this ScheduleE+W+S+N.I.

1(1)This Part of this Schedule is concerned with arrangements—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)which involve the lease of an asset;

(b)which are or have been entered into by companies or other persons;

(c)which are of such a kind as, F1. . . falls F1. . . to be treated in accordance with [F2generally accepted accounting practice] as finance leases or loans; and

(d)whose effect is that some or all of the return on investment in respect of the finance lease or loan—

(i)is or may be in the form of a sum which is not rent; and

(ii)would not, apart from this Schedule, be wholly brought into account for tax purposes as rent from the lease.

(2)The principal purpose of this Part of this Schedule is, in the case of any such arrangements,—

(a)to charge any person entitled to the lessor’s interest under the lease of the asset to tax from time to time on amounts of income determined by reference to those which fall for accounting purposes to be treated in accordance with [F3generally accepted accounting practice] as the income return, on and after 26th November 1996, on investment in respect of the finance lease or loan (taking into account the substance of the matter as a whole, including in particular the state of affairs as between connected persons, or within a group of companies, as reflected or falling to be reflected in accounts of any of those persons or in consolidated group accounts);

(b)where the sum mentioned in sub-paragraph (1)(d) above falls due, to recover by reference to that sum the whole or any part of any reliefs, allowances or deductions which are or have been allowed or made in respect of capital expenditure incurred in respect of the leased asset.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Application of this Part of this ScheduleE+W+S+N.I.

2(1)This Part of this Schedule applies in any case where (whether before or after the passing of this Act)—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)a lease of an asset is or has been granted; and

(b)in the case of the lease, the conditions in paragraph 3 below are or have been satisfied at some time in a period of account of the current lessor.

(2)Where the conditions in paragraph 3 below have been satisfied at some time in a period of account of the person who was at that time the lessor, they shall be taken to continue to be satisfied for the purposes of this Part of this Schedule unless and until—

(a)the asset ceases to be leased under the lease; or

(b)the lessor’s interest under the lease is assigned to a person who is not connected with any of the persons described in sub-paragraph (3) below.

(3)Those persons are—

(a)the assignor;

(b)any person who was the lessor at some time before the assignment; or

(c)any person who at some time after the assignment becomes the lessor pursuant to arrangements made by a person who was the lessor, or was connected with the lessor, at some time before the assignment.

(4)Nothing in sub-paragraph (2) above prevents this Part of this Schedule from again applying in the case of the lease if the conditions for its application are satisfied after the assignment.

The conditionsE+W+S+N.I.

3(1)The condition in this sub-paragraph is that at the relevant time the leasing arrangements are such as fall for accounting purposes to be treated in accordance with [F4generally accepted accounting practice] as a finance lease or a loan and—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)the lessor, or a person connected with him, falls for accounting purposes to be treated in accordance with [F5generally accepted accounting practice] as the finance lessor in relation to the finance lease or loan, or

(b)the finance lease or loan falls for accounting purposes to be treated, in accordance with [F6generally accepted accounting practice] , as subsisting for the purposes of consolidated group accounts of a group of companies of which the lessor is a member.

(2)The condition in this sub-paragraph is that, under the leasing arrangements, there is or may be payable to the lessor, or to a person connected with him, a sum (a “major lump sum”) which is not rent but is a sum such as falls for accounting purposes to be treated in accordance with [F4generally accepted accounting practice]

(a)as to part, as repayment of some or all of the investment in respect of a finance lease or loan; and

(b)as to part, as a return on investment in respect of a finance lease or loan.

(3)The condition in this sub-paragraph is that not all of that part of a major lump sum which falls within paragraph (b) of sub-paragraph (2) above would, apart from this Schedule, fall to be brought into account for tax purposes in chargeable periods of the lessor ending with the relevant chargeable period as the normal rent from the lease for periods of account of the lessor.

(4)The condition in this sub-paragraph is that, as respects the lessor at the relevant time,—

(a)the period of account of his in which the relevant time falls, or

(b)an earlier period of account of his during which he was the lessor,

is a period of account for which the accountancy rental earnings in respect of the lease exceed the normal rent for the period.

(5)The condition in this sub-paragraph is that at the relevant time—

(a)arrangements falling within sub-paragraph (1) of paragraph 4 below exist; or

(b)if the condition in paragraph (a) above is not satisfied, circumstances falling within sub-paragraph (2) of that paragraph exist.

[F7(6)In determining the normal rent for a period of account for the purpose of determining whether the condition in sub-paragraph (4) above is satisfied, rent which for the purposes of corporation tax under Schedule A falls to be brought into account as a person becomes entitled to it shall be treated—

(a)as if it accrued evenly throughout the period to which, in accordance with the terms of the lease, each payment to which the person becomes entitled relates, and

(b)as if he had become entitled to the rent as it so accrues,

unless any such payment falls due more than 12 months after the time at which any of the rent to which that payment relates is so treated as accruing.]

(7)In determining the normal rent for a period of account for the purpose of determining whether the condition in sub-paragraph (4) above is satisfied, rent which falls to be brought into account for tax purposes as it falls due shall be treated—

(a)as accruing evenly throughout the period to which, in accordance with the terms of the lease, each payment falling due relates, and

(b)as falling due as it so accrues,

unless any such payment falls due more than 12 months after the time at which any of the rent to which that payment relates is so treated as accruing.

(8)In this paragraph—

  • the relevant chargeable period”, in the case of any major lump sum, means—

    (a)

    the chargeable period of the lessor which is related to his period of account in which that major lump sum is or may be payable in accordance with the leasing arrangements; or

    (b)

    if there are two or more such chargeable periods, the latest of them;

  • the relevant time” means the time as at which it falls to be determined for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1) or (2) of paragraph 2 above whether the conditions in this paragraph are or, as the case may be, were satisfied.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F7Sch. 12 para. 3(6) repealed (31.7.1998 with effect in accordance with s. 38(2)(3) of the amending Act) by 1998 c. 36, s. 165, Sch. 27 Pt. III(4) note

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Sch. 12 para. 3(6) excluded (31.7.1998 in relation to periods of account beginning on or after 1.4.1998) by 1998 c. 36, s. 38(1), Sch. 5 para. 74(1)(2)

The arrangements and circumstances in paragraph 3(5)E+W+S+N.I.

4(1)The arrangements mentioned in paragraph 3(5)(a) above are arrangements under which—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)the lessee or a person connected with him may acquire, whether directly or indirectly, the leased asset, or an asset representing the leased asset, from the lessor or a person connected with the lessor; and

(b)in connection with that acquisition, the lessor or a person connected with him may receive, whether directly or indirectly, a qualifying lump sum from the lessee or a person connected with the lessee.

(2)The circumstances mentioned in paragraph 3(5)(b) above are circumstances which make it more likely—

(a)that the events described in sub-paragraph (3) below will occur, than

(b)that the event described in sub-paragraph (4) below will occur.

(3)The events mentioned in sub-paragraph (2)(a) above are—

(a)that the lessee or a person connected with him will acquire, whether directly or indirectly, the leased asset or an asset representing the leased asset from the lessor or a person connected with the lessor; and

(b)that, in connection with that acquisition, the lessor or a person connected with him will receive, whether directly or indirectly, a qualifying lump sum from the lessee or a person connected with the lessee.

(4)The event mentioned in sub-paragraph (2)(b) above is that, before any such acquisition as is mentioned in sub-paragraph (3) above takes place, the leased asset or, as the case may be, the asset representing the leased asset, will have been acquired, in a sale on the open market, by a person who is not the lessor or the lessee and who is not connected with either of them.

(5)In this paragraph, “qualifying lump sum” means any sum which is not rent but at least part of which would F8. . . fall for accounting purposes to be treated in accordance with [F9generally accepted accounting practice] as a return on investment in respect of a finance lease or loan.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F9Words in Sch. 12 para. 4(5) substituted (24.7.2002) by Finance Act 2002 (c. 23), s. 103(4)(e)

Current lessor to be taxed by reference to accountancy rental earningsE+W+S+N.I.

5(1)Where, in the case of any period of account of the current lessor,—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)this Part of this Schedule applies in the case of the lease, and

(b)the accountancy rental earnings in respect of the lease for that period of account exceed the normal rent for that period,

he shall be treated for tax purposes as if in that period of account he had been entitled to, and there had arisen to him, rent from the lease of an amount equal to those accountancy rental earnings (instead of the normal rent referred to in paragraph (b) above).

(2)Where a person is treated under sub-paragraph (1) above as if he had in a period of account been entitled to, and there had arisen to him, any rent from a lease of an asset, the rent shall be treated for tax purposes—

(a)as if it had accrued at an even rate throughout so much of the period of account as falls within the period for which the asset is leased; and

(b)as if that person had become entitled to it as it accrued.

Reduction of taxable rent by certain excessesE+W+S+N.I.

6(1)Subject to sub-paragraph (6)(b) below, if in the case of the lease—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)the normal rent for a period of account of the current lessor throughout which the leasing arrangements are such as fall for accounting purposes to be treated in accordance with [F10generally accepted accounting practice] as a finance lease or loan, exceeds

(b)the accountancy rental earnings for the period,

there is for the purposes of this paragraph a “normal rental excess” for that period of an amount equal to the excess.

(2)In this paragraph the “cumulative normal rental excess” in the case of the lease and a period of account of the current lessor means so much of the aggregate of the normal rental excesses for previous periods of account of his as (after taking account of any increases under paragraph 10 below) has not been—

(a)set off under this paragraph against the taxable rent for any such previous period; or

(b)reduced under paragraph 10 below.

(3)Subject to sub-paragraph (8)(b) below, if the taxable rent in the case of the lease for a period of account of the current lessor is, by virtue of paragraph 5 above, an amount equal to the accountancy rental earnings, there is for the purposes of this paragraph an “accountancy rental excess” for that period of an amount equal to the difference between—

(a)the accountancy rental earnings for the period of account; and

(b)the normal rent for the period.

(4)In this paragraph the “cumulative accountancy rental excess”, in the case of the lease and a period of account of the current lessor, means so much of the aggregate of the accountancy rental excesses for previous periods of account of his as (after taking account of any increases under paragraph 9 below) has not been—

(a)set off under this paragraph against the taxable rent for any such previous period;

(b)reduced under paragraph 9 below; or

(c)set off under paragraph 12 below against the consideration for a disposal.

(5)If a period of account of the current lessor is one—

(a)for which the normal rent exceeds the accountancy rental earnings, and

(b)for which there is any cumulative accountancy rental excess,

sub-paragraph (6) below shall apply.

(6)Where this sub-paragraph applies—

(a)the taxable rent for the period of account shall be reduced (but not below the accountancy rental earnings) by setting against it the cumulative accountancy rental excess; and

(b)the normal rental excess for the period shall be the amount (if any) by which—

(i)the normal rent, reduced by an amount equal to the reduction under paragraph (a) above, exceeds

(ii)the accountancy rental earnings,

and if there is no such excess, there is no normal rental excess for the period.

(7)If a period of account of the current lessor is one—

(a)for which the taxable rent in the case of the lease is, by virtue of paragraph 5 above, an amount equal to the accountancy rental earnings, and

(b)there is any cumulative normal rental excess,

sub-paragraph (8) below shall apply.

(8)Where this sub-paragraph applies—

(a)the taxable rent for the period of account shall be reduced (but not below the normal rent) by setting against it the cumulative normal rental excess, and

(b)the accountancy rental excess for the period shall be the amount (if any) by which—

(i)the accountancy rental earnings, reduced by an amount equal to the reduction under paragraph (a) above, exceeds

(ii)the normal rent,

and if there is no such excess, there is no accountancy rental excess for the period.

(9)In this paragraph “the taxable rent”, in the case of a period of account of the current lessor, means the amount which would, apart from this paragraph and paragraph 8(6) below, be treated for tax purposes as rent from the lease—

(a)which arises to him, and

[F11(b)if rent arising to him from the lease is chargeable to corporation tax under Schedule A, to which he is entitled,]

in that period of account for the purpose of determining his liability to tax for the related chargeable period or periods.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F11Sch. 12 para. 6(9)(b) repealed (31.7.1998 with effect in accordance with s. 38(2)(3) of the amending Act) by 1998 c. 36, s. 165, Sch. 27 Pt. III(4) Note

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2Sch. 12 para. 6(9)(b) excluded (31.7.1998 in relation to periods of account beginning on or after 1.4.1998) by 1998 c. 36, s. 38(1), Sch. 5 para. 74(1)(2)

Assignments on which neither a gain nor a loss accruesE+W+S+N.I.

7(1)This paragraph applies in any case where—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)the current lessor assigns the lessor’s interest under the lease; and

(b)the assignment is a disposal on which, by virtue of any of the enactments specified in section 35(3)(d) of the M1Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992, neither a gain nor a loss accrues.

(2)Where this paragraph applies, this Schedule shall have effect as if—

(a)a period of account of the assignor ended, and

(b)a period of account of the assignee began,

with the assignment.

(3)Where this paragraph applies—

(a)any unused cumulative accountancy rental excess, or

(b)any unused cumulative normal rental excess,

of the assignor shall become the cumulative accountancy rental excess or the cumulative normal rental excess (as the case may be) for the period of account of the assignee which begins with the assignment.

(4)In sub-paragraph (3) above—

  • unused cumulative accountancy rental excess”, in relation to the assignor, means the aggregate of—

    (a)

    any cumulative accountancy rental excess, and

    (b)

    any accountancy rental excess,

    for the period of account of his which ends with the assignment;

  • unused cumulative normal rental excess”, in relation to the assignor, means the aggregate of—

    (a)

    any cumulative normal rental excess, and

    (b)

    any normal rental excess,

    for the period of account of his which ends with the assignment.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

Relief for bad debts etc: corporation tax under Schedule AE+W+S+N.I.

[F128(1)Section 41 of the Taxes Act 1988 (which gives a person relief from corporation tax under Schedule A for rent etc not paid, by treating him as if he had never been entitled to the rent) shall be disregarded in determining for the purposes of this Part of this Schedule the amount of—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)the accountancy rental earnings in respect of the lease, or

(b)the normal rent from the lease,

for any period of account.

(2)Where for any period of account—

(a)a person is treated under paragraph 5 above as if he had been entitled to receive an amount of rent, and

(b)the amount is in respect of rents on the profits or gains arising from which that person is chargeable to corporation tax under Schedule A,

section 41 of the Taxes Act 1988 shall not have effect in relation to amounts in respect of rents from the lease of the asset for that or any subsequent period of account of his, or of any person to whom the lessor’s interest under the lease is assigned, until the lease terminates or is assigned in circumstances such that paragraph 7 above does not apply.

(3)Where, by virtue of sub-paragraph (2) above, section 41 of the Taxes Act 1988 does not apply, sub-paragraph (4) below shall apply instead.

(4)In computing the profits or gains on which a person is chargeable to corporation tax under Schedule A in a case falling within sub-paragraph (2) above, any sums falling within sub-paragraph (i), (ii) or (iii) of section 74(1)(j) of the Taxes Act 1988 in respect of amounts in respect of rents from the lease of the asset shall be deductible in a period of account as an expense to the extent that they would be deductible in that period of account if—

(a)amounts in respect of rents from the lease of the asset fell to be taken into account as trading receipts in computing the [F13profits] of a trade carried on by the person;

(b)the asset were leased in the course of that trade; and

(c)the charge to corporation tax under Schedule A were in respect of such annual profits or gains as are described in that Schedule arising from a trade.

(5)Any such expense as is mentioned in sub-paragraph (4) above shall be treated for the purposes of section 25 of the Taxes Act 1988 (deductions from rent for the purposes of corporation tax under Schedule A) as if that expense—

(a)were included among the permitted deductions, within the meaning of that section;

(b)were a payment made in respect of the premises comprised in the lease; and

(c)were a payment which became due, and was made, immediately before the end of the period of account mentioned in sub-paragraph (4) above.

(6)Where—

(a)a deduction has been made by virtue of sub-paragraph (4) above in respect of an amount, but

(b)subsequently an amount (“the relevant credit”) is recovered or credited in respect of the amount in respect of which the deduction was made, and

(c)the relevant credit would, on the suppositions in paragraphs (a) to (c) of sub-paragraph (4) above, be brought into account for tax purposes as a trading receipt for a period of account of the current lessor,

the taxable rent for that period of account shall be increased by the amount of the relevant credit.

(7)In sub-paragraph (6) above, “the taxable rent”, in the case of a period of account of the current lessor, means the amount which would, apart from that sub-paragraph, be treated for tax purposes as rent from the lease—

(a)which arises to him, and

(b)if rent arising to him from the lease is chargeable to corporation tax under Schedule A, to which he is entitled,

in that period of account for the purpose of determining his liability to tax for the related chargeable period or periods.

(8)After the time when the conditions in paragraph 3 above become satisfied as respects any particular lessor, no claim under section 41 of the Taxes Act 1988 shall be made in respect of any amount which that lessor was entitled to receive in respect of rents from the lease of the asset.

(9)Where—

(a)before the time at which the conditions in paragraph 3 above become satisfied as respects any particular lessor, a claim under section 41 of the Taxes Act 1988 in respect of an amount which he was entitled to receive in respect of any rents from the lease of the asset has been made, and

(b)the claim is to any extent allowed,

no amount shall be deductible under sub-paragraph (4) above in respect of that amount so far as so allowed.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F12Sch. 12 para. 8 repealed (31.7.1998 with effect in accordance with s. 38(2)(3) of the amending Act) by 1998 c. 36, s. 165, Sch. 27 Pt. III(4) note

F13Words in Sch. 12 para. 8(4)(a) substituted (31.7.1998) by 1998 c. 36, s. 46(3)(a), Sch. 7 para. 12

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3Sch. 12 para. 8(1)-(7) excluded (31.7.1998 in relation to periods of account beginning on or after 1.4.1998) by 1998 c. 36, s. 38(1), Sch. 5 para. 74(1)(2)

Relief for bad debts etc: cumulative accountancy rental excessE+W+S+N.I.

9(1)If, in the case of the lease, for any period of account—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)the accountancy rental earnings exceed the normal rent,

(b)a bad debt deduction falls to be made in respect of rent from the lease,

(c)the amount of the bad debt deduction exceeds the amount of the accountancy rental earnings, and

(d)there is a cumulative accountancy rental excess,

the cumulative accountancy rental excess for the period of account shall be reduced (but not below nil) by the amount by which the bad debt deduction exceeds the accountancy rental earnings.

(2)If, in the case of the lease, for any period of account—

(a)the accountancy rental earnings do not exceed the normal rent,

(b)a bad debt deduction falls to be made in respect of rent from the lease, and

(c)there is a cumulative accountancy rental excess for that period of account,

sub-paragraph (3) below shall apply.

(3)Where this sub-paragraph applies, the amount of the cumulative accountancy rental excess which may be set against the taxable rent for the period of account shall not exceed the amount (if any) by which the normal rent exceeds the bad debt deduction (and, if the normal rent does not exceed the bad debt deduction, shall be nil).

(4)If, in a case where sub-paragraph (3) above applies, the bad debt deduction exceeds the normal rent for the period of account, the cumulative accountancy rental excess for the period of account shall be reduced (but not below nil) by the amount by which the bad debt deduction exceeds the normal rent.

(5)Where—

(a)the cumulative accountancy rental excess for any period of account of the current lessor has been reduced under sub-paragraph (1) or (4) above by reason of a bad debt deduction, but

(b)in a subsequent period of account of his, an amount (“the relevant credit”) is recovered or credited in respect of the amount which constituted the bad debt deduction,

the cumulative accountancy rental excess (if any) for the period of account mentioned in paragraph (b) above shall, subject to sub-paragraph (6) below, be increased by the relevant credit.

(6)If, in a case falling within sub-paragraph (5) above,—

(a)the relevant credit, exceeds

(b)the aggregate of the reductions falling within paragraph (a) of that sub-paragraph,

the amount of the increase under that sub-paragraph shall not exceed that aggregate.

(7)In this paragraph—

  • bad debt deduction”, in relation to a period of account, means the aggregate of any sums falling within sub-paragraph (i), (ii) or (iii) of section 74(1)(j) of the Taxes Act 1988 in respect of amounts in respect of rents from the lease of the asset which are deductible as expenses for that period, whether by virtue of paragraph 8(4) above or otherwise;

  • taxable rent” has the same meaning as in paragraph 6 above.

Relief for bad debts etc: cumulative normal rental excessE+W+S+N.I.

10(1)If, in the case of the lease, for any period of account—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)the accountancy rental earnings do not exceed the normal rent,

(b)a bad debt deduction falls to be made in respect of rent from the lease,

(c)the amount of the bad debt deduction exceeds the amount of the normal rent, and

(d)there is a cumulative normal rental excess,

the cumulative normal rental excess for the period of account shall be reduced (but not below nil) by the amount by which the bad debt deduction exceeds the normal rent.

(2)If, in the case of the lease, for any period of account—

(a)the accountancy rental earnings exceed the normal rent,

(b)a bad debt deduction falls to be made in respect of rent from the lease, and

(c)there is a cumulative normal rental excess for that period of account,

sub-paragraph (3) below shall apply.

(3)Where this sub-paragraph applies, the amount of the cumulative normal rental excess which may be set against the taxable rent for the period of account shall not exceed the amount (if any) by which the accountancy rental earnings exceed the bad debt deduction (and, if the accountancy rental earnings do not exceed the bad debt deduction, shall be nil).

(4)If, in a case where sub-paragraph (3) above applies, the bad debt deduction exceeds the accountancy rental earnings for the period of account, the cumulative normal rental excess for the period of account shall be reduced (but not below nil) by the amount by which the bad debt deduction exceeds the accountancy rental earnings.

(5)Where—

(a)the cumulative normal rental excess for any period of account of the current lessor has been reduced under sub-paragraph (1) or (4) above by reason of a bad debt deduction, but

(b)in a subsequent period of account of his, an amount (“the relevant credit”) is recovered or credited in respect of the amount which constituted the bad debt deduction,

the cumulative normal rental excess (if any) for the period of account mentioned in paragraph (b) above shall, subject to sub-paragraph (6) below, be increased by the relevant credit.

(6)If, in a case falling within sub-paragraph (5) above,—

(a)the relevant credit, exceeds

(b)the aggregate of the reductions falling within paragraph (a) of that sub-paragraph,

the amount of the increase under that sub-paragraph shall not exceed that aggregate.

(7)In this paragraph—

  • bad debt deduction”, in relation to a period of account, means the aggregate of any sums falling within sub-paragraph (i), (ii) or (iii) of section 74(1)(j) of the Taxes Act 1988 in respect of amounts in respect of rents from the lease of the asset which are deductible as expenses for that period, whether by virtue of paragraph 8(4) above or otherwise;

  • taxable rent” has the same meaning as in paragraph 6 above.

Capital allowancesE+W+S+N.I.

11(1)This paragraph applies in any case where an occasion occurs on or after 26th November 1996 on which a major lump sum falls to be paid in the case of the lease of the asset.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)In this paragraph “the relevant occasion” means the occasion mentioned in sub-paragraph (1) above.

(3)If capital expenditure incurred by the current lessor in respect of the leased asset is or has been taken into account for the purposes of any allowance or charge under any of the following groups of provisions, that is to say—

[F14(a)Part 2 of the Capital Allowances Act (plant and machinery allowances),

(b)Part 5 of that Act (mineral extraction allowances), or

(c)Part 8 of that Act (patent allowances)]

the group of provisions in question (“the relevant provisions”) shall have effect as if the relevant occasion were an event by reason of which a disposal value is to be brought into account of an amount equal (subject to any applicable limiting provision) to the amount or value of the major lump sum.

(4)In this paragraph “limiting provision” means a provision to the effect that the disposal value of the asset in question is not to exceed an amount (“the limit”) described by reference to capital expenditure incurred in respect of the asset.

(5)Where—

(a)by virtue of sub-paragraph (3) above, a disposal value (“the relevant disposal value”) falls or has fallen to be brought into account by a person in respect of the leased asset for the purposes of the relevant provisions, and

(b)a limiting provision has effect in the case of those provisions,

sub-paragraph (6) below shall apply.

(6)Where this sub-paragraph applies, the limiting provision shall have effect (if or to the extent that it would not otherwise do so)—

(a)in the case of the relevant disposal value, and

(b)in the case of any simultaneous or subsequent disposal value,

as if, instead of any particular disposal value, it were the aggregate amount of all the disposal values brought into account for the purposes of the relevant provisions by the current lessor in respect of the leased asset which is not to exceed the limit.

(7)In sub-paragraph (6) above “simultaneous or subsequent disposal value” means any disposal value which falls to be brought into account by the current lessor in respect of the leased asset by reason of any event occurring subsequent to, or at the same time as, the event by reason of which the relevant disposal value falls to be brought into account.

(8)If any allowance is or has been given in respect of capital expenditure incurred by the current lessor in respect of the leased asset under any provision of [F15the Capital Allowances Act] other than those specified in sub-paragraph (3) above, an amount equal to the lesser of—

(a)the aggregate of the allowances so given (so far as not previously recovered or withdrawn),

(b)the amount or value of the major lump sum,

shall, in relation to the current lessor, be treated as if it were a balancing charge to be made on him for the chargeable period F16. . . in which falls the relevant occasion.

(9)If there is or has been allowed to the current lessor in respect of expenditure incurred in connection with the leased asset any deduction by virtue of [F17section 40B(1) or 42 of the Finance (No. 2) Act 1992 (expenditure in connection with films etc.),]sub-paragraph (10) below shall apply.

(10)Where this sub-paragraph applies, the current lessor shall be treated as if receipts of a revenue nature of an amount equal to the amount (if any) by which—

(a)the amount or value of the major lump sum, exceeds

(b)the amount or value of so much of the major lump sum as is treated as receipts of a revenue nature [F18under section 40A(2) of the Finance (No. 2) Act 1992],

arose to him from the trade or business in question on the relevant occasion.

(11)If there is or has been allowed to the current lessor in respect of capital expenditure incurred in connection with the leased asset any deduction by virtue of—

(a)section 91 of the Taxes Act 1988 (cemeteries etc), or

(b)section 91A or 91B of that Act (restoration and preparation expenditure in relation to a waste disposal site),

sub-paragraph (12) below shall apply.

(12)Where this sub-paragraph applies, the current lessor shall be treated as if trading receipts of an amount equal to the lesser of—

(a)the amount or value of the major lump sum,

(b)the deductions previously allowed,

arose to him from the trade in question on the relevant occasion.

(13)If, in a case where this paragraph applies, allowances are or have been made to a person (“the contributor”) by virtue of [F19sections 537 to 542 of the Capital Allowances Act] (allowances in respect of contributions to capital expenditure) in respect of his contribution of a capital sum to expenditure on the provision of the leased asset, the foregoing provisions of this paragraph shall have effect in relation to the contributor and allowances by virtue of that section in respect of the contribution as they have effect in relation to the current lessor and allowances in respect of capital expenditure incurred by him in respect of the leased asset.

[F20(14)In sub-paragraph (8) above—

  • the Capital Allowances Act” includes enactments which under the Taxes Act 1988 are to be treated as contained in the Capital Allowances Act;

  • chargeable period” has the meaning given by section 6 of the Capital Allowances Act.]

F21(15). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F14Sch. 12 para. 11(3)(a)-(c) substituted (22.3.2001 with effect as mentioned in s. 579(1) of the amending Act) by 2001 c. 2, s. 578, Sch. 2 para. 98(1)

F15Words in Sch. 12 para. 11(8) substituted (22.3.2001 with effect as mentioned in s. 579(1) of the amending Act) by 2001 c. 2, s. 578, Sch. 2 para. 98(2)

F16Words in Sch. 12 para. 11(8) repealed (22.3.2001 with effect as mentioned in s. 579(1) of the amending Act) by 2001 c. 2, ss. 578, 580, Sch. 2 para. 98(2), Sch. 4

F17Words in Sch. 12 para. 11(9) substituted (22.3.2001 with effect as mentioned in s. 579(1) of the amending Act) for Sch. 12 para. 11(9)(a)(b) by 2001 c. 2, s. 578, Sch. 2 para. 98(3)

F18Words in Sch. 12 para. 11(10)(b) substituted (22.3.2001 with effect as mentioned in s. 579(1) of the amending Act) by 2001 c. 2, s. 578, Sch. 2 para. 98(4)

F19Words in Sch. 12 para. 11(13) substituted (22.3.2001 with effect as mentioned in s. 579(1) of the amending Act) by 2001 c. 2, s. 578, Sch. 2 para. 98(5)

F20Sch. 12 para. 11(14) substituted (22.3.2001 with effect as mentioned in s. 579(1) of the amending Act) by 2001 c. 2, s. 578, Sch. 2 para. 98(6)

F21Sch. 12 para. 11(15) repealed (22.3.2001 with effect as mentioned in s. 579(1) of the amending Act) by 2001 c. 2, ss. 578, 580, Sch. 2 para. 98(7), Sch. 4

Chargeable gainsE+W+S+N.I.

12(1)If, in the case of the lease,—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)the current lessor or a person connected with him disposes of—

(i)the lessor’s interest under the lease, or

(ii)the leased asset, or

(iii)an asset representing the leased asset, and

(b)there is, for the period of account of the current lessor in which the disposal takes place, any cumulative accountancy rental excess,

then, in determining for the purposes of the M2Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 the amount of any gain accruing to the person making the disposal, the consideration for the disposal shall be treated as reduced (but not below nil) by setting against it the cumulative accountancy rental excess.

(2)If the disposal mentioned in sub-paragraph (1) above is, for the purposes of the M3Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992, a part-disposal of an asset—

(a)the cumulative accountancy rental excess mentioned in sub-paragraph (1) above shall be apportioned between—

(i)the property disposed of, and

(ii)the property which remains undisposed of,

in the proportions in which the sums which under paragraph (a) or (b) of section 38(1) of that Act are attributable to the asset fall to be apportioned under section 42 of that Act; and

(b)only that portion of the cumulative accountancy rental excess which is so apportioned to the property disposed of shall be set against the consideration for the part-disposal in accordance with sub-paragraph (1) above.

(3)Sub-paragraph (1) above is without prejudice to section 37 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (deduction for money or money’s worth charged to income tax etc) except as provided in sub-paragraph (4) below.

(4)Section 37 of that Act shall not apply if or to the extent that any money or money’s worth which, apart from this sub-paragraph, would be excluded by virtue of that section from the consideration for a disposal is represented by any cumulative accountancy rental excess which in accordance with sub-paragraph (1) above—

(a)falls to be set against the consideration for the disposal; or

(b)has fallen to be set against the consideration for a previous disposal made by the person making the disposal in question or a person connected with him.

(5)Where the current lessor or a person connected with him disposes of—

(a)the lessor’s interest under the lease, or

(b)the leased asset, or

(c)an asset representing the leased asset,

this Schedule shall have effect as if a period of account of the current lessor ended, and another period of account of his began, immediately before the disposal.

(6)If two or more disposals falling within sub-paragraph (1) above are made at the same time—

(a)the cumulative accountancy rental excess mentioned in sub-paragraph (1) above shall, subject to sub-paragraph (2) above, be apportioned between them in such proportions as are just and reasonable; and

(b)sub-paragraph (5) above shall have effect in relation to those disposals as if they together constituted a single disposal.

(7)In this paragraph “dispose” and “disposal” shall be construed in accordance with the M4Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

Existing schemes where this Part does not at first applyE+W+S+N.I.

13(1)This paragraph applies in any case where—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)the lease of the asset forms part of an existing scheme, but

(b)the conditions in paragraph 3 above become satisfied after 26th November 1996.

(2)This Schedule shall have effect as if a period of account of the current lessor ended, and another period of account of his began—

(a)immediately before the time at which the conditions in paragraph 3 above become satisfied as mentioned in sub-paragraph (1)(b) above; and

(b)immediately after the time at which those conditions become so satisfied.

(3)If, on the assumption that this Part of this Schedule (other than this paragraph) had applied in the case of the lease at all times on or after 26th November 1996, there would be an amount of cumulative accountancy rental excess for the period of account of the current lessor in which the conditions in paragraph 3 above become satisfied, then—

(a)that amount shall be the cumulative accountancy rental excess for that period of account; and

(b)the current lessor shall be treated for tax purposes as if, in the immediately preceding period of account, he had been entitled to, and there had arisen to him, rent from the lease of an amount equal to that cumulative accountancy rental excess.

(4)If, on the assumption that this Part of this Schedule (other than this paragraph) had applied in the case of the lease at all times on or after 26th November 1996, there would be an amount of cumulative normal rental excess for the period of account of the current lessor in which the conditions in paragraph 3 above become satisfied, that amount shall be the cumulative normal rental excess for that period of account.

(5)The amount of rent mentioned in sub-paragraph (3)(b) above—

(a)is in addition to any other rent from the lease for the period of account there mentioned; and

(b)shall be left out of account for the purposes of paragraph 5 above.

(6)Where a person is treated under sub-paragraph (3)(b) above as if he had in a period of account been entitled to, and there had arisen to him, any rent, the rent shall be treated for tax purposes as if it had accrued, and he had become entitled to it, immediately before the end of that period of account.

[F22(7)In determining for the purposes of this paragraph the amount which would, on the assumption in sub-paragraph (3) or (4) above, be the amount of—

(a)the cumulative accountancy rental excess, or

(b)the cumulative normal rental excess,

for the period of account of the current lessor in which the conditions in paragraph 3 above become satisfied, any amount of relief given for a period of account on a claim under section 41 of the Taxes Act 1988 shall be treated as if it had instead been given under paragraph 8(4) above for that period of account.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F22Sch. 12 para. 13(7) repealed (31.7.1998 with effect in accordance with s. 38(2)(3) of the amending Act) by 1998 c. 36, s. 165, Sch. 27 Pt. III(4) note

New schemes where this Part begins to apply after Part II has appliedE+W+S+N.I.

14If—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)the conditions in paragraph 3 above become satisfied in the case of the lease of the asset, and

(b)immediately before those conditions became so satisfied, Part II of this Schedule applied in the case of the lease,

then, in determining the cumulative accountancy rental excess or the cumulative normal rental excess for any period of account ending after those conditions become satisfied, this Schedule shall have effect as if this Part of this Schedule had applied in relation to the lease at any time when Part II of this Schedule applied in relation to it.

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

You have chosen to open The Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open The Whole Act as a PDF

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open the Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open Schedules only

The Schedules you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Geographical Extent: Indicates the geographical area that this provision applies to. For further information see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’.

Show Timeline of Changes: See how this legislation has or could change over time. Turning this feature on will show extra navigation options to go to these specific points in time. Return to the latest available version by using the controls above in the What Version box.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources